The DICT Development Group
5 definitions found
for SyllogismFrom The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :
Syllogism \Syl"lo*gism\, n. [OE. silogisme, OF. silogime,
sillogisme, F. syllogisme, L. syllogismus, Gr. syllogismo`s a
reckoning all together, a reasoning, syllogism, fr.
syllogi`zesqai to reckon all together, to bring at once
before the mind, to infer, conclude; sy`n with, together +
logi`zesqai to reckon, to conclude by reasoning. See Syn-,
and Logistic, Logic.] (Logic)
The regular logical form of every argument, consisting of
three propositions, of which the first two are called the
premises, and the last, the conclusion. The conclusion
necessarily follows from the premises; so that, if these are
true, the conclusion must be true, and the argument amounts
to demonstration;
Note: as in the following example:
[1913 Webster] Every virtue is laudable; Kindness is a
virtue; Therefore kindness is laudable.
[1913 Webster] These propositions are denominated
respectively the major premise, the minor premise, and
the conclusion.
[1913 Webster]
Note: If the premises are not true and the syllogism is
regular, the reasoning is valid, and the conclusion,
whether true or false, is correctly derived.
[1913 Webster] Syllogistic
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :
syllogism
n 1: deductive reasoning in which a conclusion is derived from
two premises
From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :
32 Moby Thesaurus words for "syllogism":
Aristotelian sorites, Baconian method, Goclenian sorites,
a fortiori reasoning, a posteriori reasoning, a priori reasoning,
analysis, categorical syllogism, deduction, deductive reasoning,
dilemma, enthymeme, epagoge, figure, generalization,
hypothesis and verification, induction, inductive reasoning,
inference, mode, modus tollens, mood, paralogism,
particularization, philosophical induction, prosyllogism,
pseudosyllogism, rule, rule of deduction, sorites,
syllogistic reasoning, synthesis
From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :
syllogism
/sil'oh-jiz`*m/ Deductive reasoning in which a
conclusion is derived from two premises. The conclusion
necessarily follows from the premises so that, if these are
true, the conclusion must be true, and the syllogism amounts
to demonstration. To put it another way, the premises imply
the conclusion.
For example, every virtue is laudable; kindness is a virtue;
therefore kindness is laudable.
Strangely, a syllogism can still be true if the premises are
false.
Compare inference rule.
[Relationship between premises?]
(2009-10-28)
From The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906) :
SYLLOGISM, n. A logical formula consisting of a major and a minor
assumption and an inconsequent. (See LOGIC.)
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