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2 definitions found
 for Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
      n 1: an island country in the central Windward Islands; achieved
           independence from the United Kingdom in 1979 [syn: Saint
           Vincent and the Grenadines, St. Vincent and the
           Grenadines]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
  
     Introduction Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     ---------------------------------------------
                              Background: Disputed between France and the
                                          United Kingdom in the 18th century,
                                          Saint Vincent was ceded to the
                                          latter in 1783. Autonomy was granted
                                          in 1969, and independence in 1979.
    
     Geography Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     ------------------------------------------
                                Location: Caribbean, islands in the Caribbean
                                          Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago
                  Geographic coordinates: 13 15 N, 61 12 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 389 sq km (Saint Vincent 344
                                          sq km)
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 389 sq km
                      Area - comparative: twice the size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 84 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; little seasonal
                                          temperature variation; rainy season
                                          (May to November)
                                 Terrain: volcanic, mountainous
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: Soufriere 1,234 m
                       Natural resources: hydropower, cropland
                                Land use: arable land: 10.26%
                                          permanent crops: 17.95%
                                          other: 71.79% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 10 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: hurricanes; Soufriere volcano on the
                                          island of Saint Vincent is a
                                          constant threat
            Environment - current issues: pollution of coastal waters and
                                          shorelines from discharges by
                                          pleasure yachts and other effluents;
                                          in some areas, pollution is severe
                                          enough to make swimming prohibitive
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: the administration of the islands of
                                          the Grenadines group is divided
                                          between Saint Vincent and the
                                          Grenadines and Grenada; Saint
                                          Vincent and the Grenadines is
                                          comprised of 32 islands and cays
    
     People Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     ---------------------------------------
                              Population: 116,394 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 28.9% (male 17,093;
                                          female 16,497)
                                          15-64 years: 64.8% (male 38,718;
                                          female 36,689)
                                          65 years and over: 6.3% (male 3,188;
                                          female 4,209) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.37% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 17.54 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 6.12 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -7.69 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 16.15 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.82 years
                                          female: 74.63 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 71.07 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.01 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Saint Vincentian(s) or
                                          Vincentian(s)
                                          adjective: Saint Vincentian or
                                          Vincentian
                           Ethnic groups: black 66%, mixed 19%, East Indian
                                          6%, Carib Amerindian 2%, other 7%
                               Religions: Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%, Roman
                                          Catholic 13%, Hindu Seventh-Day
                                          Adventist, other Protestant
                               Languages: English, French patois
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over has ever
                                          attended school
                                          total population: 96%
                                          male: 96%
                                          female: 96% (1970 est.)
    
     Government Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     -------------------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Saint
                                          Vincent and the Grenadines
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy; independent
                                          sovereign state within the
                                          Commonwealth
                                 Capital: Kingstown
                Administrative divisions: 6 parishes; Charlotte, Grenadines,
                                          Saint Andrew, Saint David, Saint
                                          George, Saint Patrick
                            Independence: 27 October 1979 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 27 October (1979)
                            Constitution: 27 October 1979
                            Legal system: based on English common law
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor General Sir Charles
                                          ANTROBUS (since NA)
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; the governor general is
                                          appointed by the monarch; following
                                          legislative elections, the leader of
                                          the majority party is usually
                                          appointed prime minister by the
                                          governor general; deputy prime
                                          minister appointed by the governor
                                          general on the advice of the prime
                                          minister
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          governor general on the advice of
                                          the prime minister
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Ralph GONSALVES (since 29 March
                                          2001)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral House of Assembly (21
                                          seats, 15 elected representatives
                                          and 6 appointed senators;
                                          representatives are elected by
                                          popular vote from single-member
                                          constituencies to serve five-year
                                          terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - NA%; seats by party - ULP
                                          12, NDP 3
                                          elections: last held 28 March 2001
                                          (next to be held by March 2006)
                         Judicial branch: Eastern Caribbean Supreme Court
                                          (based on Saint Lucia; one judge of
                                          the Supreme Court resides in Saint
                                          Vincent and the Grenadines)
           Political parties and leaders: National Reform Party or NRP [Joel
                                          MIGUEL]; New Democratic Party or NDP
                                          [Arnhim EUSTACE]; People's
                                          Progressive Movement or PPM [Ken
                                          BOYEA]; Progressive Labor Party or
                                          PLP [leader NA]; United People's
                                          Movement or UPM [Adrian SAUNDERS];
                                          Unity Labor Party or ULP [Ralph
                                          GONSALVES] (formed by the coalition
                                          of Saint Vincent Labor Party or SVLP
                                          and the Movement for National Unity
                                          or MNU)
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACP, C, Caricom, CDB, ECLAC, FAO, G-
                           participation: 77, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IFAD, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ITU, OAS, OECS,
                                          OPANAL, OPCW (signatory), UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UPU, WCL,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Ellsworth I. A. JOHN
                                          chancery: 3216 New Mexico Avenue NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20016
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 364-6730
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 364-6736
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Saint Vincent and the Grenadines;
                                          the US Ambassador in Barbados is
                                          accredited to Saint Vincent and the
                                          Grenadines
                        Flag description: three vertical bands of blue (hoist
                                          side), gold (double width), and
                                          green; the gold band bears three
                                          green diamonds arranged in a V
                                          pattern
    
