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2 definitions found
 for Northern Mariana Islands
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Northern Mariana Islands
      n 1: a self-governing territory comprising all of the Mariana
           Islands except Guam [syn: Northern Marianas, Northern
           Mariana Islands]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Northern Mariana Islands
  
     Introduction Northern Mariana Islands
     -------------------------------------
                              Background: Under US administration as part of
                                          the UN Trust Territory of the
                                          Pacific, the people of the Northern
                                          Mariana Islands decided in the 1970s
                                          not to seek independence but instead
                                          to forge closer links with the US.
                                          Negotiations for territorial status
                                          began in 1972. A covenant to
                                          establish a commonwealth in
                                          political union with the US was
                                          approved in 1975. A new government
                                          and constitution went into effect in
                                          1978.
    
     Geography Northern Mariana Islands
     ----------------------------------
                                Location: Oceania, islands in the North
                                          Pacific Ocean, about three-quarters
                                          of the way from Hawaii to the
                                          Philippines
                  Geographic coordinates: 15 12 N, 145 45 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 477 sq km
                                          note: includes 14 islands including
                                          Saipan, Rota, and Tinian
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 477 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 2.5 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 1,482 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical marine; moderated by
                                          northeast trade winds, little
                                          seasonal temperature variation; dry
                                          season December to June, rainy
                                          season July to October
                                 Terrain: southern islands are limestone with
                                          level terraces and fringing coral
                                          reefs; northern islands are volcanic
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location on
                                          Agrihan 965 m
                       Natural resources: arable land, fish
                                Land use: arable land: 15.22%
                                          permanent crops: 6.52%
                                          other: 78.26% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: active volcanoes on Pagan and
                                          Agrihan; typhoons (especially August
                                          to November)
            Environment - current issues: contamination of groundwater on
                                          Saipan may contribute to disease;
                                          clean-up of landfill; protection of
                                          endangered species conflicts with
                                          development
                        Geography - note: strategic location in the North
                                          Pacific Ocean
    
     People Northern Mariana Islands
     -------------------------------
                              Population: 77,311 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 23.4% (male 9,208;
                                          female 8,902)
                                          15-64 years: 74.8% (male 27,041;
                                          female 30,781)
                                          65 years and over: 1.8% (male 690;
                                          female 689) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.49% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 20.29 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 2.42 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 17.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.88 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1 male(s)/female
                                          total population: 0.92 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 5.61 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.95 years
                                          female: 79.23 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 72.85 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.76 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: NA
                                          adjective: NA
                           Ethnic groups: Chamorro, Carolinians and other
                                          Micronesians, Caucasian, Japanese,
                                          Chinese, Filipino, Korean
                               Religions: Christian (Roman Catholic majority,
                                          although traditional beliefs and
                                          taboos may still be found)
                               Languages: English, Chamorro, Carolinian
                                          note: 86% of population speaks a
                                          language other than English at home
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 97%
                                          male: 97%
                                          female: 96% (1980 est.)
    
