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2 definitions found
 for Singapore
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Singapore
      n 1: the capital of Singapore; one of the world's biggest ports
           [syn: Singapore, capital of Singapore]
      2: a country in southeastern Asia on the island of Singapore;
         achieved independence from Malaysia in 1965 [syn:
         Singapore, Republic of Singapore]
      3: an island to the south of the Malay Peninsula [syn:
         Singapore, Singapore Island]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Singapore
  
     Introduction Singapore
     ----------------------
                              Background: Founded as a British trading colony
                                          in 1819, Singapore joined Malaysia
                                          in 1963, but withdrew two years
                                          later and became independent. It
                                          subsequently became one of the
                                          world's most prosperous countries,
                                          with strong international trading
                                          links (its port is one of the
                                          world's busiest) and with per capita
                                          GDP equal to that of the leading
                                          nations of Western Europe.
    
     Geography Singapore
     -------------------
                                Location: Southeastern Asia, islands between
                                          Malaysia and Indonesia
                  Geographic coordinates: 1 22 N, 103 48 E
                          Map references: Southeast Asia
                                    Area: total: 692.7 sq km
                                          water: 10 sq km
                                          land: 682.7 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly more than 3.5 times the
                                          size of Washington, DC
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 193 km
                         Maritime claims: exclusive fishing zone: within and
                                          beyond territorial sea, as defined
                                          in treaties and practice
                                          territorial sea: 3 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; hot, humid, rainy; two
                                          distinct monsoon seasons -
                                          Northeastern monsoon from December
                                          to March and Southwestern monsoon
                                          from June to September; inter-
                                          monsoon - frequent afternoon and
                                          early evening thunderstorms
                                 Terrain: lowland; gently undulating central
                                          plateau contains water catchment
                                          area and nature preserve
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Singapore Strait 0 m
                                          highest point: Bukit Timah 166 m
                       Natural resources: fish, deepwater ports
                                Land use: arable land: 1.64%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 98.36% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: NA
            Environment - current issues: industrial pollution; limited
                                          natural fresh water resources;
                                          limited land availability presents
                                          waste disposal problems; seasonal
                                          smoke/haze resulting from forest
                                          fires in Indonesia
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of
                                          the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone
                                          Layer Protection, Ship Pollution
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: focal point for Southeast Asian sea
                                          routes
    
     People Singapore
     ----------------
                              Population: 4,452,732 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 17.6% (male 404,212;
                                          female 378,660)
                                          15-64 years: 75.3% (male 1,630,696;
                                          female 1,724,532)
                                          65 years and over: 7.1% (male
                                          137,512; female 177,120) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 3.46% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 12.78 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 4.28 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 26.11 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.08 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.07 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.78 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 3.6 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 80.29 years
                                          female: 83.47 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 77.34 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.23 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.19% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 4,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 210 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Singaporean(s)
                                          adjective: Singapore
                           Ethnic groups: Chinese 76.7%, Malay 14%, Indian
                                          7.9%, other 1.4%
                               Religions: Buddhist (Chinese), Muslim (Malays),
                                          Christian, Hindu, Sikh, Taoist,
                                          Confucianist
                               Languages: Chinese (official), Malay (official
                                          and national), Tamil (official),
                                          English (official)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 93.5%
                                          male: 97%
                                          female: 89.8% (1999)
    
     Government Singapore
     --------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Singapore
                                          conventional short form: Singapore
                         Government type: parliamentary republic
                                 Capital: Singapore
                Administrative divisions: none
                            Independence: 9 August 1965 (from Malaysia)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 9 August (1965)
                            Constitution: 3 June 1959, amended 1965 (based on
                                          preindependence State of Singapore
                                          Constitution)
                            Legal system: based on English common law; has not
                                          accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal and
                                          compulsory
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Sellapan
                                          Rama (S. R.) NATHAN (since 1
                                          September 1999)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Chok Tong GOH (since 28 November
                                          1990) and Deputy Prime Ministers
                                          Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Hsien Loong LEE
                                          (since 28 November 1990) and Keng
                                          Yam Tony TAN (since 1 August 1995)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president, responsible to Parliament
    
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a six-year term;
                                          election last held 28 August 1999
                                          (next to be held by August 2005);
                                          following legislative elections, the
                                          leader of the majority party or the
                                          leader of a majority coalition is
                                          usually appointed prime minister by
                                          the president; deputy prime
                                          ministers appointed by the president
    
