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3 definitions found
 for Posse comitatus
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Posse comitatus \Pos"se com`i*ta"tus\ [L. posse to be able, to
     have power + LL. comitatus a county, from comes, comitis, a
     count. See County, and Power.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. (Law) The power of the county, or the citizens who may be
        summoned by the sheriff to assist the authorities in
        suppressing a riot, or executing any legal precept which
        is forcibly opposed. --Blackstone.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A collection of people; a throng; a rabble. [Colloq.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The word comitatus is often omitted, and posse alone
           used. "A whole posse of enthusiasts." --Carlyle.
           [1913 Webster]
  
                 As if the passion that rules were the sheriff of
                 the place, and came off with all the posse.
                                                    --Locke.
           [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  posse comitatus
      n 1: a temporary police force [syn: posse, posse comitatus]

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  POSSE COMITATUS. These Latin words signify the power of the county. 
       2. The sheriff has authority by the common law, while acting under the 
  authority of the writ of the United States, commonwealth or people, as the 
  case may be, and for the purpose of preserving the public peace, to call to 
  his aid the posse comitatus. 
       3. But with respect to writs which issue, in the first instance, to 
  arrest in civil suits, the sheriff is not bound to take the posse comitatus 
  to assist him in the execution of them: though he may, if he pleases, on 
  forcible resistance to the execution of the process. 2 Inst. 193; 3 Inst. 
  161. 
       4. Having the authority to call in the assistance of all, it seems to 
  follow, that he may equally require that of any individual; but to this 
  general rule there are some exceptions; persons of infirm health, or who 
  want understanding, minors under the age of fifteen years, women, and 
  perhaps some others, it seems, cannot be required to assist the sheriff, and 
  are therefore not considered as a part of the power of the county. Vin. Ab. 
  Sheriff, B. 
       5. A refusal on the part of an individual lawfully called upon to 
  assist the officer in putting down a riot is indictable. 1 Carr. & Marsh. 
  314. In this case will be found the form of an indictment for this offence. 
       6. Although the sheriff is acting without authority, yet it would seem 
  that any person who obeys his command, unless aware of that fact, will be 
  protected. 
       7. Whether an individual not enjoined by the sheriff to lend his aid, 
  would be protected in his interference, seems questionable. In a case where 
  the defendant assisted sheriff's officers in executing a writ of replevin 
  without their solicitation, the court held him justified in so doing. 2 Mod. 
  244. Vide Bac. Ab. Sheriff, N; Hamm. N. P. 63; 5 Whart. R. 437, 440. 
  
  

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