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11 definitions found
 for core
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Koran \Ko"ran\ (k[=o]"ran or k[-o]*r[aum]n"; 277), n. [Ar.
     qor[=a]n; with the Ar. article, Alkoran, Alcoran; = Turk.
     Pers. qur[^a]n, from Ar. quran, qoran, book, reading, from
     q[^a]r[^a], read. See Alcoran.]
     The Scriptures of the Muslims, containing the professed
     revelations to Mohammed; -- called also Alcoran. [Written
     also Kuran or Quran, Also rarely Coran and Core.]
  
     Note: The Koran is the sacred book of the Muslims (sometimes
           called Mohammedans by non-Muslims, a term considered
           offensive by some Muslims). It is the most important
           foundation on which Islam rests and it is held in the
           highest veneration by all Islamic sects. When being
           read it must be kept on a stand elevated above the
           floor. No one may read it or touch it without first
           making a legal ablution. It is written in the Arabic
           language, and its style is considered a model. The
           substance of the Koran is held to be uncreated and
           eternal. Mohammed was merely the person to whom the
           work was revealed. At first the Koran was not written,
           but entirely committed to memory. But when a great many
           of the best Koran reciters had been killed in battle,
           Omar suggested to Abu-Bekr (the successor of Mohammed)
           that it should be written down. Abu-Bekr accordingly
           commanded Zeid, an amanuensis of the prophet, to commit
           it to writing. This was the authorized text until 23
           years after the death of the prophet. A number of
           variant readings had, however, crept into use. By order
           of the calif Osman in the year 30 of the Hejira, Zeid
           and three assistants made a careful revision which was
           adopted as the standard, and all the other copies were
           ordered to be burned. The Koran consists of 114 suras
           or divisions. These are not numbered, but each one has
           a separate name. They are not arranged in historical
           order. These suras purport to be the addresses
           delivered by Mohammed during his career at Mecca and
           Medina. As a general rule the shorter suras, which
           contain the theology of Islam, belong to the Meccan
           period; while the longer ones, relating to social
           duties and relationships, to Medina. The Koran is
           largely drawn from Jewish and Christian sources, the
           former prevailing. Moses and Jesus are reckoned among
           the prophets. The biblical narratives are interwoven
           with rabbinical legends. The customs of the Jews are
           made to conform to those of the Arabians. Islamic
           theology consists in the study of the Koran and its
           commentaries. A very fine collection of Korans,
           including one in Cufic (the old Arabic character), is
           to be found in the Khedival Library at Cairo, Egypt.
           [Century Dict. 1906]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Cor \Cor\ (k[^o]r), n. [Heb. k[=o]r.]
     A Hebrew measure of capacity; a homer. [Written also core.]
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Core \Core\ (k[=o]r), n. [F. corps. See Corps.]
     A body of individuals; an assemblage. [Obs.]
     [1913 Webster]
  
           He was in a core of people.              --Bacon.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Core \Core\, n. [Cf. Chore.] (Mining.)
     A miner's underground working time or shift. --Raymond.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The twenty-four hours are divided into three or four
           cores.
           [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Core \Core\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Cord (k?rd); p. pr. & vb. n.
     Coring.]
     1. To take out the core or inward parts of; as, to core an
        apple.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He's like a corn upon my great toe . . . he must be
              cored out.                            --Marston.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To form by means of a core, as a hole in a casting.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To extract a cylindrical sample from, with a boring
        device. See core[8].
        [PJC]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Core \Core\, n. [Heb. k[=o]r: cf. Gr. ko`ros.]
     A Hebrew dry measure; a cor or homer. --Num. xi. 32 (Douay
     version).
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Core \Core\, n. [OF. cor, coer, cuer, F. c[oe]ur, fr. L. cor
     heart. See Heart.]
     1. The heart or inner part of a thing, as of a column, wall,
        rope, of a boil, etc.; especially, the central part of
        fruit, containing the kernels or seeds; as, the core of an
        apple or quince.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A fever at the core,
              Fatal to him who bears, to all who ever bore.
                                                    --Byron.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The center or inner part, as of an open space; as, the
        core of a square. [Obs.] --Sir W. Raleigh.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. The most important part of a thing; the essence; as, the
        core of a subject; -- also used attributively, as the core
        curriculum at a college.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
     4. (Founding) The portion of a mold which shapes the interior
        of a cylinder, tube, or other hollow casting, or which
        makes a hole in or through a casting; a part of the mold,
        made separate from and inserted in it, for shaping some
        part of the casting, the form of which is not determined
        by that of the pattern.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. A disorder of sheep occasioned by worms in the liver.
        [Prov. Eng.] --Halliwell.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. (Anat.) The bony process which forms the central axis of
        the horns in many animals.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. (Elec.) A mass of iron or other ferrous metal, forming the
        central part of an electromagnet, such as those upon which
        the conductor of an armature, a transformer, or an
        induction coil is wound.
  
     Note: The presence of the iron intensifies the magnetic field
           created by a a current passing through the windings.
           [Webster 1913 Suppl. +PJC]
  
     8. (mining) a sample of earth or rock extracted from
        underground by a drilling device in such a manner that the
        layers of rock are preserved in the same order as they
        exist underground; as, to drill a core; to extract a core.
        The sample is typically removed with a rotating drill bit
        having a hollow center, and is thus shaped like a
        cylinder.
        [PJC]
  
     9. (Computers) The main working memory of a digital computer
        system, which typically retains the program code being
        executed as well as the data structures that are
        manipulated by the program. Contrasted to ROM and data
        storage device.
  
     Note: The term was applied originally to the main memory,
           consisting of small ferromagnetic rings, that were used
           to store data in older computers, where each ring
           representing one bit of information by virtue of its
           state of magnetization. They were superseded by
           electronic data storage devices.
  
