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1 definition found
 for Saint Pierre and Miquelon
From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Saint Pierre and Miquelon
  
     Introduction Saint Pierre and Miquelon
     --------------------------------------
                              Background: First settled by the French in the
                                          early 17th century, the islands
                                          represent the sole remaining vestige
                                          of France's once vast North American
                                          possessions.
    
     Geography Saint Pierre and Miquelon
     -----------------------------------
                                Location: Northern North America, islands in
                                          the North Atlantic Ocean, south of
                                          Newfoundland (Canada)
                  Geographic coordinates: 46 50 N, 56 20 W
                          Map references: North America
                                    Area: total: 242 sq km
                                          note: includes eight small islands
                                          in the Saint Pierre and the Miquelon
                                          groups
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 242 sq km
                      Area - comparative: 1.5 times the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 120 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                 Climate: cold and wet, with much mist and
                                          fog; spring and autumn are windy
                                 Terrain: mostly barren rock
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Morne de la Grande
                                          Montagne 240 m
                       Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports
                                Land use: arable land: 13.04%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 86.96% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: persistent fog throughout the year
                                          can be a maritime hazard
            Environment - current issues: recent test drilling for oil in
                                          waters around Saint Pierre and
                                          Miquelon may bring future
                                          development that would impact the
                                          environment
                        Geography - note: vegetation scanty
    
     People Saint Pierre and Miquelon
     --------------------------------
                              Population: 6,954 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.4% (male 904; female
                                          864)
                                          15-64 years: 64.4% (male 2,288;
                                          female 2,193)
                                          65 years and over: 10.2% (male 303;
                                          female 402) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.35% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 14.96 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 6.61 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -4.89 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.01 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 8.18 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 77.93 years
                                          female: 80.32 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 75.66 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.1 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Frenchman(men), Frenchwoman
                                          (women)
                                          adjective: French
                           Ethnic groups: Basques and Bretons (French
                                          fishermen)
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 99%
                               Languages: French
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 99%
                                          male: 99%
                                          female: 99% (1982 est.)
    
     Government Saint Pierre and Miquelon
     ------------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Territorial
                                          Collectivity of Saint Pierre and
                                          Miquelon
                                          conventional short form: Saint
                                          Pierre and Miquelon
                                          local short form: Saint-Pierre et
                                          Miquelon
                                          local long form: Departement de
                                          Saint-Pierre et Miquelon
                       Dependency status: self-governing territorial
                                          collectivity of France
                         Government type: NA
                                 Capital: Saint-Pierre
                Administrative divisions: none (territorial collectivity of
                                          France); note - there are no first-
                                          order administrative divisions as
                                          defined by the US Government, but
                                          there are two communes - Saint
                                          Pierre, Miquelon at the second order
                            Independence: none (territorial collectivity of
                                          France; has been under French
                                          control since 1763)
                        National holiday: Bastille Day, 14 July (1789)
                            Constitution: 28 September 1958 (French
                                          Constitution)
                            Legal system: French law with special adaptations
                                          for local conditions, such as
                                          housing and taxation
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Jacques
                                          CHIRAC of France (since 17 May
                                          1995), represented by Prefect Jean-
                                          Francois TALLON (since NA)
                                          elections: French president elected
                                          by popular vote for a five-year
                                          term; election last held, first
                                          round - 21 April 2002, second round
                                          - 5 May 2002 (next to be held NA
                                          2007); prefect appointed by the
                                          French president on the advice of
                                          the French Ministry of Interior;
                                          president of the General Council is
                                          elected by the members of the
                                          council
                                          head of government: President of the
                                          General Council Marc PLANTAGENEST
                                          (since NA)
                                          cabinet: NA
                      Legislative branch: unicameral General Council or
                                          Conseil General (19 seats - 15 from
                                          Saint Pierre and 4 from Miquelon;
                                          members are elected by popular vote
                                          to serve six-year terms)
                                          elections: elections last held 19
                                          and 26 Marach 2000 (next to be held
                                          NA April 2006)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - PS 12,
                                          PRG 2, UDF-RPR 5
                                          note: Saint Pierre and Miquelon
                                          elect 1 seat to the French Senate;
                                          elections last held NA September
                                          1995 (next to be held NA September
                                          2004); results - percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - RPR 1;
                                          Saint Pierre and Miquelon also
                                          elects 1 seat to the French National
                                          Assembly; elections last held, first
                                          round - 9 June 2002, second round -
                                          16 June 2002 (next to be held NA
                                          2007); results - percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - UDF 1
                         Judicial branch: Superior Tribunal of Appeals or
                                          Tribunal Superieur d'Appel
           Political parties and leaders: PRG [leader NA]; Rassemblement pour
                                          la Republique or RPR [leader NA];
                                          Socialist Party or PS [leader NA];
                                          Union pour la Democratie Francaise
                                          or UDF [leader NA]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization FZ, WFTU
                           participation:
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none (territorial collectivity of
                                          France)
       Diplomatic representation from the none (territorial collectivity of
                                      US: France)
                        Flag description: a yellow sailing ship facing the
                                          hoist side rides on a dark blue
                                          background with a black wave line
                                          under the ship; on the hoist side, a
                                          vertical band is divided into three
                                          parts: the top part is red with a
                                          green diagonal cross extending to
                                          the corners overlaid by a white
                                          cross dividing the square into four
                                          sections; the middle part has a
                                          white background with an ermine
                                          pattern; the third part has a red
                                          background with two stylized yellow
                                          lions outlined in black, one on top
                                          of the other; the flag of France is
                                          used for official occasions
    
