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3 definitions found
 for Prairie pigeon
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Pigeon \Pi"geon\, n. [F., fr. L. pipio a young pipping or
     chirping bird, fr. pipire to peep, chirp. Cf. Peep to
     chirp.]
     1. (Zool.) Any bird of the order Columb[ae], of which
        numerous species occur in nearly all parts of the world.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The common domestic pigeon, or dove, was derived from
           the Old World rock pigeon or rock dove ({Columba
           livia), common in cities. It has given rise to
           numerous very remarkable varieties, such as the
           carrier, fantail, nun, pouter, tumbler, etc. The common
           wild pigeon of the Eastern United States is the
           Mourning+dove+({Zenaida+macroura">Mourning dove ({Zenaida macroura, called also
           Carolina dove). Before the 19th century, the most
           common pigeon was the passenger pigeon, but that
           species is now extinct. See Passenger pigeon, and
           Carolina dove under Dove. See, also, Fruit
           pigeon, Ground pigeon, Queen pigeon, Stock
           pigeon, under Fruit, Ground, etc.
           [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     2. An unsuspected victim of sharpers; a gull. [Slang]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Blue pigeon (Zool.), an Australian passerine bird
        ({Graucalus melanops); -- called also black-faced crow.
        
  
     Green pigeon (Zool.), any one of numerous species of Old
        World pigeons belonging to the family Treronid[ae].
  
     Imperial pigeon (Zool.), any one of the large Asiatic fruit
        pigeons of the genus Carpophada.
  
     Pigeon berry (Bot.), the purplish black fruit of the
        pokeweed; also, the plant itself. See Pokeweed.
  
     Pigeon English [perhaps a corruption of business English],
        an extraordinary and grotesque dialect, employed in the
        commercial cities of China, as the medium of communication
        between foreign merchants and the Chinese. Its base is
        English, with a mixture of Portuguese and Hindustani.
        --Johnson's Cyc.
  
     Pigeon grass (Bot.), a kind of foxtail grass ({Setaria
        glauca), of some value as fodder. The seeds are eagerly
        eaten by pigeons and other birds.
  
     Pigeon hawk. (Zool.)
        (a) A small American falcon ({Falco columbarius). The
            adult male is dark slate-blue above, streaked with
            black on the back; beneath, whitish or buff, streaked
            with brown. The tail is banded.
        (b) The American sharp-shinned hawk ({Accipiter velox or
            Accipiter fuscus).
  
     Pigeon hole.
        (a) A hole for pigeons to enter a pigeon house.
        (b) See Pigeonhole.
        (c) pl. An old English game, in which balls were rolled
            through little arches. --Halliwell.
  
     Pigeon house, a dovecote.
  
     Pigeon pea (Bot.), the seed of Cajanus Indicus; a kind of
        pulse used for food in the East and West Indies; also, the
        plant itself.
  
     Pigeon plum (Bot.), the edible drupes of two West African
        Chrysobalanus+({Chrysobalanus+ellipticus">species of Chrysobalanus ({Chrysobalanus ellipticus and
        Chrysobalanus luteus).
  
     Pigeon tremex. (Zool.) See under Tremex.
  
     Pigeon wood (Bot.), a name in the West Indies for the wood
        of several very different kinds of trees, species of
        Dipholis, Diospyros, and Coccoloba.
  
     Pigeon woodpecker (Zool.), the flicker.
  
     Prairie pigeon. (Zool.)
        (a) The upland plover.
        (b) The golden plover. [Local, U.S.]
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Prairie \Prai"rie\, n. [F., an extensive meadow, OF. praerie,
     LL. prataria, fr. L. pratum a meadow.]
     1. An extensive tract of level or rolling land, destitute of
        trees, covered with coarse grass, and usually
        characterized by a deep, fertile soil. They abound
        throughout the Mississippi valley, between the Alleghanies
        and the Rocky mountains.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              From the forests and the prairies,
              From the great lakes of the northland. --Longfellow.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A meadow or tract of grass; especially, a so called
        natural meadow.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Prairie chicken (Zool.), any American grouse of the genus
        Tympanuchus, especially Tympanuchus Americanus
        (formerly Tympanuchus cupido), which inhabits the
        prairies of the central United States. Applied also to the
        sharp-tailed grouse.
  
