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2 definitions found
 for Trinidad and Tobago
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Trinidad and Tobago
      n 1: an island republic in the West Indies off the northeastern
           coast of Venezuela; achieved independence from the United
           Kingdom in 1962 [syn: Trinidad and Tobago, Republic of
           Trinidad and Tobago]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Trinidad and Tobago
  
     Introduction Trinidad and Tobago
     --------------------------------
                              Background: The islands came under British
                                          control in the 19th century;
                                          independence was granted in 1962.
                                          The country is one of the most
                                          prosperous in the Caribbean thanks
                                          largely to petroleum and natural gas
                                          production and processing. Tourism,
                                          mostly in Tobago, is targeted for
                                          expansion and is growing.
    
     Geography Trinidad and Tobago
     -----------------------------
                                Location: Caribbean, islands between the
                                          Caribbean Sea and the North Atlantic
                                          Ocean, northeast of Venezuela
                  Geographic coordinates: 11 00 N, 61 00 W
                          Map references: Central America and the Caribbean
                                    Area: total: 5,128 sq km
                                          land: 5,128 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Delaware
                         Land boundaries: 0 km
                               Coastline: 362 km
                         Maritime claims: measured from claimed archipelagic
                                          baselines
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          outer edge of the continental margin
    
                                          contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                 Climate: tropical; rainy season (June to
                                          December)
                                 Terrain: mostly plains with some hills and
                                          low mountains
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Caribbean Sea 0 m
                                          highest point: El Cerro del Aripo
                                          940 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas, asphalt
                                Land use: arable land: 14.62%
                                          permanent crops: 9.16%
                                          other: 76.22% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 30 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: outside usual path of hurricanes and
                                          other tropical storms
            Environment - current issues: water pollution from agricultural
                                          chemicals, industrial wastes, and
                                          raw sewage; oil pollution of
                                          beaches; deforestation; soil erosion
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Climate Change-Kyoto
                                          Protocol, Desertification,
                                          Endangered Species, Hazardous
                                          Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Life
                                          Conservation, Nuclear Test Ban,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 83,
                                          Tropical Timber 94, Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: Pitch Lake, on Trinidad's
                                          southwestern coast, is the world's
                                          largest natural reservoir of asphalt
    
     People Trinidad and Tobago
     --------------------------
                              Population: 1,163,724 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 23% (male 136,807;
                                          female 131,177)
                                          15-64 years: 70.2% (male 419,847;
                                          female 396,643)
                                          65 years and over: 6.8% (male
                                          35,146; female 44,104) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: -0.52% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 13.66 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 8.81 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -10.02 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.8 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.04 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 24.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 68.59 years
                                          female: 71.25 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 66.04 years
                    Total fertility rate: 1.8 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 1.05% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 7,800 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 530 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Trinidadian(s), Tobagonian(s)
                                          adjective: Trinidadian, Tobagonian
                           Ethnic groups: black 39.5%, East Indian (a local
                                          term - primarily immigrants from
                                          northern India) 40.3%, mixed 18.4%,
                                          white 0.6%, Chinese and other 1.2%
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 29.4%, Hindu 23.8%,
                                          Anglican 10.9%, Muslim 5.8%,
                                          Presbyterian 3.4%, other 26.7%
                               Languages: English (official), Hindi, French,
                                          Spanish, Chinese
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 94% (2000)
                                          male: 95.9% (1999)
                                          female: 91.7% (1999)
    
