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2 definitions found
 for Solomon Islands
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Solomon Islands
      n 1: the southern Solomon Islands that since 1978 form an
           independent state in the British Commonwealth
      2: the northernmost islands are part of Papua New Guinea; the
         remainder form an independent state within the British
         Commonwealth [syn: Solomons, Solomon Islands]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Solomon Islands
  
     Introduction Solomon Islands
     ----------------------------
                              Background: The UK established a protectorate
                                          over the Solomon Islands in the
                                          1890s. Some of the most bitter
                                          fighting of World War II occurred on
                                          these islands. Self-government was
                                          achieved in 1976 and independence
                                          two years later. Ethnic violence,
                                          government malfeasance, and endemic
                                          crime have undermined stability and
                                          civil society.
    
     Geography Solomon Islands
     -------------------------
                                Location: Oceania, group of islands in the
                                          South Pacific Ocean, east of Papua
                                          New Guinea
                  Geographic coordinates: 8 00 S, 159 00 E
                          Map references: Oceania
                                    Area: total: 28,450 sq km
                                          water: 910 sq km
                                          land: 27,540 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maryland
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 5,313 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          baselines
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM
                                 Climate: tropical monsoon; few extremes of
                                          temperature and weather
                                 Terrain: mostly rugged mountains with some
                                          low coral atolls
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Mount Makarakomburu
                                          2,447 m
                       Natural resources: fish, forests, gold, bauxite,
                                          phosphates, lead, zinc, nickel
                                Land use: arable land: 1.5%
                                          permanent crops: 0.64%
                                          other: 97.86% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: typhoons, but rarely destructive;
                                          geologically active region with
                                          frequent earth tremors; volcanic
                                          activity
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion; many of
                                          the surrounding coral reefs are dead
                                          or dying
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification,
                                          Environmental Modification, Law of
                                          the Sea, Marine Dumping, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol
                        Geography - note: strategic location on sea routes
                                          between the South Pacific Ocean, the
                                          Solomon Sea, and the Coral Sea
    
     People Solomon Islands
     ----------------------
                              Population: 494,786 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 43.4% (male 109,339;
                                          female 105,170)
                                          15-64 years: 53.5% (male 134,125;
                                          female 130,804)
                                          65 years and over: 3.1% (male 7,467;
                                          female 7,881) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 2.91% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 33.26 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 4.19 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 0 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.03 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 23.68 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 71.82 years
                                          female: 74.39 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 69.38 years
                    Total fertility rate: 4.5 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Solomon Islander(s)
                                          adjective: Solomon Islander
                           Ethnic groups: Melanesian 93%, Polynesian 4%,
                                          Micronesian 1.5%, European 0.8%,
                                          Chinese 0.3%, other 0.4%
                               Religions: Anglican 45%, Roman Catholic 18%,
                                          United (Methodist/Presbyterian) 12%,
                                          Baptist 9%, Seventh-Day Adventist
                                          7%, other Protestant 5%, indigenous
                                          beliefs 4%
                               Languages: Melanesian pidgin in much of the
                                          country is lingua franca; English is
                                          official but spoken by only 1%-2% of
                                          the population
                                          note: 120 indigenous languages
                                Literacy: definition: NA
                                          total population: NA%
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
    
     Government Solomon Islands
     --------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Solomon
                                          Islands
                                          former: British Solomon Islands
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy tending
                                          toward anarchy
                                 Capital: Honiara
                Administrative divisions: 9 provinces and 1 capital
                                          territory*; Central, Choiseul
                                          (Lauru), Guadalcanal, Honiara*,
                                          Isabel, Makira, Malaita, Rennell/
                                          Bellona, Temotu, Western
                            Independence: 7 July 1978 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 7 July (1978)
                            Constitution: 7 July 1978
                            Legal system: English common law, which is widely
                                          disregarded
                                Suffrage: 21 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: Queen ELIZABETH II
                                          (since 6 February 1952), represented
                                          by Governor General Sir John LAPLI
                                          (since NA 1999)
                                          elections: none; the monarch is
                                          hereditary; governor general
                                          appointed by the monarch on the
                                          advice of Parliament for up to five
                                          years; following legislative
                                          elections, the leader of the
                                          majority party or the leader of a
                                          majority coalition is usually
                                          elected prime minister by
                                          Parliament; deputy prime minister
                                          appointed by the governor general on
                                          the advice of the prime minister
                                          from among the members of Parliament
    
