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2 definitions found
 for Special constable
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Special \Spe"cial\, a. [L. specialis, fr. species a particular
     sort, kind, or quality: cf. F. sp['e]cial. See Species, and
     cf. Especial.]
     1. Of or pertaining to a species; constituting a species or
        sort.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A special is called by the schools a "species". --I.
                                                    Watts.
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     2. Particular; peculiar; different from others;
        extraordinary; uncommon.
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              Our Savior is represented everywhere in Scripture as
              the special patron of the poor and the afficted.
                                                    --Atterbury.
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              To this special evil an improvement of style would
              apply a special redress.              --De Quincey.
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     3. Appropriate; designed for a particular purpose, occasion,
        or person; as, a special act of Parliament or of Congress;
        a special sermon.
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     4. Limited in range; confined to a definite field of action,
        investigation, or discussion; as, a special dictionary of
        commercial terms; a special branch of study.
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     5. Chief in excellence. [Obs.]
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              The king hath drawn
              The special head of all the land together. --Shak.
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     Special administration (Law), an administration limited to
        certain specified effects or acts, or one granted during a
        particular time or the existence of a special cause, as
        during a controversy respecting the probate of a will, or
        the right of administration, etc.
  
     Special agency, an agency confined to some particular
        matter.
  
     Special bail, Bail above, or Bail to the action (Law),
        sureties who undertake that, if the defendant is
        convicted, he shall satisfy the plaintiff, or surrender
        himself into custody. --Tomlins. --Wharton (Law Dict.).
  
     Special constable. See under Constable. --Bouvier.
  
     Special damage (Law), a damage resulting from the act
        complained of, as a natural, but not the necessary,
        consequence of it.
  
     Special demurrer (Law), a demurrer for some defect of form
        in the opposite party pleading, in which the cause of
        demurrer is particularly stated.
  
     Special deposit, a deposit made of a specific thing to be
        kept distinct from others.
  
     Special homology. (Biol.) See under Homology.
  
     Special injuction (Law), an injuction granted on special
        grounds, arising of the circumstances of the case.
        --Daniell.
  
     Special issue (Law), an issue produced upon a special plea.
        --Stephen.
  
     Special jury (Law), a jury consisting of persons of some
        particular calling, station, or qualification, which is
        called upon motion of either party when the cause is
        supposed to require it; a struck jury.
  
     Special orders (Mil.), orders which do not concern, and are
        not published to, the whole command, such as those
        relating to the movement of a particular corps, a detail,
        a temporary camp, etc.
  
     Special partner, a limited partner; a partner with a
        limited or restricted responsibility; -- unknown at common
        law.
  
     Special partnership, a limited or particular partnership;
        -- a term sometimes applied to a partnership in a
        particular business, operation, or adventure.
  
     Special plea in bar (Law), a plea setting forth particular
        and new matter, distinguished from the general issue.
        --Bouvier.
  
     Special pleader (Law), originally, a counsel who devoted
        himself to drawing special counts and pleas; in a wider
        sense, a lawyer who draws pleadings.
  
     Special pleading (Law), the allegation of special or new
        matter, as distingiushed from a direct denial of matter
        previously alleged on the side. --Bouvier. The popular
        denomination of the whole science of pleading. --Stephen.
        The phrase is sometimes popularly applied to the specious,
        but unsound, argumentation of one whose aim is victory,
        and not truth. --Burrill.
  
     Special property (Law), a qualified or limited ownership
        possession, as in wild animals, things found or bailed.
  
     Special session, an extraordinary session; a session at an
        unusual time or for an unusual purpose; as, a special
        session of Congress or of a legislature.
  
     Special statute, or Special law, an act of the
        legislature which has reference to a particular person,
        place, or interest; a private law; -- in distinction
        from a general law or public law.
  
     Special verdict (Law), a special finding of the facts of
        the case, leaving to the court the application of the law
        to them. --Wharton (Law Dict.).
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: Peculiar; appropriate; specific; dictinctive;
          particular; exceptional; singular. See Peculiar.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Constable \Con"sta*ble\ (k[o^]n"st[.a]*b'l or
     k[u^]n"st[.a]*b'l), n. [OE. conestable, constable, a
     constable (in sense 1), OF. conestable, F. conn['e]table, LL.
     conestabulus, constabularius, comes stabuli, orig., count of
     the stable, master of the horse, equerry; comes count (L.
     companion) + L. stabulum stable. See Count a nobleman, and
     Stable.]
     1. A high officer in the monarchical establishments of the
        Middle Ages.
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     Note: The constable of France was the first officer of the
           crown, and had the chief command of the army. It was
           also his duty to regulate all matters of chivalry. The
           office was suppressed in 1627. The constable, or lord
           high constable, of England, was one of the highest
           officers of the crown, commander in chief of the
           forces, and keeper of the peace of the nation. He also
           had judicial cognizance of many important matters. The
           office was as early as the Conquest, but has been
           disused (except on great and solemn occasions), since
           the attainder of Stafford, duke of Buckingham, in the
           reign of Henry VIII.
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     2. (Law) An officer of the peace having power as a
        conservator of the public peace, and bound to execute the
        warrants of judicial officers. --Bouvier.
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     Note: In England, at the present time, the constable is a
           conservator of the peace within his district, and is
           also charged by various statutes with other duties,
           such as serving summons, precepts, warrants, etc. In
           the United States, constables are town or city officers
           of the peace, with powers similar to those of the
           constables of England. In addition to their duties as
           conservators of the peace, they are invested with
           others by statute, such as to execute civil as well as
           criminal process in certain cases, to attend courts,
           keep juries, etc. In some cities, there are officers
           called high constables, who act as chiefs of the
           constabulary or police force. In other cities the title
           of constable, as well as the office, is merged in that
           of the police officer.
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     High constable, a constable having certain duties and
        powers within a hundred. [Eng.]
  
     Petty constable, a conservator of the peace within a parish
        or tithing; a tithingman. [Eng.]
  
     Special constable, a person appointed to act as constable
        of special occasions.
  
     To overrun the constable, or outrun the constable, to
        spend more than one's income; to get into debt. [Colloq.]
        --Smollett.
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