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1 definition found
 for Saint Helena
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Saint Helena
  
     Introduction Saint Helena
     -------------------------
                              Background: Uninhabited when first discovered by
                                          the Portuguese in 1502, Saint Helena
                                          was garrisoned by the British during
                                          the 17th century. It acquired fame
                                          as the place of Napoleon BONAPARTE's
                                          exile, from 1815 until his death in
                                          1821, but its importance as a port
                                          of call declined after the opening
                                          of the Suez Canal in 1869. Ascension
                                          Island is the site of a US Air Force
                                          auxiliary airfield; Gough Island has
                                          a meteorological station.
    
     Geography Saint Helena
     ----------------------
                                Location: islands in the South Atlantic Ocean,
                                          about midway between South America
                                          and Africa
                  Geographic coordinates: 15 56 S, 5 42 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 410 sq km
                                          note: includes St. Helena Island,
                                          Ascension, and the island group of
                                          Tristan da Cunha, which consists of
                                          Tristan da Cunha Island, Gough
                                          Island, Inaccessible Island, and the
                                          three Nightingale Islands
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 410 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than twice the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 60 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: Saint Helena - tropical; marine;
                                          mild, tempered by trade winds;
                                          Tristan da Cunha - temperate;
                                          marine, mild, tempered by trade
                                          winds (tends to be cooler than Saint
                                          Helena)
                                 Terrain: Saint Helena - rugged, volcanic;
                                          small scattered plateaus and plains
                                          note: the other islands of the group
                                          have a volcanic origin
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Queen Mary's Peak on
                                          Tristan da Cunha 2,060 m
                       Natural resources: fish
                                Land use: arable land: 12.9%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 87.1% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: active volcanism on Tristan da Cunha
            Environment - current issues: NA
                        Geography - note: harbors at least 40 species of
                                          plants unknown anywhere else in the
                                          world; Ascension is a breeding
                                          ground for sea turtles and sooty
                                          terns
    
     People Saint Helena
     -------------------
                              Population: 7,317 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 18.8% (male 698; female
                                          678)
                                          15-64 years: 71.9% (male 2,727;
                                          female 2,531)
                                          65 years and over: 9.3% (male 296;
                                          female 387) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.7% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 13.26 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 6.29 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.08 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.77 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.04 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 21.54 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.2 years
                                          female: 80.23 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 74.31 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.53 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Saint Helenian(s)
                                          adjective: Saint Helenian
                           Ethnic groups: African descent 50%, white 25%,
                                          Chinese 25%
                               Religions: Anglican (majority), Baptist,
                                          Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman
                                          Catholic
                               Languages: English
                                Literacy: definition: age 20 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 97%
                                          male: 97%
                                          female: 98% (1987 est.)
    
     Government Saint Helena
     -----------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Saint
                                          Helena
                       Dependency status: overseas territory of the UK
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Jamestown
                Administrative divisions: 1 administrative area and 2
                                          dependencies*; Ascension*, Saint
                                          Helena, Tristan da Cunha*
                            Independence: none (overseas territory of the UK)
                        National holiday: Birthday of Queen ELIZABETH II,
                                          second Saturday in June (1926)
                            Constitution: 1 January 1989
                            Legal system: NA
                                Suffrage: NA years of age
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952)
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; governor is appointed by
                                          the monarch
                                          head of government: Governor and
                                          Commander in Chief David HOLLAMBY
                                          (since NA June 1999)
                                          cabinet: Executive Council consists
                                          of the governor, two ex officio
                                          officers, and six elected members of
                                          the Legislative Council
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Legislative Council (16
                                          seats, including the speaker, 3 ex
                                          officio and 12 elected members;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve four-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 27 June 2001
                                          (next to be held NA June 2005)
                                          election results: percent of vote -
                                          NA%; seats - independents 15
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Magistrate's Court;
                                          Small Debts Court; Juvenile Court
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and none
                                 leaders:
               International organization ICFTU
                           participation:
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (overseas territory of the UK)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (overseas territory of the UK)
                                      US:
                        Flag description: blue with the flag of the UK in the
                                          upper hoist-side quadrant and the
                                          Saint Helenian shield centered on
                                          the outer half of the flag; the
                                          shield features a rocky coastline
                                          and three-masted sailing ship
    
     Economy Saint Helena
     --------------------
                      Economy - overview: The economy depends largely on
                                          financial assistance from the UK,
                                          which amounted to about $5 million
                                          in 1997 or almost one-half of annual
                                          budgetary revenues. The local
                                          population earns income from
                                          fishing, the raising of livestock,
                                          and sales of handicrafts. Because
                                          there are few jobs, 25% of the work
                                          force has left to seek employment on
                                          Ascension Island, on the Falklands,
                                          and in the UK.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $18
                                          million (1998 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,500
                                          (1998 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.2% (1997 est.)
                             Labor force: 3,500 (1998 est.)
                                          note: 1,200 work offshore
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture and fishing 6%, industry
                                          (mainly construction) 48%, services
                                          46% (1987 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 14% (1998 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $11.2 million
                                          expenditures: $11 million, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (FY92)
                              Industries: construction, crafts (furniture,
                                          lacework, fancy woodwork), fishing
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 5 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 4.65 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: corn, potatoes, vegetables; timber;
                                          fish, crawfish (on Tristan da Cunha)
                                 Exports: $704,000 (f.o.b., 1995)
                   Exports - commodities: fish (frozen, canned, and salt-dried
                                          skipjack, tuna), coffee, handicrafts
                      Exports - partners: South Africa, UK
                                 Imports: $14.434 million (c.i.f., 1995)
                   Imports - commodities: food, beverages, tobacco, fuel oils,
                                          animal feed, building materials,
                                          motor vehicles and parts, machinery
                                          and parts
                      Imports - partners: UK, South Africa
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $12.6 million (1995); note - $5.3
                                          million from UK (1997)
                                Currency: Saint Helenian pound (SHP)
                           Currency code: SHP
                          Exchange rates: Saint Helenian pounds per US dollar
                                          - 0.6981 (January 2002), 0.6944
                                          (2001), 0.6596 (2000), 0.6180
                                          (1999), 0.6037 (1998), 0.6047
                                          (1997); note - the Saint Helenian
                                          pound is at par with the British
                                          pound
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
    
     Communications Saint Helena
     ---------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 2,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: can communicate
                                          worldwide
                                          domestic: automatic network
                                          international: HF radiotelephone
                                          from Saint Helena to Ascension which
                                          is a major coaxial submarine cable
                                          relay point between South Africa,
                                          Portugal, and UK ; satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 3,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 0 (1997)
                             Televisions: 2,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .sh
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
                   Communications - note: Gough Island has a meteorological
                                          station
    
     Transportation Saint Helena
     ---------------------------
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 158 km (Saint Helena 118 km,
                                          Ascension 40 km, Tristan da Cunha 0
                                          km)
                                          paved: 138 km (Saint Helena 98km,
                                          Ascension 40 km, Tristan da Cunha 0
                                          km)
                                          unpaved: 20 km (Saint Helena 20 km,
                                          Ascension 0 km, Tristan da Cunha 0
                                          km)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Georgetown (on Ascension), Jamestown
                         Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 1 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 1
                                          over 3,047 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Saint Helena
     ---------------------
                         Military - note: defense is the responsibility of the
                                          UK
    
     Transnational Issues Saint Helena
     ---------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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