dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


2 definitions found
 for Spirit of wine
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Spirit \Spir"it\, n. [OF. espirit, esperit, F. esprit, L.
     spiritus, from spirare to breathe, to blow. Cf. Conspire,
     Expire, Esprit, Sprite.]
     1. Air set in motion by breathing; breath; hence, sometimes,
        life itself. [Obs.] "All of spirit would deprive."
        --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The mild air, with season moderate,
              Gently attempered, and disposed eo well,
              That still it breathed foorth sweet spirit.
                                                    --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A rough breathing; an aspirate, as the letter h; also, a
        mark to denote aspiration; a breathing. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Be it a letter or spirit, we have great use for it.
                                                    --B. Jonson.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Life, or living substance, considered independently of
        corporeal existence; an intelligence conceived of apart
        from any physical organization or embodiment; vital
        essence, force, or energy, as distinct from matter.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. The intelligent, immaterial and immortal part of man; the
        soul, in distinction from the body in which it resides;
        the agent or subject of vital and spiritual functions,
        whether spiritual or material.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              There is a spirit in man; and the inspiration of the
              Almighty giveth them understanding.   --Job xxxii.
                                                    8.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              As the body without the spirit is dead, so faith
              without works is dead also.           --James ii.
                                                    26.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Spirit is a substance wherein thinking, knowing,
              doubting, and a power of moving, do subsist.
                                                    --Locke.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Specifically, a disembodied soul; the human soul after it
        has left the body.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Then shall the dust return to the earth as it was,
              and the spirit shall return unto God who gave it.
                                                    --Eccl. xii.
                                                    7.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Ye gentle spirits far away,
              With whom we shared the cup of grace. --Keble.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Any supernatural being, good or bad; an apparition; a
        specter; a ghost; also, sometimes, a sprite,; a fairy; an
        elf.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Whilst young, preserve his tender mind from all
              impressions of spirits and goblins in the dark.
                                                    --Locke.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. Energy, vivacity, ardor, enthusiasm, courage, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              "Write it then, quickly," replied Bede; and
              summoning all his spirits together, like the last
              blaze of a candle going out, he indited it, and
              expired.                              --Fuller.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. One who is vivacious or lively; one who evinces great
        activity or peculiar characteristics of mind or temper;
        as, a ruling spirit; a schismatic spirit.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Such spirits as he desired to please, such would I
              choose for my judges.                 --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. Temper or disposition of mind; mental condition or
        disposition; intellectual or moral state; -- often in the
        plural; as, to be cheerful, or in good spirits; to be
        downhearted, or in bad spirits.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              God has . . . made a spirit of building succeed a
              spirit of pulling down.               --South.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A perfect judge will read each work of wit
              With the same spirit that its author writ. --Pope.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. Intent; real meaning; -- opposed to the letter, or to
         formal statement; also, characteristic quality,
         especially such as is derived from the individual genius
         or the personal character; as, the spirit of an
         enterprise, of a document, or the like.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     11. Tenuous, volatile, airy, or vapory substance, possessed
         of active qualities.
         [1913 Webster]
  
               All bodies have spirits . . . within them. --Bacon.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     12. Any liquid produced by distillation; especially, alcohol,
         the spirits, or spirit, of wine (it having been first
         distilled from wine): -- often in the plural.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     13. pl. Rum, whisky, brandy, gin, and other distilled liquors
         having much alcohol, in distinction from wine and malt
         liquors.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     14. (Med.) A solution in alcohol of a volatile principle. Cf.
         Tincture. --U. S. Disp.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     15. (Alchemy) Any one of the four substances, sulphur, sal
         ammoniac, quicksilver, or arsenic (or, according to some,
         orpiment).
         [1913 Webster]
  
               The four spirits and the bodies seven. --Chaucer.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     16. (Dyeing) Stannic chloride. See under Stannic.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Spirit is sometimes joined with other words, forming
           compounds, generally of obvious signification; as,
           spirit-moving, spirit-searching, spirit-stirring, etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Astral spirits, Familiar spirits, etc. See under
        Astral, Familiar, etc.
  
     Animal spirits.
         (a) (Physiol.) The fluid which at one time was supposed
             to circulate through the nerves and was regarded as
             the agent of sensation and motion; -- called also the
             nervous fluid, or nervous principle.
         (b) Physical health and energy; frolicsomeness;
             sportiveness.
  
     Ardent spirits, strong alcoholic liquors, as brandy, rum,
        whisky, etc., obtained by distillation.
  
     Holy Spirit, or The Spirit (Theol.), the Spirit of God,
        or the third person of the Trinity; the Holy Ghost. The
        spirit also signifies the human spirit as influenced or
        animated by the Divine Spirit.
  
     Proof spirit. (Chem.) See under Proof.
  
     Rectified spirit (Chem.), spirit rendered purer or more
        concentrated by redistillation, so as to increase the
        percentage of absolute alcohol.
  
     Spirit butterfly (Zool.), any one of numerous species of
        delicate butterflies of tropical America belonging to the
        genus Ithomia. The wings are gauzy and nearly destitute
        of scales.
  
