dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


3 definitions found
 for New Zealand
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  New Zealand \New` Zea"land\
     A group of islands in the South Pacific Ocean.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     New Zealand flax.
     (a) (Bot.) A tall, liliaceous herb ({Phormium tenax), having
         very long, sword-shaped, distichous leaves which furnish
         a fine, strong fiber very valuable for cordage and the
         like.
     (b) The fiber itself.
  
     New Zealand tea (Bot.), a myrtaceous shrub ({Leptospermum
        scoparium) of New Zealand and Australia, the leaves of
        which are used as a substitute for tea.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  New Zealand
      n 1: an independent country within the British Commonwealth;
           achieved independence from the United Kingdom in 1907;
           known for sheep and spectacular scenery
      2: North Island and South Island and adjacent small islands in
         the South Pacific [syn: New Zealand, New Zealand Islands]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  New Zealand
  
     Introduction New Zealand
     ------------------------
                              Background: The British colony of New Zealand
                                          became an independent dominion in
                                          1907 and supported the UK militarily
                                          in both World Wars. New Zealand's
                                          full participation in number of
                                          defense alliances lapsed by the
                                          1980s. In recent years the
                                          government has sought to address
                                          longstanding native Maori
                                          grievances.
    
     Geography New Zealand
     ---------------------
                                Location: Oceania, islands in the South
                                          Pacific Ocean, southeast of
                                          Australia
                  Geographic coordinates: 41 00 S, 174 00 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 268,680 sq km
                                          note: includes Antipodes Islands,
                                          Auckland Islands, Bounty Islands,
                                          Campbell Island, Chatham Islands,
                                          and Kermadec Islands
                                          water: NA sq km
                                          land: NA sq km
                      Area - comparative: about the size of Colorado
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 15,134 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: temperate with sharp regional
                                          contrasts
                                 Terrain: predominately mountainous with some
                                          large coastal plains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Cook 3,764 m
                       Natural resources: natural gas, iron ore, sand, coal,
                                          timber, hydropower, gold, limestone
                                Land use: arable land: 5.8%
                                          permanent crops: 6.44%
                                          other: 87.76% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 2,850 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: earthquakes are common, though
                                          usually not severe; volcanic
                                          activity
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; native
                                          flora and fauna hard-hit by species
                                          introduced from outside
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic-Environmental
                              agreements: Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living
                                          Resources, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Marine Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands,
                                          Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Antarctic
                                          Seals, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Marine Life Conservation
                        Geography - note: about 80% of the population lives in
                                          cities; Wellington is the
                                          southernmost national capital in the
                                          world
    
     People New Zealand
     ------------------
                              Population: 3,908,037 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 22.2% (male 443,921;
                                          female 422,804)
                                          15-64 years: 66.3% (male 1,299,973;
                                          female 1,290,097)
                                          65 years and over: 11.5% (male
                                          196,640; female 254,602) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.12% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 14.23 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 7.55 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 4.48 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 6.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 78.15 years
                                          female: 81.27 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 75.17 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.06% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 1,200 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: less than 100 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: New Zealander(s)
                                          adjective: New Zealand
                           Ethnic groups: New Zealand European 74.5%, Maori
                                          9.7%, other European 4.6%, Pacific
                                          Islander 3.8%, Asian and others 7.4%
                               Religions: Anglican 24%, Presbyterian 18%,
                                          Roman Catholic 15%, Methodist 5%,
                                          Baptist 2%, other Protestant 3%,
                                          unspecified or none 33% (1986)
                               Languages: English (official), Maori (official)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 99% (1980 est.)
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
    
     Government New Zealand
     ----------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: New Zealand
    
