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3 definitions found
 for agnomen
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Name \Name\ (n[=a]m), n. [AS. nama; akin to D. naam, OS. & OHG.
     namo, G. name, Icel. nafn, for namn, Dan. navn, Sw. namn,
     Goth. nam[=o], L. nomen (perh. influenced by noscere,
     gnoscere, to learn to know), Gr. 'o`mona, Scr. n[=a]man.
     [root]267. Cf. Anonymous, Ignominy, Misnomer,
     Nominal, Noun.]
     1. The title by which any person or thing is known or
        designated; a distinctive specific appellation, whether of
        an individual or a class.
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              Whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that
              was the name thereof.                 --Gen. ii. 19.
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              What's in a name? That which we call a rose
              By any other name would smell as sweet. --Shak.
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     2. A descriptive or qualifying appellation given to a person
        or thing, on account of a character or acts.
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              His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The
              mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of
              Peace.                                --Is. ix. 6.
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     3. Reputed character; reputation, good or bad; estimation;
        fame; especially, illustrious character or fame; honorable
        estimation; distinction.
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              What men of name resort to him?       --Shak.
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              Far above . . . every name that is named, not only
              in this world, but also in that which is to come.
                                                    --Eph. i. 21.
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              I will get me a name and honor in the kingdom. --1
                                                    Macc. iii. 14.
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              He hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin.
                                                    --Deut. xxii.
                                                    19.
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              The king's army . . . had left no good name behind.
                                                    --Clarendon.
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     4. Those of a certain name; a race; a family.
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              The ministers of the republic, mortal enemies of his
              name, came every day to pay their feigned
              civilities.                           --Motley.
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     5. A person, an individual. [Poetic]
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              They list with women each degenerate name. --Dryden.
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     Christian name.
        (a) The name a person receives at baptism, as
            distinguished from surname; baptismal name; in
            western countries, it is also called a first name.
        (b) A given name, whether received at baptism or not.
  
     Given name. See under Given.
  
     In name, in profession, or by title only; not in reality;
        as, a friend in name.
  
     In the name of.
        (a) In behalf of; by the authority of. " I charge you in
            the duke's name to obey me."            --Shak.
        (b) In the represented or assumed character of. "I'll to
            him again in name of Brook."            --Shak.
  
     Name plate, a plate as of metal, glass, etc., having a name
        upon it, as a sign; a doorplate.
  
     Pen name, a name assumed by an author; a pseudonym or nom
        de plume. --Bayard Taylor.
  
     Proper name (Gram.), a name applied to a particular person,
        place, or thing.
  
     To call names, to apply opprobrious epithets to; to call by
        reproachful appellations.
  
     To take a name in vain, to use a name lightly or profanely;
        to use a name in making flippant or dishonest oaths. --Ex.
        xx. 7.
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     Syn: Appellation; title; designation; cognomen; denomination;
          epithet.
  
     Usage: Name, Appellation, Title, Denomination. Name
            is generic, denoting that combination of sounds or
            letters by which a person or thing is known and
            distinguished. Appellation, although sometimes put for
            name simply, denotes, more properly, a descriptive
            term (called also agnomen or cognomen), used by
            way of marking some individual peculiarity or
            characteristic; as, Charles the Bold, Philip the
            Stammerer. A title is a term employed to point out
            one's rank, office, etc.; as, the Duke of Bedford,
            Paul the Apostle, etc. Denomination is to particular
            bodies what appellation is to individuals; thus, the
            church of Christ is divided into different
            denominations, as Congregationalists, Episcopalians,
            Presbyterians, etc.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Agnomen \Ag*no"men\ ([a^]g*n[=o]"m[e^]n), n. [L.; ad + nomen
     name.]
     1. An additional or fourth name given by the Romans, on
        account of some remarkable exploit or event; as, Publius
        Caius Scipio Africanus.
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     2. An additional name, or an epithet appended to a name; as,
        Aristides the Just.
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From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  agnomen
      n 1: an additional name or an epithet appended to a name (as in
           `Ferdinand the Great')

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