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2 definitions found
 for Palau
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Palau
      n 1: a republic in the western central Pacific Ocean in
           association with the United States [syn: Palau, Republic
           of Palau, TT]
      2: a chain of more than 200 islands about 400 miles long in the
         western central Pacific Ocean [syn: Palau, Palau Islands,
         Belau, Pelew]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Palau
  
     Introduction Palau
     ------------------
                              Background: After three decades as part of the
                                          UN Trust Territory of the Pacific
                                          under US administration, this
                                          westernmost cluster of the Caroline
                                          Islands opted for independence in
                                          1978 rather than join the Federated
                                          States of Micronesia. A Compact of
                                          Free Association with the US was
                                          approved in 1986, but not ratified
                                          until 1993. It entered into force
                                          the following year when the islands
                                          gained independence.
    
     Geography Palau
     ---------------
                                Location: Oceania, group of islands in the
                                          North Pacific Ocean, southeast of
                                          the Philippines
                  Geographic coordinates: 7 30 N, 134 30 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 458 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 458 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than 2.5 times the
                                          size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 1,519 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 12 NM
                                          territorial sea: 3 NM
                                          extended fishing zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: wet season May to November; hot and
                                          humid
                                 Terrain: varying geologically from the high,
                                          mountainous main island of
                                          Babelthuap to low, coral islands
                                          usually fringed by large barrier
                                          reefs
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Ngerchelchuus
                                          242 m
                       Natural resources: forests, minerals (especially gold),
                                          marine products, deep-seabed
                                          minerals
                                Land use: arable land: 21.74%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 78.26% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: typhoons (June to December)
            Environment - current issues: inadequate facilities for disposal
                                          of solid waste; threats to the
                                          marine ecosystem from sand and coral
                                          dredging, illegal fishing practices,
                                          and overfishing
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification, Law of
                                          the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: westernmost archipelago in the
                                          Caroline chain, consists of six
                                          island groups totaling more than 300
                                          islands; includes World War II
                                          battleground of Beliliou (Peleliu)
                                          and world-famous rock islands
    
     People Palau
     ------------
                              Population: 19,409 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 26.8% (male 2,678;
                                          female 2,522)
                                          15-64 years: 68.6% (male 7,241;
                                          female 6,074)
                                          65 years and over: 4.6% (male 426;
                                          female 468) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.61% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 19.32 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 7.11 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 3.86 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.19 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.14 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 16.21 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 69.19 years
                                          female: 72.5 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 66.07 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.47 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Palauan(s)
                                          adjective: Palauan
                           Ethnic groups: Palauan (Micronesian with Malayan
                                          and Melanesian admixtures) 70%,
                                          Asian (mainly Filipinos, followed by
                                          Chinese, Taiwanese, and Vietnamese)
                                          28%, white 2% (2000 est.)
                               Religions: Christian (Roman Catholics 49%,
                                          Seventh-Day Adventists, Jehovah's
                                          Witnesses, the Assembly of God, the
                                          Liebenzell Mission, and Latter-Day
                                          Saints), Modekngei religion (one-
                                          third of the population observes
                                          this religion which is indigenous to
                                          Palau)
                               Languages: English and Palauan official in all
                                          states except Sonsoral (Sonsorolese
                                          and English are official), Tobi
                                          (Tobi and English are official), and
                                          Angaur (Angaur, Japanese, and
                                          English are official)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 92%
                                          male: 93%
                                          female: 90% (1980 est.)
    