                                          abbreviation: NZ
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy
                                 Capital: Wellington
                Administrative divisions: 93 counties, 9 districts*, and 3
                                          town districts**; Akaroa, Amuri,
                                          Ashburton, Bay of Islands, Bruce,
                                          Buller, Chatham Islands, Cheviot,
                                          Clifton, Clutha, Cook, Dannevirke,
                                          Egmont, Eketahuna, Ellesmere,
                                          Eltham, Eyre, Featherston, Franklin,
                                          Golden Bay, Great Barrier Island,
                                          Grey, Hauraki Plains, Hawera*,
                                          Hawke's Bay, Heathcote, Hikurangi**,
                                          Hobson, Hokianga, Horowhenua,
                                          Hurunui, Hutt, Inangahua, Inglewood,
                                          Kaikoura, Kairanga, Kiwitea, Lake,
                                          Mackenzie, Malvern, Manaia**,
                                          Manawatu, Mangonui, Maniototo,
                                          Marlborough, Masterton, Matamata,
                                          Mount Herbert, Ohinemuri, Opotiki,
                                          Oroua, Otamatea, Otorohanga*,
                                          Oxford, Pahiatua, Paparua, Patea,
                                          Piako, Pohangina, Raglan, Rangiora*,
                                          Rangitikei, Rodney, Rotorua*,
                                          Runanga, Saint Kilda, Silverpeaks,
                                          Southland, Stewart Island,
                                          Stratford, Strathallan, Taranaki,
                                          Taumarunui, Taupo, Tauranga, Thames-
                                          Coromandel*, Tuapeka, Vincent,
                                          Waiapu, Waiheke, Waihemo, Waikato,
                                          Waikohu, Waimairi, Waimarino,
                                          Waimate, Waimate West, Waimea,
                                          Waipa, Waipawa*, Waipukurau*,
                                          Wairarapa South, Wairewa, Wairoa,
                                          Waitaki, Waitomo*, Waitotara,
                                          Wallace, Wanganui, Waverley**,
                                          Westland, Whakatane*, Whangarei,
                                          Whangaroa, Woodville
                                          note: there may be a new
                                          administrative structure of 16
                                          regions (Auckland, Bay of Plenty,
                                          Canterbury, Gisborne, Hawke's Bay,
                                          Marlborough, Nelson, Northland,
                                          Otago, Southland, Taranaki, Tasman,
                                          Waikato, Wanganui-Manawatu,
                                          Wellington, West Coast) that are
                                          subdivided into 57 districts and 16
                                          cities* (Ashburton, Auckland*, Banks
                                          Peninsula, Buller, Carterton,
                                          Central Hawke's Bay, Central Otago,
                                          Christchurch*, Clutha, Dunedin*, Far
                                          North, Franklin, Gisborne, Gore,
                                          Grey, Hamilton*, Hastings, Hauraki,
                                          Horowhenua, Hurunui, Hutt*,
                                          Invercargill*, Kaikoura, Kaipara,
                                          Kapiti Coast, Kawerau, Mackenzie,
                                          Manawatu, Manukau*, Marlborough,
                                          Masterton, Matamata Piako, Napier*,
                                          Nelson*, New Plymouth, North Shore*,
                                          Opotiki, Otorohanga, Palmerston
                                          North*, Papakura*, Porirua*,
                                          Queenstown Lakes, Rangitikei,
                                          Rodney, Rotorua, Ruapehu, Selwyn,
                                          Southland, South Taranaki, South
                                          Waikato, South Wairarapa, Stratford,
                                          Tararua, Tasman, Taupo, Tauranga,
                                          Thames Coromandel, Timaru, Upper
                                          Hutt*, Waikato, Waimakariri,
                                          Waimate, Waipa, Wairoa, Waitakere*,
                                          Waitaki, Waitomo, Wanganui,
                                          Wellington*, Western Bay of Plenty,
                                          Westland, Whakatane, Whangarei)
                         Dependent areas: Cook Islands, Niue, Tokelau
                            Independence: 26 September 1907 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Waitangi Day (Treaty of Waitangi
                                          established British sovereignty over
                                          New Zealand), 6 February (1840)
                            Constitution: consists of a series of legal
                                          documents, including certain acts of
                                          the UK and New Zealand Parliaments
                                          and The Constitution Act 1986 which
                                          is the principal formal charter
                            Legal system: based on English law, with special
                                          land legislation and land courts for
                                          Maoris; accepts compulsory ICJ
                                          jurisdiction, with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor General Dame Silvia
                                          CARTWRIGHT (since 4 April 2001)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Helen CLARK (since 10 December 1999)
                                          and Deputy Prime Minister James
                                          (Jim) ANDERTON (since 10 December
                                          1999)
                                          cabinet: Executive Council appointed
                                          by the governor general on the
                                          recommendation of the prime minister
    