     Spirit duck. (Zool.)
         (a) The buffle-headed duck.
         (b) The golden-eye.
  
     Spirit lamp (Art), a lamp in which alcohol or methylated
        spirit is burned.
  
     Spirit level. See under Level.
  
     Spirit of hartshorn. (Old Chem.) See under Hartshorn.
  
     Spirit of Mindererus (Med.), an aqueous solution of acetate
        of ammonium; -- named after R. Minderer, physician of
        Augsburg.
  
     Spirit of nitrous ether (Med. Chem.), a pale yellow liquid,
        of a sweetish taste and a pleasant ethereal odor. It is
        obtained by the distillation of alcohol with nitric and
        sulphuric acids, and consists essentially of ethyl nitrite
        with a little acetic aldehyde. It is used as a
        diaphoretic, diuretic, antispasmodic, etc. Called also
        sweet spirit of niter.
  
     Spirit of salt (Chem.), hydrochloric acid; -- so called
        because obtained from salt and sulphuric acid. [Obs.]
  
     Spirit of sense, the utmost refinement of sensation. [Obs.]
        --Shak.
  
     Spirits of turpentine, or Spirit of turpentine (Chem.),
        rectified oil of turpentine, a transparent, colorless,
        volatile, and very inflammable liquid, distilled from the
        turpentine of the various species of pine; camphine. It is
        commonly used to remove paint from surfaces, or to dissole
        oil-based paint. See Camphine.
  
     Spirit of vitriol (Chem.), sulphuric acid; -- so called
        because formerly obtained by the distillation of green
        vitriol. [Obs.]
  
     Spirit of vitriolic ether (Chem.) ethyl ether; -- often but
        incorrectly called sulphuric ether. See Ether. [Obs.]
        
  
     Spirits of wine, or Spirit of wine (Chem.), alcohol; --
        so called because formerly obtained by the distillation of
        wine.
  
     Spirit rapper, one who practices spirit rapping; a "medium"
        so called.
  
     Spirit rapping, an alleged form of communication with the
        spirits of the dead by raps. See Spiritualism, 3.
  
     Sweet spirit of niter. See Spirit of nitrous ether,
        above.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: Life; ardor; energy; fire; courage; animatioon;
          cheerfulness; vivacity; enterprise.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Wine \Wine\, n. [OE. win, AS. win, fr. L. vinum (cf. Icel.
     v[imac]n; all from the Latin); akin to Gr. o'i^nos, ?, and E.
     withy. Cf. Vine, Vineyard, Vinous, Withy.]
     [1913 Webster]
     1. The expressed juice of grapes, esp. when fermented; a
        beverage or liquor prepared from grapes by squeezing out
        their juice, and (usually) allowing it to ferment. "Red
        wine of Gascoigne." --Piers Plowman.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Wine is a mocker, strong drink is raging, and
              whosoever is deceived thereby is not wise. --Prov.
                                                    xx. 1.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Bacchus, that first from out the purple grape
              Crushed the sweet poison of misused wine. --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Wine is essentially a dilute solution of ethyl alcohol,
           containing also certain small quantities of ethers and
           ethereal salts which give character and bouquet.
           According to their color, strength, taste, etc., wines
           are called red, white, spirituous, dry,
           light, still, etc.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A liquor or beverage prepared from the juice of any fruit
        or plant by a process similar to that for grape wine; as,
        currant wine; gooseberry wine; palm wine.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The effect of drinking wine in excess; intoxication.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Noah awoke from his wine.             --Gen. ix. 24.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Birch wine, Cape wine, etc. See under Birch, Cape,
        etc.
  
     Spirit of wine. See under Spirit.
  
     To have drunk wine of ape or To have drunk wine ape, to
        be so drunk as to be foolish. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
  
     Wine acid. (Chem.) See Tartaric acid, under Tartaric.
        [Colloq.]
  
     Wine apple (Bot.), a large red apple, with firm flesh and a
        rich, vinous flavor.
  
     Wine fly (Zool.), small two-winged fly of the genus
        Piophila, whose larva lives in wine, cider, and other
        fermented liquors.
  
     Wine grower, one who cultivates a vineyard and makes wine.
        
  
     Wine measure, the measure by which wines and other spirits
        are sold, smaller than beer measure.
  
     Wine merchant, a merchant who deals in wines.
  
     Wine of opium (Pharm.), a solution of opium in aromatized
        sherry wine, having the same strength as ordinary
        laudanum; -- also Sydenham's laudanum.
  
     Wine press, a machine or apparatus in which grapes are
        pressed to extract their juice.
  
     Wine skin, a bottle or bag of skin, used, in various
        countries, for carrying wine.
  
     Wine stone, a kind of crust deposited in wine casks. See
        1st Tartar, 1.
  
     Wine vault.
        (a) A vault where wine is stored.
        (b) A place where wine is served at the bar, or at tables;
            a dramshop. --Dickens.
  
     Wine vinegar, vinegar made from wine.
  
     Wine whey, whey made from milk coagulated by the use of
        wine.
        [1913 Webster]

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org