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4 definitions found
 for artificial
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Artificial \Ar`ti*fi"cial\, a. [L. artificialis, fr. artificium:
     cf. F. artificiel. See Artifice.]
     1. Made or contrived by art; produced or modified by human
        skill and labor, in opposition to natural; as, artificial
        heat or light, gems, salts, minerals, fountains, flowers.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Artificial strife
              Lives in these touches, livelier than life. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Feigned; fictitious; assumed; affected; not genuine.
        "Artificial tears." --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Artful; cunning; crafty. [Obs.] --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Cultivated; not indigenous; not of spontaneous growth; as,
        artificial grasses. --Gibbon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Artificial arguments (Rhet.), arguments invented by the
        speaker, in distinction from laws, authorities, and the
        like, which are called inartificial arguments or proofs.
        --Johnson.
  
     Artificial classification (Science), an arrangement based
        on superficial characters, and not expressing the true
        natural relations species; as, "the artificial system" in
        botany, which is the same as the Linn[ae]an system.
  
     Artificial horizon. See under Horizon.
  
     Artificial light, any light other than that which proceeds
        from the heavenly bodies.
  
     Artificial lines, lines on a sector or scale, so contrived
        as to represent the logarithmic sines and tangents, which,
        by the help of the line of numbers, solve, with tolerable
        exactness, questions in trigonometry, navigation, etc.
  
     Artificial numbers, logarithms.
  
     Artificial person (Law). See under Person.
  
     Artificial sines, tangents, etc., the same as logarithms
        of the natural sines, tangents, etc. --Hutton.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  artificial
      adj 1: contrived by art rather than nature; "artificial
             flowers"; "artificial flavoring"; "an artificial
             diamond"; "artificial fibers"; "artificial sweeteners"
             [syn: artificial, unreal] [ant: natural]
      2: artificially formal; "that artificial humility that her
         husband hated"; "contrived coyness"; "a stilted letter of
         acknowledgment"; "when people try to correct their speech
         they develop a stilted pronunciation" [syn: artificial,
         contrived, hokey, stilted]
      3: not arising from natural growth or characterized by vital
         processes

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  104 Moby Thesaurus words for "artificial":
     Gongoresque, Gongoristic, Marinistic, affected, apocryphal,
     assumed, bastard, bogus, brummagem, colorable, colored, concocted,
     contrived, counterfeit, counterfeited, cute, distorted, dressed up,
     dummy, elaborate, elaborated, embellished, embroidered, ersatz,
     euphuistic, fabricated, factitious, fake, faked, false, falsified,
     fashioned, feigned, fictitious, fictive, forced, garbled,
     goody-goody, high-sounding, histrionic, hollow, hyperelegant,
     illegitimate, imitation, insincere, junky, la-di-da, labored, made,
     made-up, make-believe, man-made, maniere, mannered, manufactured,
     meretricious, mincing, mock, overacted, overdone, overelaborate,
     overelegant, overnice, overrefined, painted, papier-mache,
     perverted, phony, pinchbeck, plastic, precieuse, precieux,
     precious, pretend, pretended, pretentious, pseudo, put-on, quaint,
     quasi, queer, self-styled, sham, shoddy, simpering, simulated,
     so-called, soi-disant, spurious, stagy, studied, substitute,
     supposititious, synthetic, theatrical, tin, tinsel, titivated,
     twisted, unauthentic, ungenuine, unnatural, unreal, warped
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  ARTIFICIAL. What is the result of, or relates to, the arts; opposed to
  natural; thus we say a corporation is an artificial person, in opposition to
  a natural person. Artificial accession is the uniting one property to
  another by art, opposed to a simple natural union. 1 Bouv. Inst. n. 503.
  
  

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