     Economy Saint Pierre and Miquelon
     ---------------------------------
                      Economy - overview: The inhabitants have traditionally
                                          earned their livelihood by fishing
                                          and by servicing fishing fleets
                                          operating off the coast of
                                          Newfoundland. The economy has been
                                          declining, however, because of
                                          disputes with Canada over fishing
                                          quotas and a steady decline in the
                                          number of ships stopping at Saint
                                          Pierre. In 1992, an arbitration
                                          panel awarded the islands an
                                          exclusive economic zone of 12,348 sq
                                          km to settle a longstanding
                                          territorial dispute with Canada,
                                          although it represents only 25% of
                                          what France had sought. The islands
                                          are heavily subsidized by France to
                                          the great betterment of living
                                          standards. The government hopes an
                                          expansion of tourism will boost
                                          economic prospects. Recent test
                                          drilling for oil may pave the way
                                          for development of the energy
                                          sector.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $74
                                          million (1996 est.); supplemented by
                                          annual payments from France of about
                                          $60 million
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $11,000
                                          (1996 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 2.1% (1991-96 average)
                             Labor force: 3,000 (1997)
             Labor force - by occupation: fishing 18%, industry (mainly fish-
                                          processing) 41%, services 41% (1996
                                          est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 9.8% (1997)
                                  Budget: revenues: $70 million
                                          expenditures: $60 million, including
                                          capital expenditures of $24 million
                                          (1996 est.)
                              Industries: fish processing and supply base for
                                          fishing fleets; tourism
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 41 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 38.13 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: vegetables; poultry, cattle, sheep,
                                          pigs; fish
                                 Exports: $12 million (f.o.b., 1999)
                   Exports - commodities: fish and fish products, soybeans,
                                          animal feed, mollusks and
                                          crustaceans, fox and mink pelts
                      Exports - partners: US 43%, Egypt 14%, Japan 11%,
                                          Colombia 8% (1999)
                                 Imports: $55 million (f.o.b., 1999)
                   Imports - commodities: meat, clothing, fuel, electrical
                                          equipment, machinery, building
                                          materials
                      Imports - partners: France 44%, Canada 40% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: approximately $60 million in annual
                                          grants from France
                                Currency: euro (EUR); French franc (FRF)
                           Currency code: EUR; FRF
                          Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.06594
                                          (January 2001), 1.08540 (2000),
                                          0.93863 (1999); French francs per US
                                          dollar - 5.8995 (1998), 5.8367
                                          (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Saint Pierre and Miquelon
     ----------------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 4,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (1994)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: radiotelephone
                                          communication with most countries in
                                          the world; 1 earth station in French
                                          domestic satellite system
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 4, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 4,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 0 (there are, however, two repeaters
                                          which rebroadcast programs from
                                          France, Canada, and the US) (1997)
                             Televisions: 4,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .pm
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
    
     Transportation Saint Pierre and Miquelon
     ----------------------------------------
                                          Railways: 0 km
                                          Highways: total: 114 km
                                                    paved: 69 km
                                                    unpaved: 45 km (1994 est.)
                                         Waterways: none
                                 Ports and harbors: Saint Pierre
                                   Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                          Airports: 2 (2001)
                     Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                                    1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                                    914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Saint Pierre and Miquelon
     ----------------------------------
                            Military - note: defense is the responsibility of
                                             France
    
     Transnational Issues Saint Pierre and Miquelon
     ----------------------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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