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3 definitions found
 for decomposition
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Decomposition \De*com`po*si"tion\, n. [Pref. de- (in sense 3
     intensive) + composition: cf. F. d['e]composition. Cf.
     Decomposition.]
     1. The act or process of resolving the constituent parts of a
        compound body or substance into its elementary parts;
        separation into constituent part; analysis; the decay or
        dissolution consequent on the removal or alteration of
        some of the ingredients of a compound; disintegration; as,
        the decomposition of wood, rocks, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The state of being reduced into original elements.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Repeated composition; a combination of compounds. [Obs.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Decomposition of forces. Same as Resolution of forces,
        under Resolution.
  
     Decomposition of light, the division of light into the
        prismatic colors.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  decomposition
      n 1: the analysis of a vector field [syn: decomposition,
           vector decomposition]
      2: in a decomposed state [syn: decomposition,
         disintegration]
      3: (chemistry) separation of a substance into two or more
         substances that may differ from each other and from the
         original substance [syn: decomposition, decomposition
         reaction, chemical decomposition reaction]
      4: (biology) the process of decay caused by bacterial or fungal
         action [syn: decomposition, rot, rotting,
         putrefaction]
      5: the organic phenomenon of rotting [syn: decay,
         decomposition]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  48 Moby Thesaurus words for "decomposition":
     ablation, atomization, biodegradability, biodegradation, breakup,
     caries, carrion, corrosion, corruption, crumbling, decay,
     degradability, degradation, dilapidation, disintegration,
     disjunction, disorganization, dissolution, dry rot, erosion,
     foulness, gangrene, incoherence, mildew, mold, mortification,
     necrosis, oxidation, oxidization, putrefaction, putrescence,
     putridity, putridness, rancidity, rancidness, rankness,
     ravages of time, resolution, rot, rottenness, rust, slough,
     sphacelation, sphacelus, spoilage, tooth decay, wear,
     wear and tear
  
  

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