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6 definitions found
 for argument
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Argument \Ar"gu*ment\, n. [F. argument, L. argumentum, fr.
     arguere to argue.]
     1. Proof; evidence. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              There is.. no more palpable and convincing argument
              of the existence of a Deity.          --Ray.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Why, then, is it made a badge of wit and an argument
              of parts for a man to commence atheist, and to cast
              off all belief of providence, all awe and reverence
              for religion?                         --South.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. A reason or reasons offered in proof, to induce belief, or
        convince the mind; reasoning expressed in words; as, an
        argument about, concerning, or regarding a proposition,
        for or in favor of it, or against it.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. A process of reasoning, or a controversy made up of
        rational proofs; argumentation; discussion; disputation.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The argument is about things, but names. --Locke.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. The subject matter of a discourse, writing, or artistic
        representation; theme or topic; also, an abstract or
        summary, as of the contents of a book, chapter, poem.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              You and love are still my argument.   --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The abstract or argument of the piece. --Jeffrey.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              [Shields] with boastful argument portrayed.
                                                    --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Matter for question; business in hand. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Sheathed their swords for lack of argument. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Astron.) The quantity on which another quantity in a
        table depends; as, the altitude is the argument of the
        refraction.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Math.) The independent variable upon whose value that of
        a function depends. --Brande & C.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Argument \Ar"gu*ment\ ([a^]r"g[-u]*ment), v. i. [L.
     argumentari.]
     To make an argument; to argue. [Obs.] --Gower.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  argument
      n 1: a fact or assertion offered as evidence that something is
           true; "it was a strong argument that his hypothesis was
           true" [syn: argument, statement]
      2: a contentious speech act; a dispute where there is strong
         disagreement; "they were involved in a violent argument"
         [syn: controversy, contention, contestation,
         disputation, disceptation, tilt, argument, arguing]
      3: a discussion in which reasons are advanced for and against
         some proposition or proposal; "the argument over foreign aid
         goes on and on" [syn: argument, argumentation, debate]
      4: a summary of the subject or plot of a literary work or play
         or movie; "the editor added the argument to the poem" [syn:
         argument, literary argument]
      5: (computer science) a reference or value that is passed to a
         function, procedure, subroutine, command, or program [syn:
         argument, parameter]
      6: a variable in a logical or mathematical expression whose
         value determines the dependent variable; if f(x)=y, x is the
         independent variable
      7: a course of reasoning aimed at demonstrating a truth or
         falsehood; the methodical process of logical reasoning; "I
         can't follow your line of reasoning" [syn: argumentation,
         logical argument, argument, line of reasoning, line]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  243 Moby Thesaurus words for "argument":
     Kilkenny cats, action, addend, affray, altercation, anagnorisis,
     angle, answer, antilogarithm, apologetics, apologia, apology,
     architectonics, architecture, argumentation, argumentum, assertion,
     atmosphere, background, barney, base, basis, bicker, bickering,
     binomial, blood feud, brawl, broil, case, casuistry,
     cat-and-dog life, catastrophe, characteristic, characterization,
     claim, coefficient, color, combat, combination, complement,
     complication, conflict, congruence, cons, consideration, constant,
     contention, contentiousness, contest, contestation, continuity,
     contrivance, controversy, cosine, cotangent, counterstatement,
     cube, cut and thrust, debate, decimal, defence, defense, demurrer,
     denial, denominator, denouement, derivative, design, determinant,
     development, device, difference, differential, disagreement,
     discriminate, disputation, dispute, dissension, dividend, divisor,
     donnybrook, donnybrook fair, e, elenchus, embroilment, enmity,
     episode, equation, evidence, exception, exponent, exponential,
     fable, factor, falling action, falling-out, feud, fight, fighting,
     fliting, flyting, formula, foundation, fracas, fray, function,
     fuss, gimmick, ground, hassle, head, hostility, hubbub, hurrah, i,
     ignoratio elenchi, imbroglio, incident, increment, index, integral,
     line, litigation, local color, logic, logomachy, matrix, matter,
     minuend, mood, motif, motive, movement, multiple, multiplier,
     mythos, norm, numerator, objection, open quarrel, paper war,
     parameter, passage of arms, peripeteia, permutation, pi, plaidoyer,
     plan, plea, pleading, pleadings, plot, point, polemic, polemics,
     polynomial, position, posture, power, proof, proposition, pros,
     pros and cons, quarrel, quarreling, quarrelsomeness, quaternion,
     quotient, radical, radix, reason, rebuttal, reciprocal,
     recognition, refutation, remainder, reply, response, rhubarb,
     riposte, rising action, root, row, rumpus, scheme, scrap,
     scrapping, secant, secondary plot, set-to, sharp words, sine,
     slanging match, slant, snarl, spat, special demurrer,
     special pleading, squabble, squabbling, stance, standpoint,
     statement, statement of defense, story, strife, structure,
     struggle, subject, subject matter, submultiple, subplot,
     subtrahend, summation, summing up, switch, talking point, tangent,
     tensor, testimony, text, thematic development, theme, thesis, tiff,
     tone, topic, tussle, twist, variable, vector, vendetta,
     verbal engagement, versine, war, war of words, warfare, wherefore,
     why, whyfor, words, wrangle, wrangling
  
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  argument
  arg
  
      (Or "arg") A value or reference passed to a
     function, procedure, subroutine, command or program, by
     the caller.  For example, in the function definition
  
     	square(x) = x * x
  
     x is the formal argument or "parameter", and in the call
  
     	y = square(3+4)
  
     3+4 is the actual argument.  This will execute the function
     square with x having the value 7 and return the result 49.
  
     There are many different conventions for passing arguments to
     functions and procedures including call-by-value,
     call-by-name, call-by-reference, call-by-need.  These
     affect whether the value of the argument is computed by the
     caller or the callee (the function) and whether the callee can
     modify the value of the argument as seen by the caller (if it
     is a variable).
  
     Arguments to functions are usually, following mathematical
     notation, written in parentheses after the function name,
     separated by commas (but see curried function).  Arguments
     to a program are usually given after the command name,
     separated by spaces, e.g.:
  
     	cat myfile yourfile hisfile
  
     Here "cat" is the command and "myfile", "yourfile", and
     "hisfile" are the arguments.
  
     (2006-05-27)
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  ARGUMENT, practice. Cicero defines it ii probable reason proposed in order
  to induce belief. Ratio probabilis et idonea ad faciendam fidem. The
  logicians define it more scientifically to be a means, which by its
  connexion between two extremes) establishes a relation between them. This
  subject belongs rather to rhetoric and logic than to law.
  
  

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