dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


2 definitions found
 for Western Sahara
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Western Sahara
      n 1: an area in northwestern Africa with rich phosphate
           deposits; under Moroccan control since 1992 [syn: Western
           Sahara, Spanish Sahara]

From CIA World Factbook 2002 :

  Western Sahara
  
     Introduction Western Sahara
     ---------------------------
                              Background: Morocco virtually annexed the
                                          northern two-thirds of Western
                                          Sahara (formerly Spanish Sahara) in
                                          1976, and the rest of the territory
                                          in 1979, following Mauritania's
                                          withdrawal. A guerrilla war with the
                                          Polisario Front contesting Rabat's
                                          sovereignty ended in a 1991 cease-
                                          fire; a referendum on final status
                                          has been repeatedly postponed.
    
     Geography Western Sahara
     ------------------------
                                Location: Northern Africa, bordering the North
                                          Atlantic Ocean, between Mauritania
                                          and Morocco
                  Geographic coordinates: 24 30 N, 13 00 W
                          Map references: Africa
                                    Area: total: 266,000 sq km
                                          water: 0 sq km
                                          land: 266,000 sq km
                      Area - comparative: about the size of Colorado
                         Land boundaries: total: 2,046 km
                                          border countries: Algeria 42 km,
                                          Mauritania 1,561 km, Morocco 443 km
                               Coastline: 1,110 km
                         Maritime claims: contingent upon resolution of
                                          sovereignty issue
                                 Climate: hot, dry desert; rain is rare; cold
                                          offshore air currents produce fog
                                          and heavy dew
                                 Terrain: mostly low, flat desert with large
                                          areas of rocky or sandy surfaces
                                          rising to small mountains in south
                                          and northeast
                      Elevation extremes: lowest point: Sebjet Tah -55 m
                                          highest point: unnamed location 463
                                          m
                       Natural resources: phosphates, iron ore
                                Land use: arable land: 0%
                                          permanent crops: 0%
                                          other: 100% (1998 est.)
                          Irrigated land: NA sq km
                         Natural hazards: hot, dry, dust/sand-laden sirocco
                                          wind can occur during winter and
                                          spring; widespread harmattan haze
                                          exists 60% of time, often severely
                                          restricting visibility
            Environment - current issues: sparse water and lack of arable land
              Environment - international party to: none of the selected
                              agreements: agreements
                                          signed, but not ratified: none of
                                          the selected agreements
                        Geography - note: the waters off the coast are
                                          particularly rich fishing areas
    
     People Western Sahara
     ---------------------
                                 Population: 256,177 (July 2002 est.)
                              Age structure: 0-14 years: NA%
                                             15-64 years: NA%
                                             65 years and over: NA%
                     Population growth rate: NA (2002 est.)
                                 Birth rate: NA births/1,000 population
                                 Death rate: NA deaths/1,000 population
                                  Sex ratio: NA
                      Infant mortality rate: NA deaths/1,000 live births
                   Life expectancy at birth: total population: NA years
                                             male: NA years
                                             female: NA years
                       Total fertility rate: NA children born/woman
           HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate: NA%
     HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS: NA
                          HIV/AIDS - deaths: NA
                                Nationality: noun: Sahrawi(s), Sahraoui(s)
                                             adjective: Sahrawian, Sahraouian
                              Ethnic groups: Arab, Berber
                                  Religions: Muslim
                                  Languages: Hassaniya Arabic, Moroccan Arabic
                                   Literacy: definition: NA
                                             total population: NA%
                                             male: NA%
                                             female: NA%
    
     Government Western Sahara
     -------------------------
                            Country name: conventional long form: none
                                          conventional short form: Western
                                          Sahara
                                          former: Spanish Sahara
                         Government type: legal status of territory and issue
                                          of sovereignty unresolved; territory
                                          contested by Morocco and Polisario
                                          Front (Popular Front for the
                                          Liberation of the Saguia el Hamra
                                          and Rio de Oro), which in February
                                          1976 formally proclaimed a
                                          government-in-exile of the Sahrawi
                                          Arab Democratic Republic (SADR),led
                                          by President Mohamed ABDELAZIZ and
                                          recognized by 54 nations; territory
                                          partitioned between Morocco and
                                          Mauritania in April 1976, with
                                          Morocco acquiring northern two-
                                          thirds; Mauritania, under pressure
                                          from Polisario guerrillas, abandoned
                                          all claims to its portion in August
                                          1979; Morocco moved to occupy that
                                          sector shortly thereafter and has
                                          since asserted administrative
                                          control; the Polisario's government-
                                          in-exile was seated as an OAU member
                                          in 1984; guerrilla activities
                                          continued sporadically, until a UN-
                                          monitored cease-fire was implemented
                                          6 September 1991
                                 Capital: none
                Administrative divisions: none (under de facto control of
                                          Morocco)
                                Suffrage: none; a UN-sponsored voter
                                          identification campaign not yet
                                          completed
                        Executive branch: none
            Political pressure groups and none
                                 leaders:
               International organization none
                           participation:
     Diplomatic representation in the US: none
       Diplomatic representation from the none
                                      US:
    