     Government Trinidad and Tobago
     ------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Republic of
                                          Trinidad and Tobago
                                          conventional short form: Trinidad
                                          and Tobago
                         Government type: parliamentary democracy
                                 Capital: Port-of-Spain
                Administrative divisions: 8 counties, 3 municipalities*, and 1
                                          ward**; Arima*, Caroni, Mayaro,
                                          Nariva, Port-of-Spain*, Saint
                                          Andrew, Saint David, Saint George,
                                          Saint Patrick, San Fernando*,
                                          Tobago**, Victoria
                            Independence: 31 August 1962 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 31 August (1962)
                            Constitution: 1 August 1976
                            Legal system: based on English common law;
                                          judicial review of legislative acts
                                          in the Supreme Court; has not
                                          accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Arthur
                                          Napoleon Raymond ROBINSON (since 18
                                          March 1997)
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          Patrick MANNING (since 24 December
                                          2001)
                                          cabinet: Cabinet appointed from
                                          among the members of Parliament
                                          elections: president elected by an
                                          electoral college, which consists of
                                          the members of the Senate and House
                                          of Representatives, for a five-year
                                          term; election last held 10 December
                                          2001 (next to be held NA 2006); the
                                          president usually appoints as prime
                                          minister the leader of the majority
                                          party in the House of
                                          Representatives
                                          election results: Arthur Napoleon
                                          Raymond ROBINSON elected president;
                                          percent of electoral college vote -
                                          69%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral Parliament consists of the
                                          Senate (31 seats; members appointed
                                          by the president for a maximum term
                                          of five years) and the House of
                                          Representatives (36 seats; members
                                          are elected by popular vote to serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          elections: House of Representatives
                                          - last held 10 December 2001 (next
                                          to be held by December 2006)
                                          note: Tobago has a unicameral House
                                          of Assembly, with 15 members serving
                                          four-year terms
                                          election results: House of
                                          Representatives - percent of vote -
                                          UNC 49.9%, PNM 46.5%; seats by party
                                          - UNC 18, PNM 18
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court of Judicature
                                          (comprised of the High Court of
                                          Justice and the Court of Appeals;
                                          the chief justice is appointed by
                                          the president on the advice of the
                                          prime minister and the leader of the
                                          opposition; other justices are
                                          appointed by the president on the
                                          advice of the Judicial and Legal
                                          Service Commission); High Court of
                                          Justice; Court of Appeals the
                                          highest court of appeal is the Privy
                                          Council in London
           Political parties and leaders: National Alliance for Reconstruction
                                          or NAR [Hochoy CHARLES]; People's
                                          Empowerment Party or PEP [leader
                                          NA]; People's National Movement or
                                          PNM [Patrick MANNING]; Team Unity or
                                          TUN [Ramesh MAHARAJ]; United
                                          National Congress or UNC [Basdeo
                                          PANDAY]
            Political pressure groups and Jamaat-al Musilmeen [Yasin BAKR]
                                 leaders:
               International organization ACP, C, Caricom, CCC, CDB, ECLAC,
                           participation: FAO, G-24, G-77, IADB, IBRD, ICAO,
                                          ICFTU, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS,
                                          IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC,
                                          ISO, ITU, LAES, NAM, OAS, OPANAL,
                                          OPCW, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO,
                                          UNU, UPU, WCL, WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO,
                                          WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador
                                          (vacant); Charge d'Affaires
                                          Mackisack LOGIE
                                          chancery: 1708 Massachusetts Avenue
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20036
                                          consulate(s) general: Miami and New
                                          York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 785-3130
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 467-6490
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Roy
                                      US: AUSTIN
                                          embassy: 15 Queen's Park West, Port-
                                          of-Spain
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 752,
                                          Port-of-Spain
                                          telephone: [1] (868) 622-6371
                                          through 6376
                                          FAX: [1] (868) 628-5462
                        Flag description: red with a white-edged black
                                          diagonal band from the upper hoist
                                          side
    
