dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


6 definitions found
 for hard
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Hard \Hard\ (h[aum]rd), a. [Compar. Harder (-[~e]r); superl.
     Hardest.] [OE. hard, heard, AS. heard; akin to OS. & D.
     hard, G. hart, OHG. herti, harti, Icel. har[eth]r, Dan.
     haard, Sw. h[*a]rd, Goth. hardus, Gr. kraty`s strong,
     ka`rtos, kra`tos, strength, and also to E. -ard, as in
     coward, drunkard, -crat, -cracy in autocrat, democracy; cf.
     Skr. kratu strength, k[.r] to do, make. Cf. Hardy.]
     1. Not easily penetrated, cut, or separated into parts; not
        yielding to pressure; firm; solid; compact; -- applied to
        material bodies, and opposed to soft; as, hard wood;
        hard flesh; a hard apple.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Difficult, mentally or judicially; not easily apprehended,
        decided, or resolved; as a hard problem.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The hard causes they brought unto Moses. --Ex.
                                                    xviii. 26.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              In which are some things hard to be understood. --2
                                                    Peter iii. 16.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Difficult to accomplish; full of obstacles; laborious;
        fatiguing; arduous; as, a hard task; a disease hard to
        cure.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Difficult to resist or control; powerful.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The stag was too hard for the horse.  --L'Estrange.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A power which will be always too hard for them.
                                                    --Addison.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Difficult to bear or endure; not easy to put up with or
        consent to; hence, severe; rigorous; oppressive;
        distressing; unjust; grasping; as, a hard lot; hard times;
        hard fare; a hard winter; hard conditions or terms.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              I never could drive a hard bargain.   --Burke.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Difficult to please or influence; stern; unyielding;
        obdurate; unsympathetic; unfeeling; cruel; as, a hard
        master; a hard heart; hard words; a hard character.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. Not easy or agreeable to the taste; harsh; stiff; rigid;
        ungraceful; repelling; as, a hard style.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Figures harder than even the marble itself.
                                                    --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. Rough; acid; sour, as liquors; as, hard cider.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. (Pron.) Abrupt or explosive in utterance; not aspirated,
        sibilated, or pronounced with a gradual change of the
        organs from one position to another; -- said of certain
        consonants, as c in came, and g in go, as distinguished
        from the same letters in center, general, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. Wanting softness or smoothness of utterance; harsh; as, a
         hard tone.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     11. (Painting)
         (a) Rigid in the drawing or distribution of the figures;
             formal; lacking grace of composition.
         (b) Having disagreeable and abrupt contrasts in the
             coloring or light and shade.
             [1913 Webster]
  
     Hard cancer, Hard case, etc. See under Cancer, Case,
        etc.
  
     Hard clam, or Hard-shelled clam (Zool.), the quahog.
  
     Hard coal, anthracite, as distinguished from bituminous
        coal ({soft coal}).
  
     Hard and fast. (Naut.) See under Fast.
  
     Hard finish (Arch.), a smooth finishing coat of hard fine
        plaster applied to the surface of rough plastering.
  
     Hard lines, hardship; difficult conditions.
  
     Hard money, coin or specie, as distinguished from paper
        money.
  
     Hard oyster (Zool.), the northern native oyster. [Local, U.
        S.]
  
     Hard pan, the hard stratum of earth lying beneath the soil;
        hence, figuratively, the firm, substantial, fundamental
        part or quality of anything; as, the hard pan of
        character, of a matter in dispute, etc. See Pan.
  
     Hard rubber. See under Rubber.
  
     Hard solder. See under Solder.
  
     Hard water, water, which contains lime or some mineral
        substance rendering it unfit for washing. See Hardness,
        3.
  
     Hard wood, wood of a solid or hard texture; as walnut, oak,
        ash, box, and the like, in distinction from pine, poplar,
        hemlock, etc.
  
     In hard condition, in excellent condition for racing;
        having firm muscles; -- said of race horses.
  
     Syn: Solid; arduous; powerful; trying; unyielding; stubborn;
          stern; flinty; unfeeling; harsh; difficult; severe;
          obdurate; rigid. See Solid, and Arduous.
          [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Hard \Hard\, adv. [OE. harde, AS. hearde.]
     1. With pressure; with urgency; hence, diligently; earnestly.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              And prayed so hard for mercy from the prince.
                                                    --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              My father
              Is hard at study; pray now, rest yourself. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. With difficulty; as, the vehicle moves hard.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Uneasily; vexatiously; slowly. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. So as to raise difficulties. "The question is hard set."
        --Sir T. Browne.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. With tension or strain of the powers; violently; with
        force; tempestuously; vehemently; vigorously;
        energetically; as, to press, to blow, to rain hard; hence,
        rapidly; nimbly; as, to run hard.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. Close or near.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Whose house joined hard to the synagogue. --Acts
                                                    xviii. 7.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Hard by, near by; close at hand; not far off. "Hard by a
        cottage chimney smokes." --Milton.
  
