dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


3 definitions found
 for Sri Lanka
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Ceylon \Ceylon\ n.
     the former name of an island republic in the Indian Ocean off
     the southeast coast of India, now called Sri Lanka. It is
     an independent nation with an area of 25,332 sq. mi. and a
     population of about 14 million people.
  
     Syn: Sri Lanka.
          [WordNet 1.5]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Sri Lanka
      n 1: a republic on the island of Ceylon; became independent of
           the United Kingdom in 1948 [syn: Sri Lanka, Democratic
           Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, Ceylon]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Sri Lanka
  
     Introduction Sri Lanka
     ----------------------
                              Background: Occupied by the Portuguese in the
                                          16th century and the Dutch in the
                                          17th century, the island was ceded
                                          to the British in 1802. As Ceylon it
                                          became independent in 1948; its name
                                          was changed in 1972. Tensions
                                          between the Sinhalese majority and
                                          Tamil separatists erupted in
                                          violence in the mid-1980s. Tens of
                                          thousands have died in an ethnic war
                                          that continues to fester.
    
     Geography Sri Lanka
     -------------------
                                Location: Southern Asia, island in the Indian
                                          Ocean, south of India
                  Geographic coordinates: 7 00 N, 81 00 E
                          Map references: Asia
                                    Area: total: 65,610 sq km
                                          water: 870 sq km
                                          land: 64,740 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly larger than West Virginia
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 1,340 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                 Climate: tropical monsoon; northeast monsoon
                                          (December to March); southwest
                                          monsoon (June to October)
                                 Terrain: mostly low, flat to rolling plain;
                                          mountains in south-central interior
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Pidurutalagala 2,524
                                          m
                       Natural resources: limestone, graphite, mineral sands,
                                          gems, phosphates, clay, hydropower
                                Land use: arable land: 13.43%
                                          permanent crops: 15.78%
                                          other: 70.79% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 6,510 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: occasional cyclones and tornadoes
            Environment - current issues: deforestation; soil erosion;
                                          wildlife populations threatened by
                                          poaching and urbanization; coastal
                                          degradation from mining activities
                                          and increased pollution; freshwater
                                          resources being polluted by
                                          industrial wastes and sewage runoff;
                                          waste disposal; air pollution in
                                          Colombo
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer
                                          Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
    
                                          signed, but not ratified: Marine
                                          Life Conservation
                        Geography - note: strategic location near major Indian
                                          Ocean sea lanes
    
