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1 definition found
 for Pitcairn Islands
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Pitcairn Islands
  
     Introduction Pitcairn Islands
     -----------------------------
                              Background: Pitcairn Island was discovered in
                                          1767 by the British and settled in
                                          1790 by the Bounty mutineers and
                                          their Tahitian companions. Pitcairn
                                          was the first Pacific island to
                                          become a British colony (in 1838)
                                          and today remains the last vestige
                                          of that empire in the South Pacific.
                                          Outmigration, primarily to New
                                          Zealand, has thinned the population
                                          from a peak of 233 in 1937 to less
                                          than 50 today.
    
     Geography Pitcairn Islands
     --------------------------
                                Location: Oceania, islands in the South
                                          Pacific Ocean, about midway between
                                          Peru and New Zealand
                  Geographic coordinates: 25 04 S, 130 06 W
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 47 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 47 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.3 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 51 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 3 NM
                                 Climate: tropical, hot, humid; modified by
                                          southeast trade winds; rainy season
                                          (November to March)
                                 Terrain: rugged volcanic formation; rocky
                                          coastline with cliffs
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Pawala Valley Ridge
                                          347 m
                       Natural resources: miro trees (used for handicrafts),
                                          fish
                                          note: manganese, iron, copper, gold,
                                          silver, and zinc have been
                                          discovered offshore
                                Land use: arable land: NA%
                                          permanent crops: NA%
                                          other: NA% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: typhoons (especially November to
                                          March)
            Environment - current issues: deforestation (only a small portion
                                          of the original forest remains
                                          because of burning and clearing for
                                          settlement)
                        Geography - note: Britain's most isolated dependency;
                                          only the larger island of Pitcairn
                                          is inhabited but it has no port or
                                          natural harbor; supplies must be
                                          transported by rowed longboat from
                                          larger ships stationed offshore
    
     People Pitcairn Islands
     -----------------------
                               Population: 47 (July 2002 est.)
                            Age structure: 0-14 years: NA%
                                           15-64 years: NA%
                                           65 years and over: NA%
                   Population growth rate: -1.32% (2002 est.)
                               Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population
                               Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population
                       Net migration rate: NA migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                Sex ratio: NA
                    Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1,000 live births
                 Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA years
                                           male: NA years
                                           female: NA years
                     Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman
         HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
        HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                     AIDS:
                        HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                              Nationality: noun: Pitcairn Islander(s)
                                           adjective: Pitcairn Islander
                            Ethnic groups: descendants of the Bounty mutineers
                                           and their Tahitian wives
                                Religions: Seventh-Day Adventist 100%
                                Languages: English (official), Pitcairnese
                                           (mixture of an 18th century English
                                           dialect and a Tahitian dialect)
                                 Literacy: NA
    
     Government Pitcairn Islands
     ---------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Pitcairn,
                                          Henderson, Ducie, and Oeno Islands
                                          conventional short form: Pitcairn
                                          Islands
                       Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Adamstown
                Administrative divisions: none (overseas territory of the UK)
                            Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
                        National holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II,
                                          second Saturday in June (1926)
                            Constitution: 1838; reformed 1904 with additional
                                          reforms in 1940; further refined by
                                          the Local Government Ordinance of
                                          1964
                            Legal system: local island by-laws
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal with
                                          three years residency
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by UK High Commissioner to New
                                          Zealand and Governor (nonresident)
                                          of the Pitcairn Islands Martin
                                          WILLIAMS (since NA May 1998);
                                          Commissioner (nonresident) Leon SALT
                                          (since NA); serves as liaison
                                          between the governor and the Island
                                          Council
                                          election results: elected mayor;
                                          percent of vote - NA%
                                          elections: the monarchy is
                                          hereditary; high commissioner and
                                          commissioner appointed by the
                                          monarch; island magistrate elected
                                          by popular vote for a three-year
                                          term; election last held NA December
                                          1999 (next to be held NA December
                                          2002)
                                          head of government: Mayor and
                                          Chairman of the Island Council Steve
                                          CHRISTIAN (since NA)
                                          cabinet: NA
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Island Council (10 seats
                                          - 6 elected by popular vote, 1
                                          appointed by the 6 elected members,
                                          2 appointed by the governor, and 1
                                          seat for the Island Secretary;
                                          members serve one-year terms)
                                          elections: last held NA December
                                          2001 (next to be held NA December
                                          2002)
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats - all independents
                         Judicial branch: Island Court (island magistrate
                                          presides over the court and is
                                          elected every three years)
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and none
                                 leaders:
               International organization SPC
                           participation:
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas territory of the UK)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: blue with the flag of the UK in the
                                          upper hoist-side quadrant and the
                                          Pitcairn Islander coat of arms
                                          centered on the outer half of the
                                          flag; the coat of arms is yellow,
                                          green, and light blue with a shield
                                          featuring a yellow anchor
    
     Economy Pitcairn Islands
     ------------------------
                      Economy - overview: The inhabitants of this tiny economy
                                          exist on fishing, subsistence
                                          farming, handicrafts, and postage
                                          stamps. The fertile soil of the
                                          valleys produces a wide variety of
                                          fruits and vegetables, including
                                          citrus, sugarcane, watermelons,
                                          bananas, yams, and beans. Bartering
                                          is an important part of the economy.
                                          The major sources of revenue are the
                                          sale of postage stamps to collectors
                                          and the sale of handicrafts to
                                          passing ships.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $NA
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $NA
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
                             Labor force: 12 able-bodied men (1997)
             Labor force - by occupation: no business community in the usual
                                          sense; some public works;
                                          subsistence farming and fishing
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $729,884
                                          expenditures: $878,119, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (FY94/95
                                          est.)
                              Industries: postage stamps, handicrafts
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: NA kWh; note - electric power is
                                          provided by a small diesel-powered
                                          generator
               Electricity - consumption: NA kWh
                  Agriculture - products: wide variety of fruits and
                                          vegetables, goats, chickens
                                 Exports: $NA
                   Exports - commodities: fruits, vegetables, curios, stamps
                      Exports - partners: NA
                                 Imports: $NA
                   Imports - commodities: fuel oil, machinery, building
                                          materials, flour, sugar, other
                                          foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: NA
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: New Zealand dollar (NZD)
                           Currency code: NZD
                          Exchange rates: New Zealand dollars per US dollar -
                                          2.3535 (January 2002), 2.3776
                                          (2001), 2.1863 (2000), 1.8886
                                          (1999), 1.8629 (1998), 1.5083 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
    
     Communications Pitcairn Islands
     -------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 1 (there are 17 telephones on one
                                          party line) (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: only party line
                                          telephone service is available for
                                          this small, closely related
                                          community
                                          domestic: party line service only
                                          international: radiotelephone
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: NA
           Television broadcast stations: 0 (1997)
                             Televisions: NA
                   Internet country code: .pn
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): NA
                          Internet users: NA
    
     Transportation Pitcairn Islands
     -------------------------------
                                           Railways: 0 km
                                           Highways: total: 6.4 km
                                                     paved: 0 km
                                                     unpaved: 6.4 km
                                          Waterways: none
                                  Ports and harbors: Adamstown (on Bounty Bay)
                                    Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                           Airports: none (2001)
    
     Military Pitcairn Islands
     -------------------------
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
                                          UK
    
     Transnational Issues Pitcairn Islands
     -------------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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