dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


3 definitions found
 for Switzerland
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Switzerland
      n 1: a landlocked federal republic in central Europe [syn:
           Switzerland, Swiss Confederation, Suisse, Schweiz,
           Svizzera]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Switzerland
  
     Introduction Switzerland
     ------------------------
                              Background: Switzerland's independence and
                                          neutrality have long been honored by
                                          the major European powers and
                                          Switzerland was not involved in
                                          either of the two World Wars. The
                                          political and economic integration
                                          of Europe over the past half
                                          century, as well as Switzerland's
                                          role in many UN and international
                                          organizations has strengthened
                                          Switzerland's ties with its
                                          neighbors. Switzerland is active in
                                          many UN and international
                                          organizations, but retains a strong
                                          commitment to neutrality.
    
     Geography Switzerland
     ---------------------
                                Location: Central Europe, east of France,
                                          north of Italy
                  Geographic coordinates: 47 00 N, 8 00 E
                          Map references: Europe
                                    Area: total: 41,290 sq km
                                          water: 1,520 sq km
                                          land: 39,770 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly less than twice the size of
                                          New Jersey
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,852 km
                                          border countries: Austria 164 km,
                                          France 573 km, Italy 740 km,
                                          Liechtenstein 41 km, Germany 334 km
                               Coastline: 0 km (landlocked)
                         Maritime claims: none (landlocked)
                                 Climate: temperate, but varies with altitude;
                                          cold, cloudy, rainy/snowy winters;
                                          cool to warm, cloudy, humid summers
                                          with occasional showers
                                 Terrain: mostly mountains (Alps in south,
                                          Jura in northwest) with a central
                                          plateau of rolling hills, plains,
                                          and large lakes
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Lake Maggiore 195 m
                                          highest point: Dufourspitze 4,634 m
                       Natural resources: hydropower potential, timber, salt
                                Land use: arable land: 10.57%
                                          permanent crops: 0.61%
                                          other: 88.82% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 250 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: avalanches, landslides, flash floods
            Environment - current issues: air pollution from vehicle emissions
                                          and open-air burning; acid rain;
                                          water pollution from increased use
                                          of agricultural fertilizers; loss of
                                          biodiversity
              Environment - international party to: Air Pollution, Air
                              agreements: Pollution-Nitrogen Oxides, Air
                                          Pollution-Persistent Organic
                                          Pollutants, Air Pollution-Sulphur
                                          85, Air Pollution-Sulphur 94, Air
                                          Pollution-Volatile Organic
                                          Compounds, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Marine Dumping,
                                          Marine Life Conservation, Nuclear
                                          Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection,
                                          Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands,
                                          Whaling
                                          signed, but not ratified: Antarctic-
                                          Environmental Protocol, Climate
                                          Change-Kyoto Protocol, Law of the
                                          Sea
                        Geography - note: landlocked; crossroads of northern
                                          and southern Europe; along with
                                          southeastern France and northern
                                          Italy, has the highest elevations in
                                          Europe
    
     People Switzerland
     ------------------
                              Population: 7,301,994 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 16.8% (male 629,513;
                                          female 597,472)
                                          15-64 years: 67.7% (male 2,512,273;
                                          female 2,433,396)
                                          65 years and over: 15.5% (male
                                          461,722; female 667,618) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.24% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 9.84 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 8.79 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 1.37 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.69 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.97 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 4.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 79.86 years
                                          female: 82.89 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 76.98 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.47 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.46% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 17,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 150 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Swiss (singular and plural)
                                          adjective: Swiss
                           Ethnic groups: German 65%, French 18%, Italian 10%,
                                          Romansch 1%, other 6%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 46.1%, Protestant
                                          40%, other 5%, none 8.9% (1990)
                               Languages: German (official) 63.7%, French
                                          (official) 19.2%, Italian (official)
                                          7.6%, Romansch 0.6%, other 8.9%
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 99% (1980 est.)
                                          male: NA%
                                          female: NA%
    
     Government Switzerland
     ----------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Swiss
                                          Confederation
                                          conventional short form: Switzerland
    
