dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


2 definitions found
 for Uruguay
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Uruguay
      n 1: a South American republic on the southeast coast of South
           America; achieved independence from Brazil in 1825

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Uruguay
  
     Introduction Uruguay
     --------------------
                              Background: A violent Marxist urban guerrilla
                                          movement, the Tupamaros, launched in
                                          the late 1960s, led Uruguay's
                                          president to agree to military
                                          control of his administration in
                                          1973. By the end of the year the
                                          rebels had been crushed, but the
                                          military continued to expand its
                                          hold throughout the government.
                                          Civilian rule was not restored until
                                          1985. Uruguay's political and labor
                                          conditions are among the freest on
                                          the continent.
    
     Geography Uruguay
     -----------------
                                Location: Southern South America, bordering
                                          the South Atlantic Ocean, between
                                          Argentina and Brazil
                  Geographic coordinates: 33 00 S, 56 00 W
                          Map references: South America
                                    Area: total: 176,220 sq km
                                          land: 173,620 sq km
                                          water: 2,600 sq km
                      Area - comparative: slightly smaller than the state of
                                          Washington
                         Land boundaries: total: 1,564 km
                                          border countries: Argentina 579 km,
                                          Brazil 985 km
                               Coastline: 660 km
                         Maritime claims: contiguous zone: 24 NM
                                          territorial sea: 12 NM
                                          continental shelf: 200-m depth or to
                                          the depth of exploitation
                                          exclusive economic zone: 200 NM
                                 Climate: warm temperate; freezing
                                          temperatures almost unknown
                                 Terrain: mostly rolling plains and low hills;
                                          fertile coastal lowland
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Atlantic Ocean 0 m
                                          highest point: Cerro Catedral 514 m
                       Natural resources: arable land, hydropower, minor
                                          minerals, fisheries
                                Land use: arable land: 7.21%
                                          permanent crops: 0.27%
                                          other: 92.52% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: 1,800 sq km (1998 est.)
                         Natural hazards: seasonally high winds (the pampero
                                          is a chilly and occasional violent
                                          wind which blows north from the
                                          Argentine pampas), droughts, floods;
                                          because of the absence of mountains,
                                          which act as weather barriers, all
                                          locations are particularly
                                          vulnerable to rapid changes from
                                          weather fronts
            Environment - current issues: water pollution from meat packing/
                                          tannery industry; inadequate solid/
                                          hazardous waste disposal
              Environment - international party to: Antarctic-Environmental
                              agreements: Protocol, Antarctic-Marine Living
                                          Resources, Antarctic Treaty,
                                          Biodiversity, Climate Change,
                                          Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol,
                                          Desertification, Endangered Species,
                                          Environmental Modification,
                                          Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea,
                                          Ozone Layer Protection, Ship
                                          Pollution, Tropical Timber 94,
                                          Wetlands
                                          signed, but not ratified: Marine
                                          Dumping, Marine Life Conservation,
                                          Nuclear Test Ban
                        Geography - note: second-smallest South American
                                          country (after Suriname); most of
                                          the low-lying landscape (three-
                                          quarters of the country) is
                                          grassland, ideal for cattle and
                                          sheep raising
    
     People Uruguay
     --------------
                              Population: 3,386,575 (July 2002 est.)
                           Age structure: 0-14 years: 24.4% (male 422,826;
                                          female 402,324)
                                          15-64 years: 62.6% (male 1,047,740;
                                          female 1,072,032)
                                          65 years and over: 13% (male
                                          181,522; female 260,131) (2002 est.)
                  Population growth rate: 0.79% (2002 est.)
                              Birth rate: 17.28 births/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                              Death rate: 9 deaths/1,000 population (2002
                                          est.)
                      Net migration rate: -0.41 migrant(s)/1,000 population
                                          (2002 est.)
                               Sex ratio: at birth: 1.06 male(s)/female
                                          under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
                                          15-64 years: 0.98 male(s)/female
                                          65 years and over: 0.7 male(s)/
                                          female
                                          total population: 0.95 male(s)/
                                          female (2002 est.)
                   Infant mortality rate: 14.25 deaths/1,000 live births (2002
                                          est.)
                Life expectancy at birth: total population: 75.66 years
                                          female: 79.17 years (2002 est.)
                                          male: 72.32 years
                    Total fertility rate: 2.35 children born/woman (2002 est.)
        HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: 0.33% (1999 est.)
       HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/ 6,000 (1999 est.)
                                    AIDS:
                       HIV/AIDS - deaths: 150 (1999 est.)
                             Nationality: noun: Uruguayan(s)
                                          adjective: Uruguayan
                           Ethnic groups: white 88%, mestizo 8%, black 4%,
                                          Amerindian, practically nonexistent
                               Religions: Roman Catholic 66% (less than half
                                          of the adult population attends
                                          church regularly), Protestant 2%,
                                          Jewish 1%, nonprofessing or other
                                          31%
                               Languages: Spanish, Portunol, or Brazilero
                                          (Portuguese-Spanish mix on the
                                          Brazilian frontier)
                                Literacy: definition: age 15 and over can read
                                          and write
                                          total population: 97.3%
                                          male: 96.9%
                                          female: 97.7% (1995 est.)
    
