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1 definition found
 for Navassa Island
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Navassa Island
  
     Introduction Navassa Island
     ---------------------------
                              Background: This uninhabited island was claimed
                                          by the US in 1857 for its guano, and
                                          mining took place between 1865 and
                                          1898. The lighthouse, built in 1917,
                                          was shut down in 1996 and
                                          administration of Navassa Island
                                          transferred from the Coast Guard to
                                          the Department of the Interior. A
                                          1998 scientific expedition to the
                                          island described it as a unique
                                          preserve of Caribbean biodiversity;
                                          the following year it became a
                                          National Wildlife Refuge.
    
     Geography Navassa Island
     ------------------------
                                Location: Caribbean, island in the Caribbean
                                          Sea, about one-fourth of the way
                                          from Haiti to Jamaica
                  Geographic coordinates: 18 25 N, 75 02 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 5.2 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 5.2 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about nine times the size of The
                                          Mall in Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 8 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: marine, tropical
                                 Terrain: raised coral and limestone plateau,
                                          flat to undulating; ringed by
                                          vertical white cliffs (9 to 15 m
                                          high)
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location on
                                          southwest side 77 m
                       Natural resources: guano
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 0 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: strategic location 160 km south of
                                          the US Naval Base at Guantanamo Bay,
                                          Cuba; mostly exposed rock, but
                                          enough grassland to support goat
                                          herds; dense stands of fig-like
                                          trees, scattered cactus
    
     People Navassa Island
     ---------------------
                              Population: uninhabited
                                          note: transient Haitian fishermen
                                          and others camp on the island (July
                                          2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: NA
    
     Government Navassa Island
     -------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Navassa
                                          Island
                       Dependency status: unincorporated territory of the US;
                                          administered from Washington, DC, by
                                          the Fish and Wildlife Service, US
                                          Department of the Interior; in
                                          September 1996, the Coast Guard
                                          ceased operations and maintenance of
                                          Navassa Island Light, a 46-meter-
                                          tall lighthouse on the southern side
                                          of the island; there has also been a
                                          private claim advanced against the
                                          island
                            Legal system: the laws of the US, where
                                          applicable, apply
                        Flag description: the flag of the US is used
    
     Economy Navassa Island
     ----------------------
                                      Economy - overview: no economic activity
    
    
     Transportation Navassa Island
     -----------------------------
                                      Waterways: none
                              Ports and harbors: none; offshore anchorage only
    
     Military Navassa Island
     -----------------------
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
                                          US
    
     Transnational Issues Navassa Island
     -----------------------------------
                                    Disputes - international: claimed by Haiti
    
                                         
  
  

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