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2 definitions found
 for New Caledonia
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  New Caledonia
      n 1: an island to the to the east of Australia and to the north
           of New Zealand

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  New Caledonia
  
     Introduction New Caledonia
     --------------------------
                              Background: Settled by both Britain and France
                                          during the first half of the 19th
                                          century, the island was made a
                                          French possession in 1853. It served
                                          as a penal colony for four decades
                                          after 1864. Agitation for
                                          independence during the 1980s and
                                          early 1990s seems to have
                                          dissipated.
    
     Geography New Caledonia
     -----------------------
                                Location: Oceania, islands in the South
                                          Pacific Ocean, east of Australia
                  Geographic coordinates: 21 30 S, 165 30 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 19,060 sq km
                                          water: 485 sq km
                                          land: 18,575 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than New Jersey
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 2,254 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; modified by southeast
                                          trade winds; hot, humid
                                 Terrain: coastal plains with interior
                                          mountains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mont Panie 1,628 m
                       Natural resources: nickel, chrome, iron, cobalt,
                                          manganese, silver, gold, lead,
                                          copper
                                Land use: arable land: 0.38%
                                          permanent crops: 0.33%
                                          other: 99.29% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 160 sq km (1991)
                         Natural hazards: cyclones, most frequent from
                                          November to March
            Environment - current issues: erosion caused by mining
                                          exploitation and forest fires
                        Geography - note: consists of the main island of New
                                          Caledonia (one of the largest in the
                                          Pacific Ocean), the archipelago of
                                          Iles Loyaute, and numerous small,
                                          sparsely populated islands and
                                          atolls
    
     People New Caledonia
     --------------------
                              Population: 207,858 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 30% (male 31,862; female
                                          30,577)
                                          15-64 years: 64.1% (male 67,043;
                                          female 66,102)
                                          65 years and over: 5.9% (male 5,777;
                                          female 6,497) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.43% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 19.91 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 5.62 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.89 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.02 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 8.23 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 73.27 years
                                          female: 76.36 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 70.32 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.44 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: New Caledonian(s)
                                          adjective: New Caledonian
                           Ethnic groups: Melanesian 42.5%, European 37.1%,
                                          Wallisian 8.4%, Polynesian 3.8%,
                                          Indonesian 3.6%, Vietnamese 1.6%,
                                          other 3%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%,
                                          other 10%
                               Languages: French (official), 33 Melanesian-
                                          Polynesian dialects
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 91%
                                          male: 92%
                                          female: 90% (1976 est.)
    
     Government New Caledonia
     ------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Territory of
                                          New Caledonia and Dependencies
                                          conventional short form: New
                                          Caledonia
                                          local short form: Nouvelle-Caledonie
    
                                          local long form: Territoire des
                                          Nouvelle-Caledonie et Dependances
                       Dependency status: overseas territory of France since
                                          1956
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Noumea
                Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of France);
                                          there are no first-order
                                          administrative divisions as defined
                                          by the US Government, but there are
                                          3 provinces named Iles Loyaute,
                                          Nord, and Sud
                            Independence: none (overseas territory of France);
                                          note - a referendum on independence
                                          was held in 1998 but did not pass; a
                                          new referendum is scheduled for 2014
                        National holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
                            Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French
                                          Constitution)
                            Legal system: the 1988 Matignon Accords grant
                                          substantial autonomy to the islands;
                                          formerly under French law
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President of France
                                          Jacques CHIRAC (since 17 May 1995),
                                          represented by High Commissioner
                                          Thierry LATASTE (since 19 July 1999)
    
                                          elections: French president elected
                                          by popular vote for a five-year
                                          term; high commissioner appointed by
                                          the French president on the advice
                                          of the French Ministry of Interior;
                                          president of the government elected
                                          by the members of the Territorial
                                          Congress
                                          head of government: President of the
                                          Government Pierre FROGIER (since 5
                                          April 2001)
                                          cabinet: Consultative Committee
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Territorial Congress or
                                          Congres Territorial (54 seats;
                                          members are members of the three
                                          Provincial Assemblies or Assemblees
                                          Provinciales elected by popular vote
                                          to serve five-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 9 May 1999
                                          (next to be held NA 2004)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - RPCR
                                          24, FLNKS 12, UNI 6, FCCI 4, FN 4,
                                          Alliance pour la Caledonie 3, LKS 1
                                          note: New Caledonia elects 1 seat to
                                          the French Senate; elections last
                                          held 24 September 2001 (next to be
                                          held NA September 2007); results -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - NA; New Caledonia
                                          also elects 2 seats to the French
                                          National Assembly; elections last
                                          held 25 May-1 June 1997 (next to be
                                          held: first round - 9 June 2002;
                                          second round 16 June 2002); results
                                          - percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - RPR 2
                         Judicial branch: Court of Appeal or Cour d'Appel;
                                          County Courts; Joint Commerce
                                          Tribunal Court; Children's Court
           Political parties and leaders: Alliance pour la Caledonie or APLC
                                          [Didier LE ROUX]; Federation des
                                          Comites de Coordination des
                                          Independantistes or FCCI [Raphael
                                          MAPOU]; Front National or FN [Guy
                                          GEORGE]; Front Uni de Liberation
                                          Kanak or FULK [Ernest UNE]; Kanak
                                          Socialist Front for National
                                          Liberation or FLNKS [Rock WAMYTAN]
                                          (includes PALIKA, UNI, UC, and UPM);
                                          Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA
                                          [Paul NEAOUTYINE and Elie POIGOUNE];
                                          Rally for Caledonia in the Republic
                                          or RPCR [Jacques LAFLEUR]; Union
                                          Nationale pour l'Independance or UNI
                                          [Paul NEAOUTYINE]; note - may no
                                          longer exist, but Paul NEAOUTYINE
                                          has since become a president of
                                          Parti de Liberation Kanak or PALIKA;
                                          Union Progressiste Melanesienne or
                                          UPM [Victor TUTUGORO]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ESCAP (associate), FZ, ICFTU, SPC,
                           participation: WFTU, WMO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of France)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas territory of France)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: the flag of France is used
    