                                          local short form: Schweiz (German),
                                          Suisse (French), Svizzera (Italian)
                                          local long form: Schweizerische
                                          Eidgenossenschaft (German),
                                          Confederation Suisse (French),
                                          Confederazione Svizzera (Italian)
                         Government type: federal republic
                                 Capital: Bern
                Administrative divisions: 26 cantons (cantons, singular -
                                          canton in French; cantoni, singular
                                          - cantone in Italian; kantone,
                                          singular - kanton in German);
                                          Aargau, Appenzell Ausser-Rhoden,
                                          Appenzell Inner-Rhoden, Basel-
                                          Landschaft, Basel-Stadt, Bern,
                                          Fribourg, Geneve, Glarus,
                                          Graubunden, Jura, Luzern, Neuchatel,
                                          Nidwalden, Obwalden, Sankt Gallen,
                                          Schaffhausen, Schwyz, Solothurn,
                                          Thurgau, Ticino, Uri, Valais, Vaud,
                                          Zug, Zurich
                            Independence: 1 August 1291 (Founding of the Swiss
                                          Confederation)
                        National holiday: Founding of the Swiss Confederation,
                                          1 August (1291)
                            Constitution: 29 May 1874
                            Legal system: civil law system influenced by
                                          customary law; judicial review of
                                          legislative acts, except with
                                          respect to federal decrees of
                                          general obligatory character;
                                          accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction,
                                          with reservations
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Kasper
                                          VILLIGER (since 1 January 2002);
                                          Vice President Pascal COUCHEPIN
                                          (since 1 January 2002); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          head of government: President Kasper
                                          VILLIGER (since 1 January 2002);
                                          Vice President Pascal COUCHEPIN
                                          (since 1 January 2002); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          cabinet: Federal Council or
                                          Bundesrat (in German), Conseil
                                          Federal (in French), Consiglio
                                          Federale (in Italian) elected by the
                                          Federal Assembly from among its own
                                          members for a four-year term
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected by the Federal
                                          Assembly from among the members of
                                          the Federal Council for one-year
                                          terms that run concurrently;
                                          election last held 5 December 2001
                                          (next to be held NA December 2002)
                                          election results: Kasper VILLIGER
                                          elected president; percent of
                                          Federal Assembly vote - 74.4%;
                                          Pascal COUCHEPIN elected vice
                                          president; percent of legislative
                                          vote - 58.5%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Federal Assembly or
                                          Bundesversammlung (in German),
                                          Assemblee Federale (in French),
                                          Assemblea Federale (in Italian)
                                          consists of the Council of States or
                                          Standerat (in German), Conseil des
                                          Etats (in French), Consiglio degli
                                          Stati (in Italian) (46 seats -
                                          members serve four-year terms) and
                                          the National Council or Nationalrat
                                          (in German), Conseil National (in
                                          French), Consiglio Nazionale (in
                                          Italian) (200 seats - members are
                                          elected by popular vote on the basis
                                          of proportional representation to
                                          serve four-year terms)
                                          elections: Council of States - last
                                          held NA 1999 (each canton determines
                                          when the next election will be
                                          held); National Council - last held
                                          24 October 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          October 2003)
                                          election results: Council of States
                                          - percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - FDP 18, CVP 15, SVP
                                          7, SPS 6; National Council - percent
                                          of vote by party - SPS 22.5%, SVP
                                          22.6%, FDP 19.9%, CVP 15.8%, other
                                          small parties all under 5%; seats by
                                          party - SPS 51, SVP 44, FDP 43, CVP
                                          35, Green Party 9, other small
                                          parties 18
                         Judicial branch: Federal Supreme Court (judges
                                          elected for six-year terms by the
                                          Federal Assembly)
           Political parties and leaders: Christian Democratic People's Party
                                          (Christichdemokratische Volkspartei
                                          der Schweiz or CVP, Parti Democrate-
                                          Chretien Suisse or PDC, Partito
                                          Democratico-Cristiano Popolare
                                          Svizzero or PDC, Partida
                                          Cristiandemocratica dalla Svizra or
                                          PCD) [Philipp STAEHELIN, president];
                                          Green Party (Grune Partei der
                                          Schweiz or Grune, Parti Ecologiste
                                          Suisse or Les Verts, Partito
                                          Ecologista Svizzero or I Verdi,
                                          Partida Ecologica Svizra or La
                                          Verda) [Ruth GENNER and Patrice
                                          MUGNY, co-presidents]; Radical Free
                                          Democratic Party (Freisinnig-
                                          Demokratische Partei der Schweiz or
                                          FDP, Parti Radical-Democratique
                                          Suisse or PRD, Partitio Liberal-
                                          Radicale Svizzero or PLR) [Gerold
                                          BUEHRER, president]; Social
                                          Democratic Party
                                          (Sozialdemokratische Partei der
                                          Schweiz or SPS, Parti Socialist
                                          Suisse or PSS, Partito Socialista
                                          Svizzero or PSS, Partida
                                          Socialdemocratica de la Svizra or
                                          PSS) [Christiane BRUNNER,
                                          president]; Swiss People's Party
                                          (Schweizerische Volkspartei or SVP,
                                          Union Democratique du Centre or UDC,
                                          Unione Democratica de Centro or UDC,
                                          Uniun Democratica dal Center or UDC)
                                          [Ueli MAURER, president]; and other
                                          minor parties
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACCT, AfDB, AsDB, Australia Group,
                           participation: BIS, CCC, CE, CERN, EAPC, EBRD, ECE,
                                          EFTA, ESA, FAO, G-10, IADB, IAEA,
                                          IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICFTU, ICRM, IDA,
                                          IEA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF,
                                          IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU,
                                          LAIA (observer), MONUC, NAM (guest),
                                          NEA, NSG, OAS (observer), OECD,
                                          OPCW, OSCE, PCA, PFP, UN (observer),
                                          UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO,
                                          UNITAR, UNMEE, UNMIBH, UNMIK, UNMOP,
                                          UNOMIG, UNTSO, UNU, UPU, WCL, WHO,
                                          WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO, ZC
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          Christian BLICKENSTORFER
                                          consulate(s): Boston
                                          consulate(s) general: Atlanta,
                                          Chicago, Houston, Los Angeles, New
                                          York, and San Francisco
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 387-2564
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 745-7900
                                          chancery: 2900 Cathedral Avenue NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20008
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Mercer
                                      US: REYNOLDS III
                                          embassy: Jubilaeumstrasse 93, 3001
                                          Bern
                                          mailing address: use embassy street
                                          address
                                          telephone: [41] (031) 357 70 11
                                          FAX: [41] (031) 357 73 44
                        Flag description: red square with a bold, equilateral
                                          white cross in the center that does
                                          not extend to the edges of the flag
    