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; governor general
                                          appointed by the monarch; following
                                          legislative elections, the leader of
                                          the majority party or the leader of
                                          a majority coalition is usually
                                          appointed prime minister by the
                                          governor general for a three-year
                                          term; deputy prime minister
                                          appointed by the governor general
                      Legislative branch: unicameral House of Representatives
                                          - commonly called Parliament (120
                                          seats; members elected by popular
                                          vote in single-member constituencies
                                          to serve three-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 27 November
                                          1999 (next must be called by
                                          November 2002)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - NZLP
                                          49, NP 39, Alliance 10, ACT New
                                          Zealand 9, Green Party 7, NZFP 5,
                                          UNZ 1
                                          note: NZLP and Alliance formed the
                                          government coalition; the National
                                          Party is the opposition party
                         Judicial branch: High Court; Court of Appeal
           Political parties and leaders: ACT, New Zealand [Richard PREBBLE];
                                          Alliance (a coalition of the New
                                          Labor Party, Democratic Party, New
                                          Zealand Liberal Party, and Mana
                                          Motuhake) [James (Jim) ANDERTON];
                                          Green Party [Jeanette FITZSIMONS and
                                          Rod DONALD]; National Party or NP
                                          [William (Bill) English]; New
                                          Zealand First Party or NZFP [Winston
                                          PETERS]; New Zealand Labor Party or
                                          NZLP [Helen CLARK]; United New
                                          Zealand or UNZ [Peter DUNNE]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ABEDA, ANZUS (US suspended security
                           participation: obligations to NZ on 11 August
                                          1986), APEC, ARF (dialogue partner),
                                          AsDB, ASEAN (dialogue partner),
                                          Australia Group, C, CCC, CP, EBRD,
                                          ESCAP, FAO, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC,
                                          ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IEA, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM (observer), ISO, ITU, NAM
                                          (guest), NSG, OECD, OPCW, PCA,
                                          Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNAMSIL,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNMOP,
                                          UNTAET, UNTSO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador L. John
                                          WOOD
                                          chancery: 37 Observatory Circle NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 667-5227
                                          consulate(s) general: Los Angeles,
                                          New York
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 328-4800
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Charles
                                      US: J. SWINDELLS
                                          embassy: 29 Fitzherbert Terrace,
                                          Thorndon, Wellington
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 1190,
                                          Wellington; PSC 467, Box 1, FPO AP
                                          96531-1001
                                          telephone: [64] (4) 462-6000
                                          FAX: [64] (4) 478-1701
                                          consulate(s) general: Auckland
                        Flag description: blue with the flag of the UK in the
                                          upper hoist-side quadrant with four
                                          red five-pointed stars edged in
                                          white centered in the outer half of
                                          the flag; the stars represent the
                                          Southern Cross constellation
    
