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3 definitions found
 for San Marino
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  San Marino
      n 1: the capital and only city of San Marino [syn: San Marino,
           capital of San Marino]
      2: the smallest republic in the world; the oldest independent
         country in Europe (achieved independence in 301); located in
         the Apennines and completely surrounded by Italy [syn: San
         Marino, Republic of San Marino]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  San Marino
  
     Introduction San Marino
     -----------------------
                              Background: The third smallest state in Europe
                                          (after the Holy See and Monaco) also
                                          claims to be the world's oldest
                                          republic. According to tradition, it
                                          was founded by a Christian
                                          stonemason named Marinus in 301 A.D.
                                          San Marino's foreign policy is
                                          aligned with that of Italy. Social
                                          and political trends in the republic
                                          also track closely with those of its
                                          larger neighbor.
    
     Geography San Marino
     --------------------
                                Location: Southern Europe, an enclave in
                                          central Italy
                  Geographic coordinates: 43 46 N, 12 25 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 61.2 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 61.2 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about 0.3 times the size of
                                          Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: total: 39 km
                                          border countries: Italy 39 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: Mediterranean; mild to cool winters;
                                          warm, sunny summers
                                 Terrain: rugged mountains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Torrente Ausa 55 m
                                          highest point: Monte Titano 755 m
                       Natural resources: building stone
                                Land use: arable land: 16.67%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 83.33% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: NA
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban
                                          signed, but not ratified: Air
                                          Pollution
                        Geography - note: landlocked; smallest independent
                                          state in Europe after the Holy See
                                          and Monaco; dominated by the
                                          Apennines
    
     People San Marino
     -----------------
                              Population: 27,730 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.1% (male 2,300;
                                          female 2,161)
                                          15-64 years: 67.5% (male 9,102;
                                          female 9,625)
                                          65 years and over: 16.4% (male
                                          1,956; female 2,586) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.41% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 10.64 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 7.79 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 11.29 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.09 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.76 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.93 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 6.09 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 81.33 years
                                          female: 85.18 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 77.79 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.3 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Sammarinese (singular and
                                          plural)
                                          adjective: Sammarinese
                           Ethnic groups: Sammarinese, Italian
                               Religions: Roman Catholic
                               Languages: Italian
                                Literacy: definition: age 10 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 96%
                                          male: 97%
                                          female: 95% (1976 est.)
    
     Government San Marino
     ---------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          San Marino
                                          conventional short form: San Marino
                                          local short form: San Marino
                                          local long form: Repubblica di San
                                          Marino
                         Government type: independent republic
                                 Capital: San Marino
                Administrative divisions: 9 municipalities (castelli, singular
                                          - castello); Acquaviva, Borgo
                                          Maggiore, Chiesanuova, Domagnano,
                                          Faetano, Fiorentino, Monte Giardino,
                                          San Marino, Serravalle
                            Independence: 3 September 301
                        National holiday: Founding of the Republic, 3
                                          September (301)
                            Constitution: 8 October 1600; electoral law of
                                          1926 serves some of the functions of
                                          a constitution
                            Legal system: based on civil law system with
                                          Italian law influences; has not
                                          accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: cochiefs of state
                                          Captain Regent Antonio Lazzaro
                                          VOLPINARI and Captain Regent
                                          Giovanni Francesco UGOLINI (for the
                                          period 1 April-31 October 2002)
                                          elections: cochiefs of state
                                          (captains regent) elected by the
                                          Great and General Council for a six-
                                          month term; election last held 1
                                          April 2002 (next to be held NA
                                          September 2002); secretary of state
                                          for foreign and political affairs
                                          elected by the Great and General
                                          Council for a five-year term;
                                          election last held 10 June 2001
                                          (next to be held NA June 2006)
                                          note: the popularly elected
                                          parliament (Grand and General
                                          Council) selects two of its members
                                          to serve as the Captains Regent
                                          (cochiefs of state) for a six-month
                                          period; they preside over meetings
                                          of the Grand and General Council and
                                          its cabinet (Congress of State)
                                          which has ten other members, all
                                          selected by the Grand and General
                                          Council; assisting the captains
                                          regent are ten secretaries of state;
                                          the secretary of state for Foreign
                                          Affairs has assumed some of the
                                          prerogatives of a prime minister
                                          election results: Antonio Lazzaro
                                          VOLPINARI and Giovanni Francesco
                                          UGOLINI reelected captains regent;
                                          percent of legislative vote - NA%;
                                          Gabriele GATTI reelected secretary
                                          of state for foreign and political
                                          affairs; percent of legislative vote
                                          - NA%
                                          cabinet: Congress of State elected
                                          by the Great and General Council for
                                          a five-year term
                                          head of government: Secretary of
                                          State for Foreign and Political
                                          Affairs Gabriele GATTI (since 26
                                          July 1986)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Grand and General Council
                                          or Consiglio Grande e Generale (60
                                          seats; members are elected by
                                          direct, popular vote to serve five-
                                          year terms)
                                          elections: last held 10 June 2001
                                          (next to be held by June 2006)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PDCS 41.4%, PSS 24.2%, PD
                                          20.8%, APDS 8.2%, RC 3.4%, AN 1.9%;
                                          seats by party - PDCS 25, PSS 15, PD
                                          12, APDS 5, RC 2, AN 1
                         Judicial branch: Council of Twelve or Consiglio dei
                                          XII
           Political parties and leaders: Communist Refoundation or RC [Ivan
                                          FOSHI]; Ideas in Movement or IM
                                          [Alessandro ROSSI]; National
                                          Alliance or AN [leader NA]; Party of
                                          Democrats or PD [Claudio FELICI];
                                          San Marino Christian Democratic
                                          Party or PDCS [Romeo RIORRI]; San
                                          Marino Popular Alliance of Democrats
                                          or APDS [Roberto GIORGETTI]; San
                                          Marino Socialist Party or PSS
                                          [Augusto CASALI]; Socialists for
                                          Reform or SR [Renzo GIARDI]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization CE, ECE, FAO, IBRD, ICAO, ICFTU,
                           participation: ICRM, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IOC, IOM
                                          (observer), ITU, OPCW, OSCE, UN,
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WToO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: San Marino does not have an embassy
                                          in the US
                                          honorary consulate(s) general:
                                          Washington, DC, and New York
                                          honorary consulate(s): Detroit
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: San Marino; the US Consul General in
                                          Florence (Italy) is accredited to
                                          San Marino
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of white
                                          (top) and light blue with the
                                          national coat of arms superimposed
                                          in the center; the coat of arms has
                                          a shield (featuring three towers on
                                          three peaks) flanked by a wreath,
                                          below a crown and above a scroll
                                          bearing the word LIBERTAS (Liberty)
    
