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3 definitions found
 for Philosopher
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Philosopher \Phi*los"o*pher\, n. [OE. philosophre, F.
     philosophe, L. philosophus, Gr. filo`sofos; fi`los loving +
     sofo`s wise. Cf. Philosophy.]
     1. One who philosophizes; one versed in, or devoted to,
        philosophy.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Then certain philosophers of the Epicureans, and of
              the Stoics, encountered him.          --Acts xvii.
                                                    18.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. One who reduces the principles of philosophy to practice
        in the conduct of life; one who lives according to the
        rules of practical wisdom; one who meets or regards all
        vicissitudes with calmness.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. An alchemist. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Philosopher's stone, an imaginary stone which the
        alchemists formerly sought as the instrument of converting
        the baser metals into gold.
        [1913 Webster] Philosophic

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  philosopher
      n 1: a specialist in philosophy
      2: a wise person who is calm and rational; someone who lives a
         life of reason with equanimity

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  265 Moby Thesaurus words for "philosopher":
     Abelard, Albertus Magnus, Albinus, Alexander, Anaxagoras, Anselm,
     Averroist, Bacon, Berkeleian, Berkeley, Boethius, Bonaventure,
     Boodin, Bosanquet, Bowne, Broad, Bruno, Cartesian, Chubb, Cicero,
     Comtist, Condillac, Condorcet, Confucius, Cousin, Croce, Cynic,
     Cyrenaic, Drake, Eleatic, Epicurean, Eretrian, Euhemerus, Fechner,
     Feigl, Ferdinand, Fichtean, Frege, Fullerton, Gentile, Gilson,
     Green, Haeckel, Hahn, Haldane, Harris, Hartmann, Hegel, Hegelian,
     Heidegger, Heideggerian, Heraclitean, Heraclitus, Herbart,
     Herbartian, Herder, Hobbes, Holt, Howison, Hume, Humist, Husserl,
     Husserlian, Hutcheson, John, Kantian, Kierkegaard, Kierkegaardian,
     La Mettrie, Langer, Leibniz, Leibnizian, Leucippus, Locke, Lotze,
     Lovejoy, Lucretius, Mach, Marx, Marxist, Mead, Megarian, Mencius,
     Mill, Moore, Moses, Neo-Hegelian, Neo-Pythagorean, Neoplatonist,
     Ockham, Ortega y Gasset, Paley, Parmenidean, Parmenides, Pascal,
     Peripatetic, Perry, Philo, Plato, Platonist, Plotinus, Porphyry,
     Pratt, Pritchard, Protagoras, Pyrrho, Pyrrhonist, Pythagoras,
     Pythagorean, Reid, Reynaud, Roger, Rogers, Ross, Rousseau, Royce,
     Russell, Samuel, Santayana, Sartre, Sartrian, Scheler, Schelling,
     Schiller, Schleiermacher, Schlick, Scholastic, Schopenhauer,
     Scotist, Sellars, Socrates, Socratist, Sophist, Spencerian,
     Spinozist, Stern, Stoic, Strong, Thales, Thomas Aquinas, Thomist,
     Whitehead, Wittgensteinian, academician, agnostic, animist,
     authority, bookman, casuist, classicist, clerk,
     colossus of knowledge, cosmologist, cosmotheist, deist,
     dialectical materialist, dialectician, doctor, dualist, eclectic,
     egoist, elder, elder statesman, empiricist, essentialist,
     existentialist, genius, giant of learning, great soul, guru,
     hedonist, humanist, hylomorphist, hylotheist, hylozoist, idealist,
     illuminate, immaterialist, individualist, intellect, intellectual,
     intuitionist, learned clerk, learned man, literary man,
     litterateur, logical empiricist, logicaster, logician, logistician,
     lover of learning, lover of wisdom, mahatma, man of intellect,
     man of learning, man of letters, man of wisdom, mandarin, master,
     mastermind, materialist, mechanist, mentalist, mentor,
     metaphysician, mine of information, monist, mystic, naturalist,
     nominalist, ontologist, oracle, organic mechanist, organicist,
     panpsychist, pantheist, philologist, philologue, philomath,
     philosophaster, philosophe, philosophizer, physicist, polyhistor,
     polymath, positivist, pragmatist, psychist, pundit, rabbi,
     ratiocinator, rationalist, rationalizer, realist, reasoner, rishi,
     sage, sapient, savant, scholar, scholastic, schoolman,
     secular humanist, seer, sensationalist, sensist, skeptic, sophist,
     speculator, starets, student, substantialist, syllogist,
     syllogizer, syncretist, theist, thinker, transcendentalist,
     utilitarian, vitalist, voluntarist, walking encyclopedia, wise man,
     wise old man, zetetic
  
  

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