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1 definition found
 for binary arithmetic
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Binary \Bi"na*ry\, a. [L. binarius, fr. bini two by two, two at
     a time, fr. root of bis twice; akin to E. two: cf. F.
     binaire.]
     Compounded or consisting of two things or parts;
     characterized by two (things).
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Binary arithmetic, that in which numbers are expressed
        according to the binary scale, or in which two figures
        only, 0 and 1, are used, in lieu of ten; the cipher
        multiplying everything by two, as in common arithmetic by
        ten. Thus, 1 is one; 10 is two; 11 is three; 100 is four,
        etc. --Davies & Peck.
  
     Binary compound (Chem.), a compound of two elements, or of
        an element and a compound performing the function of an
        element, or of two compounds performing the function of
        elements.
  
     Binary logarithms, a system of logarithms devised by Euler
        for facilitating musical calculations, in which 1 is the
        logarithm of 2, instead of 10, as in the common
        logarithms, and the modulus 1.442695 instead of .43429448.
        
  
     Binary measure (Mus.), measure divisible by two or four;
        common time.
  
     Binary nomenclature (Nat. Hist.), nomenclature in which the
        names designate both genus and species.
  
     Binary scale (Arith.), a uniform scale of notation whose
        ratio is two.
  
     Binary star (Astron.), a double star whose members have a
        revolution round their common center of gravity.
  
     Binary theory (Chem.), the theory that all chemical
        compounds consist of two constituents of opposite and
        unlike qualities.
        [1913 Webster]

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