                                          election results: Sellapan Rama (S.
                                          R.) NATHAN elected president
                                          unopposed
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (84 seats;
                                          members elected by popular vote to
                                          serve five-year terms); note - in
                                          addition, there are up to nine
                                          nominated members; the losing
                                          opposition candidate who came closet
                                          to winning a seat may be appointed
                                          as a "nonconstituency" member
                                          elections: last held 3 November 2001
                                          (next to be held 25 June 2007)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PAP 75.3% (in contested
                                          constituencies), other 24.7%; seats
                                          by party - PAP 82, WP 1, SDA 1
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (chief justice is
                                          appointed by the president with the
                                          advice of the prime minister, other
                                          judges are appointed by the
                                          president with the advice of the
                                          chief justice); Court of Appeals
           Political parties and leaders: Democratic Progressive Party or DPP
                                          [leader NA]; People's Action Party
                                          or PAP [Chok Tong GOH, secretary
                                          general] - the governing party;
                                          Singapore Democratic Alliance or SDA
                                          [CHIAM See Tong] (includes Singapore
                                          People's Party or SPP [CHIAM See
                                          Tong], Singapore Democratic Party or
                                          SDP [CHEE Soon Juan], National
                                          Solidarity Party [leader NA],
                                          Singapore Justice Party [leader NA],
                                          and Singapore Malay National
                                          Organization [leader NA]); Workers'
                                          Party or WP [J. B. JEYARETNAM]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization APEC, ARF, AsDB, ASEAN, BIS, C, CCC,
                           participation: CP, ESCAP, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IFC, IFRCS, IHO,
                                          ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, ISO,
                                          ITU, NAM, OPCW, PCA, UN, UN Security
                                          Council (temporary), UNCTAD, UNIKOM,
                                          UNMEE, UNTAET, UPU, WCL, WHO, WIPO,
                                          WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Heng
                                          Chee CHAN
                                          consulate(s): New York
                                          consulate(s) general: San Francisco
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 537-0876
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 537-3100
                                          chancery: 3501 International Place
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador
                                      US: Franklin L. LAVIN
                                          embassy: 27 Napier Road, Singapore
                                          258508
                                          mailing address: PSC Box 470, FPO AP
                                          96534-0001
                                          telephone: [65] 476-9100
                                          FAX: [65] 476-9340
                        Flag description: two equal horizontal bands of red
                                          (top) and white; near the hoist side
                                          of the red band, there is a
                                          vertical, white crescent (closed
                                          portion is toward the hoist side)
                                          partially enclosing five white five-
                                          pointed stars arranged in a circle
    
     Economy Singapore
     -----------------
                      Economy - overview: Singapore, a highly developed and
                                          successful free-market economy,
                                          enjoys a remarkably open and
                                          corruption-free environment, stable
                                          prices, and one of the highest per
                                          capita GDPs in the world. The
                                          economy depends heavily on exports,
                                          particularly in electronics and
                                          manufacturing, and was hard hit in
                                          2001 by the global recession and the
                                          slump in the technology sector. In
                                          2001, GDP contracted by 2.2%. The
                                          economy is expected to recover in
                                          2002 in response to improvements in
                                          the US economy, and GDP growth for
                                          2002 is projected to be 3% to 4%. In
                                          the longer term the government hopes
                                          to establish a new growth path that
                                          will be less vulnerable to the
                                          external business cycle than the
                                          current export-led model, but is
                                          unlikely to abandon efforts to
                                          establish Singapore as Southeast
                                          Asia's financial and high-tech hub.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $106.3
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -2.2% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $24,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NEGL%
                                          industry: 33%
                                          services: 67% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.5% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 2.19 million (2000)
             Labor force - by occupation: financial, business, and other
                                          services 35%, manufacturing 21%,
                                          construction 13%, transportation and
                                          communication 9%, other 22%
                       Unemployment rate: 4.7% (2001 est.)
                                  Budget: revenues: $27.9 billion
                                          expenditures: $19.5 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $5.4 billion (FY00/01 est.)
                              Industries: electronics, chemicals, financial
                                          services, oil drilling equipment,
                                          petroleum refining, rubber
                                          processing and rubber products,
                                          processed food and beverages, ship
                                          repair, entrepot trade,
                                          biotechnology
       Industrial production growth rate: -17.5% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 27.9 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 25.947 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rubber, copra, fruit, orchids,
                                          vegetables; poultry, eggs, fish,
                                          ornamental fish
                                 Exports: $122 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: machinery and equipment (including
                                          electronics), consumer goods,
                                          chemicals, mineral fuels
                      Exports - partners: Malaysia 18%, US 17%, Hong Kong 8%,
                                          Japan 7.5%, Taiwan 6%, Thailand
                                          4.3%, China 4%, South Korea 3.6%,
                                          Germany 3%, Netherlands 3% (2000)
                                 Imports: $116 billion (2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, mineral
                                          fuels, chemicals, foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: Japan 17%, Malaysia 17%, US 15%,
                                          China 5%, Taiwan 4.4%, Thailand
                                          4.3%, South Korea 3.6%, Saudi Arabia
                                          3% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $8.3 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: Singapore dollar (SGD)
                           Currency code: SGD
                          Exchange rates: Singapore dollars per US dollar -
                                          1.8388 (January 2002), 1.7917
                                          (2001), 1.7240 (2000), 1.6950
                                          (1999), 1.6736 (1998), 1.4848 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 April - 31 March
    