     Government Palau
     ----------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Palau
                                          conventional short form: Palau
                                          local short form: Belau
                                          former: Palau District (Trust
                                          Territory of the Pacific Islands)
                                          local long form: Beluu er a Belau
                         Government type: constitutional government in free
                                          association with the US; the Compact
                                          of Free Association entered into
                                          force 1 October 1994
                                 Capital: Koror; note - a new capital is being
                                          built about 20 km northeast of Koror
                Administrative divisions: 16 states; Aimeliik, Airai, Angaur,
                                          Hatobohei, Kayangel, Koror,
                                          Melekeok, Ngaraard, Ngarchelong,
                                          Ngardmau, Ngatpang, Ngchesar,
                                          Ngeremlengui, Ngiwal, Peleliu,
                                          Sonsoral
                            Independence: 1 October 1994 (from the US-
                                          administered UN Trusteeship)
                        National holiday: Constitution Day, 9 July (1979)
                            Constitution: 1 January 1981
                            Legal system: based on Trust Territory laws, acts
                                          of the legislature, municipal,
                                          common, and customary laws
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Tommy
                                          Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. (since 19
                                          January 2001) and Vice President
                                          Sandra PIERANTOZZI (since 19 January
                                          2001); note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          government
                                          head of government: President Tommy
                                          Esang REMENGESAU, Jr. (since 19
                                          January 2001) and Vice President
                                          Sandra PIERANTOZZI (since 19 January
                                          2001); note - the president is both
                                          the chief of state and head of
                                          government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on separate
                                          tickets by popular vote for four-
                                          year terms; election last held 7
                                          November 2000 (next to be held NA
                                          November 2004)
                                          election results: Tommy Esang
                                          REMENGESAU, Jr. elected president;
                                          percent of vote - Tommy Esang
                                          REMENGESAU, Jr. 53%, Peter SUGIYAMA
                                          46%; Sandra PIERANTOZZI elected vice
                                          president; percent of vote - Sandra
                                          PIERANTOZZI 52%, Alan SEID 45%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament or Olbiil Era
                                          Kelulau (OEK) consists of the Senate
                                          (9 seats; members elected by popular
                                          vote on a population basis to serve
                                          four-year terms) and the House of
                                          Delegates (16 seats; members elected
                                          by popular vote to serve four-year
                                          terms)
                                          elections: Senate - last held 7
                                          November 2000 (next to be held NA
                                          November 2004); House of Delegates -
                                          last held 7 November 2000 (next to
                                          be held NA November 2004)
                                          election results: Senate - percent
                                          of vote - NA%; seats - independents
                                          9; House of Delegates - percent of
                                          vote - NA%; seats - independents 16
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; National Court; Court
                                          of Common Pleas
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACP, ESCAP, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICRM,
                           participation: IDA, IFC, IFRCS, IMF, IOC, Sparteca,
                                          SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, WHO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Hersey
                                          KYOTA
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 452-6281
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 452-6814
                                          chancery: 1150 18th Street NW, Suite
                                          750, Washington, DC 20036
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: the Ambassador to
                                      US: the Philippines is accredited to
                                          Palau; Charge d'Affaires Ronald A.
                                          HARMS
                                          embassy: address NA, Koror
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 6028,
                                          Republic of Palau 96940
                                          telephone: [680] 488-2920, 2990
                                          FAX: [680] 488-2911
                        Flag description: light blue with a large yellow disk
                                          (representing the moon) shifted
                                          slightly to the hoist side
    
     Economy Palau
     -------------
                      Economy - overview: The economy consists primarily of
                                          tourism, subsistence agriculture and
                                          fishing. The government is the major
                                          employer of the work force, relying
                                          heavily on financial assistance from
                                          the US. Business and tourist
                                          arrivals numbered 50,000 in FY00/01.
                                          The population enjoys a per capita
                                          income twice that of the Philippines
                                          and much of Micronesia. Long-run
                                          prospects for the key tourist sector
                                          have been greatly bolstered by the
                                          expansion of air travel in the
                                          Pacific, the rising prosperity of
                                          leading East Asian countries, and
                                          the willingness of foreigners to
                                          finance infrastructure development.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $174
                                          million (2001 est.)
                                          note: GDP numbers reflect US
                                          spending
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $9,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.4% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 8,300 (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 20%, industry NA%,
                                          services NA% (1990)
                       Unemployment rate: 2.3% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $57.7 million
                                          expenditures: $80.8 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $17.1 million (FY98/99 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, craft items (from shell,
                                          wood, pearls), construction, garment
                                          making
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                  Agriculture - products: coconuts, copra, cassava (tapioca),
                                          sweet potatoes
                                 Exports: $11 million (f.o.b., 1999)
                   Exports - commodities: shellfish, tuna, copra, garments
                      Exports - partners: US, Japan, Singapore
                                 Imports: $126 million (f.o.b., 1999)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, fuels,
                                          metals; foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: US
                         Debt - external: $0 (FY99/00)
                Economic aid - recipient: $155.8 million (1995); note - the
                                          Compact of Free Association with the
                                          US, entered into after the end of
                                          the UN trusteeship on 1 October
                                          1994, provides Palau with up to $700
                                          million in US aid over 15 years in
                                          return for furnishing military
                                          facilities
                                Currency: US dollar (USD)
                           Currency code: USD
                          Exchange rates: the US dollar is used
                             Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
    
     Communications Palau
     --------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 6,700 (2002)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1,000 (2002)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 1 (2002)
                                  Radios: 12,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (1997)
                             Televisions: 11,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .pw
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2002)
    
     Transportation Palau
     --------------------
                                          Railways: 0 km
                                          Highways: total: 61 km
                                                    paved: 36 km
                                                    unpaved: 25 km
                                         Waterways: none
                                 Ports and harbors: Koror
                                   Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                          Airports: 3 (2001)
                     Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                                    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
                   Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 2
                                                    1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 (2001)
    
     Military Palau
     --------------
                       Military branches: NA
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                     GDP:
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
                                          US; under a Compact of Free
                                          Association between Palau and the
                                          US, the US military is granted
                                          access to the islands for 50 years
    
     Transnational Issues Palau
     --------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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