     People Sri Lanka
     ----------------
                              Population: 19,576,783
                                          note: since the outbreak of
                                          hostilities between the government
                                          and armed Tamil separatists in the
                                          mid-1980s, several hundred thousand
                                          Tamil civilians have fled the
                                          island; as of mid-1999,
                                          approximately 66,000 were housed in
                                          133 refugee camps in south India,
                                          another 40,000 lived outside the
                                          Indian camps, and more than 200,000
                                          Tamils have sought refuge in the
                                          West (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 25.6% (male 2,559,246;
                                          female 2,446,393)
                                          15-64 years: 67.7% (male 6,446,320;
                                          female 6,802,515)
                                          65 years and over: 6.7% (male
                                          628,398; female 693,911) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.85% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 16.36 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 6.45 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -1.39 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.95 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.91 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 15.65 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 72.35 years
                                          female: 75 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 69.83 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.93 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.07% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 7,500 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 490 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Sri Lankan(s)
                                          adjective: Sri Lankan
                           Ethnic groups: Sinhalese 74%, Tamil 18%, Moor 7%,
                                          Burgher, Malay, and Vedda 1%
                               Religions: Buddhist 70%, Hindu 15%, Christian
                                          8%, Muslim 7% (1999)
                               Languages: Sinhala (official and national
                                          language) 74%, Tamil (national
                                          language) 18%, other 8%
                                          note: English is commonly used in
                                          government and is spoken competently
                                          by about 10% of the population
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 90.2%
                                          male: 93.4%
                                          female: 87.2% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Sri Lanka
     --------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Democratic
                                          Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka
                                          conventional short form: Sri Lanka
                                          former: Serendib, Ceylon
                         Government type: republic
                                 Capital: Colombo; note - Sri Jayewardenepura
                                          Kotte is the legislative capital
                Administrative divisions: 8 provinces; Central, North Central,
                                          North Eastern, North Western,
                                          Sabaragamuwa, Southern, Uva,
                                          Western; note - North Eastern
                                          province may have been divided in
                                          two - Northern and Eastern
                            Independence: 4 February 1948 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 4 February (1948)
                            Constitution: adopted 16 August 1978
                            Legal system: a highly complex mixture of English
                                          common law, Roman-Dutch, Muslim,
                                          Sinhalese, and customary law; has
                                          not accepted compulsory ICJ
                                          jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Chandrika
                                          Bandaranaike KUMARATUNGA (since 12
                                          November 1994); note - Ranil
                                          WICKREMASINGHE (since 9 December
                                          2001) is the prime minister; in Sri
                                          Lanka the president is considered
                                          both the chief of state and head of
                                          government, in contrast to the more
                                          common practice of dividing the
                                          roles between the president and the
                                          prime minister when both offices
                                          exist
                                          head of government: President
                                          Chandrika Bandaranaike KUMARATUNGA
                                          (since 12 November 1994); note -
                                          Ranil WICKREMASINGHE (since 9
                                          December 2001) is the prime
                                          minister; in Sri Lanka the president
                                          is considered both the chief of
                                          state and head of government, in
                                          contrast to the more common practice
                                          of dividing the roles between the
                                          president and the prime minister
                                          when both offices exist
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed by the
                                          president in consultation with the
                                          prime minister
                                          elections: president elected by
                                          popular vote for a six-year term;
                                          election last held 21 December 1999
                                          (next to be held NA December 2005)
                                          election results: Chandrika
                                          Bandaranaike KUMARATUNGA reelected
                                          president; percent of vote -
                                          Chandrika Bandaranaike KUMARATUNGA
                                          (PA) 51%, Ranil WICKREMASINGHE (UNP)
                                          42%, other 7%
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Parliament (225 seats;
                                          members elected by popular vote on
                                          the basis of a modified proportional
                                          representation system by district to
                                          serve six-year terms)
                                          elections: last held 7 December 2001
                                          (next to be held NA December 2007)
                                          election results: percent of vote by
                                          party or electoral alliance - UNP,
                                          SLMC and CWC 46.8%, PA and EPDP 38%,
                                          JVP 9.1%, Tamil National Alliance
                                          3.89%, PLOTE 0.19%; seats by party
                                          or electoral alliance - UNP, SLMC
                                          and CWC 114, PA and EPDP 79, JVP 16,
                                          Tamil National Alliance 15, PLOTE 1
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court; Court of Appeals;
                                          judges for both courts are appointed
                                          by the president
           Political parties and leaders: All Ceylon Tamil Congress or ACTC
                                          [KUMARGURUPARAM]; Ceylon Workers
                                          Congress or CWC [Arumugam
                                          THONDAMAN]; Communist Party or CP
                                          [D. GUNASEKERA]; Democratic United
                                          National (Lalith) Front or DUNLF
                                          [Shrimani ATULATHMUDALI]; Eelam
                                          People's Democratic Party or EPDP
                                          [Douglas DEVANANDA]; Eelam People's
                                          Revolutionary Liberation Front or
                                          EPRLF [Suresh PREMACHANDRAN];
                                          Janatha Vimukthi Peramuna or JVP
                                          [Tilvan SILVA]; National Unity
                                          Alliance or NUA [Ferial ASHRAFF];
                                          People's Alliance or PA [Chandrika
                                          Bandaranaike KUMARATUNGA]; People's
                                          Liberation Organization of Tamil
                                          Eelam or PLOTE [leader NA]; Sihala
                                          Urumaya or SU [Tilak KARUNARATNE];
                                          Sri Lanka Freedom Party or SLFP
                                          [Chandrika Bandaranaike
                                          KUMARATUNGA]; Sri Lanka Muslim
                                          Congress or SLMC [Rauff HAKEEM]; Sri
                                          Lanka Progressive Front or SLPF [P.
                                          Nelson PERERA]; Tamil Eelam
                                          Liberation Organization or TELO
                                          [SABARATNAM]; Tamil National
                                          Alliance or TNA [Nadarajah RAVIRAJ];
                                          Tamil United Liberation Front or
                                          TULF [R. SAMPATHAN]; United National
                                          Party or UNP [Ranil WICKREMASINGHE];
                                          Upcountry People's Front or UPF [P.
                                          CHANDRASEKARAN]; several ethnic
                                          Tamil and Muslim parties,
                                          represented in either Parliament or
                                          provincial councils
            Political pressure groups and Buddhist clergy; labor unions;
                                 leaders: Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam or
                                          LTTE [Velupillai PRABHAKARAN]
                                          (insurgent group fighting for a
                                          separate state); radical chauvinist
                                          Sinhalese groups such as the
                                          National Movement Against Terrorism;
                                          Sinhalese Buddhist lay groups
               International organization AsDB, C, CCC, CP, ESCAP, FAO, G-15,
                           participation: G-24, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC,
                                          ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS,
                                          IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC,
                                          IOM, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAS (observer),
                                          OPCW, PCA, SAARC, UN, UNCTAD,
                                          UNESCO, UNIDO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU,
                                          WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Warnasena RASAPUTRAM
                                          consulate(s): New York
                                          consulate(s) general: Los Angeles
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 232-7181
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 483-4025
                                          (through 4028)
                                          chancery: 2148 Wyoming Avenue NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador E.
                                      US: Ashley WILLS
                                          embassy: 210 Galle Road, Colombo 3
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 106,
                                          Colombo
                                          telephone: [94] (1) 448007
                                          FAX: [94] (1) 437345
                        Flag description: yellow with two panels; the smaller
                                          hoist-side panel has two equal
                                          vertical bands of green (hoist side)
                                          and orange; the other panel is a
                                          large dark red rectangle with a
                                          yellow lion holding a sword, and
                                          there is a yellow bo leaf in each
                                          corner; the yellow field appears as
                                          a border around the entire flag and
                                          extends between the two panels
    