     Government Northern Mariana Islands
     -----------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Commonwealth
                                          of the Northern Mariana Islands
                                          conventional short form: Northern
                                          Mariana Islands
                                          former: Mariana Islands District
                                          (Trust Territory of the Pacific
                                          Islands)
                       Dependency status: commonwealth in political union with
                                          the US; federal funds to the
                                          Commonwealth administered by the US
                                          Department of the Interior, Office
                                          of Insular Affairs
                         Government type: commonwealth; self-governing with
                                          locally elected governor, lieutenant
                                          governor, and legislature
                                 Capital: Saipan
                Administrative divisions: none (commonwealth in political
                                          union with the US); there are no
                                          first-order administrative divisions
                                          as defined by the US Government, but
                                          there are four municipalities at the
                                          second order; Northern Islands,
                                          Rota, Saipan, Tinian
                            Independence: none (commonwealth in political
                                          union with the US)
                        National holiday: Commonwealth Day, 8 January (1978)
                            Constitution: Covenant Agreement effective 4
                                          November 1986 and the Constitution
                                          of the Commonwealth of the Northern
                                          Mariana Islands effective 1 January
                                          1978
                            Legal system: based on US system, except for
                                          customs, wages, immigration laws,
                                          and taxation
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal;
                                          indigenous inhabitants are US
                                          citizens but do not vote in US
                                          presidential elections
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President George W.
                                          BUSH of the US (since 20 January
                                          2001); Vice President Richard B.
                                          CHENEY (since 20 January 2001)
                                          head of government: Governor Juan N.
                                          BABOUTA (since NA January 2002) and
                                          Lieutenant Governor Diego T.
                                          BENEVENTE (since NA January 2002)
                                          cabinet: NA
                                          elections: US president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          for four-year terms; governor and
                                          lieutenant governor elected on the
                                          same ticket by popular vote for
                                          four-year terms; election last held
                                          NA November 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          November 2005)
                                          election results: Juan N. BABOUTA
                                          elected governor in a four-way race;
                                          percent of vote - Juan N. BABOUTA
                                          (Republican Party) 49%
                      Legislative branch: + bicameral Legislature consists of
                                          the Senate (9 seats; members are
                                          elected by popular vote to serve
                                          four-year staggered terms) and the
                                          House of Representatives (18 seats;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve two-year terms)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote by party - NA%; seats by
                                          party - Republican Party 4,
                                          Democratic Party 3, Reform Party 1,
                                          independent 1; House of
                                          Representatives - percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party -
                                          Republican Party 16, Democratic
                                          Party 1, Covenant Party 1
                                          note: the Northern Mariana Islands
                                          does not have a nonvoting delegate
                                          in the US Congress; instead, it has
                                          an elected official or "resident
                                          representative" located in
                                          Washington, DC; seats by party -
                                          Republican Party 1 (Pedro A.
                                          TENORIO)
                                          elections: Senate - last held 5
                                          November 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          November 2003); House of
                                          Representatives - last held 5
                                          November 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          November 2003)
                         Judicial branch: Commonwealth Supreme Court; Superior
                                          Court; Federal District Court
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Party [Dr. Carlos S.
                                          CAMACHO]; Republican Party [Benigno
                                          R. FITIAL]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ESCAP (associate), Interpol
                           participation: (subbureau), SPC
                        Flag description: blue, with a white, five-pointed
                                          star superimposed on the gray
                                          silhouette of a latte stone (a
                                          traditional foundation stone used in
                                          building) in the center, surrounded
                                          by a wreath
    
     Economy Northern Mariana Islands
     --------------------------------
                      Economy - overview: The economy benefits substantially
                                          from financial assistance from the
                                          US. The rate of funding has declined
                                          as locally generated government
                                          revenues have grown. The key tourist
                                          industry employs about 50% of the
                                          work force and accounts for roughly
                                          one-fourth of GDP. Japanese tourists
                                          predominate. Annual tourist entries
                                          have exceeded one-half million in
                                          recent years, but financial
                                          difficulties in Japan have caused a
                                          temporary slowdown. The agricultural
                                          sector is made up of cattle ranches
                                          and small farms producing coconuts,
                                          breadfruit, tomatoes, and melons.
                                          Garment production is by far the
                                          most important industry with
                                          employment of 17,500 mostly Chinese
                                          workers and sizable shipments to the
                                          US under duty and quota exemptions.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $900
                                          million (2000 est.)
                                          note: GDP numbers reflect US
                                          spending
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $12,500
                                          (2000 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.2% (1997 est.)
                             Labor force: 6,006 total indigenous labor force;
                                          2,699 unemployed; 28,717 foreign
                                          workers (1995)
             Labor force - by occupation: NA
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $193 million
                                          expenditures: $223 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of NA
                                          (FY 2001/02 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, construction, garments,
                                          handicrafts
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                  Agriculture - products: coconuts, fruits, vegetables; cattle
                                 Exports: $NA
                   Exports - commodities: garments
                      Exports - partners: US
                                 Imports: $NA
                   Imports - commodities: food, construction equipment and
                                          materials, petroleum products
                      Imports - partners: US, Japan
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: extensive funding from US
                                Currency: US dollar (USD)
                           Currency code: USD
                          Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
                             Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
    
     Communications Northern Mariana Islands
     ---------------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 21,000 (1996)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1,200 (1995)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (Pacific
                                          Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 3, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: NA
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (on Saipan and one station planned
                                          for Rota; in addition, two cable
                                          services on Saipan provide varied
                                          programming from satellite networks)
                                          (1997)
                             Televisions: NA
                   Internet country code: .mp
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2001)
                          Internet users: NA
    
     Transportation Northern Mariana Islands
     ---------------------------------------
                                          Railways: 0 km
                                          Highways: total: 362 km
                                                    paved: NA km
                                                    unpaved: NA km (1991)
                                         Waterways: none
                                 Ports and harbors: Saipan, Tinian
                                   Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                          Airports: 6 (2001)
                     Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                                    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                                    1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2001)
                   Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 3
                                                    under 914 m: 2 (2001)
                                                    2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                         Heliports: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Northern Mariana Islands
     ---------------------------------
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
                                          US
    
     Transnational Issues Northern Mariana Islands
     ---------------------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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