     Government Uruguay
     ------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: Oriental
                                          Republic of Uruguay
                                          conventional short form: Uruguay
                                          local short form: Uruguay
                                          former: Banda Oriental, Cisplatine
                                          Province
                                          local long form: Republica Oriental
                                          del Uruguay
                         Government type: constitutional republic
                                 Capital: Montevideo
                Administrative divisions: 19 departments (departamentos,
                                          singular - departamento); Artigas,
                                          Canelones, Cerro Largo, Colonia,
                                          Durazno, Flores, Florida, Lavalleja,
                                          Maldonado, Montevideo, Paysandu, Rio
                                          Negro, Rivera, Rocha, Salto, San
                                          Jose, Soriano, Tacuarembo, Treinta y
                                          Tres
                            Independence: 25 August 1825 (from Brazil)
                        National holiday: Independence Day, 25 August (1825)
                            Constitution: 27 November 1966, effective February
                                          1967, suspended 27 June 1973, new
                                          constitution rejected by referendum
                                          30 November 1980; two constitutional
                                          reforms approved by plebiscite 26
                                          November 1989 and 7 January 1997
                            Legal system: based on Spanish civil law system;
                                          accepts compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
                                Suffrage: 18 years of age; universal and
                                          compulsory
                        Executive branch: chief of state: President Jorge
                                          BATLLE Ibanez (since 1 March 2000)
                                          and Vice President Luis HIERRO
                                          (since 1 March 2000); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          head of government: President Jorge
                                          BATLLE Ibanez (since 1 March 2000)
                                          and Vice President Luis HIERRO
                                          (since 1 March 2000); note - the
                                          president is both the chief of state
                                          and head of government
                                          cabinet: Council of Ministers
                                          appointed by the president with
                                          parliamentary approval
                                          elections: president and vice
                                          president elected on the same ticket
                                          by popular vote for five-year terms;
                                          election last held 31 October 1999,
                                          with runoff election on 28 November
                                          1999 (next to be held NA 2004)
                                          election results: Jorge BATLLE
                                          Ibanez elected president; percent of
                                          vote - Jorge BATLLE Ibanez 52% in a
                                          runoff against Tabare VAZQUEZ 44%
                      Legislative branch: bicameral General Assembly or
                                          Asamblea General consists of Chamber
                                          of Senators or Camara de Senadores
                                          (30 seats; members are elected by
                                          popular vote to serve five-year
                                          terms) and Chamber of
                                          Representatives or Camara de
                                          Representantes (99 seats; members
                                          are elected by popular vote to serve
                                          five-year terms)
                                          elections: Chamber of Senators -
                                          last held 31 October 1999 (next to
                                          be held NA 2004); Chamber of
                                          Representatives - last held 31
                                          October 1999 (next to be held NA
                                          2004)
                                          election results: Chamber of
                                          Senators - percent of vote by party
                                          - NA%; seats by party - Encuentro
                                          Progresista 12, Colorado Party 10,
                                          Blanco 7, New Sector/Space Coalition
                                          1; Chamber of Representatives -
                                          percent of vote by party - NA%;
                                          seats by party - Encuentro
                                          Progresista 40, Colorado Party 33,
                                          Blanco 22, New Sector/Space
                                          Coalition 4
                         Judicial branch: Supreme Court (judges are nominated
                                          by the president and elected for 10-
                                          year terms by the General Assembly)
           Political parties and leaders: Colorado Party [Jorge BATLLE
                                          Ibanez]; National Party or Blanco
                                          [Luis Alberto LACALLE Herrera]; New
                                          Sector/Space Coalition or Nuevo
                                          Espacio [Rafael MICHELINI];
                                          Progressive Encounter/Broad Front
                                          Coalition or Encuentro Progresista/
                                          Frente Amplio [Tabare VAZQUEZ]
            Political pressure groups and NA
                                 leaders:
               International organization CCC, ECLAC, FAO, G-77, IADB, IAEA,
                           participation: IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICRM, IFAD, IFC,
                                          IFRCS, IHO, ILO, IMF, IMO, Interpol,
                                          IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, LAES, LAIA,
                                          Mercosur, MINURSO, MONUC, NAM
                                          (observer), OAS, OPANAL, OPCW, PCA,
                                          RG, UN, UNAMSIL, UNCTAD, UNESCO,
                                          UNIDO, UNIKOM, UNMEE, UNMOGIP,
                                          UNMOT, UNOMIG, UNTAET, UPU, WCL,
                                          WFTU, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WToO, WTrO
     Diplomatic representation in the US: chief of mission: Ambassador Hugo
                                          FERNANDEZ-FAINGOLD
                                          consulate(s) general: Chicago, Los
                                          Angeles, Miami, and New York
                                          FAX: [1] (202) 331-8142
                                          telephone: [1] (202) 331-1313
                                          through 1316
                                          chancery: 1913 I Street NW,
                                          Washington, DC 20006
       Diplomatic representation from the chief of mission: Ambassador Martin
                                      US: J. SILVERSTEIN
                                          embassy: Lauro Muller 1776,
                                          Montevideo 11200
                                          mailing address: APO AA 34035
                                          telephone: [598] (2) 418-7777
                                          FAX: [598] (2) 410-0022
                        Flag description: nine equal horizontal stripes of
                                          white (top and bottom) alternating
                                          with blue; there is a white square
                                          in the upper hoist-side corner with
                                          a yellow sun bearing a human face
                                          known as the Sun of May and 16 rays
                                          alternately triangular and wavy
    
