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3 definitions found
 for by chance
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  May \May\ (m[=a]), v. [imp. Might (m[imac]t)] [AS. pres. maeg
     I am able, pret. meahte, mihte; akin to D. mogen, G.
     m["o]gen, OHG. mugan, magan, Icel. mega, Goth. magan, Russ.
     moche. [root]103. Cf. Dismay, Main strength, Might. The
     old imp. mought is obsolete, except as a provincial word.]
     An auxiliary verb qualifying the meaning of another verb, by
     (a) Ability, competency, or possibility; -- now oftener
         expressed by can.
         [1913 Webster]
               How may a man, said he, with idle speech,
               Be won to spoil the castle of his health!
         [1913 Webster]
               For what he [the king] may do is of two kinds; what
               he may do as just, and what he may do as possible.
         [1913 Webster]
               For of all sad words of tongue or pen
               The saddest are these: "It might have been."
         [1913 Webster]
     (b) Liberty; permission; allowance.
         [1913 Webster]
               Thou mayst be no longer steward.     --Luke xvi. 2.
         [1913 Webster]
     (c) Contingency or liability; possibility or probability.
         [1913 Webster]
               Though what he learns he speaks, and may advance
               Some general maxims, or be right by chance. --Pope.
         [1913 Webster]
     (d) Modesty, courtesy, or concession, or a desire to soften a
         question or remark.
         [1913 Webster]
               How old may Phillis be, you ask.     --Prior.
         [1913 Webster]
     (e) Desire or wish, as in prayer, imprecation, benediction,
         and the like. "May you live happily." --Dryden.
         [1913 Webster]
     May be, & It may be, are used as equivalent to
        possibly, perhaps, maybe, by chance,
        peradventure. See 1st Maybe.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  by chance
      adv 1: through chance, "To sleep, perchance to dream.." [syn:
             perchance, by chance]
      2: by accident; "betrayed by a word haply overheard" [syn:
         haply, by chance, by luck]
      3: without advance planning; "they met accidentally" [syn: by
         chance, accidentally, circumstantially, unexpectedly]
         [ant: advisedly, by choice, by design, deliberately,
         designedly, intentionally, on purpose, purposely]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  38 Moby Thesaurus words for "by chance":
     accidentally, as it chanced, at haphazard, at intervals, at random,
     by a fluke, by accident, by fits, by good fortune, by hazard,
     by snatches, capriciously, carelessly, casually, desultorily,
     erratically, fitfully, for some reason, fortuitously, haphazardly,
     hit or miss, in snatches, in some way, in spots, incidentally,
     indiscriminately, irregularly, perchance, promiscuously, randomly,
     sloppily, somehow, somehow or other, spasmodically, sporadically,
     unmethodically, unpredictably, unsystematically

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