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2 definitions found
 for TeX
From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

  TeX
   /tekh/, n.
  
      An extremely powerful macro-based text formatter written by Donald E. {
      Knuth, very popular in the computer-science community (it is good enough
      to have displaced Unix troff, the other favored formatter, even at many
      Unix installations). TeX fans insist on the correct (guttural)
      pronunciation, and the correct spelling (all caps, squished together, with
      the E depressed below the baseline; the mixed-case ?TeX? is considered an
      acceptable kluge on ASCII-only devices). Fans like to proliferate names
      from the word ?TeX? ? such as TeXnician (TeX user), TeXhacker (TeX
      programmer), TeXmaster (competent TeX programmer), TeXhax, and TeXnique.
      See also CrApTeX.
  
      Knuth began TeX because he had become annoyed at the declining quality of
      the typesetting in volumes I--III of his monumental Art of Computer
      Programming (see Knuth, also bible). In a manifestation of the typical
      hackish urge to solve the problem at hand once and for all, he began to
      design his own typesetting language. He thought he would finish it on his
      sabbatical in 1978; he was wrong by only about 8 years. The language was
      finally frozen around 1985, but volume IV of The Art of Computer
      Programming is not expected to appear until 2007. The impact and influence
      of TeX's design has been such that nobody minds this very much. Many grand
      hackish projects have started as a bit of toolsmithing on the way to
      something else; Knuth's diversion was simply on a grander scale than most.
  
      TeX has also been a noteworthy example of free, shared, but high-quality
      software. Knuth offers a monetary award to anyone who found and reported
      bugs dating from before the 1989 code freeze; as the years wore on and the
      few remaining bugs were fixed (and new ones even harder to find), the bribe
      went up. Though well-written, TeX is so large (and so full of cutting edge
      technique) that it is said to have unearthed at least one bug in every
      Pascal system it has been compiled with.
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  TeX
  
      /tekh/ An extremely powerful macro-based text
     formatter written by Donald Knuth, very popular in academia,
     especially in the computer-science community (it is good
     enough to have displaced Unix troff, the other favoured
     formatter, even at many Unix installations).
  
     The first version of TeX was written in the programming
     language SAIL, to run on a PDP-10 under Stanford's WAITS
     operating system.
  
     Knuth began TeX because he had become annoyed at the declining
     quality of the typesetting in volumes I-III of his monumental
     "Art of Computer Programming" (see Knuth, also bible).  In
     a manifestation of the typical hackish urge to solve the
     problem at hand once and for all, he began to design his own
     typesetting language.  He thought he would finish it on his
     sabbatical in 1978; he was wrong by only about 8 years.  The
     language was finally frozen around 1985, but volume IV of "The
     Art of Computer Programming" has yet to appear as of mid-1997.
     (However, the third edition of volumes I and II have come
     out).  The impact and influence of TeX's design has been such
     that nobody minds this very much.  Many grand hackish projects
     have started as a bit of toolsmithing on the way to
     something else; Knuth's diversion was simply on a grander
     scale than most.
  
     Guy Steele happened to be at Stanford during the summer of
     1978, when Knuth was developing his first version of TeX.
     When he returned to MIT that fall, he rewrote TeX's I/O to
     run under ITS.
  
     TeX has also been a noteworthy example of free, shared, but
     high-quality software.  Knuth offers monetary awards to people
     who find and report a bug in it: for each bug the award is
     doubled.  (This has not made Knuth poor, however, as there
     have been very few bugs and in any case a cheque proving that
     the owner found a bug in TeX is rarely cashed).  Though
     well-written, TeX is so large (and so full of cutting edge
     technique) that it is said to have unearthed at least one bug
     in every Pascal system it has been compiled with.
  
     TeX fans insist on the correct (guttural) pronunciation, and
     the correct spelling (all caps, squished together, with the E
     depressed below the baseline; the mixed-case "TeX" is
     considered an acceptable kluge on ASCII-only devices).
     Fans like to proliferate names from the word "TeX" - such as
     TeXnician (TeX user), TeXhacker (TeX programmer), TeXmaster
     (competent TeX programmer), TeXhax, and TeXnique.
  
     Several document processing systems are based on TeX, notably
     LaTeX Lamport TeX - incorporates document styles for books,
     letters, slides, etc., jadeTeX uses TeX as a backend for
     printing from James' DSSSL Engine, and Texinfo, the GNU
     document processing system.  Numerous extensions to TeX exist,
     among them BibTeX for bibliographies (distributed with
     LaTeX), PDFTeX modifies TeX to produce PDF and Omega
     extends TeX to use the Unicode character set.
  
     For some reason, TeX uses its own variant of the point, the
     TeX point.
  
     See also Comprehensive TeX Archive Network.
  
     ftp://labrea.stanford.edu/tex/)">(ftp://labrea.stanford.edu/tex/).
  
     E-mail:  (TeX User's group, Oregon, USA).
  
     (2002-03-11)
  

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