     Economy Uruguay
     ---------------
                      Economy - overview: Uruguay's economy is characterized
                                          by an export-oriented agricultural
                                          sector, a well-educated workforce,
                                          and high levels of social spending.
                                          After averaging growth of 5%
                                          annually in 1996-98, in 1999-2001
                                          the economy suffered from lower
                                          demand in Argentina and Brazil,
                                          which together account for nearly
                                          half of Uruguay's exports. Despite
                                          the severity of the trade shocks,
                                          Uruguay's financial indicators
                                          remained more stable than those of
                                          its neighbors, a reflection of its
                                          solid reputation among investors and
                                          its investment-grade sovereign bond
                                          rating - one of only two in South
                                          America. Challenges for the
                                          government of President Jorge BATLLE
                                          include reducing the budget deficit,
                                          expanding Uruguay's trade ties
                                          beyond its Mercosur trade partners,
                                          and reducing the costs of public
                                          services. GDP fell by 1.3% in 2000
                                          and by 1.5% in 2001.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $31
                                          billion (2001 est.)
                  GDP - real growth rate: -1.5% (2001 est.)
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $9,200
                                          (2001 est.)
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: 6%
                                          industry: 29%
                                          services: 65% (2001)
           Population below poverty line: 6% (1997)
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: 3.7%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: 25.8% (1997)
     Distribution of family income - Gini 42.3 (1989)
                                   index:
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): 3.6% (2001)
                             Labor force: 1.2 million (2001)
             Labor force - by occupation: agriculture 14%, industry 16%,
                                          services 70%
                       Unemployment rate: 15.2% (2001)
                                  Budget: revenues: $3.7 billion
                                          expenditures: $4.6 billion,
                                          including capital expenditures of
                                          $500 million (2000)
                              Industries: food processing, electrical
                                          machinery, transportation equipment,
                                          petroleum products, textiles,
                                          chemicals, beverages
       Industrial production growth rate: -2.4% (2001 est.)
                Electricity - production: 7.527 billion kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 6.64%
                                          hydro: 92.83%
                                          other: 0.53% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 7.35 billion kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 950 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 1.3 billion kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: rice, wheat, corn, barley;
                                          livestock; fish
                                 Exports: $2.24 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Exports - commodities: meat, rice, leather products, wool,
                                          vehicles, dairy products
                      Exports - partners: Mercosur partners 40%, EU 20%, US 8%
                                          (2001 est.)
                                 Imports: $2.9 billion (f.o.b., 2001 est.)
                   Imports - commodities: machinery, chemicals, road vehicles,
                                          crude petroleum
                      Imports - partners: Mercosur partners 44%, EU 18%, US 9%
                                          (2001 est.)
                         Debt - external: $7.7 billion (2001 est.)
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: Uruguayan peso (UYU)
                           Currency code: UYU
                          Exchange rates: Uruguayan pesos per US dollar -
                                          14.3325 (January 2002), 13.3191
                                          (2001), 12.0996 (2000), 11.3393
                                          (1999), 10.4719 (1998), 9.4418
                                          (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Uruguay
     ----------------------
           Telephones - main lines in use: 929,141 (2001)
             Telephones - mobile cellular: 350,000 (2001)
                         Telephone system: general assessment: fully
                                           digitalized
                                           domestic: most modern facilities
                                           concentrated in Montevideo; new
                                           nationwide microwave radio relay
                                           network
                                           international: satellite earth
                                           stations - 2 Intelsat (Atlantic
                                           Ocean) (2002)
                 Radio broadcast stations: AM 91, FM 149, shortwave 7 (2001)
                                   Radios: 1.97 million (1997)
            Television broadcast stations: 20 (2001)
                              Televisions: 782,000 (1997)
                    Internet country code: .uy
        Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 14 (2001)
                           Internet users: 370,000 (2001)
    
