dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


2 definitions found
 for United Arab Emirates
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  United Arab Emirates
      n 1: a federation of seven Arab emirates on the eastern Arabian
           peninsula; achieved independence from the United Kingdom in
           1971; rich in oil reserves

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  United Arab Emirates
  
     Introduction United Arab Emirates
     ---------------------------------
                              Background: The Trucial States of the Persian
                                          Gulf coast granted the UK control of
                                          their defense and foreign affairs in
                                          19th century treaties. In 1971, six
                                          of these states - Abu Zaby, 'Ajman,
                                          Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah, Dubayy,
                                          and Umm al Qaywayn - merged to form
                                          the United Arab Emirates (UAE). They
                                          were joined in 1972 by Ra's al
                                          Khaymah. The UAE's per capita GDP is
                                          not far below those of leading West
                                          European nations. Its generosity
                                          with oil revenues and its moderate
                                          foreign policy stance have allowed
                                          the UAE to play a vital role in the
                                          affairs of the region.
    
     Geography United Arab Emirates
     ------------------------------
                                Location: Middle East, bordering the Gulf of
                                          Oman and the Persian Gulf, between
                                          Oman and Saudi Arabia
                  Geographic coordinates: 24 00 N, 54 00 E
                          Map references: Middle East
                                    Area: total: 82,880 sq km
                                          land: 82,880 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than Maine
                         Land boundaries: total: 867 km
                                          border countries: Oman 410 km, Saudi
                                          Arabia 457 km
                               Coastline: 1,318 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200 NM or to the
                                          edge of the continental margin
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: desert; cooler in eastern mountains
                                 Terrain: flat, barren coastal plain merging
                                          into rolling sand dunes of vast
                                          desert wasteland; mountains in east
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Persian Gulf 0 m
                                          highest point: Jabal Yibir 1,527 m
                       Natural resources: petroleum, natural gas
                                Land use: arable land: 0.48%
                                          permanent crops: 0.49%
                                          other: 99.03% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 720 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: frequent sand and dust storms
            Environment - current issues: lack of natural freshwater resources
                                          compensated by desalination plants;
                                          desertification; beach pollution
                                          from oil spills
              Environment - international party to: Biodiversity, Climate
                              agreements: Change, Desertification, Endangered
                                          Species, Hazardous Wastes, Marine
                                          Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection
                                          signed, but not ratified: Law of the
                                          Sea
                        Geography - note: strategic location along southern
                                          approaches to Strait of Hormuz, a
                                          vital transit point for world crude
                                          oil
    
     People United Arab Emirates
     ---------------------------
                              Population: 2,445,989
                                          note: includes 1,576,472 non-
                                          nationals (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 27.7% (male 345,077;
                                          female 331,545)
                                          15-64 years: 69.7% (male 1,069,443;
                                          female 635,275)
                                          65 years and over: 2.6% (male
                                          45,989; female 18,660) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 1.58% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 18.3 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 3.9 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: 1.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 1.68 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 2.46 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 1.48 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 16.12 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 74.52 years
                                          female: 77.1 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 72.06 years
                    Total fertility rate: 3.16 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.18% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ NA
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                             Nationality: noun: Emirati(s)
                                          adjective: Emirati
                           Ethnic groups: Emirati 19%, other Arab and Iranian
                                          23%, South Asian 50%, other
                                          expatriates (includes Westerners and
                                          East Asians) 8% (1982)
                                          note: less than 20% are UAE citizens
                                          (1982)
                               Religions: Muslim 96% (Shi'a 16%), Christian,
                                          Hindu, and other 4%
                               Languages: Arabic (official), Persian, English,
                                          Hindi, Urdu
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 79.2%
                                          male: 78.9%
                                          female: 79.8% (1995 est.)
    
     Government United Arab Emirates
     -------------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: United Arab
                                          Emirates
                                          conventional short form: none
                                          local long form: Al Imarat al
                                          Arabiyah al Muttahidah
                                          abbreviation: UAE
                                          former: Trucial Oman, Trucial States
    
