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7 definitions found
 for Panama
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Panama
      n 1: a republic on the Isthmus of Panama; achieved independence
           from Colombia in 1903 [syn: Panama, Republic of Panama]
      2: a stiff hat made of straw with a flat crown [syn: boater,
         leghorn, Panama, Panama hat, sailor, skimmer,
         straw hat]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Panama
  
     Introduction Panama
     -------------------
                              Background: With US backing, Panama seceded from
                                          Colombia in 1903 and promptly signed
                                          a treaty with the US allowing for
                                          the construction of a canal and US
                                          sovereignty over a strip of land on
                                          either side of the structure (the
                                          Panama Canal Zone). The Panama Canal
                                          was built by the US Army Corps of
                                          Engineers between 1904 and 1914. On
                                          7 September 1977, an agreement was
                                          signed for the complete transfer of
                                          the Canal from the US to Panama by
                                          the end of 1999. Certain portions of
                                          the Zone and increasing
                                          responsibility over the Canal were
                                          turned over in the intervening
                                          years. With US help, dictator Manuel
                                          NORIEGA was deposed in 1989. The
                                          entire Panama Canal, the area
                                          supporting the Canal, and remaining
                                          US military bases were turned over
                                          to Panama by or on 31 December 1999.
    
     Geography Panama
     ----------------
                                Location: Middle America, bordering both the
                                          Caribbean Sea and the North Pacific
                                          Ocean, between Colombia and Costa
                                          Rica
                  Geographic coordinates: 9 00 N, 80 00 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 78,200 sq km
                                          water: 2,210 sq km
                                          land: 75,990 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than South Carolina
                         Land boundaries: total: 555 km
                                          border countries: Colombia 225 km,
                                          Costa Rica 330 km
                               Coastline: 2,490 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: tropical maritime; hot, humid,
                                          cloudy; prolonged rainy season (May
                                          to January), short dry season
                                          (January to May)
                                 Terrain: interior mostly steep, rugged
                                          mountains and dissected, upland
                                          plains; coastal areas largely plains
                                          and rolling hills
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Volcan de Chiriqui
                                          3,475 m
                       Natural resources: copper, mahogany forests, shrimp,
                                          hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 6.72%
                                          permanent crops: 2.08%
                                          other: 91.2% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 320 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: occasional severe storms and forest
                                          fires in the Darien area
            Environment - current issues: water pollution from agricultural
                                          runoff threatens fishery resources;
                                          deforestation of tropical rain
                                          forest; land degradation and soil
                                          erosion threatens siltation of
                                          Panama Canal; air pollution in urban
                                          areas; mining threatens natural
                                          resources
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine
                                          Dumping, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution,
                                          Tropical Timber 83, Tropical Timber
                                          94, Wetlands, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Marine
                                          Life Conservation
                        Geography - note: strategic location on eastern end of
                                          isthmus forming land bridge
                                          connecting North and South America;
                                          controls Panama Canal that links
                                          North Atlantic Ocean via Caribbean
                                          Sea with North Pacific Ocean
    
