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2 definitions found
 for Oman
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Oman
      n 1: a strategically located monarchy on the southern and
           eastern coasts of the Arabian Peninsula; the economy is
           dominated by oil [syn: Oman, Sultanate of Oman, Muscat
           and Oman]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Oman
  
     Introduction Oman
     -----------------
                              Background: In 1970, QABOOS bin Said Al Said
                                          ousted his father and has ruled as
                                          sultan ever since. His extensive
                                          modernization program has opened the
                                          country to the outside world and has
                                          preserved a long-standing political
                                          and military relationship with the
                                          UK. Oman's moderate, independent
                                          foreign policy has sought to
                                          maintain good relations with all
                                          Middle Eastern countries.
    
     Geography Oman
     --------------
                                Location: Middle East, bordering the Arabian
                                          Sea, Gulf of Oman, and Persian Gulf,
                                          between Yemen and UAE
                  Geographic coordinates: 21 00 N, 57 00 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 212,460 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 212,460 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Kansas
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,374 km
                                          border countries: Saudi Arabia 676
                                          km, UAE 410 km, Yemen 288 km
                               Coastline: 2,092 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: dry desert; hot, humid along coast;
                                          hot, dry interior; strong southwest
                                          summer monsoon (May to September) in
                                          far south
                                 Terrain: central desert plain, rugged
                                          mountains in north and south
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Arabian Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Jabal Shams 2,980 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, copper, asbestos, some
                                          marble, limestone, chromium, gypsum,
                                          natural gas
                                Land use: arable land: 0.08%
                                          permanent crops: 0.22%
                                          other: 99.7% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 620 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: summer winds often raise large
                                          sandstorms and dust storms in
                                          interior; periodic droughts
            Environment - current issues: rising soil salinity; beach
                                          pollution from oil spills; very
                                          limited natural fresh water
                                          resources
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine
                                          Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: strategic location on Musandam
                                          Peninsula adjacent to Strait of
                                          Hormuz, a vital transit point for
                                          world crude oil
    
     People Oman
     -----------
                              Population: 2,713,462
                                          note: includes 527,078 non-nationals
                                          (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 41.9% (male 579,065;
                                          female 556,923)
                                          15-64 years: 55.7% (male 914,494;
                                          female 597,948)
                                          65 years and over: 2.4% (male
                                          34,555; female 30,477) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.41% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 37.76 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 4.03 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0.35 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.53 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 1.13 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.29 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 21.77 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.31 years
                                          female: 74.57 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 70.15 years
                    Total fertility rate: 5.99 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.11% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Omani(s)
                                          adjective: Omani
                           Ethnic groups: Arab, Baluchi, South Asian (Indian,
                                          Pakistani, Sri Lankan, Bangladeshi),
                                          African
                               Religions: Ibadhi Muslim 75%, Sunni Muslim,
                                          Shi'a Muslim, Hindu
                               Languages: Arabic (official), English, Baluchi,
                                          Urdu, Indian dialects
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: approaching 80%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
    
     Government Oman
     ---------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Sultanate of
                                          Oman
                                          conventional short form: Oman
                                          local long form: Saltanat Uman
                                          former: Muscat and Oman
                                          local short form: Uman
                         Government type: monarchy
                                 Capital: Muscat
                Administrative divisions: 6 regions (mintaqat, singular -
                                          mintaqah) and 2 governorates*
                                          (muhafazat, singular - muhafazah) Ad
                                          Dakhiliyah, Al Batinah, Al Wusta,
                                          Ash Sharqiyah, Az Zahirah, Masqat,
                                          Musandam*, Zufar*; note - the US
                                          Embassy in Oman reports that Masqat
                                          is a governorate, but this has not
                                          been confirmed by the US Board on
                                          Geographic Names (BGN)
                            Independence: 1650 (expulsion of the Portuguese)
                        National holiday: Birthday of Sultan QABOOS, 18
                                          November (1940)
                            Constitution: none; note - on 6 November 1996,
                                          Sultan QABOOS issued a royal decree
                                          promulgating a new basic law which,
                                          among other things, clarifies the
                                          royal succession, provides for a
                                          prime minister, bars ministers from
                                          holding interests in companies doing
                                          business with the government,
                                          establishes a bicameral legislature,
                                          and guarantees basic civil liberties
                                          for Omani citizens
                            Legal system: based on English common law and
                                          Islamic law; ultimate appeal to the
                                          monarch; has not accepted compulsory
                                          ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: in Oman's most recent elections in
                                          2000, limited to approximately
                                          175,000 Omanis chosen by the
                                          government to vote in elections for
                                          the Majlis ash-Shura
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Sultan and Prime
                                          Minister QABOOS bin Said Al Said
                                          (since 23 July 1970); note - the
                                          monarch is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          head of government: Sultan and Prime
                                          Minister QABOOS bin Said Al Said
                                          (since 23 July 1970); note - the
                                          monarch is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          monarch
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Majlis Oman consists of an
                                          upper chamber or Majlis al-Dawla (48
                                          seats; members appointed by the
                                          monarch; has advisory powers only)
                                          and a lower chamber or Majlis al-
                                          Shura (83 seats; members elected by
                                          limited suffrage for three-year
                                          term, however, the monarch makes
                                          final selections and can negate
                                          election results; body has some
                                          limited power to propose
                                          legislation, but otherwise has only
                                          advisory powers)
                                          elections: last held NA September
                                          2000 (next to be held NA September
                                          2003)
                                          election results: NA; note - two
                                          women were elected for the first
                                          time to the Majlis al-Shura, about
                                          100,000 people voted
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court
                                          note: the nascent civil court
                                          system, administered by region, has
                                          non-Islamic judges as well as
                                          traditional Islamic judges
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and none
                                 leaders:
               International organization ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CCC, ESCWA,
                           participation: FAO, G-77, GCC, IBRD, ICAO, IDA,
                                          IDB, IFAD, IFC, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ISO (correspondent),
                                          ITU, NAM, OIC, OPCW, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Mohamed
                                          Ali AL KHUSAIBY
                                          chancery: 2535 Belmont Road, NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 387-1980
                                          through 1981, 1988
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 745-4933
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Charge d'Affaires
                                      US: Robert W. DRY
                                          embassy: Jameat A'Duwal Al Arabiya
                                          Street, Al Khuwair area, Muscat
                                          mailing address: international: P.
                                          O. Box 202, P.C. 115, Madinat Al-
                                          Sultan Qaboos, Muscat
                                          telephone: [968] 698989
                                          FAX: [968] 699189
                        Flag description: three horizontal bands of white,
                                          red, and green of equal width with a
                                          broad, vertical, red band on the
                                          hoist side; the national emblem (a
                                          khanjar dagger in its sheath
                                          superimposed on two crossed swords
                                          in scabbards) in white is centered
                                          at the top of the vertical band
    