     Economy Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     ----------------------------------------
                      Economy - overview: Bananas and other agricultural
                                          products remain the staple of this
                                          lower-middle income country's
                                          economy. Although tourism and other
                                          services have been growing
                                          moderately in recent years, the
                                          government has been ineffective at
                                          introducing new industries.
                                          Unemployment remains high, and
                                          economic growth hinges upon seasonal
                                          variations in the agricultural and
                                          tourism sectors. Tropical storms
                                          wiped out substantial portions of
                                          crops in 1994 and 1995, and tourism
                                          in the Eastern Caribbean has
                                          suffered low arrivals following
                                          September 11. St. Vincent is home to
                                          a small offshore banking sector, but
                                          its restrictive secrecy laws have
                                          come under international review. As
                                          of June 2001, it remained on the
                                          Financial Action Task Force's list
                                          of noncooperative jurisdictions.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $339
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -0.8% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $2,900
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 10%
                                          industry: 26%
                                          services: 64% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): -0.4% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 67,000 (1984 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 26%, industry 17%,
                                          services 57% (1980 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 22% (1997 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $94.6 million
                                          expenditures: $85.8 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: food processing, cement, furniture,
                                          clothing, starch
       Industrial production growth rate: -0.9% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 82 million kWh (1999)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 73.17%
                                          hydro: 26.83%
                                          other: 0% (1999)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 76.3 million kWh (1999)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (1999)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (1999)
                  Agriculture - products: bananas, coconuts, sweet potatoes,
                                          spices; small numbers of cattle,
                                          sheep, pigs, goats; fish
                                 Exports: $53.7 million (2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: bananas 39%, eddoes and dasheen
                                          (taro), arrowroot starch, tennis
                                          racquets
                      Exports - partners: Caricom countries 49%, UK 16%, US
                                          10% (1995)
                                 Imports: $185.6 million (2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: foodstuffs, machinery and equipment,
                                          chemicals and fertilizers, minerals
                                          and fuels
                      Imports - partners: US 36%, Caricom countries 28%, UK
                                          13% (1995)
                         Debt - external: $167.2 million (2000)
                Economic aid - recipient: $47.5 million (1995); note - EU
                                          $34.5 million (1998)
                                Currency: East Caribbean dollar (XCD)
                           Currency code: XCD
                          Exchange rates: East Caribbean dollars per US dollar
                                          - 2.7000 (fixed rate since 1976)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     -----------------------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 20,500 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: NA
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate system
                                          domestic: islandwide, fully
                                          automatic telephone system; VHF/UHF
                                          radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to
                                          the other islands of the Grenadines
                                          international: VHF/UHF
                                          radiotelephone from Saint Vincent to
                                          Barbados; new SHF radiotelephone to
                                          Grenada and to Saint Lucia; access
                                          to Intelsat earth station in
                                          Martinique through Saint Lucia
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 1, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 77,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (plus three repeaters) (1997)
                             Televisions: 18,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .vc
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 15 (2000)
                          Internet users: 3,500 (2001)
    
     Transportation Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     -----------------------------------------------
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 1,040 km
                                          paved: 320 km
                                          unpaved: 720 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Kingstown
                         Merchant marine: total: 788 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 7,000,660 GRT/10,702,776
                                          DWT
                                          ships by type: barge carrier 1, bulk
                                          142, cargo 382, chemical tanker 24,
                                          combination bulk 11, combination
                                          ore/oil 3, container 47, liquefied
                                          gas 7, livestock carrier 3, multi-
                                          functional large-load carrier 2,
                                          passenger 3, petroleum tanker 48,
                                          refrigerated cargo 39, roll on/roll
                                          off 52, short-sea passenger 13,
                                          specialized tanker 10, vehicle
                                          carrier 1
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Albania 1, Anguilla 1,
                                          Argentina 1, Australia 2, Bahamas,
                                          The 1, Bangladesh 1, Barbados 2,
                                          Belgium 4, Bulgaria 14, Canada 1,
                                          Cayman Islands 1, China 135,
                                          Colombia 1, Croatia 12, Cyprus 6,
                                          Denmark 16, Egypt 7, Estonia 6,
                                          France 27, Germany 12, Greece 156,
                                          Guyana 7, Hong Kong 23, Iceland 1,
                                          India 11, Indonesia 3, Israel 2,
                                          Italy 19, Japan 1, Kenya 4, Latvia
                                          5, Lebanon 9, Liberia 5, Lithuania
                                          1, Malta 1, Man, Isle of 1, Marshall
                                          Islands 3, Mexico 1, Monaco 6,
                                          Netherlands 14, Netherlands Antilles
                                          1, Nigeria 3, Norway 33, Pakistan 5,
                                          Panama 2, Poland 2, Portugal 2,
                                          Puerto Rico 2, Russia 8, Saint Kitts
                                          and Nevis 1, Saudi Arabia 3,
                                          Singapore 4, Slovenia 7, South Korea
                                          4, Spain 1, Sweden 6, Switzerland
                                          10, Syria 2, Taiwan 1, Thailand 1,
                                          Trinidad and Tobago 1, Tunisia 1,
                                          Turkey 15, Ukraine 8, United Arab
                                          Emirates 45, United Kingdom 16,
                                          United States 25, Vietnam 1 (2002
                                          est.)
                                Airports: 6 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 5
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     -----------------------------------------
                        Military branches: Royal Saint Vincent and the
                                           Grenadines Police Force (includes
                                           Special Service Unit), Coast Guard
            Military expenditures - dollar $NA
                                   figure:
        Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                      GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
     -----------------------------------------------------
                 Disputes - international: none
                            Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South
                                           American drugs destined for the US
                                           and Europe
    
                                         
  
  

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