     Prairie clover (Bot.), any plant of the leguminous genus
        Petalostemon, having small rosy or white flowers in
        dense terminal heads or spikes. Several species occur in
        the prairies of the United States.
  
     Prairie dock (Bot.), a coarse composite plant ({Silphium
        terebinthaceum) with large rough leaves and yellow
        flowers, found in the Western prairies.
  
     Prairie dog (Zool.), a small American rodent ({Cynomys
        Ludovicianus) allied to the marmots. It inhabits the
        plains west of the Mississippi. The prairie dogs burrow in
        the ground in large warrens, and have a sharp bark like
        that of a dog. Called also prairie marmot.
  
     Prairie grouse. Same as Prairie chicken, above.
  
     Prairie hare (Zool.), a large long-eared Western hare
        ({Lepus campestris). See Jack rabbit, under 2d Jack.
        
  
     Prairie hawk, Prairie falcon (Zool.), a falcon of Western
        North America ({Falco Mexicanus). The upper parts are
        brown. The tail has transverse bands of white; the under
        parts, longitudinal streaks and spots of brown.
  
     Prairie hen. (Zool.) Same as Prairie chicken, above.
  
     Prairie itch (Med.), an affection of the skin attended with
        intense itching, which is observed in the Northern and
        Western United States; -- also called swamp itch,
        winter itch.
  
     Prairie marmot. (Zool.) Same as Prairie dog, above.
  
     Prairie mole (Zool.), a large American mole ({Scalops
        argentatus), native of the Western prairies.
  
     Prairie pigeon, Prairie plover, or Prairie snipe
        (Zool.), the upland plover. See Plover, n., 2.
  
     Prairie rattlesnake (Zool.), the massasauga.
  
     Prairie snake (Zool.), a large harmless American snake
        ({Masticophis flavigularis). It is pale yellow, tinged
        with brown above.
  
     Prairie squirrel (Zool.), any American ground squirrel of
        the genus Spermophilus, inhabiting prairies; -- called
        also gopher.
  
     Prairie turnip (Bot.), the edible turnip-shaped farinaceous
        root of a leguminous plant ({Psoralea esculenta) of the
        Upper Missouri region; also, the plant itself. Called also
        pomme blanche, and pomme de prairie.
  
     Prairie warbler (Zool.), a bright-colored American warbler
        ({Dendroica discolor). The back is olive yellow, with a
        group of reddish spots in the middle; the under parts and
        the parts around the eyes are bright yellow; the sides of
        the throat and spots along the sides, black; three outer
        tail feathers partly white.
  
     Prairie wolf. (Zool.) See Coyote.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Upland \Up"land\, a.
     1. Of or pertaining to uplands; being on upland; high in
        situation; as, upland inhabitants; upland pasturage.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Sometimes, with secure delight
              The upland hamlets will invite.       --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Pertaining to the country, as distinguished from the
        neighborhood of towns; rustic; rude; unpolished. [Obs.W2]
        " The race of upland giants." --Chapman.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Upland moccasin. (Zool.) See Moccasin.
  
     Upland sandpiper, or Upland plover (Zool.), a large
        American sandpiper ({Bartramia longicauda) much valued as
        a game bird. Unlike most sandpipers, it frequents fields
        and uplands. Called also Bartramian sandpiper,
        Bartram's tattler, field plover, grass plover,
        highland plover, hillbird, humility, prairie
        plover, prairie pigeon, prairie snipe, papabote,
        quaily, and uplander.
  
     Upland sumach (Bot.), a North American shrub of the genus
        Rhus ({Rhus glabra), used in tanning and dyeing.
        [1913 Webster]

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