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6 definitions found
 for grammar
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Grammar \Gram"mar\, v. i.
     To discourse according to the rules of grammar; to use
     grammar. [Obs.] --Beau. & Fl.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Grammar \Gram"mar\, n. [OE. gramere, OF. gramaire, F. grammaire
     Prob. fr. L. gramatica Gr ?, fem. of ? skilled in grammar,
     fr. ? letter. See Gramme, Graphic, and cf. Grammatical,
     Gramarye.]
     1. The science which treats of the principles of language;
        the study of forms of speech, and their relations to one
        another; the art concerned with the right use and
        application of the rules of a language, in speaking or
        writing.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The whole fabric of grammar rests upon the classifying
           of words according to their function in the sentence.
           --Bain.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The art of speaking or writing with correctness or
        according to established usage; speech considered with
        regard to the rules of a grammar.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The original bad grammar and bad spelling.
                                                    --Macaulay.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. A treatise on the principles of language; a book
        containing the principles and rules for correctness in
        speaking or writing.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. treatise on the elements or principles of any science; as,
        a grammar of geography.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Comparative grammar, the science which determines the
        relations of kindred languages by examining and comparing
        their grammatical forms.
  
     Grammar school.
        (a) A school, usually endowed, in which Latin and Greek
            grammar are taught, as also other studies preparatory
            to colleges or universities; as, the famous Rugby
            Grammar School. This use of the word is more common in
            England than in the United States.
            [1913 Webster]
  
                  When any town shall increase to the number of a
                  hundred
                  families or householders, they shall set up a
                  grammar school, the master thereof being able to
                  instruct youth so far as they may be fitted for
                  the University.                   --Mass.
                                                    Records
                                                    (1647).
        (b) In the American system of graded common schools, at
            one time the term referred to an intermediate school
            between the primary school and the high school, in
            which the principles of English grammar were taught;
            now, it is synonymous with primary school or
            elementary school, being the first school at which
            children are taught subjects required by the state
            educational laws. In different communities, the
            grammar school (primary school) may have grades 1 to
            4, 1 to 6, or 1 to 8, usually together with a
            kindergarten. Schools between the primary school and
            high school are now commonly termed middle school or
            intermediate school.
            [1913 Webster +PJC]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  grammar
      n 1: the branch of linguistics that deals with syntax and
           morphology (and sometimes also deals with semantics)

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  83 Moby Thesaurus words for "grammar":
     abecedarium, abecedary, alphabet, alphabet book, basics,
     battledore, bowwow theory, casebook, choice of words,
     comparative linguistics, composition, derivation,
     descriptive linguistics, dialect, dialectology, diction,
     dingdong theory, elements, etymology, exercise book, expression,
     first principles, first steps, formulation, fundamentals,
     glossematics, glossology, glottochronology, glottology, gradus,
     graphemics, historical linguistics, hornbook, idiom, induction,
     language, language study, lexicology, lexicostatistics,
     linguistic geography, linguistic science, linguistics, locution,
     manual, manual of instruction, mathematical linguistics,
     morphology, morphophonemics, outlines, paleography, parlance,
     philology, phonetics, phonology, phrase, phraseology, phrasing,
     primer, principia, principles, psycholinguistics, reader, rhetoric,
     rudiments, schoolbook, semantics, sociolinguistics, speech,
     speller, spelling book, structuralism, syntactics, t, talk, text,
     transformational linguistics, usage, use of words, usus loquendi,
     verbiage, wordage, wording, workbook
  
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  grammar
  
      A formal definition of the syntactic structure (the
     syntax) of a language.
  
     A grammar is normally represented as a set of production
     rules which specify the order of constituents and their
     sub-constituents in a sentence (a well-formed string in the
     language).  Each rule has a left-hand side symbol naming a
     syntactic category (e.g. "noun-phrase" for a natural
     language grammar) and a right-hand side which is a sequence
     of zero or more symbols.  Each symbol may be either a
     terminal symbol or a non-terminal symbol.  A terminal symbol
     corresponds to one "{lexeme" - a part of the sentence with no
     internal syntactic structure (e.g. an identifier or an
     operator in a computer language).  A non-terminal symbol is
     the left-hand side of some rule.
  
     One rule is normally designated as the top-level rule which
     gives the structure for a whole sentence.
  
     A parser (a kind of recogniser) uses a grammar to parse a
     sentence, assigning a terminal syntactic category to each
     input token and a non-terminal category to each appropriate
     group of tokens, up to the level of the whole sentence.
     Parsing is usually preceded by lexical analysis.  The
     opposite, generation, starts from the top-level rule and
     chooses one alternative production wherever there is a choice.
  
     In computing, a formal grammar, e.g. in BNF, can be used to
     parse a linear input stream, such as the source code of a
     program, into a data structure that expresses the (or a)
     meaning of the input in a form that is easier for the computer
     to work with.  A compiler compiler like yacc might be used
     to convert a grammar into code for the parser of a compiler.
     A grammar might also be used by a transducer, a translator
     or a syntax directed editor.
  
     See also attribute grammar.
  
     (2009-02-06)
  

From The Devil's Dictionary (1881-1906) :

  GRAMMAR, n.  A system of pitfalls thoughtfully prepared for the feet
  for the self-made man, along the path by which he advances to
  distinction.
  

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