     Economy New Caledonia
     ---------------------
                      Economy - overview: New Caledonia has about 25% of the
                                          world's known nickel resources. In
                                          recent years, the economy has
                                          suffered because of depressed
                                          international demand for nickel, the
                                          principal source of export earnings.
                                          Only a small amount of the land is
                                          suitable for cultivation, and food
                                          accounts for about 20% of imports.
                                          In addition to nickel, the
                                          substantial financial support from
                                          France and tourism are keys to the
                                          health of the economy. The situation
                                          in 1998 was clouded by the spillover
                                          of financial problems in East Asia
                                          and by lower prices for nickel.
                                          Nickel prices jumped in 1999-2000,
                                          and large additions were made to
                                          capacity. Strikes in the building
                                          industry in 2001, which lasted four
                                          months, adversely affected many
                                          other sectors of the economy. French
                                          Government interests in the New
                                          Caledonian nickel industry are being
                                          transferred to local ownership.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $3.1
                                          billion (2000 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 2.1% (2000 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $15,000
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 5%
                                          industry: 30%
                                          services: 65% (1997 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.3% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 79,395 (including 15,018 unemployed,
                                          1996)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 7%, industry 23%,
                                          services 70% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 19% (1996)
                                  Budget: revenues: $861.3 million
                                          expenditures: $735.3 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $52 million (1996 est.)
                              Industries: nickel mining and smelting
       Industrial production growth rate: -0.6% (1996)
                Electricity - production: 1.565 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 77.64%
                                          hydro: 22.36%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 1.455 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: vegetables; beef, deer, other
                                          livestock products
                                 Exports: $400 million (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Exports - commodities: ferronickels, nickel ore, fish
                      Exports - partners: Japan 25.8%, France 18.8%, Taiwan
                                          12%, Australia 8.2%, US 3.0% (1999)
                                 Imports: $1 billion (f.o.b., 2000)
                   Imports - commodities: transport equipment, machinery and
                                          electrical equipment, fuels,
                                          minerals, wine, sugar, rice
                      Imports - partners: France 50.2%, Australia 15.1%,
                                          Singapore 5.9%, New Zealand 5.2%,
                                          Japan 3.7% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $79 million (1998 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $880 million annual subsidy from
                                          France
                                Currency: Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique
                                          franc (XPF)
                           Currency code: XPF
                          Exchange rates: Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique
                                          francs (XPF) per US dollar - 135.04
                                          (January 2002), 133.26 (2001),
                                          129.44 (2000), 111.93 (1999), 107.25
                                          (1998), 106.11 (1997); note - linked
                                          at the rate of 119.25 XPF to the
                                          euro
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications New Caledonia
     ----------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 47,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 13,040 (1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 5, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 107,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 6 (plus 25 low-power repeaters)
                                          (1997)
                             Televisions: 52,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .nc
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 24,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation New Caledonia
     ----------------------------
                                 Railways: 0 km (2002)
                                 Highways: total: 4,825 km
                                           paved: 2,287 km
                                           unpaved: 2,538 km (1999)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: Mueo, Noumea, Thio
                          Merchant marine: total: 1 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                           totaling 1,261 GRT/1,600 DWT
                                           ships by type: cargo 1
                                           note: includes a foreign-owned ship
                                           registered here as a flag of
                                           convenience: Malaysia 1 (2002 est.)
                                 Airports: 29 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 6
                                           over 3,047 m: 1
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                           under 914 m: 1 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 23
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 12
                                           under 914 m: 11 (2001)
                                Heliports: 6 (2001)
    
     Military New Caledonia
     ----------------------
                         Military branches: no regular indigenous military
                                            forces; French Armed Forces
                                            (including Army, Navy, Air Force,
                                            Gendarmerie); Police Force
             Military expenditures - dollar $192.3 million (FY96)
                                    figure:
         Military expenditures - percent of 5.3% (FY96)
                                       GDP:
                           Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                            France
    
     Transnational Issues New Caledonia
     ----------------------------------
                 Disputes - international: Matthew and Hunter Islands east of
                                           New Caledonia claimed by France and
                                           Vanuatu
    
                                         
  
  

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