     Economy Western Sahara
     ----------------------
                      Economy - overview: Western Sahara depends on pastoral
                                          nomadism, fishing, and phosphate
                                          mining as the principal sources of
                                          income for the population. The
                                          territory lacks sufficient rainfall
                                          for sustainable agricultural
                                          production, and most of the food for
                                          the urban population must be
                                          imported. All trade and other
                                          economic activities are controlled
                                          by the Moroccan Government. Moroccan
                                          energy interests in 2001 signed
                                          contracts to explore for oil off the
                                          coast of Western Sahara, which has
                                          angered the Polisario. Incomes and
                                          standards of living in Western
                                          Sahara are substantially below the
                                          Moroccan level.
                                     GDP: purchasing power parity - $NA
                  GDP - real growth rate: NA%
                        GDP - per capita: purchasing power parity - $NA
             GDP - composition by sector: agriculture: NA%
                                          industry: NA%
                                          services: 40%-45% (1996 est.)
           Population below poverty line: NA%
       Household income or consumption by lowest 10%: NA%
                        percentage share: highest 10%: NA%
        Inflation rate (consumer prices): NA%
                             Labor force: 12,000
             Labor force - by occupation: animal husbandry and subsistence
                                          farming 50%
                       Unemployment rate: NA%
                                  Budget: revenues: $NA
                                          expenditures: $NA, including capital
                                          expenditures of $NA
                              Industries: phosphate mining, handicrafts
       Industrial production growth rate: NA%
                Electricity - production: 90 million kWh (2000)
      Electricity - production by source: fossil fuel: 100%
                                          hydro: 0%
                                          other: 0% (2000)
                                          nuclear: 0%
               Electricity - consumption: 83.7 million kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - exports: 0 kWh (2000)
                   Electricity - imports: 0 kWh (2000)
                  Agriculture - products: fruits and vegetables (grown in the
                                          few oases); camels, sheep, goats
                                          (kept by nomads)
                                 Exports: $NA
                   Exports - commodities: phosphates 62%
                      Exports - partners: Morocco claims and administers
                                          Western Sahara, so trade partners
                                          are included in overall Moroccan
                                          accounts
                                 Imports: $NA
                   Imports - commodities: fuel for fishing fleet, foodstuffs
                      Imports - partners: Morocco claims and administers
                                          Western Sahara, so trade partners
                                          are included in overall Moroccan
                                          accounts
                         Debt - external: $NA
                Economic aid - recipient: $NA
                                Currency: Moroccan dirham (MAD)
                           Currency code: MAD
                          Exchange rates: Moroccan dirhams per US dollar -
                                          11.584 (January 2002), 11.303
                                          (2001), 10.626 (2000), 9.804 (1999),
                                          9.604 (1998), 9.527 (1997)
                             Fiscal year: calendar year
    
     Communications Western Sahara
     -----------------------------
          Telephones - main lines in use: about 2,000 (1999 est.)
            Telephones - mobile cellular: 0 (1999)
                        Telephone system: general assessment: sparse and
                                          limited system
                                          domestic: NA
                                          international: tied into Morocco's
                                          system by microwave radio relay,
                                          tropospheric scatter, and satellite;
                                          satellite earth stations - 2
                                          Intelsat (Atlantic Ocean) linked to
                                          Rabat, Morocco
                Radio broadcast stations: AM 2, FM 0, shortwave 0 (1998)
                                  Radios: 56,000 (1997)
           Television broadcast stations: NA
                             Televisions: 6,000 (1997)
                   Internet country code: .eh
       Internet Service Providers (ISPs): 1 (2000)
                          Internet users: NA
    
     Transportation Western Sahara
     -----------------------------
                                 Railways: 0 km
                                 Highways: total: 6,200 km
                                           paved: 1,350 km
                                           unpaved: 4,850 km (1991 est.)
                                Waterways: none
                        Ports and harbors: Ad Dakhla, Cabo Bojador, Laayoune
                                           (El Aaiun)
                                 Airports: 11 (2001)
            Airports - with paved runways: total: 3
                                           2,438 to 3,047 m: 3 (2001)
          Airports - with unpaved runways: total: 8
                                           1,524 to 2,437 m: 1
                                           914 to 1,523 m: 4
                                           under 914 m: 3 (2001)
    
     Military Western Sahara
     -----------------------
                                    Military expenditures - dollar figure: $NA
                                   Military expenditures - percent of GDP: NA%
    
     Transnational Issues Western Sahara
     -----------------------------------
                Disputes - international: Morocco claims and administers
                                          Western Sahara, but sovereignty
                                          remains unresolved; UN-administered
                                          cease-fire has remained in effect
                                          since September 1991, but attempts
                                          to hold a referendum have failed and
                                          parties reject other proposals
    
                                         
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org