     Syn: core memory, random access memory, RAM
          [PJC]
  
     10. (Geol.) the central part of the earth, believed to be a
         sphere with a radius of about 2100 miles, and composed
         primarily of molten iron with some nickel. It is
         distinguished from the crust and mantle.
         [PJC]
  
     11. (Engineering) the central part of a nuclear reactor,
         containing the fissionable fuel.
         [PJC]
  
     Core box (Founding), a box or mold, usually divisible, in
        which cores are molded.
  
     Core print (Founding), a projecting piece on a pattern
        which forms, in the mold, an impression for holding in
        place or steadying a core.
  
     Core dump See core dump in the vocabulary.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  core
      n 1: a small group of indispensable persons or things; "five
           periodicals make up the core of their publishing program"
           [syn: core, nucleus, core group]
      2: the center of an object; "the ball has a titanium core"
      3: the central part of the Earth
      4: the choicest or most essential or most vital part of some
         idea or experience; "the gist of the prosecutor's argument";
         "the heart and soul of the Republican Party"; "the nub of the
         story" [syn: kernel, substance, core, center,
         centre, essence, gist, heart, heart and soul,
         inwardness, marrow, meat, nub, pith, sum, nitty-
         gritty]
      5: a cylindrical sample of soil or rock obtained with a hollow
         drill
      6: an organization founded by James Leonard Farmer in 1942 to
         work for racial equality [syn: Congress of Racial Equality,
         CORE]
      7: the central meaning or theme of a speech or literary work
         [syn: effect, essence, burden, core, gist]
      8: (computer science) a tiny ferrite toroid formerly used in a
         random access memory to store one bit of data; now superseded
         by semiconductor memories; "each core has three wires passing
         through it, providing the means to select and detect the
         contents of each bit" [syn: core, magnetic core]
      9: the chamber of a nuclear reactor containing the fissile
         material where the reaction takes place
      10: a bar of magnetic material (as soft iron) that passes
          through a coil and serves to increase the inductance of the
          coil
      v 1: remove the core or center from; "core an apple"

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  206 Moby Thesaurus words for "core":
     Bowery, Chinatown, East End, East Side, Little Hungary,
     Little Italy, West End, West Side, amidships, amount, average,
     axiom, axis, barrio, base, basis, beginning, bench mark,
     black ghetto, blighted area, body, bosom, bulk, burden,
     business district, cardinal point, center, center of action,
     center of gravity, central, central city, centroid, centrum,
     chief thing, city center, climax, commencement, consequence,
     cornerstone, corpus, crisis, critical point, crux, dead center,
     deepest recesses, diameter, diaphragm, distillate, distillation,
     downtown, elixir, epicenter, equator, equatorial, equidistant,
     essence, essential, essential matter, fabric, flower, focus,
     foundation, fundamental, ghetto, gist, gravamen, great point,
     greenbelt, halfway, heart, heart of hearts, high point, hub,
     hypostasis, import, importance, important thing, inner, inner city,
     inner essence, inner landscape, inner life, inner man,
     inner nature, inner recess, inner self, inside, insides, interior,
     interior man, intermediary, intermediate, intern, internal,
     intrados, inward, issue, kernel, keystone, landmark, main point,
     main thing, marrow, mass, material, material point, matter, mean,
     meat, medial, median, mediocre, mediterranean, medium, medulla,
     mesial, metacenter, mezzo, mid, middle, middlemost, middling,
     midland, midmost, midpoint, midriff, midships, midst, midtown,
     midway, milestone, nave, navel, nub, nuclear, nucleus,
     nuts and bolts, omphalos, origin, outskirts, penetralia, pit, pith,
     pivot, postulate, principle, purport, quick, quid, quiddity,
     quintessence, real issue, recap, recapitulation, recesses,
     red-light district, residential district, resume, root,
     run-down neighborhood, run-through, rundown, salient point, sap,
     secret place, secret places, seed, shopping center, significance,
     sine qua non, skid road, skid row, slum, slums, soul, spirit,
     staple, start, storm center, stuff, substance, substantive point,
     suburbia, suburbs, sum, sum and substance, summary, summation,
     tenderloin, tenement district, the bottom line, the nitty-gritty,
     the point, thick, thick of things, thrust, turning point,
     umbilicus, upshot, uptown, urban blight, vital center, vitals,
     waist, waistline, zone
  
  

From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

  core
   n.
  
      Main storage or RAM. Dates from the days of ferrite-core memory; now
      archaic as techspeak most places outside IBM, but also still used in the
      Unix community and by old-time hackers or those who would sound like them.
      Some derived idioms are quite current; in core, for example, means ?in
      memory? (as opposed to ?on disk?), and both core dump and the core image
      or core file produced by one are terms in favor. Some varieties of
      Commonwealth hackish prefer store.
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  core
  
     1.  Main memory or RAM.  This term dates from the
     days of ferrite core memory and, like the technology, is now
     archaic.
  
     Some derived idioms outlived the hardware: for example, "in
     core" (meaning paged in), core dump, "core image", "core
     file".  Some varieties of Commonwealth hackish prefer store.
  
     [{Jargon File]
  
     (2009-11-06)
  
     2.  An integrated circuit design, usually for a
     microprocessor, which includes only the CPU and which is
     intended to be incorporated on a chiip with other circuits
     such as cache, memory management unit, I/O ports and
     timers.  The trend in 2009 is to have multiple cores per chip.
  
     The ARM6, ARM7 and ARM8 are early examples, the Intel
     Core i9 more recent.
  
     3.  A varient on kernel as used to describe
     features built into a language as opposed to those provided by
     libraries.
  
     (2009-11-06)
  

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