     People Panama
     -------------
                              Population: 2,882,329 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 29.6% (male 433,494;
                                          female 418,120)
                                          15-64 years: 64.3% (male 939,550;
                                          female 914,646)
                                          65 years and over: 6.1% (male
                                          84,130; female 92,389) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.26% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 18.6 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 4.96 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -1.04 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.02 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 19.57 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.89 years
                                          female: 78.74 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 73.14 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.22 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.54% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 24,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 1,200 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Panamanian(s)
                                          adjective: Panamanian
                           Ethnic groups: mestizo (mixed Amerindian and white)
                                          70%, Amerindian and mixed (West
                                          Indian) 14%, white 10%, Amerindian
                                          6%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15%
                               Languages: Spanish (official), English 14%
                                          note: many Panamanians bilingual
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 90.8%
                                          male: 91.4%
                                          female: 90.2% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Panama
     -----------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Panama
                                          conventional short form: Panama
                                          local short form: Panama
                                          local long form: Republica de Panama
                         Government type: constitutional democracy
                                 Capital: Panama
                Administrative divisions: 9 provinces (provincias, singular -
                                          provincia) and 1 territory*
                                          (comarca); Bocas del Toro, Chiriqui,
                                          Cocle, Colon, Darien, Herrera, Los
                                          Santos, Panama, San Blas*, and
                                          Veraguas
                            Independence: 3 November 1903 (from Colombia;
                                          became independent from Spain 28
                                          November 1821)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 3 November (1903)
                            Constitution: 11 October 1972; major reforms
                                          adopted 1978, 1983 and 1994
                            Legal system: based on civil law system; judicial
                                          review of legislative acts in the
                                          Supreme Court of Justice; accepts
                                          compulsory ICJ jurisdiction, with
                                          reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                                          compulsory
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Mireya
                                          Elisa MOSCOSO Rodriguez (since 1
                                          September 1999); First Vice
                                          President Arturo Ulises VALLARINO
                                          (since 1 September 1999); Second
                                          Vice President Dominador "Kaiser"
                                          Baldonero BAZAN Jimenez (since 1
                                          September 1999); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          head of government: President Mireya
                                          Elisa MOSCOSO Rodriguez (since 1
                                          September 1999); First Vice
                                          President Arturo Ulises VALLARINO
                                          (since 1 September 1999); Second
                                          Vice President Dominador "Kaiser"
                                          Baldonero BAZAN Jimenez (since 1
                                          September 1999); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          presidents elected on the same
                                          ticket by popular vote for five-year
                                          terms; election last held 2 May 1999
                                          (next to be held NA May 2004)
                                          note: government coalition - PA,
                                          MOLIRENA, Democratic Change, MORENA,
                                          PLN, PS
                                          election results: Mireya Elisa
                                          MOSCOSO Rodriguez elected president;
                                          percent of vote - Mireya Elisa
                                          MOSCOSO Rodriguez (PA) 44%, Martin
                                          TORRIJOS (PRD) 37%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Assembly or
                                          Asamblea Legislativa (71 seats;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve five-year terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - PRD
                                          34, PA 18, PDC 5, PS 4, MOLIRENA 3,
                                          PLN 3, Democratic Change 2, PRC 1,
                                          MORENA 1
                                          note: legislators from outlying
                                          rural districts are chosen on a
                                          plurality basis while districts
                                          located in more populous towns and
                                          cities elect multiple legislators by
                                          means of a proportion-based formula
                                          elections: last held 2 May 1999
                                          (next to be held NA May 2004)
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Justice or Corte
                                          Suprema de Justicia (nine judges
                                          appointed for 10-year terms); five
                                          superior courts; three courts of
                                          appeal
           Political parties and leaders: Arnulfista Party or PA [Mireya Elisa
                                          MOSCOSO Rodriguez]; Civic Renewal
                                          Party or PRC [Serguei DE LA ROSA];
                                          Democratic Change [Ricardo
                                          MARTINELLI]; Democratic
                                          Revolutionary Party or PRD [Martin
                                          TORRIJOS]; National Liberal Party or
                                          PLN [Raul ARANGO Gasteazopo];
                                          National Renovation Movement or
                                          MORENA [Pedro VALLARINO Cox];
                                          Nationalist Republican Liberal
                                          Movement or MOLIRENA [Ramon
                                          MORALES]; Popular Party or PP
                                          (formerly Christian Democratic Party
                                          or PDC) [Ruben AROSEMENA];
                                          Solidarity Party or PS [Samuel LEWIS
                                          Galindo]
            Political pressure groups and Chamber of Commerce; National Civic
                                 leaders: Crusade; National Council of
                                          Organized Workers or CONATO;
                                          National Union of Construction and
                                          Similar Workers (SUNTRACS); National
                                          Council of Private Enterprise or
                                          CONEP; Panamanian Association of
                                          Business Executives or APEDE;
                                          Panamanian Industrialists Society or
                                          SIP; Workers Confederation of the
                                          Republic of Panama or CTRP
               International organization CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO (correspondent), ITU,
                                          LAES, LAIA (observer), NAM, OAS,
                                          OPANAL, OPCW, PCA, RG, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Guillermo "Billy" FORD
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 483-8416
                                          consulate(s) general: Atlanta,
                                          Houston, Miami, New Orleans, New
                                          York, Philadelphia, San Francisco,
                                          Tampa
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 483-1407
                                          chancery: 2862 McGill Terrace NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador
                                      US: (vacant); Charge d'Affaires
                                          Frederick A. BECKER
                                          embassy: Avenida Balboa and Calle
                                          37, Apartado Postal 6959, Panama
                                          City 5
                                          mailing address: American Embassy
                                          Panama, Unit 0945, APO AA 34002
                                          telephone: [507] 207-7000
                                          FAX: [507] 227-1964
                        Flag description: divided into four, equal rectangles;
                                          the top quadrants are white (hoist
                                          side) with a blue five-pointed star
                                          in the center and plain red; the
                                          bottom quadrants are plain blue
                                          (hoist side) and white with a red
                                          five-pointed star in the center
    