                                          local short form: none
                         Government type: federation with specified powers
                                          delegated to the UAE federal
                                          government and other powers reserved
                                          to member emirates
                                 Capital: Abu Dhabi
                Administrative divisions: 7 emirates (imarat, singular -
                                          imarah); Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi),
                                          'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Ash Shariqah
                                          (Sharjah), Dubayy (Dubai), Ra's al
                                          Khaymah, Umm al Qaywayn
                            Independence: 2 December 1971 (from UK)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 2 December (1971)
                            Constitution: 2 December 1971 (made permanent in
                                          1996)
                            Legal system: federal court system introduced in
                                          1971; all emirates except Dubayy
                                          (Dubai) and Ra's al Khaymah have
                                          joined the federal system; all
                                          emirates have secular and Islamic
                                          law for civil, criminal, and high
                                          courts
                                Suffrage: none
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President ZAYID bin
                                          Sultan Al Nuhayyan (since 2 December
                                          1971), ruler of Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi)
                                          (since 6 August 1966) and Vice
                                          President MAKTUM bin Rashid al-
                                          Maktum (since 8 October 1990), ruler
                                          of Dubayy (Dubai)
                                          note: there is also a Federal
                                          Supreme Council (FSC) composed of
                                          the seven emirate rulers; the FSC is
                                          the highest constitutional authority
                                          in the UAE; establishes general
                                          policies and sanctions federal
                                          legislation; meets four times a
                                          year; Abu Zaby (Abu Dhabi) and
                                          Dubayy (Dubai) rulers have effective
                                          veto power
                                          head of government: Prime Minister
                                          MAKTUM bin Rashid al-Maktum (since 8
                                          October 1990), ruler of Dubayy
                                          (Dubai); Deputy Prime Minister
                                          SULTAN bin Zayid Al Nuhayyan (since
                                          20 November 1990)
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected by the FSC (a
                                          group of seven electors) for five-
                                          year terms; election last held 2
                                          December 2001 (next to be held NA
                                          2006); prime minister and deputy
                                          prime minister appointed by the
                                          president
                                          election results: ZAYID bin Sultan
                                          Al Nuhayyan reelected president;
                                          percent of FSC vote - NA%, but
                                          believed to be unanimous; MAKTUM bin
                                          Rashid al-Maktum elected vice
                                          president; percent of FSC vote -
                                          NA%, but believed to be unanimous
                      Legislative branch: unicameral Federal National Council
                                          or Majlis al-Ittihad al-Watani (40
                                          seats; members appointed by the
                                          rulers of the constituent states to
                                          serve two-year terms)
                                          elections: none
                                          note: reviews legislation, but
                                          cannot change or veto
                         Judicial branch: Union Supreme Court (judges are
                                          appointed by the president)
           Political parties and leaders: none
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization ABEDA, AFESD, AL, AMF, CAEU, CCC,
                           participation: ESCWA, FAO, G-77, GCC, IAEA, IBRD,
                                          ICAO, ICRM, IDA, IDB, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Intelsat,
                                          Interpol, IOC, ISO, ITU, NAM, OAPEC,
                                          OIC, OPCW, OPEC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UPU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Asri
                                          Said Ahmad al-DHAHIRI
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 243-2432
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 243-2400
                                          chancery: 3522 International Court
                                          NW, Washington, DC 20037
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador
                                      US: Marcelle M. WAHBA (since 4 Oct.
                                          2001)
                                          embassy: Al-Sudan Street, Abu Dhabi
                                          mailing address: P. O. Box 4009, Abu
                                          Dhabi; American Embassy Abu Dhabi,
                                          Department of State, Washington, DC
                                          20521-6010 (pouch); note - work week
                                          is Saturday through Wednesday
                                          telephone: [971] (2) 4436691
                                          FAX: [971] (2) 4435441
                                          consulate(s) general: Dubai
                        Flag description: three equal horizontal bands of
                                          green (top), white, and black with a
                                          wider vertical red band on the hoist
                                          side
    