                                          cabinet: Cabinet consists of 20
                                          members appointed by the governor
                                          general on the advice of the prime
                                          minister from among the members of
                                          Parliament
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Allan KEMAKEZA (since 17 December
                                          2001); Deputy Prime Minister Snyder
                                          RINI (since 17 December 2001)
                      Legislative branch: unicameral National Parliament (50
                                          seats; members elected from single-
                                          member constituencies by popular
                                          vote to serve four-year terms)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party - PAP 40%, SIACC 40%, PPP 20%;
                                          seats by party - PAP 16, SIACC 13,
                                          PPP 2, SILP 1, independents 18
                                          elections: last held 5 December 2001
                                          (next to be held by December 2005)
                         Judicial branch: Court of Appeal
           Political parties and leaders: Association of Independents [Snyder
                                          RINI]; People's Alliance Party or
                                          PAP [Allan KEMAKEZA]; People's
                                          Progressive Party or PPP [Mannaseh
                                          Damukana SOGAVARE]; Solomon Islands
                                          Alliance for Change Coalition or
                                          SIACC [Bartholomew ULUFA'ALU];
                                          Solomon Islands Labor Party or SILP
                                          [Joses TUHANUKU]
                                          note: in general, Solomon Islands
                                          politics is characterized by fluid
                                          coalitions
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACP, AsDB, C, ESCAP, FAO, G-77,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, IOC, ITU,
                                          Sparteca, SPC, SPF, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UPU, WFTU, WHO, WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          (vacant); Charge d'Affaires Jeremiah
                                          MANELE
                                          chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite
                                          400L, New York, NY 10017
                                          telephone: [1] (212) 599-6192, 6193
                                          FAX: [1] (212) 661-8925
       Diplomatic representation from the the US does not have an embassy in
                                      US: Solomon Islands (embassy closed July
                                          1993); the ambassador to Papua New
                                          Guinea is accredited to the Solomon
                                          Islands
                        Flag description: divided diagonally by a thin yellow
                                          stripe from the lower hoist-side
                                          corner; the upper triangle (hoist
                                          side) is blue with five white five-
                                          pointed stars arranged in an X
                                          pattern; the lower triangle is green
    
     Economy Solomon Islands
     -----------------------
                      Economy - overview: The bulk of the population depends
                                          on agriculture, fishing, and
                                          forestry for at least part of their
                                          livelihood. Most manufactured goods
                                          and petroleum products must be
                                          imported. The islands are rich in
                                          undeveloped mineral resources such
                                          as lead, zinc, nickel, and gold.
                                          However, severe ethnic violence, the
                                          closing of key business enterprises,
                                          and an empty government treasury
                                          have led to serious economic
                                          disarray, indeed near collapse.
                                          Tanker deliveries of crucial fuel
                                          supplies (including those for
                                          electrical generation) have become
                                          sporadic due to the government's
                                          inability to pay and attacks against
                                          ships. Telecommunications are
                                          threatened by the nonpayment of
                                          bills and by the lack of technical
                                          and maintenance staff many of whom
                                          have left the country.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $800
                                          million (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -10% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $1,700
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 42%
                                          industry: 11%
                                          services: 47% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 7.9% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 26,842
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 75%, industry 5%,
                                          services 20% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $38 million (2001)
                                          expenditures: $NA, including capital
                                          expenditures of $NA
                              Industries: fish (tuna), mining, timber
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 32 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 29.76 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cocoa, beans, coconuts, palm
                                          kernels, rice, potatoes, vegetables,
                                          fruit; cattle, pigs; timber; fish
                                 Exports: $165 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: timber, fish, copra, palm oil, cocoa
                      Exports - partners: Japan 22%, China 15%, Philippines
                                          13%, South Korea 12%, UK 12%,
                                          Thailand 5% (2000)
                                 Imports: $152 million (f.o.b., 1999 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: plant and equipment, manufactured
                                          goods, food and live animals, fuels,
                                          chemicals
                      Imports - partners: Australia 27%, Singapore 25%, NZ
                                          5.5%, Japan 5.3%, US 5.1% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $137 million (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $28 million mainly from Japan,
                                          Australia, China, and NZ (2001 est.)
                                Currency: Solomon Islands dollar (SBD)
                           Currency code: SBD
                          Exchange rates: Solomon Islands dollars per US
                                          dollar - 5.3728 (December 2001),
                                          5.0889 (2000), 4.8381 (1999), 4.8156
                                          (1998), 3.7169 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Solomon Islands
     ------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 8,000 (1997)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 658 (1997)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: NA
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          station - 1 Intelsat (Pacific Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 3, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 57,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 0 (1997)
                             Televisions: 3,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .sb
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 3,000 (2000)
    
     Transportation Solomon Islands
     ------------------------------
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 1,360 km
                                          paved: 34 km
                                          unpaved: 1,326 km (includes about
                                          800 km of private plantation roads)
                                          (1996 est.)
                               Waterways: none
                       Ports and harbors: Aola Bay, Honiara, Lofung, Noro,
                                          Viru Harbor, Yandina
                         Merchant marine: none (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 31 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 2
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 29
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 9
                                          under 914 m: 19 (2001)
    
     Military Solomon Islands
     ------------------------
                        Military branches: no regular military forces; Solomon
                                           Islands National Reconnaissance and
                                           Surveillance Force; Royal Solomon
                                           Islands Police (RSIP)
            Military expenditures - dollar $NA
                                   figure:
        Military expenditures - percent of NA%
                                      GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Solomon Islands
     ------------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

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