     Economy Switzerland
     -------------------
                      Economy - overview: Switzerland is a prosperous and
                                          stable modern market economy with a
                                          per capita GDP higher than that of
                                          the big western European economies.
                                          The Swiss in recent years have
                                          brought their economic practices
                                          largely into conformity with the
                                          EU's to enhance their international
                                          competitiveness. Although the Swiss
                                          are not pursuing full EU membership
                                          in the near term, in 1999 Bern and
                                          Brussels signed agreements to
                                          further liberalize trade ties. They
                                          continue to discuss further areas
                                          for cooperation. Switzerland remains
                                          a safe haven for investors, because
                                          it has maintained a degree of bank
                                          secrecy and has kept up the franc's
                                          long-term external value. The GDP
                                          growth rate dipped to 1.6% in 2001,
                                          and the government projects that it
                                          will slow further to 1.3% in 2002.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $226
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 1.6% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $31,100
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 2%
                                          industry: 34%
                                          services: 64% (2001 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 2.8%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 25.2% (1992)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 33.1 (1992)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1% (2001)
                             Labor force: 4 million (2001)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 69.1%, industry 26.3%,
                                          agriculture 4.6% (1998)
                       Unemployment rate: 1.8% (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $30 billion
                                          expenditures: $30 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2001
                                          est.)
                              Industries: machinery, chemicals, watches,
                                          textiles, precision instruments
       Industrial production growth rate: 3.2% (2001)
                Electricity - production: 64.182 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 3.96%
                                          hydro: 56.81%
                                          other: 2.3% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 36.93%
               Electricity - consumption: 52.62 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 31.4 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 24.33 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: grains, fruits, vegetables; meat,
                                          eggs
                                 Exports: $91.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Exports - commodities: machinery, chemicals, metals,
                                          watches, agricultural products
                      Exports - partners: EU 59% (Germany 21%, France 9%,
                                          Italy 8%, UK 6%, Austria 3%), US
                                          13%, Japan 4% (2000)
                                 Imports: $91.4 billion (f.o.b., 2001)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, chemicals, vehicles,
                                          metals; agricultural products,
                                          textiles
                      Imports - partners: EU 74% (Germany 29%, France 10%,
                                          Italy 9%, Netherlands 6%, UK 6%), US
                                          8%, Japan 3% (2000)
                         Debt - external: $NA
                    Economic aid - donor: ODA, $1.1 billion (1995)
                                Currency: Swiss franc (CHF)
                           Currency code: CHF
                          Exchange rates: Swiss francs per US dollar - 1.6668
                                          (January 2002), 1.6876 (2001),
                                          1.6888 (2000), 1.5022 (1999), 1.4498
                                          (1998), 1.4513 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Switzerland
     --------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 4.82 million (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1.967 million (1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: excellent
                                          domestic and international services
                                          domestic: extensive cable and
                                          microwave radio relay networks
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                          Ocean and Indian Ocean)
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 4, FM 113 (plus many low power
                                          stations), shortwave 2 (1998)
                                  Radios: 7.1 million (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 115 (plus 1,919 repeaters) (1995)
                             Televisions: 3.31 million (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ch
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 44 (Switzerland and Liechtenstein)
                                          (2000)
                          Internet users: 3.41 million (2001)
    