     Transportation Uruguay
     ----------------------
                                Railways: total: 2,993 km
                                          standard gauge: 2,993 km 1.435-
                                          m gauge
                                          note: of the total route length, 461
                                          km have been taken out of service
                                          and 460 km are in only partial use;
                                          moreover, not all lines offer
                                          passenger service (2001)
                                Highways: total: 8,764 km
                                          paved: 7,800 km
                                          unpaved: 964 km (2001)
                               Waterways: 1,600 km (used by coastal and
                                          shallow-draft river craft)
                       Ports and harbors: Colonia, Fray Bentos, Juan La Caze,
                                          La Paloma, Montevideo, Nueva
                                          Palmira, Paysandu, Punta del Este,
                                          Piriapolis
                         Merchant marine: total: 2 ships (1,000 GRT or over)
                                          totaling 7,752 GRT/5,228 DWT
                                          note: includes some foreign-owned
                                          ships registered here as a flag of
                                          convenience: Argentina 4, Greece 1
                                          (2002 est.)
                                          ships by type: petroleum tanker 1,
                                          roll on/roll off 1
                                Airports: 64 (2001)
           Airports - with paved runways: total: 15
                                          2,438 to 3,047 m: 1
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 5
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 7
                                          under 914 m: 2 (2001)
         Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 49
                                          1,524 to 2,437 m: 2
                                          914 to 1,523 m: 16
                                          under 914 m: 31 (2001)
    
     Military Uruguay
     ----------------
                       Military branches: Army, Navy (including Naval Air Arm,
                                          Coast Guard, Marines), Air Force,
                                          Police (Coracero Guard, Grenadier
                                          Guard)
        Military manpower - availability: males age 15-49: 824,395 (2002 est.)
     Military manpower - fit for military males age 15-49: 666,880 (2002 est.)
                                 service:
           Military expenditures - dollar $250 million (1999)
                                  figure:
       Military expenditures - percent of 1.1% (2000)
                                     GDP:
    
     Transnational Issues Uruguay
     ----------------------------
                Disputes - international: uncontested dispute with Brazil over
                                          islands in the Rio Quarai (Rio
                                          Cuareim) and the Arroio Invernada
                                          (Arroyo de la Invernada)
    
                                         
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org