     Economy San Marino
     ------------------
                      Economy - overview: The tourist sector contributes over
                                          50% of GDP. In 2000 more than 3
                                          million tourists visited San Marino.
                                          The key industries are banking,
                                          wearing apparel, electronics, and
                                          ceramics. Main agricultural products
                                          are wine and cheeses. The per capita
                                          level of output and standard of
                                          living are comparable to those of
                                          the most prosperous regions of
                                          Italy, which supplies much of its
                                          food.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $940
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 7.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $34,600
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: NA%
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.3% (2001)
                             Labor force: 18,500 (1999)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 57%, industry 42%,
                                          agriculture 1% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 2.6% (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $400 million
                                          expenditures: $400 million,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2000 est.)
                              Industries: tourism, banking, textiles,
                                          electronics, ceramics, cement, wine
       Industrial production growth rate: 6% (1997 est.)
                Electricity - production: 0 kWh
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: NA%
                                          other: NA%
                                          nuclear: NA%
                                          hydro: NA%
               Electricity - consumption: 184.5 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh
                                          note: electric power supplied by
                                          Italy (1999)
                   Electricity - imports: 184.5 kWh
                                          note: electricity supplied by Italy
                                          (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: wheat, grapes, corn, olives; cattle,
                                          pigs, horses, beef, cheese, hides
                                 Exports: trade data are included with the
                                          statistics for Italy
                   Exports - commodities: building stone, lime, wood,
                                          chestnuts, wheat, wine, baked goods,
                                          hides, ceramics
                                 Imports: trade data are included with the
                                          statistics for Italy
                   Imports - commodities: wide variety of consumer
                                          manufactures, food
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: euro (EUR); Italian lira (ITL)
                           Currency code: EUR; ITL
                          Exchange rates: euros per US dollar - 1.1324
                                          (January 2002), 1.1175 (2001),
                                          1.08540 (2000), 0.93863 (1999);
                                          Italian lire per US dollar - 1,736.2
                                          (1998), 1,703.1 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications San Marino
     -------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 18,000 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 3,010 (1998)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: adequate
                                          connections
                                          domestic: automatic telephone system
                                          completely integrated into Italian
                                          system
                                          international: connected to Italian
                                          international network
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 3, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 16,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 1 (San Marino residents also receive
                                          broadcasts from Italy) (1997)
                             Televisions: 9,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .sm
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 2 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
    
     Transportation San Marino
     -------------------------
                                Railways: 0 km; note - there is a 1.5-km cable
                                          railway connecting the city of San
                                          Marino to Borgo Maggiore
                                Highways: total: 220 km
                                          paved: 220 km
                                          unpaved: 0 km (2001)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: none
                                Airports: none (2001)
    
     Military San Marino
     -------------------
                       Military branches: Voluntary Military Force (Corpi
                                          Militari Voluntar), Gendarmerie;
                                          note - the Voluntary Military Force
                                          performs ceremonial duties and
                                          limited police assistance
           Military expenditures - dollar $700,000 (FY00/01)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues San Marino
     -------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Places (2000) :

  San Marino, CA -- U.S. city in California
     Population (2000):    12945
     Housing Units (2000): 4437
     Land area (2000):     3.773550 sq. miles (9.773450 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    0.000000 sq. miles (0.000000 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    3.773550 sq. miles (9.773450 sq. km)
     FIPS code:            68224
     Located within:       California (CA), FIPS 06
     Location:             34.122658 N, 118.112964 W
     ZIP Codes (1990):     91108
     Note: some ZIP codes may be omitted esp. for suburbs.
     Headwords:
      San Marino, CA
      San Marino
  

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