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2 definitions found
 for Moral theology
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Moral \Mor"al\, a. [F., fr. It. moralis, fr. mos, moris, manner,
     custom, habit, way of life, conduct.]
     1. Relating to duty or obligation; pertaining to those
        intentions and actions of which right and wrong, virtue
        and vice, are predicated, or to the rules by which such
        intentions and actions ought to be directed; relating to
        the practice, manners, or conduct of men as social beings
        in relation to each other, as respects right and wrong, so
        far as they are properly subject to rules.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Keep at the least within the compass of moral
              actions, which have in them vice or virtue.
                                                    --Hooker.
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              Mankind is broken loose from moral bands. --Dryden.
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              She had wandered without rule or guidance in a moral
              wilderness.                           --Hawthorne.
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     2. Conformed to accepted rules of right; acting in conformity
        with such rules; virtuous; just; as, a moral man. Used
        sometimes in distinction from religious; as, a moral
        rather than a religious life.
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              The wiser and more moral part of mankind. --Sir M.
                                                    Hale.
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     3. Capable of right and wrong action or of being governed by
        a sense of right; subject to the law of duty.
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              A moral agent is a being capable of those actions
              that have a moral quality, and which can properly be
              denominated good or evil in a moral sense. --J.
                                                    Edwards.
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     4. Acting upon or through one's moral nature or sense of
        right, or suited to act in such a manner; as, a moral
        arguments; moral considerations. Sometimes opposed to
        material and physical; as, moral pressure or support.
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     5. Supported by reason or probability; practically
        sufficient; -- opposed to legal or demonstrable; as, a
        moral evidence; a moral certainty.
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     6. Serving to teach or convey a moral; as, a moral lesson;
        moral tales.
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     Moral agent, a being who is capable of acting with
        reference to right and wrong.
  
     Moral certainty, a very high degree or probability,
        although not demonstrable as a certainty; a probability of
        so high a degree that it can be confidently acted upon in
        the affairs of life; as, there is a moral certainty of his
        guilt.
  
     Moral insanity, insanity, so called, of the moral system;
        badness alleged to be irresponsible.
  
     Moral philosophy, the science of duty; the science which
        treats of the nature and condition of man as a moral
        being, of the duties which result from his moral
        relations, and the reasons on which they are founded.
  
     Moral play, an allegorical play; a morality. [Obs.]
  
     Moral sense, the power of moral judgment and feeling; the
        capacity to perceive what is right or wrong in moral
        conduct, and to approve or disapprove, independently of
        education or the knowledge of any positive rule or law.
  
     Moral theology, theology applied to morals; practical
        theology; casuistry.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Theology \The*ol"o*gy\, n.; pl. Theologies. [L. theologia, Gr.
     ?; ? God + ? discourse: cf. F. th['e]ologie. See Theism,
     and Logic.]
     The science of God or of religion; the science which treats
     of the existence, character, and attributes of God, his laws
     and government, the doctrines we are to believe, and the
     duties we are to practice; divinity; (as more commonly
     understood) "the knowledge derivable from the Scriptures, the
     systematic exhibition of revealed truth, the science of
     Christian faith and life."
     [1913 Webster]
  
           Many speak of theology as a science of religion
           [instead of "science of God"] because they disbelieve
           that there is any knowledge of God to be attained.
                                                    --Prof. R.
                                                    Flint (Enc.
                                                    Brit.).
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           Theology is ordered knowledge; representing in the
           region of the intellect what religion represents in the
           heart and life of man.                   --Gladstone.
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     Ascetic theology, Natural theology. See Ascetic,
        Natural.
  
     Moral theology, that phase of theology which is concerned
        with moral character and conduct.
  
     Revealed theology, theology which is to be learned only
        from revelation.
  
     Scholastic theology, theology as taught by the scholastics,
        or as prosecuted after their principles and methods.
  
     Speculative theology, theology as founded upon, or
        influenced by, speculation or metaphysical philosophy.
  
     Systematic theology, that branch of theology of which the
        aim is to reduce all revealed truth to a series of
        statements that together shall constitute an organized
        whole. --E. G. Robinson (Johnson's Cyc.).
        [1913 Webster]

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