     Economy United Arab Emirates
     ----------------------------
                      Economy - overview: The UAE has an open economy with a
                                          high per capita income and a sizable
                                          annual trade surplus. Its wealth is
                                          based on oil and gas output (about
                                          33% of GDP), and the fortunes of the
                                          economy fluctuate with the prices of
                                          those commodities. Since 1973, the
                                          UAE has undergone a profound
                                          transformation from an impoverished
                                          region of small desert
                                          principalities to a modern state
                                          with a high standard of living. At
                                          present levels of production, oil
                                          and gas reserves should last for
                                          more than 100 years. The government
                                          has increased spending on job
                                          creation and infrastructure
                                          expansion and is opening up its
                                          utilities to greater private sector
                                          involvement.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $51
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: 5.6% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $21,100
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 3%
                                          industry: 46%
                                          services: 51% (2000 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 4.5% (2000 est.)
                             Labor force: 1.6 million (2000 est.)
                                          note: 73.9% of the population in the
                                          15-64 age group is non-national
                                          (July 2002 est.)
             Labor force - by occupation: services 78%, industry 15%,
                                          agriculture 7% (2000 est.)
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $20 billion
                                          expenditures: $22 billion, including
                                          capital expenditures of $NA (2000
                                          est.)
                              Industries: petroleum, fishing, petrochemicals,
                                          construction materials, some boat
                                          building, handicrafts, pearling
       Industrial production growth rate: 4% (2000)
                Electricity - production: 38.7 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 35.991 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: dates, vegetables, watermelons;
                                          poultry, eggs, dairy products; fish
                                 Exports: $47.6 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: crude oil 45%, natural gas,
                                          reexports, dried fish, dates
                      Exports - partners: Japan 30%, India 7%, Singapore 6%,
                                          South Korea 4%, Oman, Iran (1999)
                                 Imports: $28.6 billion (f.o.b., 2000 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery and transport equipment,
                                          chemicals, food
                      Imports - partners: Japan 9%, UK 8%, US 8%, Italy 6%,
                                          Germany, South Korea (1999)
                         Debt - external: $12.6 billion (2001 est.)
                    Economic aid - donor: $NA
                                Currency: Emirati dirham (AED)
                           Currency code: AED
                          Exchange rates: Emirati dirhams per US dollar -
                                          central bank mid-point rate: 3.6725
                                          (since 1997), 3.6710 (1995-96)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications United Arab Emirates
     -----------------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: 915,223 (1998)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 1 million (1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: modern system of
                                          microwave radio relay and coaxial
                                          cable; key centers are Abu Dhabi and
                                          Dubai
                                          domestic: microwave radio relay and
                                          coaxial cable
                                          international: satellite earth
                                          stations - 3 Intelsat (1 Atlantic
                                          Ocean and 2 Indian Ocean) and 1
                                          Arabsat; submarine cables to Qatar,
                                          Bahrain, India, and Pakistan;
                                          tropospheric scatter to Bahrain;
                                          microwave radio relay to Saudi
                                          Arabia
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 13, FM 7, shortwave 2 (1998)
                                  Radios: 820,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: 15 (1997)
                             Televisions: 310,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .ae
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: 735,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation United Arab Emirates
     -----------------------------------
                                Railways: 0 km
                                Highways: total: 4,835 km
                                          paved: 4,835 km
                                          unpaved: 0 km (1998 est.)
                               Waterways: none
                               Pipelines: crude oil 830 km; natural gas,
                                          including natural gas liquids, 870
                                          km
                       Ports and harbors: 'Ajman, Al Fujayrah, Das Island,
                                          Khawr Fakkan, Mina' Jabal 'Ali,
                                          Mina' Khalid, Mina' Rashid, Mina'
                                          Saqr, Mina' Zayid, Umm al Qaywayn
                         Merchant marine: total: 56 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 833,401 GRT/1,251,015 DWT
                                          ships by type: cargo 13, chemical
                                          tanker 3, container 7, liquefied gas
                                          1, livestock carrier 1, petroleum
                                          tanker 25, roll on/roll off 6
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Greece 2, Italy 1,
                                          Kuwait 2 (2002 est.)
                                Airports: 38 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 19 22
                                          over 3,047 m: 8 8
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 3 3
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 2 3
                                          under 914 m: 4 4 (2001)
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2 4
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 19 19
                                          under 914 m: 5 5 (2001)
                                          over 3,047 m: 1 1
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 1
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 9 9
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 3 3
                               Heliports: 2 (2001)
    
     Military United Arab Emirates
     -----------------------------
                       Military branches: Army, Navy (including Marines and
                                          Coast Guard), Air Force, Air
                                          Defense, paramilitary forces
                                          (includes Federal Police Force)
        Military manpower - military age: 18 years of age (2002 est.)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 773,938
                                          note: includes non-nationals (2002
                                          est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 419,851 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
             Military manpower - reaching males: 25,482 (2002 est.)
                   military age annually:
           Military expenditures - dollar $1.6 billion (FY00)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 3.1% (FY00)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues United Arab Emirates
     -----------------------------------------
                Disputes - international: Oman signed boundary treaty with the
                                          UAE in 1999, but complete UAE-Oman
                                          boundary line is not expected until
                                          the end of 2002; undefined segments
                                          remain with Ra's al-Khaymah and Ash
                                          Shariqah (Sharjah) emirates,
                                          including the Musandam Peninsula,
                                          where an administrative boundary
                                          substitutes for an international
                                          boundary; because details of 1974
                                          and 1977 treaties have not been made
                                          public, the exact location of the
                                          Saudi Arabia-UAE boundary is unknown
                                          and status is considered de facto;
                                          UAE seeks United Arab League and
                                          other international support against
                                          Iran's occupation of Greater Tunb
                                          Island (called Tunb al Kubra in
                                          Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Tonb-
                                          e Bozorg in Persian by Iran) and
                                          Lesser Tunb Island (called Tunb as
                                          Sughra in Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-
                                          ye Tonb-e Kuchek in Persian by Iran)
                                          and attempts to occupy completely a
                                          jointly administered island in the
                                          Persian Gulf (called Abu Musa in
                                          Arabic by UAE and Jazireh-ye Abu
                                          Musa in Persian by Iran)
                           Illicit drugs: The UAE is a drug transshipment
                                          point for traffickers given its
                                          proximity to southwest Asian drug
                                          producing countries; the UAE's
                                          position as a major financial center
                                          makes it vulnerable to money
                                          laundering; anti-money-laundering
                                          legislation was signed into law by
                                          the president on 25 January 2002
    
                                         
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org