     Economy New Zealand
     -------------------
                      Economy - overview: Since 1984 the government has
                                          accomplished major economic
                                          restructuring, transforming New
                                          Zealand from an agrarian economy
                                          dependent on concessionary British
                                          market access to a more
                                          industrialized, free market economy
                                          that can compete globally. This
                                          dynamic growth has boosted real
                                          incomes (but left behind many at the
                                          bottom of the ladder), broadened and
                                          deepened the technological
                                          capabilities of the industrial
                                          sector, and contained inflationary
                                          pressures. While per capita incomes
                                          have been rising, however, they
                                          remain below the level of the four
                                          largest EU economies, and there is
                                          some government concern that New
                                          Zealand is not closing the gap. New
                                          Zealand is heavily dependent on
                                          trade - particularly in agricultural
                                          products - to drive growth, and it
                                          has been affected by the global
                                          economic slowdown and the slump in
                                          commodity prices. Thus far the New
                                          Zealand economy has been relatively
                                          resilient, achieving about 3% growth
                                          in 2001, but the New Zealand
                                          business cycle tends to lag the US
                                          cycle by about six months, so the
                                          worst of the downturn may not hit
                                          until mid-2002.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $75.4
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $19,500
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 8%
                                          industry: 23%
                                          services: 69% (1999)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 0.3%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 29.8% (1991 est.)
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.92 million (2001 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 65%, industry 25%,
                                          agriculture 10% (1995)
                       Unemployment rate: 5.5% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $16.7 billion
                                          expenditures: $16.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (FY00/01)
                              Industries: food processing, wood and paper
                                          products, textiles, machinery,
                                          transportation equipment, banking
                                          and insurance, tourism, mining
       Industrial production growth rate: 3% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 35.823 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 26.55%
                                          hydro: 66.45%
                                          other: 7% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 33.315 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, barley, potatoes, pulses,
                                          fruits, vegetables; wool, beef,
                                          dairy products; fish
                                 Exports: $14.2 billion (2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: dairy products, meat, wood and wood
                                          products, fish, machinery
                      Exports - partners: Australia 20.4%, US 14.5%, Japan
                                          13.5%, UK 5.4%, South Korea, China
                                          (2000)
                                 Imports: $12.5 billion (2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, vehicles
                                          and aircraft, petroleum,
                                          electronics, textiles, plastics
                      Imports - partners: Australia 22.5%, US 17.5%, Japan
                                          11%, UK 4%, China, Germany (2000)
                         Debt - external: $31.1 billion (2001 est.)
                    Economic aid - donor: ODA, $99.7 million (FY00/01)
                                Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)
                           Currency code: NZD
                          Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars per US dollar -
                                          2.3535 (January 2002), 2.3776
                                          (2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886
                                          (1999), 1.8632 (1998), 1.5083 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 July - 30 June
    
     Communications New Zealand
     --------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 1.92 million (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 2.2 million (2000)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: excellent
                                          domestic and international systems
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: submarine cables to
                                          Australia and Fiji; satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific
                                          Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 124, FM 290, shortwave 4 (1998)
                                  Radios: 3.75 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 41 (plus 52 medium-power repeaters
                                          and over 650 low-power repeaters)
                                          (1997)
                             Televisions: 1.926 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .nz
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 36 (2000)
                          Internet users: 1.78 million (2001)
    
     Transportation New Zealand
     --------------------------
                                Railways: total: 3,908 km
                                          narrow gauge: 3,908 km 1.067-m gauge
                                          (506 km electrified) (2001)
                                Highways: total: 92,200 km
                                          paved: 53,568 km (including at least
                                          144 km of expressways)
                                          unpaved: 38,632 km (1996)
                               Waterways: 1,609 km
                                          note: of little importance in
                                          satisfying total transportation
                                          requirements
                               Pipelines: petroleum products 160 km; natural
                                          gas 1,000 km; liquefied petroleum
                                          gas or LPG 150 km
                       Ports and harbors: Auckland, Christchurch, Dunedin,
                                          Tauranga, Wellington
                         Merchant marine: total: 8 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 68,427 GRT/106,627 DWT
                                          note: includes a foreign-owned ship
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Australia 1 (2002 est.)
    
                                          ships by type: bulk 3, cargo 1,
                                          container 1, petroleum tanker 2,
                                          roll on/roll off 1
                                Airports: 106 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 44
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 28
                                          under 914 m: 3 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 10
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 62
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 24
                                          under 914 m: 37 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
    
     Military New Zealand
     --------------------
                       Military branches: New Zealand Army, Royal New Zealand
                                          Navy, Royal New Zealand Air Force
        Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,010,316 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 850,185 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
             Military manpower - reaching males: 26,480 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $515.6 million (2002 est.)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.2% (FY2001/02)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues New Zealand
     --------------------------------
                  Disputes - international: territorial claim in Antarctica
                                            (Ross Dependency)
    
                                         
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org