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2 definitions found
 for Saint Kitts and Nevis
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Saint Kitts and Nevis
      n 1: a country on several of the Leeward Islands; located to the
           east southeast of Puerto Rico; achieved independence from
           the United Kingdom in 1983 [syn: Saint Kitts and Nevis,
           Federation of Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Christopher-
           Nevis, St. Christopher-Nevis, St. Kitts and Nevis]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Saint Kitts and Nevis
  
     Introduction Saint Kitts and Nevis
     ----------------------------------
                              Background: First settled by the British in
                                          1623, the islands became an
                                          associated state with full internal
                                          autonomy in 1967. The island of
                                          Anguilla rebelled and was allowed to
                                          secede in 1971. Saint Kitts and
                                          Nevis achieved independence in 1983.
                                          In 1998, a vote in Nevis on a
                                          referendum to separate from Saint
                                          Kitts fell short of the two-thirds
                                          majority needed.
    
     Geography Saint Kitts and Nevis
     -------------------------------
                                Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean
                                          Sea, about one-third of the way from
                                          Puerto Rico to Trinidad and Tobago
                  Geographic coordinates: 17 20 N, 62 45 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 261 sq km (Saint Kitts 168 sq
                                          km; Nevis 93 sq km)
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 261 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 135 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                 Climate: tropical tempered by constant sea
                                          breezes; little seasonal temperature
                                          variation; rainy season (May to
                                          November)
                                 Terrain: volcanic with mountainous interiors
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Liamuiga 1,156
                                          m
                       Natural resources: arable land
                                Land use: arable land: 16.67%
                                          permanent crops: 2.78%
                                          other: 80.56% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: hurricanes (July to October)
            Environment - current issues: NA
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: with coastlines in the shape of a
                                          baseball bat and ball, the two
                                          volcanic islands are separated by a
                                          three-km-wide channel called The
                                          Narrows; on the southern tip of
                                          long, baseball bat-shaped Saint
                                          Kitts lies the Great Salt Pond;
                                          Nevis Peak sits in the center of its
                                          almost circular namesake island and
                                          its ball shape complements that of
                                          its sister island
    
     People Saint Kitts and Nevis
     ----------------------------
                              Population: 38,736 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 29.4% (male 5,827;
                                          female 5,571)
                                          15-64 years: 61.9% (male 11,980;
                                          female 12,005)
                                          65 years and over: 8.7% (male 1,383;
                                          female 1,970) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.01% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 18.61 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 9.04 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -9.5 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.98 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 15.83 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.29 years
                                          female: 74.26 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 68.49 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.39 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Kittitian(s), Nevisian(s)
                                          adjective: Kittitian, Nevisian
                           Ethnic groups: predominantly black some British,
                                          Portuguese, and Lebanese
                               Religions: Anglican, other Protestant, Roman
                                          Catholic
                               Languages: English
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever
                                          attended school
                                          total population: 97%
                                          male: 97%
                                          female: 98% (1980 est.)
    
     Government Saint Kitts and Nevis
     --------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Federation
                                          of Saint Kitts and Nevis
                                          conventional short form: Saint Kitts
                                          and Nevis
                                          former: Federation of Saint
                                          Christopher and Nevis
                         Government type: constitutional monarchy with
                                          Westminster-style parliament
                                 Capital: Basseterre
                Administrative divisions: 14 parishes; Christ Church Nichola
                                          Town, Saint Anne Sandy Point, Saint
                                          George Basseterre, Saint George
                                          Gingerland, Saint James Windward,
                                          Saint John Capesterre, Saint John
                                          Figtree, Saint Mary Cayon, Saint
                                          Paul Capesterre, Saint Paul
                                          Charlestown, Saint Peter Basseterre,
                                          Saint Thomas Lowland, Saint Thomas
                                          Middle Island, Trinity Palmetto
                                          Point
                            Independence: 19 September 1983 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 19 September
                                          (1983)
                            Constitution: 19 September 1983
                            Legal system: based on English common law
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor General Cuthbert
                                          Montraville SEBASTIAN (since 1
                                          January 1996)
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; the governor general is
                                          appointed by the monarch; following
                                          legislative elections, the leader of
                                          the majority party or leader of a
                                          majority coalition is usually
                                          appointed prime minister by the
                                          governor general; deputy prime
                                          minister appointed by the governor
                                          general
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          governor general in consultation
                                          with the prime minister
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Dr. Denzil DOUGLAS (since 6 July
                                          1995) and Deputy Prime Minister Sam
                                          CONDOR (since 6 July 1995)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Assembly (14
                                          seats, 3 appointed and 11 popularly
                                          elected from single-member
                                          constituencies; members serve five-
                                          year terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - SKNLP
                                          8, CCM 2, NRP 1
                                          elections: last held 6 March 2000
                                          (next to be held by July 2005)
                         Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court
                                          (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of
                                          the Supreme Court resides in Saint
                                          Kitts and Nevis)
           Political parties and leaders: Concerned Citizens Movement or CCM
                                          [Vance AMORY]; Nevis Reformation
                                          Party or NRP [Joseph PARRY];
                                          People's Action Movement or PAM
                                          [Lindsey GRANT]; Saint Kitts and
                                          Nevis Labor Party or SKNLP [Dr.
                                          Denzil DOUGLAS]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-
                           participation: 77, IBRD, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD,
                                          IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, OAS, OECS, OPANAL, OPCW
                                          (signatory), UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Dr.
                                          Izben Cordinal WILLIAMS
                                          chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20016
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 686-2636
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 686-5740
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Saint Kitts and Nevis; the US
                                          Ambassador in Barbados is accredited
                                          to Saint Kitts and Nevis
                        Flag description: divided diagonally from the lower
                                          hoist side by a broad black band
                                          bearing two white, five-pointed
                                          stars; the black band is edged in
                                          yellow; the upper triangle is green,
                                          the lower triangle is red
    