     Transportation Switzerland
     --------------------------
                                Railways: total: 4,406 km
                                          standard gauge: 3,440 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge
                                          dual gauge: 56 km 1.435-m and 1.000-
                                          m gauges (3 rail system)
                                          note: Swiss railways are virtually
                                          all electrified (2001)
                                          narrow gauge: 900 km 1.000-m gauge;
                                          10 km 0.800-m gauge
                                Highways: total: 71,059 km (including 1,638 km
                                          of expressways)
                                          paved: 71,059 km
                                          unpaved: 0 km (1999)
                               Waterways: 65 km
                                          note: The Rhine carries heavy
                                          traffic on the Basel-Rheinfelden and
                                          Schaffhausen-Bodensee stretches;
                                          there are also 12 navigable lakes
                               Pipelines: crude oil 314 km; natural gas 1,506
                                          km
                       Ports and harbors: Basel
                         Merchant marine: total: 26 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 509,943 GRT/896,309 DWT
                                          ships by type: bulk 15, cargo 6,
                                          chemical tanker 4, petroleum tanker
                                          1
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience:, United Kingdom 6,
                                          United States 1 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 66 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 42
                                          over 3,047 m: 3
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 5
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 8
                                          under 914 m: 15 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 11
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 24
                                          under 914 m: 24 (2001)
                               Heliports: 1 (2001)
    
     Military Switzerland
     --------------------
                         Military branches: Army, Air Force, Frontier Guards,
                                            Fortification Guards
          Military manpower - military age: 20 years of age (2002 est.)
          Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 1,841,867 (2002
                                            est.)
       Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 1,561,689 (2002
                                   service: est.)
      Military manpower - reaching military males: 42,597 (2002 est.)
                              age annually:
             Military expenditures - dollar $2.548 billion (FY01)
                                    figure:
         Military expenditures - percent of 1% (FY01)
                                       GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Switzerland
     --------------------------------
                Disputes - international: none
                           Illicit drugs: because of more stringent government
                                          regulations, used significantly less
                                          as a money-laundering center;
                                          transit country for and consumer of
                                          South American cocaine and Southwest
                                          Asian heroin
    
                                         
  
  

From U.S. Gazetteer Counties (2000) :

  Switzerland -- U.S. County in Indiana
     Population (2000):    9065
     Housing Units (2000): 4226
     Land area (2000):     221.181032 sq. miles (572.856219 sq. km)
     Water area (2000):    2.340200 sq. miles (6.061090 sq. km)
     Total area (2000):    223.521232 sq. miles (578.917309 sq. km)
     Located within:       Indiana (IN), FIPS 18
     Location:             38.820999 N, 84.989245 W
     Headwords:
      Switzerland
      Switzerland, IN
      Switzerland County
      Switzerland County, IN
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org