     Economy Sri Lanka
     -----------------
                      Economy - overview: In 1977, Colombo abandoned statist
                                          economic policies and its import
                                          substitution trade policy for
                                          market-oriented policies and export-
                                          oriented trade. Sri Lanka's most
                                          dynamic sectors now are food
                                          processing, textiles and apparel,
                                          food and beverages,
                                          telecommunications, and insurance
                                          and banking. By 1996 plantation
                                          crops made up only 20% of exports
                                          (compared with 93% in 1970), while
                                          textiles and garments accounted for
                                          63%. GDP grew at an average annual
                                          rate of 5.5% throughout the 1990s
                                          until a drought and a deteriorating
                                          security situation lowered growth to
                                          3.8% in 1996. The economy rebounded
                                          in 1997-2000 with average growth of
                                          5.3%. But 2001 saw the first
                                          contraction in the country's
                                          history, due to a combination of
                                          power shortages, severe budgetary
                                          problems, the global slowdown, and
                                          continuing civil strife.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $62.7
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -1% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $3,250
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 21%
                                          industry: 27%
                                          services: 52% (2000)
           Population below poverty line: 22% (1997 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.5%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 28% (1995)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 34.4 (1995)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 14.2% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 6.6 million (1998)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 45%, agriculture 38%,
                                          industry 17% (1998 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 7.7% (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $2.8 billion
                                          expenditures: $4.1 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $NA (2001 est.)
                              Industries: rubber processing, tea, coconuts,
                                          and other agricultural commodities;
                                          clothing, cement, petroleum
                                          refining, textiles, tobacco
       Industrial production growth rate: 1.4% (2001)
                Electricity - production: 6.619 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 31.86%
                                          hydro: 68.14%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 6.156 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, sugarcane, grains, pulses,
                                          oilseed, spices, tea, rubber,
                                          coconuts; milk, eggs, hides, beef
                                 Exports: $4.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: textiles and apparel 15%, tea,
                                          diamonds, coconut products,
                                          petroleum products
                      Exports - partners: US 39%, UK 13%, Middle East 8%,
                                          Germany 4%, Japan 4% (2000)
                                 Imports: $6 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and equipment, textiles,
                                          petroleum, foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: Japan 9%, India 8%, Hong Kong 7%,
                                          Singapore 7%, South Korea 5% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $9.9 billion (2000)
                Economic aid - recipient: $577 million (1998)
                                Currency: Sri Lankan rupee (LKR)
                           Currency code: LKR
                          Exchange rates: Sri Lankan rupees per US dollar -
                                          93.383 (January 2002), 89.383
                                          (2001), 77.005 (2000), 70.635
                                          (1999), 64.450 (1998), 58.995 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Sri Lanka
     ------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 494,509 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 228,604 (1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: very inadequate
                                          domestic service, particularly in
                                          rural areas; likely improvement with
                                          privatization of national telephone
                                          company and encouragement to private
                                          investment; good international
                                          service (1999)
                                          domestic: national trunk network
                                          consists mostly of digital microwave
                                          radio relay; fiber-optic links now
                                          in use in Colombo area and two fixed
                                          wireless local loops have been
                                          installed; competition is strong in
                                          mobile cellular systems; telephone
                                          density remains low at 2.6 main
                                          lines per 100 persons (1999)
                                          international: submarine cables to
                                          Indonesia and Djibouti; satellite
                                          earth stations - 2 Intelsat (Indian
                                          Ocean) (1999)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 26, FM 45, shortwave 1 (1998)
                                  Radios: 3.85 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 21 (1997)
                             Televisions: 1.53 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .lk
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 5 (2000)
                          Internet users: 121,500 (2001)
    
     Transportation Sri Lanka
     ------------------------
                                Railways: total: 1,463 km
                                          broad gauge: 1,404 km 1.676-m gauge
                                          narrow gauge: 59 km 0.762-m gauge
                                          (2001)
                                Highways: total: 11,285 km
                                          paved: 10,721 km
                                          unpaved: 564 km (1998 est.)
                               Waterways: 430 km (navigable by shallow-draft
                                          craft)
                               Pipelines: crude oil and petroleum products 62
                                          km (1987)
                       Ports and harbors: Colombo, Galle, Jaffna, Trincomalee
                         Merchant marine: total: 18 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 137,321 GRT/233,367 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 1, cargo 15,
                                          container 1, petroleum tanker 1,
                                          includes some foreign-owned ships
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Germany 9, Hong Kong 1,
                                          United Arab Emirates 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 15 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 14
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 7
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 6 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 1
                                          under 914 m: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Sri Lanka
     ------------------
                        Military branches: Army, Navy, Air Force, Police Force
         Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
         Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 5,347,153 (2002
                                           est.)
      Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 4,148,825 (2002
                                  service: est.)
     Military manpower - reaching military males: 193,522 (2002 est.)
                             age annually:
            Military expenditures - dollar $719 million (FY98)
                                   figure:
        Military expenditures - percent of 4.2% (FY98)
                                      GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Sri Lanka
     ------------------------------
                                                Disputes - international: none
    
                                         
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org