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3 definitions found
 for SGML
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  SGML
      n 1: (computer science) a standardized language for the
           descriptive markup of documents; a set of rules for using
           whatever markup vocabulary is adopted [syn: standard
           generalized markup language, SGML]

From V.E.R.A. -- Virtual Entity of Relevant Acronyms (September 2014) :

  SGML
         Standard Generalized Markup Language (ISO 8879, JTC1, RFC 1874,
  SGML)
         

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  Standard Generalized Markup Language
  SGML
  
      (SGML) A generic markup language for
     representing documents.  SGML is an International Standard
     that describes the relationship between a document's content
     and its structure.  SGML allows document-based information to
     be shared and re-used across applications and computer
     platforms in an open, vendor-neutral format.  SGML is
     sometimes compared to SQL, in that it enables companies to
     structure information in documents in an open fashion, so that
     it can be accessed or re-used by any SGML-aware application
     across multiple platforms.
  
     SGML is defined in "ISO 8879:1986 Information processing --
     Text and office systems -- Standard Generalized Markup
     Language (SGML)", an ISO standard produced by JTC 1/SC 18
     and amended by "Amendment 1:1988".
  
     Unlike other common document file formats that represent both
     content and presentation, SGML represents a document's content
     data and structure (interrelationships among the data).
     Removing the presentation from content establishes a neutral
     format.  SGML documents and the information in them can easily
     be re-used by publishing and non-publishing applications.
  
     SGML identifies document elements such as titles, paragraphs,
     tables, and chapters as distinct objects, allowing users to
     define the relationships between the objects for structuring
     data in documents.  The relationships between document
     elements are defined in a Document Type Definition (DTD).
     This is roughly analogous to a collection of field
     definitions in a database.  Once a document is converted
     into SGML and the information has been 'tagged', it becomes a
     database-like document.  It can be searched, printed or even
     programmatically manipulated by SGML-aware applications.
  
     Companies are moving their documents into SGML for several
     reasons:
  
     Reuse - separation of content from presentation facilitates
     multiple delivery formats like CD-ROM and electronic
     publishing.
  
     Portability - SGML is an international, platform-independent,
     standard based on ASCII text, so companies can safely store
     their documents in SGML without being tied to any one vendor.
  
     Interchange - SGML is a core data standard that enables
     SGML-aware applications to inter-operate and share data
     seamlessly.
  
     A central SGML document store can feed multiple processes in a
     company, so managing and updating information is greatly
     simplified.  For example, when an aeroplane is delivered to a
     customer, it comes with thousands of pages of documentation.
     Distributing these on paper is expensive, so companies are
     investigating publishing on CD-ROM.  If a maintenance person
     needs a guide for adjusting a plane's flight surfaces, a
     viewing tool automatically assembles the relevant information
     from the document repository as a complete document.  SGML
     can be used to define attributes to information stored in
     documents such as security levels.
  
     There are few clear leaders in the SGML industry which, in
     1993, was estimated to be worth US $520 million and is
     projected to grow to over US $1.46 billion by 1998.
  
     A wide variety tools can be used to create SGML systems.  The
     SGML industry can be separated into the following categories:
  
     Mainstream Authoring consists of the key word processing
     vendors like Lotus, WordPerfect and Microsoft.
  
     SGML Editing and Publishing includes traditional SGML
     authoring tools like ArborText, Interleaf, FrameBuilder
     and SoftQuad Author/Editor.
  
     SGML Conversions is one of the largest sectors in the market
     today because many companies are converting legacy data from
     mainframes, or documents created with mainstream word
     processors, into SGML.
  
     Electronic Delivery is widely regarded as the most compelling
     reason companies are moving to SGML.  Electronic delivery
     enables users to retrieve information on-line using an
     intelligent document viewer.
  
     Document Management may one day drive a major part of the
     overall SGML industry.
  
     SGML Document Repositories is one of the cornerstone
     technologies that will affect the progress of SGML as a data
     standard.
  
     Since 1998, almost all development in SGML has been focussed
     on XML - a simple (and therefore easier to understand and
     implement) subset of SGML.
  
     "ISO 8879:1986//ENTITIES Added Latin 1//EN"
     http://ucc.ie/info/net/isolat1.html)">(http://ucc.ie/info/net/isolat1.html) defines some
     characters.  [How are these related to ISO 8859-1?].
  
     http://iso.ch/cate/d16387.html)">ISO catalogue entry (http://iso.ch/cate/d16387.html).
  
     SGML parsers are available from
     ftp://star.cs.vu.nl/Sgml)">VU, NL (ftp://star.cs.vu.nl/Sgml),
     ftp://mailer.cc.fsu.edu/pub/sgml)">FSU (ftp://mailer.cc.fsu.edu/pub/sgml),
     ftp://ifi.uio.no/pub/SGML/SGMLS)">UIO, Norway (ftp://ifi.uio.no/pub/SGML/SGMLS).
  
     See also sgmls.
  
     Usenet newsgroup: news:comp.text.sgml.
  
     ["The SGML Handbook", Charles F. Goldfarb, Clarendon Press,
     1991, ISBN 0198537379.  (Full text of the ISO standard plus
     extensive commentary and cross-referencing.  Somewhat cheaper
     than the ISO document)].
  
     ["SGML - The User's Guide to ISO 8879", J.M. Smith et al,
     Ellis Harwood, 1988].
  
     [Example of some SGML?]
  
     (2000-05-31)
  

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