     Economy Panama
     --------------
                      Economy - overview: Panama's economy is based primarily
                                          on a well-developed services sector
                                          that accounts for three-fourths of
                                          GDP. Services include the Panama
                                          Canal, banking, the Colon Free Zone,
                                          insurance, container ports, flagship
                                          registry, and tourism. A slump in
                                          Colon Free Zone and agricultural
                                          exports, the global slowdown, and
                                          the withdrawal of US military forces
                                          held back economic growth in 2000-
                                          01. The government plans public
                                          works programs, tax reforms, and new
                                          regional trade agreements in order
                                          to stimulate growth.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $16.9
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $5,900
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 7%
                                          industry: 17%
                                          services: 76% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 37% (1999 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 1.2%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 35.7% (1997)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 48.5 (1997)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.1 million (2000 est.)
                                          note: shortage of skilled labor, but
                                          an oversupply of unskilled labor
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 20.8%, industry 18%,
                                          services 61.2% (1995 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 13% (2000 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.9 billion
                                          expenditures: $2 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $471 million
                                          (2000 est.)
                              Industries: construction, petroleum refining,
                                          brewing, cement and other
                                          construction materials, sugar
                                          milling
       Industrial production growth rate: 2% (2000 est.)
                Electricity - production: 4.894 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 29.49%
                                          hydro: 69.11%
                                          other: 1.4% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 4.651 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 20 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 120 million kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: bananas, rice, corn, coffee,
                                          sugarcane, vegetables; livestock;
                                          shrimp
                                 Exports: $5.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: bananas, shrimp, sugar, coffee,
                                          clothing
                      Exports - partners: US 45.9%, Sweden 8.1%, Benelux 5.3%,
                                          Costa Rica 5.1% (2000 est.)
                                 Imports: $6.7 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: capital goods, crude oil,
                                          foodstuffs, consumer goods,
                                          chemicals
                      Imports - partners: US 33.1%, Ecuador 7.2%, Venezuela
                                          6.6%, Japan 5.5% (2000 est.)
                         Debt - external: $7.6 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $197.1 million (1995)
                                Currency: balboa (PAB); US dollar (USD)
                           Currency code: PAB; USD
                          Exchange rates: balboas per US dollar - 1.000 (fixed
                                          rate)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Panama
     ---------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 396,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 17,000 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: domestic and
                                          international facilities well
                                          developed
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: 1 coaxial submarine
                                          cable; satellite earth stations - 2
                                          Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean); connected
                                          to the Central American Microwave
                                          System
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 101, FM 134, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 815,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 38 (including repeaters) (1998)
                             Televisions: 510,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .pa
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 6 (2000)
                          Internet users: 45,000 (2000)
    
     Transportation Panama
     ---------------------
                                Railways: total: 355 km
                                          broad gauge: 76 km 1.524-m gauge
                                          narrow gauge: 279 km 0.914-m gauge
                                          (2001)
                                Highways: total: 11,592 km
                                          paved: 4,079 km (including 30 km of
                                          expressways)
                                          unpaved: 7,513 km (2000)
                               Waterways: 882 km
                                          note: 800 km navigable by shallow
                                          draft vessels; 82 km Panama Canal
                               Pipelines: crude oil 130 km (2001)
                       Ports and harbors: Balboa, Cristobal, Coco Solo,
                                          Manzanillo (part of Colon area),
                                          Vacamonte
                         Merchant marine: total: 4,838 ships (1,000 GRT or
                                          over) totaling 118,878,358 GRT/
                                          180,588,102 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 1,445, cargo
                                          907, chemical tanker 337,
                                          combination bulk 73, combination
                                          ore/oil 18, container 560, liquefied
                                          gas 207, livestock carrier 5, multi-
                                          functional large-load carrier 12,
                                          passenger 38, passenger/cargo 3,
                                          petroleum tanker 542, railcar
                                          carrier 2, refrigerated cargo 283,
                                          roll on/roll off 104, short-sea
                                          passenger 38, specialized tanker 34,
                                          vehicle carrier 230
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Albania 2, Angola 1,
                                          Antigua and Barbuda 1, Argentina 11,
                                          Australia 13, Austria 2, Bahamas,
                                          The 5, Belgium 2, Belize 6, Brazil
                                          6, British Virgin Islands 8,
                                          Cambodia 1, Canada 9, Chile 12,
                                          China 259, Colombia 14, Croatia 2,
                                          Cuba 20, Cyprus 3, Denmark 3,
                                          Dominican Republic 1, Ecuador 3,
                                          Egypt 16, Equatorial Guinea 1,
                                          France 9, Germany 72, Greece 523,
                                          Haiti 1, Honduras 3, Hong Kong 299,
                                          Iceland 1, India 18, Indonesia 48,
                                          Ireland 1, Israel 5, Italy 9, Japan
                                          1642, Kenya 1, Kuwait 2, Latvia 8,
                                          Liberia 5, Lithuania 1, Malaysia 18,
                                          Malta 2, Marshall Islands 1, Mexico
                                          8, Monaco 112, Netherlands 19,
                                          Netherlands Antilles 1, Nigeria 3,
                                          Norway 98, Paraguay 1, Peru 15,
                                          Philippines 49, Poland 5, Portugal
                                          7, Puerto Rico 2, Romania 7, Russia
                                          12, Saint Kitts and Nevis 1, Saint
                                          Vincent and the Grenadines 5, Saudi
                                          Arabia 4, Seychelles 1, Singapore
                                          112, South Africa 3, South Korea
                                          342, Spain 52, Sri Lanka 3, Sudan 1,
                                          Sweden 2, Switzerland 81, Taiwan
                                          334, Thailand 14, Trinidad and
                                          Tobago 1, Tunisia 1, Turkey 4,
                                          Ukraine 1, United Arab Emirates 54,
                                          United Kingdom 73, United States
                                          115, Venezuela 6, Virgin Islands
                                          (UK) 8 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 107 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 42
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 14
                                          under 914 m: 21 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 65
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 12
                                          under 914 m: 53 (2001)
    
