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2 definitions found
 for Nigeria
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Nigeria
      n 1: a republic in West Africa on the Gulf of Guinea; gained
           independence from Britain in 1960; most populous African
           country [syn: Nigeria, Federal Republic of Nigeria]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Nigeria
  
     Introduction Nigeria
     --------------------
                              Background: Following nearly 16 years of
                                          military rule, a new constitution
                                          was adopted in 1999, and a peaceful
                                          transition to civilian government
                                          was completed. The president faces
                                          the daunting task of rebuilding a
                                          petroleum-based economy, whose
                                          revenues have been squandered
                                          through corruption and
                                          mismanagement, and
                                          institutionalizing democracy. In
                                          addition, the OBASANJO
                                          administration must defuse
                                          longstanding ethnic and religious
                                          tensions, if it is to build a sound
                                          foundation for economic growth and
                                          political stability.
    
     Geography Nigeria
     -----------------
                                Location: Western Africa, bordering the Gulf
                                          of Guinea, between Benin and
                                          Cameroon
                  Geographic coordinates: 10 00 N, 8 00 E
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 923,768 sq km
                                          water: 13,000 sq km
                                          land: 910,768 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of
                                          California
                         Land boundaries: total: 4,047 km
                                          border countries: Benin 773 km,
                                          Cameroon 1,690 km, Chad 87 km, Niger
                                          1,497 km
                               Coastline: 853 km
                         Maritime claims: continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: varies; equatorial in south,
                                          tropical in center, arid in north
                                 Terrain: southern lowlands merge into central
                                          hills and plateaus; mountains in
                                          southeast, plains in north
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Chappal Waddi 2,419 m
                       Natural resources: natural gas, petroleum, tin,
                                          columbite, iron ore, coal,
                                          limestone, lead, zinc, arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 30.96%
                                          permanent crops: 2.79%
                                          other: 66.25% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 2,330 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: periodic droughts; flooding
            Environment - current issues: soil degradation; rapid
                                          deforestation; urban air and water
                                          pollution; desertification; oil
                                          pollution - water, air, and soil;
                                          has suffered serious damage from oil
                                          spills; loss of arable land; rapid
                                          urbanization
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: the Niger enters the country in the
                                          northwest and flows southward
                                          through tropical rain forests and
                                          swamps to its delta in the Gulf of
                                          Guinea
    