     Economy Saint Kitts and Nevis
     -----------------------------
                      Economy - overview: Sugar was the traditional mainstay
                                          of the St. Kitts economy until the
                                          1970s. Although the crop still
                                          dominates the agricultural sector,
                                          activities such as tourism, export-
                                          oriented manufacturing, and offshore
                                          banking have assumed larger roles in
                                          the economy. As tourism revenues are
                                          now the chief source of the islands'
                                          foreign exchange, a decline in
                                          stopover tourist arrivals following
                                          the September 11 terrorist attacks
                                          has eroded government finances. The
                                          government revised estimates of 2001
                                          growth down to 1% and faces dim
                                          recovery prospects in 2002, given
                                          the depressed state of the tourism
                                          industry, low sugar prices, and a
                                          growing budget deficit.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $339
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $8,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3.5%
                                          industry: 25.8%
                                          services: 70.7% (2001)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.7% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 18,172 (June 1995)
             Labor force - by occupation: NA
                       Unemployment rate: 4.5% (1997)
                                  Budget: revenues: $85.7 million
                                          expenditures: $95.6 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: sugar processing, tourism, cotton,
                                          salt, copra, clothing, footwear,
                                          beverages
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 95 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 88.35 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: sugarcane, rice, yams, vegetables,
                                          bananas; fish
                                 Exports: $51.7 million (2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: machinery, food, electronics,
                                          beverages, tobacco
                      Exports - partners: US 68.5%, UK 22.3%, Caricom
                                          countries 5.5% (1995 est.)
                                 Imports: $141.3 million (2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, manufactures, food, fuels
                      Imports - partners: US 42.4%, Caricom countries 17.2%,
                                          UK 11.3% (1995 est.)
                         Debt - external: $140 million (2000)
                Economic aid - recipient: $5.5 million (1995)
                                Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
                           Currency code: XCD
                          Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar
                                          - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Saint Kitts and Nevis
     ------------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 17,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 205 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: good interisland
                                          and international connections
                                          domestic: interisland links to
                                          Antigua and Barbuda and Saint Martin
                                          (Guadeloupe and Netherlands
                                          Antilles) are handled by VHF/UHF/SHF
                                          radiotelephone
                                          international: international calls
                                          are carried by radiotelephone to
                                          Antigua and Barbuda and switched
                                          there to submarine cable or to
                                          Intelsat; or carried to Saint Martin
                                          (Guadeloupe and Netherlands
                                          Antilles) by radiotelephone and
                                          switched to Intelsat
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 1, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 28,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus three repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 10,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .kn
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 16 (2000)
                          Internet users: 2,000 (2000)
    
     Transportation Saint Kitts and Nevis
     ------------------------------------
                                Railways: total: 58 km
                                          narrow gauge: 58 km 0.762-m gauge on
                                          Saint Kitts to serve sugarcane
                                          plantations (2002)
                                Highways: total: 320 km
                                          paved: 136 km
                                          unpaved: 184 km (2000)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Basseterre, Charlestown
                         Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 2 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Saint Kitts and Nevis
     ------------------------------
                       Military branches: Saint Kitts and Nevis Defense Force
                                          (including Coast Guard), Royal Saint
                                          Kitts and Nevis Police Force
                                          (including Special Service Unit)
           Military expenditures - dollar $NA
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Saint Kitts and Nevis
     ------------------------------------------
                 Disputes - international: none
                            Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South
                                           American drugs destined for the US
                                           and Europe
    
                                         
  
  

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