     Military Panama
     ---------------
                       Military branches: an amendment to the Constitution
                                          abolished the armed forces, but
                                          there are security forces
                                          (Panamanian Public Forces or PPF
                                          includes the Panamanian National
                                          Police, National Maritime Service,
                                          and National Air Service)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 789,973 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 540,052 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
           Military expenditures - dollar $128 million (FY99)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.3% (FY99)
                                     GDP:
                         Military - note: on 10 February 1990, the government
                                          of then President ENDARA abolished
                                          Panama's military and reformed the
                                          security apparatus by creating the
                                          Panamanian Public Forces; in October
                                          1994, Panama's Legislative Assembly
                                          approved a constitutional amendment
                                          prohibiting the creation of a
                                          standing military force, but
                                          allowing the temporary establishment
                                          of special police units to counter
                                          acts of "external aggression"
    
     Transnational Issues Panama
     ---------------------------
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: major cocaine transshipment point
                                          and major drug money-laundering
                                          center; no recent signs of coca
                                          cultivation; monitoring of financial
                                          transactions is improving; official
                                          corruption remains a major problem
    
                                         
  
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Panama, NE -- U.S. village in Nebraska
     Population (2000):    253
     Housing Units (2000): 101
     Land area (2000):     0.268239 sq. miles (0.694736 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.268239 sq. miles (0.694736 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            38225
     Located within:       Nebraska (NE), FIPS 31
     Location:             40.597640 N, 96.510599 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Panama, NE
      Panama
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Panama, NY -- U.S. village in New York
     Population (2000):    491
     Housing Units (2000): 208
     Land area (2000):     2.168354 sq. miles (5.616012 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.024152 sq. miles (0.062553 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    2.192506 sq. miles (5.678565 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            56231
     Located within:       New York (NY), FIPS 36
     Location:             42.075487 N, 79.486511 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     14767
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Panama, NY
      Panama
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Panama, OK -- U.S. town in Oklahoma
     Population (2000):    1362
     Housing Units (2000): 626
     Land area (2000):     1.508248 sq. miles (3.906343 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.011023 sq. miles (0.028549 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    1.519271 sq. miles (3.934892 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            56900
     Located within:       Oklahoma (OK), FIPS 40
     Location:             35.170591 N, 94.670099 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Panama, OK
      Panama
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Panama, IL -- U.S. village in Illinois
     Population (2000):    323
     Housing Units (2000): 174
     Land area (2000):     0.337071 sq. miles (0.873010 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000953 sq. miles (0.002469 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.338024 sq. miles (0.875479 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            57498
     Located within:       Illinois (IL), FIPS 17
     Location:             39.030451 N, 89.523548 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):    
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Panama, IL
      Panama
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  Panama, IA -- U.S. city in Iowa
     Population (2000):    212
     Housing Units (2000): 105
     Land area (2000):     0.284575 sq. miles (0.737047 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    0.284575 sq. miles (0.737047 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            61275
     Located within:       Iowa (IA), FIPS 19
     Location:             41.726691 N, 95.474235 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     51562
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      Panama, IA
      Panama
  

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