     Economy Oman
     ------------
                      Economy - overview: Oman's economic performance improved
                                          significantly in 2000 due largely to
                                          the upturn in oil prices. The
                                          government is moving ahead with
                                          privatization of its utilities, the
                                          development of a body of commercial
                                          law to facilitate foreign
                                          investment, and increased budgetary
                                          outlays. Oman continues to
                                          liberalize its markets and joined
                                          the World Trade Organization (WTrO)
                                          in November 2000. GDP growth
                                          improved in 2001 despite the global
                                          slowdown.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $21.5
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 7.4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $8,200
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3%
                                          industry: 40%
                                          services: 57% (1999 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 920,000 (2002 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture NA%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA%
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $9.2 billion
                                          expenditures: $6.9 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: crude oil production and refining,
                                          natural gas production,
                                          construction, cement, copper
       Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 8.1 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 7.533 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: dates, limes, bananas, alfalfa,
                                          vegetables; camels, cattle; fish
                                 Exports: $10.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: petroleum, reexports, fish, metals,
                                          textiles
                      Exports - partners: Japan 21%, Thailand 18%, China 16%,
                                          South Korea 12%, UAE 12%, US 3%
                                          (2001)
                                 Imports: $5.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          manufactured goods, food, livestock,
                                          lubricants
                      Imports - partners: UAE 23% (largely reexports), Japan
                                          16%, UK 13%, Italy 7%, Germany 5%,
                                          US 5% (2001)
                         Debt - external: $5.3 billion (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $76.4 million (1995)
                                Currency: Omani rial (OMR)
                           Currency code: OMR
                          Exchange rates: Omani rials per US dollar - 0.3845
                                          (fixed rate since 1986)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Oman
     -------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 201,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 59,822 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern system
                                          consisting of open wire, microwave,
                                          and radiotelephone communication
                                          stations; limited coaxial cable
                                          domestic: open wire, microwave,
                                          radiotelephone communications, and a
                                          domestic satellite system with 8
                                          earth stations
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (Indian Ocean)
                                          and 1 Arabsat
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 9, shortwave 2 (1999)
                                  Radios: 1.4 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 13 (plus 25 low-power repeaters)
                                          (1999)
                             Televisions: 1.6 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .om
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 90,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Oman
     -------------------
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 32,800 km
                                          paved: 9,840 km (including 550 km of
                                          expressways)
                                          unpaved: 22,960 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 1,300 km; natural gas
                                          1,030 km
                       Ports and harbors: Matrah, Mina' al Fahl, Mina' Raysut
                         Merchant marine: total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 17,291 GRT/9,457 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 1, passenger 1,
                                          passenger/cargo 1
                                          note: includes a foreign-owned ship
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Singapore 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 143 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 6
                                          over 3,047 m: 4
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 137
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 38
                                          under 914 m: 36 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 54
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 7
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Oman
     -------------
                       Military branches: Royal Omani Armed Forces (Army,
                                          Navy, Air Force), Royal Omani Police
        Military manpower - military age: 14 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 780,292 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 434,026 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
             Military manpower - reaching males: 26,470 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $2,424.4 million (FY01)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 12.2% (FY01)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Oman
     -------------------------
                 Disputes - international: Oman signed a boundary treaty with
                                           the UAE in 1999, but the completed
                                           boundary is not expected until the
                                           end of 2002; undefined segments of
                                           the Oman-UAE boundary remain with
                                           Ra's al-Khaymah and Ash Shariqah
                                           (Sharjah) emirates, including the
                                           Musandam Peninsula, where an
                                           administrative boundary substitutes
                                           for an international boundary
    
                                         
  
  

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