     People Nigeria
     --------------
                              Population: 129,934,911
                                          note: estimates for this country
                                          explicitly take into account the
                                          effects of excess mortality due to
                                          AIDS; this can result in lower life
                                          expectancy, higher infant mortality
                                          and death rates, lower population
                                          and growth rates, and changes in the
                                          distribution of population by age
                                          and sex than would otherwise be
                                          expected (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 43.6% (male 28,503,211;
                                          female 28,156,976)
                                          15-64 years: 53.6% (male 35,418,119;
                                          female 34,179,802)
                                          65 years and over: 2.8% (male
                                          1,832,682; female 1,844,121) (2002
                                          est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.54% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 39.22 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 14.1 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0.27 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.99 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 72.49 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 50.59 years
                                          female: 50.6 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 50.58 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.49 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 5.06% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 2.7 million (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 250,000 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Nigerian(s)
                                          adjective: Nigerian
                           Ethnic groups: Nigeria, which is Africa's most
                                          populous country, is composed of
                                          more than 250 ethnic groups; the
                                          following are the most populous and
                                          politically influential: Hausa and
                                          Fulani 29%, Yoruba 21%, Igbo (Ibo)
                                          18%, Ijaw 10%, Kanuri 4%, Ibibio
                                          3.5%, Tiv 2.5%
                               Religions: Muslim 50%, Christian 40%,
                                          indigenous beliefs 10%
                               Languages: English (official), Hausa, Yoruba,
                                          Igbo (Ibo), Fulani
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 57.1%
                                          male: 67.3%
                                          female: 47.3% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Nigeria
     ------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Federal
                                          Republic of Nigeria
                                          conventional short form: Nigeria
                         Government type: republic transitioning from military
                                          to civilian rule
                                 Capital: Abuja; note - on 12 December 1991
                                          the capital was officially
                                          transferred from Lagos to Abuja;
                                          most federal government offices have
                                          now made the move to Abuja
                Administrative divisions: 36 states and 1 territory*; Abia,
                                          Abuja Federal Capital Territory*,
                                          Adamawa, Akwa Ibom, Anambra, Bauchi,
                                          Bayelsa, Benue, Borno, Cross River,
                                          Delta, Ebonyi, Edo, Ekiti, Enugu,
                                          Gombe, Imo, Jigawa, Kaduna, Kano,
                                          Katsina, Kebbi, Kogi, Kwara, Lagos,
                                          Nassarawa, Niger, Ogun, Ondo, Osun,
                                          Oyo, Plateau, Rivers, Sokoto,
                                          Taraba, Yobe, Zamfara
                            Independence: 1 October 1960 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day (National Day), 1
                                          October (1960)
                            Constitution: new constitution adopted May 1999
                            Legal system: based on English common law, Islamic
                                          Shariah law (only in some northern
                                          states), and traditional law
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Olusegun
                                          OBASANJO (since 29 May 1999); note -
                                          the president is both the chief of
                                          state and head of government
                                          head of government: President
                                          Olusegun OBASANJO (since 29 May
                                          1999); note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          government
                                          cabinet: Federal Executive Council
                                          elections: president is elected by
                                          popular vote for no more than two
                                          four-year terms; election last held
                                          27 February 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          March 2003)
                                          election results: Olusegun OBASANJO
                                          elected president; percent of vote -
                                          Olusegun OBASANJO (PDP) 62.8%, Olu
                                          FALAE (APP-AD) 37.2%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral National Assembly consists
                                          of Senate (109 seats, three from
                                          each state and one from the Federal
                                          Capital Territory; members elected
                                          by popular vote to serve four-year
                                          terms) and House of Representatives
                                          (360 seats, members elected by
                                          popular vote to serve four-year
                                          terms)
                                          elections: Senate - last held 20-24
                                          February 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          March 2003); House of
                                          Representatives - last held 20-24
                                          February 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          March 2003)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - PDP 58%, APP 23%,
                                          AD 19%; seats by party - PDP 67, APP
                                          23, AD 19; House of Representatives
                                          - percent of vote by party - PDP
                                          58%, APP 30%, AD 12%; seats by party
                                          - PDP 221, APP 70, AD 69
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges appointed by
                                          the President); Federal Court of
                                          Appeal (judges are appointed by the
                                          federal government on the advice of
                                          the Advisory Judicial Committee)
           Political parties and leaders: All People's Party or APP [leader
                                          NA]; Alliance for Democracy or AD
                                          [Alhaji Adamu ABDULKADIR]; People's
                                          Democratic Party or PDP [Audu OGBEH]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACP, AfDB, C, CCC, ECA, ECOWAS, FAO,
                           participation: G-19, G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, ISO, ITU, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM,
                                          OAU, OIC, OPCW, OPEC, PCA, UN,
                                          UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR,
                                          UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIK,
                                          UNMOP, UNMOT, UNMOVIC, UNU, UPU,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Jibril
                                          AMINU
                                          consulate(s) general: Atlanta and
                                          New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 775-1385
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 986-8400
                                          chancery: 1333 16th Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20036
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Howard
                                      US: Franklin JETER
                                          embassy: 7 Mambilla Drive, Abuja
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 554,
                                          Lagos
                                          telephone: [234] (9) 523-0916/0906/
                                          5857/2235/2205
                                          FAX: [234] (9) 523-0353
                        Flag description: three equal vertical bands of green
                                          (hoist side), white, and green
    
     Economy Nigeria
     ---------------
                      Economy - overview: The oil-rich Nigerian economy, long
                                          hobbled by political instability,
                                          corruption, and poor macroeconomic
                                          management, is undergoing
                                          substantial economic reform under
                                          the new civilian administration.
                                          Nigeria's former military rulers
                                          failed to diversify the economy away
                                          from overdependence on the capital-
                                          intensive oil sector, which provides
                                          20% of GDP, 95% of foreign exchange
                                          earnings, and about 65% of budgetary
                                          revenues. The largely subsistence
                                          agricultural sector has failed to
                                          keep up with rapid population
                                          growth, and Nigeria, once a large
                                          net exporter of food, now must
                                          import food. Following the signing
                                          of an IMF stand-by agreement in
                                          August 2000, Nigeria received a
                                          debt-restructuring deal from the
                                          Paris Club and a $1 billion credit
                                          from the IMF, both contingent on
                                          economic reforms. The agreement was
                                          allowed to expire by the IMF in
                                          November 2001, however, and Nigeria
                                          appears unlikely to receive
                                          substantial multilateral assistance
                                          in 2002. Nonetheless, increases in
                                          foreign oil investment and oil
                                          production should push growth over
                                          4% in 2002.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $105.9
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 3.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $840 (2001
                                          est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 39%
                                          industry: 33%
                                          services: 28% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 45% (2000 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.6%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 40.8% (1996-97)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 50.6 (1996-97)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 14.9% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 66 million (1999 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 70%, industry 10%,
                                          services 20% (1999 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 28% (1992 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $3.4 billion
                                          expenditures: $3.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: crude oil, coal, tin, columbite,
                                          palm oil, peanuts, cotton, rubber,
                                          wood, hides and skins, textiles,
                                          cement and other construction
                                          materials, food products, footwear,
                                          chemicals, fertilizer, printing,
                                          ceramics, steel
       Industrial production growth rate: -0.3% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 15.9 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 64.15%
                                          hydro: 35.85%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 14.768 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 19 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cocoa, peanuts, palm oil, corn,
                                          rice, sorghum, millet, cassava
                                          (tapioca), yams, rubber; cattle,
                                          sheep, goats, pigs; timber; fish
                                 Exports: $20.3 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products
                                          95%, cocoa, rubber
                      Exports - partners: US 46%, Spain 11%, India 6%, France
                                          5%, Brazil (2000)
                                 Imports: $13.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, chemicals, transport
                                          equipment, manufactured goods, food
                                          and live animals
                      Imports - partners: UK 11%, US 9%, France 9%, Germany
                                          7%, China (2000)
                         Debt - external: $32 billion (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: ODA $250 million (1998)
                                Currency: naira (NGN)
                           Currency code: NGN
                          Exchange rates: nairas per US dollar - 115 (January
                                          2002), 101.697 (2000), 92.338
                                          (1999), 21.886 (1998), 21.886 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Nigeria
     ----------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 500,000 (2000)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 200,000 (2001)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: an inadequate
                                          system, further limited by poor
                                          maintenance; major expansion is
                                          required and a start has been made
                                          domestic: intercity traffic is
                                          carried by coaxial cable, microwave
                                          radio relay, a domestic
                                          communications satellite system with
                                          19 earth stations, and a coastal
                                          submarine cable; mobile cellular
                                          facilities and the Internet are
                                          available
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 3 Intelsat (2 Atlantic
                                          Ocean and 1 Indian Ocean); coaxial
                                          submarine cable SAFE (South African
                                          Far East)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 83, FM 36, shortwave 11 (2001)
                                  Radios: 23.5 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 3 (the government controls 2
                                          broadcasting stations and 15
                                          repeater stations) (2002)
                             Televisions: 6.9 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ng
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 11 (2000)
                          Internet users: 100,000 (1999)
    
