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5 definitions found
 for cognomen
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Name \Name\ (n[=a]m), n. [AS. nama; akin to D. naam, OS. & OHG.
     namo, G. name, Icel. nafn, for namn, Dan. navn, Sw. namn,
     Goth. nam[=o], L. nomen (perh. influenced by noscere,
     gnoscere, to learn to know), Gr. 'o`mona, Scr. n[=a]man.
     [root]267. Cf. Anonymous, Ignominy, Misnomer,
     Nominal, Noun.]
     1. The title by which any person or thing is known or
        designated; a distinctive specific appellation, whether of
        an individual or a class.
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              Whatsoever Adam called every living creature, that
              was the name thereof.                 --Gen. ii. 19.
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              What's in a name? That which we call a rose
              By any other name would smell as sweet. --Shak.
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     2. A descriptive or qualifying appellation given to a person
        or thing, on account of a character or acts.
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              His name shall be called Wonderful, Counsellor, The
              mighty God, The everlasting Father, The Prince of
              Peace.                                --Is. ix. 6.
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     3. Reputed character; reputation, good or bad; estimation;
        fame; especially, illustrious character or fame; honorable
        estimation; distinction.
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              What men of name resort to him?       --Shak.
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              Far above . . . every name that is named, not only
              in this world, but also in that which is to come.
                                                    --Eph. i. 21.
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              I will get me a name and honor in the kingdom. --1
                                                    Macc. iii. 14.
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              He hath brought up an evil name upon a virgin.
                                                    --Deut. xxii.
                                                    19.
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              The king's army . . . had left no good name behind.
                                                    --Clarendon.
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     4. Those of a certain name; a race; a family.
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              The ministers of the republic, mortal enemies of his
              name, came every day to pay their feigned
              civilities.                           --Motley.
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     5. A person, an individual. [Poetic]
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              They list with women each degenerate name. --Dryden.
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     Christian name.
        (a) The name a person receives at baptism, as
            distinguished from surname; baptismal name; in
            western countries, it is also called a first name.
        (b) A given name, whether received at baptism or not.
  
     Given name. See under Given.
  
     In name, in profession, or by title only; not in reality;
        as, a friend in name.
  
     In the name of.
        (a) In behalf of; by the authority of. " I charge you in
            the duke's name to obey me."            --Shak.
        (b) In the represented or assumed character of. "I'll to
            him again in name of Brook."            --Shak.
  
     Name plate, a plate as of metal, glass, etc., having a name
        upon it, as a sign; a doorplate.
  
     Pen name, a name assumed by an author; a pseudonym or nom
        de plume. --Bayard Taylor.
  
     Proper name (Gram.), a name applied to a particular person,
        place, or thing.
  
     To call names, to apply opprobrious epithets to; to call by
        reproachful appellations.
  
     To take a name in vain, to use a name lightly or profanely;
        to use a name in making flippant or dishonest oaths. --Ex.
        xx. 7.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: Appellation; title; designation; cognomen; denomination;
          epithet.
  
     Usage: Name, Appellation, Title, Denomination. Name
            is generic, denoting that combination of sounds or
            letters by which a person or thing is known and
            distinguished. Appellation, although sometimes put for
            name simply, denotes, more properly, a descriptive
            term (called also agnomen or cognomen), used by
            way of marking some individual peculiarity or
            characteristic; as, Charles the Bold, Philip the
            Stammerer. A title is a term employed to point out
            one's rank, office, etc.; as, the Duke of Bedford,
            Paul the Apostle, etc. Denomination is to particular
            bodies what appellation is to individuals; thus, the
            church of Christ is divided into different
            denominations, as Congregationalists, Episcopalians,
            Presbyterians, etc.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Cognomen \Cog*no"men\, n. [L.: co- + (g)nomen name.]
     1. The last of the three names of a person among the ancient
        Romans, denoting his house or family.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Eng. Law) A surname.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  cognomen
      n 1: a familiar name for a person (often a shortened version of
           a person's given name); "Joe's mother would not use his
           nickname and always called him Joseph"; "Henry's nickname
           was Slim" [syn: nickname, moniker, cognomen,
           sobriquet, soubriquet, byname]
      2: the name used to identify the members of a family (as
         distinguished from each member's given name) [syn: surname,
         family name, cognomen, last name]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  47 Moby Thesaurus words for "cognomen":
     affectionate name, agnomen, appellation, appellative, binomen,
     binomial name, byname, byword, cryptonym, denomination,
     designation, diminutive, empty title, epithet, eponym, euonym,
     family name, handle, honorific, hypocoristic, hyponym, label,
     last name, maiden name, married name, matronymic, moniker, name,
     namesake, nickname, nomen, nomen nudum, patronymic, pet name,
     praenomen, proper name, proper noun, scientific name, secret name,
     sobriquet, style, surname, tag, tautonym, title, trinomen,
     trinomial name
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  COGNOMEN. A Latin word, which signifies a family name. The praenomen among 
  the Romans distinguished the person, the nomen, the gens, or all the kindred 
  descended from a remote common stock through males, while the cognomen 
  denoted the particular family. The agnomen was added on account of some 
  particular event, as a further distinction. Thus, in the designation Publius 
  Cornelius Scipio Africanus, Publius is the proenomen, Cornelius is the 
  nomen, Scipio the cognomen, and Africanus the agnomen. Vicat. These several 
  terms occur frequently in the Roman laws. See Cas. temp. Hardw. 286; 1 Tayl. 
  148. See Name; Surname. 
  
  

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