     Communications Singapore
     ------------------------
           Telephones - main lines in use: 1.95 million (2000)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 2.74 million (2000)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: major
                                           consideration given to serving
                                           business interests; excellent
                                           international service
                                           domestic: excellent domestic
                                           facilities
                                           international: submarine cables to
                                           Malaysia (Sabah and Peninsular
                                           Malaysia), Indonesia, and the
                                           Philippines; satellite earth
                                           stations - 2 Intelsat (1 Indian
                                           Ocean and 1 Pacific Ocean), and 1
                                           Inmarsat (Pacific Ocean region)
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 0, FM 16, shortwave 2 (1998)
                                   Radios: 2.6 million (2000)
            Television broadcast stations: 6 (2000)
                              Televisions: 1.33 million (1997)
                    Internet country code: .sg
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 9 (2000)
                           Internet users: 2.12 million (2001)
    
     Transportation Singapore
     ------------------------
                                Railways: total: 38.6 km
                                          narrow gauge: 38.6 km 1.000-m gauge
                                          note: there is also a 83 km mass
                                          transit system with 48 stations
                                Highways: total: 3,150 km
                                          paved: 3,066 km (including 150 km of
                                          expressways)
                                          unpaved: 84 km (2000)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Singapore
                         Merchant marine: total: 876 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 20,686,612 GRT/32,647,743
                                          DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 131, cargo 100,
                                          chemical tanker 81, combination bulk
                                          10, combination ore/oil 6, container
                                          168, liquefied gas 35, livestock
                                          carrier 2, multi-functional large-
                                          load carrier 1, petroleum tanker
                                          287, refrigerated cargo 6, roll on/
                                          roll off 5, short-sea passenger 1,
                                          specialized tanker 11, vehicle
                                          carrier 32
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Australia 7, Belgium 6,
                                          China 12, Denmark 27, Germany 17,
                                          Greece 4, Hong Kong 44, Indonesia 8,
                                          Japan 52, Malaysia 4, Monaco 22,
                                          Netherlands 2, Norway 42,
                                          Philippines 6, Russia 3, Slovenia 1,
                                          South Korea 10, Sweden 13,
                                          Switzerland 7, Taiwan 46, Tanzania
                                          2, Thailand 22, United Arab Emirates
                                          4, United Kingdom 14, United States
                                          1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 9 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 9
                                          over 3,047 m: 2
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 4
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Singapore
     ------------------
                       Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, People's
                                          Defense Force, Police Force
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,354,857 (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 986,101 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
           Military expenditures - dollar $4.47 billion (FY01/02 est.)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 4.9% (FY01/02)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Singapore
     ------------------------------
                Disputes - international: Singapore and Malaysia are
                                          considering taking the unresolved
                                          dispute over Pulau Batu Putih (Pedra
                                          Branca Island) to ICJ; Malaysia
                                          concerned over Singapore's land
                                          reclamation works on Johor, which
                                          affects the maritime boundary,
                                          shipping lanes, and water ecology in
                                          the Tebrau Reach
                           Illicit drugs: as a transportation and financial
                                          services hub, Singapore is
                                          vulnerable, despite strict laws and
                                          enforcement, to use as a transit
                                          point for Golden Triangle heroin and
                                          as a venue for money laundering
    
                                         
  
  

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