     Transportation Nigeria
     ----------------------
                                Railways: total: 3,557 km
                                          narrow gauge: 3,505 km 1.067-m gauge
    
                                          standard gauge: 52 km 1.435-m gauge
                                          note: years of neglect of both the
                                          rolling stock and the right-of-way
                                          have seriously reduced the capacity
                                          and utility of the system; a project
                                          to restore Nigeria's railways is now
                                          underway (2001)
                                Highways: total: 193,200 km
                                          paved: 59,892 km (including 1,194 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          note: many of the roads reported as
                                          paved may be graveled; because of
                                          poor maintenance and years of heavy
                                          freight traffic - in part the result
                                          of the failure of the railroad
                                          system - much of the road system is
                                          barely usable (2001)
                                          unpaved: 133,308 km
                               Waterways: 8,575 km
                                          note: consisting of the Niger and
                                          Benue rivers and smaller rivers and
                                          creeks
                               Pipelines: crude oil 2,042 km; petroleum
                                          products 3,000 km; natural gas 500
                                          km
                       Ports and harbors: Calabar, Lagos, Onne, Port Harcourt,
                                          Sapele, Warri
                         Merchant marine: total: 43 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 331,094 GRT/614,171 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Bulgaria 1, Greece 1,
                                          Norway 1, Pakistan 1, Togo 1, United
                                          States 1 (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 7,
                                          chemical tanker 4, petroleum tanker
                                          29, roll on/roll off 1, specialized
                                          tanker 1
                                Airports: 70 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 35
                                          over 3,047 m: 7
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 10
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 7
                                          under 914 m: 2 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 9
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 35
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 14
                                          under 914 m: 18 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Nigeria
     ----------------
                        Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Police Force
         Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 30,808,598 (2002
                                           est.)
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 17,698,911 (2002
                                  service: est.)
     Military manpower - reaching military males: 1,375,112 (2002 est.)
                             age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $374.9 million (FY01)
                                   figure:
        Military expenditures - percent of 1% (FY01)
                                      GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Nigeria
     ----------------------------
                Disputes - international: Nigeria disputes several villages
                                          with Benin along the Okpara River,
                                          and only 35 km of their common
                                          boundary are demarcated; the Benin-
                                          Niger-Nigeria tripoint remains
                                          undemarcated; Lake Chad Basin
                                          Commission urges signatories
                                          Cameroon, Chad, Niger, and Nigeria
                                          to ratify delimitation treaty over
                                          lake region, the site of continuing
                                          armed clashes; oral arguments on the
                                          land and maritime boundary disputes
                                          between Cameroon and Nigeria were
                                          presented to the ICJ; disputes
                                          center around Bakasi Peninsula,
                                          where armed clashes continue, Bouram
                                          Island on Lake Chad, and the
                                          maritime boundary and economic zone
                                          dispute in the Gulf of Guinea, which
                                          also involves Equatorial Guinea;
                                          Nigeria requests and Chad rejects
                                          redemarcation of boundary, which
                                          lacks clear demarcation in sections
                                          and has caused several cross-border
                                          incidents
                           Illicit drugs: a transit point for heroin and
                                          cocaine intended for European, East
                                          Asian, and North American markets;
                                          safehaven for Nigerian
                                          narcotraffickers operating worldwide
    
                                         
  
  

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