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6 definitions found
 for PALESTINE
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Palestine
      n 1: a former British mandate on the east coast of the
           Mediterranean; divided between Jordan and Israel in 1948
      2: an ancient country in southwestern Asia on the east coast of
         the Mediterranean Sea; a place of pilgrimage for Christianity
         and Islam and Judaism [syn: Palestine, Canaan, Holy
         Land, Promised Land]

From Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary :

  Palestine
     originally denoted only the sea-coast of the land of Canaan
     inhabited by the Philistines (Ex. 15:14; Isa. 14:29, 31; Joel
     3:4), and in this sense exclusively the Hebrew name Pelesheth
     (rendered "Philistia" in Ps. 60:8; 83:7; 87:4; 108:9) occurs in
     the Old Testament.
     
       Not till a late period in Jewish history was this name used to
     denote "the land of the Hebrews" in general (Gen. 40:15). It is
     also called "the holy land" (Zech. 2:12), the "land of Jehovah"
     (Hos. 9:3; Ps. 85:1), the "land of promise" (Heb. 11:9), because
     promised to Abraham (Gen. 12:7; 24:7), the "land of Canaan"
     (Gen. 12:5), the "land of Israel" (1 Sam. 13:19), and the "land
     of Judah" (Isa. 19:17).
     
       The territory promised as an inheritance to the seed of
     Abraham (Gen. 15:18-21; Num. 34:1-12) was bounded on the east by
     the river Euphrates, on the west by the Mediterranean, on the
     north by the "entrance of Hamath," and on the south by the
     "river of Egypt." This extent of territory, about 60,000 square
     miles, was at length conquered by David, and was ruled over also
     by his son Solomon (2 Sam. 8; 1 Chr. 18; 1 Kings 4:1, 21). This
     vast empire was the Promised Land; but Palestine was only a part
     of it, terminating in the north at the southern extremity of the
     Lebanon range, and in the south in the wilderness of Paran, thus
     extending in all to about 144 miles in length. Its average
     breadth was about 60 miles from the Mediterranean on the west to
     beyond the Jordan. It has fittingly been designated "the least
     of all lands." Western Palestine, on the south of Gaza, is only
     about 40 miles in breadth from the Mediterranean to the Dead
     Sea, narrowing gradually toward the north, where it is only 20
     miles from the sea-coast to the Jordan.
     
       Palestine, "set in the midst" (Ezek. 5:5) of all other lands,
     is the most remarkable country on the face of the earth. No
     single country of such an extent has so great a variety of
     climate, and hence also of plant and animal life. Moses
     describes it as "a good land, a land of brooks of water, of
     fountains and depths that spring out of valleys and hills; a
     land of wheat, and barley, and vines, and fig trees, and
     pomegranates; a land of oil olive, and honey; a land wherein
     thou shalt not eat bread without scarceness, thou shalt not lack
     any thing in it; a land whose stones are iron, and out of whose
     hills thou mayest dig brass" (Deut. 8:7-9).
     
       "In the time of Christ the country looked, in all probability,
     much as now. The whole land consists of rounded limestone hills,
     fretted into countless stony valleys, offering but rarely level
     tracts, of which Esdraelon alone, below Nazareth, is large
     enough to be seen on the map. The original woods had for ages
     disappeared, though the slopes were dotted, as now, with figs,
     olives, and other fruit-trees where there was any soil.
     Permanent streams were even then unknown, the passing rush of
     winter torrents being all that was seen among the hills. The
     autumn and spring rains, caught in deep cisterns hewn out like
     huge underground jars in the soft limestone, with artificial
     mud-banked ponds still found near all villages, furnished water.
     Hills now bare, or at best rough with stunted growth, were then
     terraced, so as to grow vines, olives, and grain. To-day almost
     desolate, the country then teemed with population. Wine-presses
     cut in the rocks, endless terraces, and the ruins of old
     vineyard towers are now found amidst solitudes overgrown for
     ages with thorns and thistles, or with wild shrubs and poor
     gnarled scrub" (Geikie's Life of Christ).
     
       From an early period the land was inhabited by the descendants
     of Canaan, who retained possession of the whole land "from Sidon
     to Gaza" till the time of the conquest by Joshua, when it was
     occupied by the twelve tribes. Two tribes and a half had their
     allotments given them by Moses on the east of the Jordan (Deut.
     3:12-20; comp. Num. 1:17-46; Josh. 4:12-13). The remaining
     tribes had their portion on the west of Jordan.
     
       From the conquest till the time of Saul, about four hundred
     years, the people were governed by judges. For a period of one
     hundred and twenty years the kingdom retained its unity while it
     was ruled by Saul and David and Solomon. On the death of
     Solomon, his son Rehoboam ascended the throne; but his conduct
     was such that ten of the tribes revolted, and formed an
     independent monarchy, called the kingdom of Israel, or the
     northern kingdom, the capital of which was first Shechem and
     afterwards Samaria. This kingdom was destroyed. The Israelites
     were carried captive by Shalmanezer, king of Assyria, B.C. 722,
     after an independent existence of two hundred and fifty-three
     years. The place of the captives carried away was supplied by
     tribes brought from the east, and thus was formed the Samaritan
     nation (2 Kings 17:24-29).
     