     Economy Trinidad and Tobago
     ---------------------------
                      Economy - overview: Trinidad and Tobago has earned a
                                          reputation as an excellent
                                          investment site for international
                                          businesses. A leading performer in
                                          the past 4 years has been the
                                          booming natural gas sector. Tourism
                                          is a growing sector, although not
                                          proportionately as important as in
                                          many other Caribbean islands. The
                                          expected recovery of the global
                                          economy, along with anticipated
                                          higher oil prices, are plus factors
                                          for 2002. Negative factors are
                                          persistent high unemployment and the
                                          political uncertainties following
                                          the contentious selection of a new
                                          government in December 2001.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $10.6
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 4% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $9,000
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 1.6%
                                          industry: 43.2%
                                          services: 55.2% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: 21% (1992 est.)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 5.6% (2001 est.)
                             Labor force: 564,000 (2000)
             Labor force - by occupation: construction and utilities 12.4%,
                                          manufacturing, mining, and quarrying
                                          14%, agriculture 9.5%, services
                                          64.1% (1997 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: 11.8% (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $1.54 billion
                                          expenditures: $1.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $117.3 million (1998)
                              Industries: petroleum, chemicals, tourism, food
                                          processing, cement, beverage, cotton
                                          textiles
       Industrial production growth rate: 4.2% (2001)
                Electricity - production: 5.153 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 99.59%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0.41% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 4.792 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: cocoa, sugarcane, rice, citrus,
                                          coffee, vegetables; poultry
                                 Exports: $4.1 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: petroleum and petroleum products,
                                          chemicals, steel products,
                                          fertilizer, sugar, cocoa, coffee,
                                          citrus, flowers
                      Exports - partners: US 45.9%, Caricom countries 26.1%,
                                          Latin America 9.5%, EU 5.7% (1999)
                                 Imports: $3.5 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, transportation equipment,
                                          manufactured goods, food, live
                                          animals
                      Imports - partners: US 39.8%, Venezuela 11.9%, EU 11%,
                                          Caricom 4.8% (1999)
                         Debt - external: $2.2 billion (2000 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $24 million (1999 est.)
                                Currency: Trinidad and Tobago dollar (TTD)
                           Currency code: TTD
                          Exchange rates: Trinidad and Tobago dollars per US
                                          dollar - 6.2466 (January 2002),
                                          6.2332 (2001), 6.2998 (2000), 6.2989
                                          (1999), 6.2983 (1998), 6.2517 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: 1 October - 30 September
    
     Communications Trinidad and Tobago
     ----------------------------------
            Telephones - main lines in use: 252,000 (1999)
              Telephones - mobile cellular: 17,411 (1997)
                          Telephone system: general assessment: excellent
                                            international service; good local
                                            service
                                            domestic: NA
                                            international: satellite earth
                                            station - 1 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                            Ocean); tropospheric scatter to
                                            Barbados and Guyana
                  Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 12, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                    Radios: 680,000 (1997)
             Television broadcast stations: 4 (1997)
                               Televisions: 425,000 (1997)
                     Internet country code: .tt
         Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 17 (2000)
                            Internet users: 42,800 (2001)
    
     Transportation Trinidad and Tobago
     ----------------------------------
                                Railways: minimal agricultural railroad system
                                          near San Fernando; common carrier
                                          railway service was discontinued in
                                          1968 (2001)
                                Highways: total: 8,320 km
                                          paved: 4,252 km
                                          unpaved: 4,068 km (1996)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 1,032 km; petroleum
                                          products 19 km; natural gas 904 km
                       Ports and harbors: Pointe-a-Pierre, Point Fortin, Point
                                          Lisas, Port-of-Spain, Scarborough,
                                          Tembladora
                         Merchant marine: total: 3 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 5,910 GRT/7,546 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 2, petroleum
                                          tanker 1
                                          note: includes a foreign-owned ship
                                          registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: United States 1 (2002
                                          est.)
                                Airports: 6 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                          over 3,047 m: 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 1 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 1
                                          under 914 m: 2 (2001)
    
     Military Trinidad and Tobago
     ----------------------------
                       Military branches: Trinidad and Tobago Defense Force
                                          (including Ground Force, Coast
                                          Guard, and Air Wing), Trinidad and
                                          Tobago Police Service
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 347,831 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 248,324 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
           Military expenditures - dollar $90 million (1999)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.4% (1999)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Trinidad and Tobago
     ----------------------------------------
                 Disputes - international: none
                            Illicit drugs: transshipment point for South
                                           American drugs destined for the US
                                           and Europe; producer of cannabis
    
                                         
  
  

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