       Nebuchadnezzar came up against the kingdom of the two tribes,
     the kingdom of Judah, the capital of which was Jerusalem, one
     hundred and thirty-four years after the overthrow of the kingdom
     of Israel. He overthrew the city, plundered the temple, and
     carried the people into captivity to Babylon (B.C. 587), where
     they remained seventy years. At the close of the period of the
     Captivity, they returned to their own land, under the edict of
     Cyrus (Ezra 1:1-4). They rebuilt the city and temple, and
     restored the old Jewish commonwealth.
     
       For a while after the Restoration the Jews were ruled by
     Zerubbabel, Ezra, and Nehemiah, and afterwards by the high
     priests, assisted by the Sanhedrin. After the death of Alexander
     the Great at Babylon (B.C. 323), his vast empire was divided
     between his four generals. Egypt, Arabia, Palestine, and
     Coele-Syria fell to the lot of Ptolemy Lagus. Ptolemy took
     possession of Palestine in B.C. 320, and carried nearly one
     hundred thousand of the inhabitants of Jerusalem into Egypt. He
     made Alexandria the capital of his kingdom, and treated the Jews
     with consideration, confirming them in the enjoyment of many
     privileges.
     
       After suffering persecution at the hands of Ptolemy's
     successors, the Jews threw off the Egyptian yoke, and became
     subject to Antiochus the Great, the king of Syria. The cruelty
     and opression of the successors of Antiochus at length led to
     the revolt under the Maccabees (B.C. 163), when they threw off
     the Syrian yoke.
     
       In the year B.C. 68, Palestine was reduced by Pompey the Great
     to a Roman province. He laid the walls of the city in ruins, and
     massacred some twelve thousand of the inhabitants. He left the
     temple, however, unijured. About twenty-five years after this
     the Jews revolted and cast off the Roman yoke. They were
     however, subdued by Herod the Great (q.v.). The city and the
     temple were destroyed, and many of the inhabitants were put to
     death. About B.C. 20, Herod proceeded to rebuild the city and
     restore the ruined temple, which in about nine years and a half
     was so far completed that the sacred services could be resumed
     in it (comp. John 2:20). He was succeeded by his son Archelaus,
     who was deprived of his power, however, by Augustus, A.D. 6,
     when Palestine became a Roman province, ruled by Roman governors
     or procurators. Pontius Pilate was the fifth of these
     procurators. He was appointed to his office A.D. 25.
     
       Exclusive of Idumea, the kingdom of Herod the Great
     comprehended the whole of the country originally divided among
     the twelve tribes, which he divided into four provinces or
     districts. This division was recognized so long as Palestine was
     under the Roman dominion. These four provinces were, (1) Judea,
     the southern portion of the country; (2) Samaria, the middle
     province, the northern boundary of which ran along the hills to
     the south of the plain of Esdraelon; (3) Galilee, the northern
     province; and (4) Peraea (a Greek name meaning the "opposite
     country"), the country lying east of the Jordan and the Dead
     Sea. This province was subdivided into these districts, (1)
     Peraea proper, lying between the rivers Arnon and Jabbok; (2)
     Galaaditis (Gilead); (3) Batanaea; (4) Gaulonitis (Jaulan); (5)
     Ituraea or Auranitis, the ancient Bashan; (6) Trachonitis; (7)
     Abilene; (8) Decapolis, i.e., the region of the ten cities. The
     whole territory of Palestine, including the portions alloted to
     the trans-Jordan tribes, extended to about eleven thousand
     square miles. Recent exploration has shown the territory on the
     west of Jordan alone to be six thousand square miles in extent,
     the size of the principality of Wales.
     

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Palestine, AR -- U.S. city in Arkansas
     Population (2000):    741
     Housing Units (2000): 321
     Land area (2000):     3.219548 sq. miles (8.338590 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.024487 sq. miles (0.063421 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    3.244035 sq. miles (8.402011 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            53150
     Located within:       Arkansas (AR), FIPS 05
     Location:             34.973480 N, 90.905994 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     72372
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Palestine, AR
      Palestine
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Palestine, OH -- U.S. village in Ohio
     Population (2000):    170
     Housing Units (2000): 73
     Land area (2000):     0.147453 sq. miles (0.381901 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.147453 sq. miles (0.381901 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            59598
     Located within:       Ohio (OH), FIPS 39
     Location:             40.050308 N, 84.744428 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Palestine, OH
      Palestine
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Palestine, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
     Population (2000):    1366
     Housing Units (2000): 714
     Land area (2000):     0.745525 sq. miles (1.930900 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.745525 sq. miles (1.930900 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            57277
     Located within:       Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
     Location:             39.002214 N, 87.612110 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     62451
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Palestine, IL
      Palestine
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Palestine, TX -- U.S. city in Texas
     Population (2000):    17598
     Housing Units (2000): 7668
     Land area (2000):     17.698861 sq. miles (45.839837 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.183332 sq. miles (0.474827 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    17.882193 sq. miles (46.314664 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            54708
     Located within:       Texas (TX), FIPS 48
     Location:             31.757925 N, 95.638473 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     75801
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Palestine, TX
      Palestine
  

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