     Hard pushed, Hard run, greatly pressed; as, he was hard
        pushed or hard run for time, money, etc. [Colloq.]
  
     Hard up, closely pressed by want or necessity; without
        money or resources; as, hard up for amusements. [Slang]
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Hard in nautical language is often joined to words of
           command to the helmsman, denoting that the order should
           be carried out with the utmost energy, or that the helm
           should be put, in the direction indicated, to the
           extreme limit, as, Hard aport! Hard astarboard! Hard
           alee! Hard aweather! Hard up!
           Hard is also often used in composition with a
           participle; as, hard-baked; hard-earned; hard-featured;
           hard-working; hard-won.
           [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Hard \Hard\ (h[aum]rd), v. t.
     To harden; to make hard. [Obs.] --Chaucer.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Hard \Hard\, n.
     A ford or passage across a river or swamp.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  hard
      adv 1: with effort or force or vigor; "the team played hard";
             "worked hard all day"; "pressed hard on the lever"; "hit
             the ball hard"; "slammed the door hard"
      2: with firmness; "held hard to the railing" [syn: hard,
         firmly]
      3: earnestly or intently; "thought hard about it"; "stared hard
         at the accused"
      4: causing great damage or hardship; "industries hit hard by the
         depression"; "she was severely affected by the bank's
         failure" [syn: hard, severely]
      5: slowly and with difficulty; "prejudices die hard"
      6: indulging excessively; "he drank heavily" [syn: heavily,
         intemperately, hard] [ant: lightly]
      7: into a solid condition; "concrete that sets hard within a few
         hours"
      8: very near or close in space or time; "it stands hard by the
         railroad tracks"; "they were hard on his heels"; "a strike
         followed hard upon the plant's opening"
      9: with pain or distress or bitterness; "he took the rejection
         very hard"
      10: to the full extent possible; all the way; "hard alee"; "the
          ship went hard astern"; "swung the wheel hard left"
      adj 1: not easy; requiring great physical or mental effort to
             accomplish or comprehend or endure; "a difficult task";
             "nesting places on the cliffs are difficult of access";
             "difficult times"; "why is it so hard for you to keep a
             secret?" [syn: difficult, hard] [ant: easy]
      2: dispassionate; "took a hard look"; "a hard bargainer"; [ant:
         soft]
      3: resisting weight or pressure [ant: soft]
      4: very strong or vigorous; "strong winds"; "a hard left to the
         chin"; "a knockout punch"; "a severe blow" [syn: hard,
         knockout, severe]
      5: characterized by effort to the point of exhaustion;
         especially physical effort; "worked their arduous way up the
         mining valley"; "a grueling campaign"; "hard labor"; "heavy
         work"; "heavy going"; "spent many laborious hours on the
         project"; "set a punishing pace" [syn: arduous,
         backbreaking, grueling, gruelling, hard, heavy,
         laborious, operose, punishing, toilsome]
      6: produced without vibration of the vocal cords; "unvoiced
         consonants such as `p' and `k' and `s'" [syn: unvoiced,
         voiceless, surd, hard] [ant: soft, sonant,
         voiced]
      7: (of light) transmitted directly from a pointed light source
         [syn: hard, concentrated] [ant: diffuse, diffused,
         soft]
      8: (of speech sounds); produced with the back of the tongue
         raised toward or touching the velum; "Russian distinguished
         between hard consonants and palatalized or soft consonants"
         [ant: soft]
      9: given to excessive indulgence of bodily appetites especially
         for intoxicating liquors; "a hard drinker" [syn:
         intemperate, hard, heavy]
      10: being distilled rather than fermented; having a high
          alcoholic content; "hard liquor" [syn: hard, strong]
      11: unfortunate or hard to bear; "had hard luck"; "a tough
          break" [syn: hard, tough]
      12: dried out; "hard dry rolls left over from the day before"

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  686 Moby Thesaurus words for "hard":
     Herculean, Philistine, about, absolute, abstruse, accented, acerb,
     acerbic, acrid, acrimonious, actively, acute, adamant, adamantine,
     addictive, adverse, afflictive, agonizing, agonizingly, alcoholic,
     all but, almost, along toward, alveolar, amaroidal, anesthetic,
     angry, antagonistic, apical, apico-alveolar, apico-dental,
     approximately, ardent, ardently, arduous, arduously, around,
     articulated, assiduous, assiduously, assimilated, astringent,
     at close quarters, at hand, atrocious, austere, avid, back,
     backbreaking, bad, badly, baffling, bankrupt, bare, barytone,
     bec et ongles, beefy, beyond one, bilabial, biting, bitter,
     bitter as gall, bleak, bloodless, blunt, bony, bothersome,
     bouncing, bowelless, brazen, broad, broke, brutal, brutish, bulky,
     burdensome, businesslike, busted, cacuminal, calamitous,
     calculating, callous, calloused, carefully, cartilaginous,
     case-hardened, cast-iron, caustic, cement, cemental, central,
     cerebral, checked, chewy, clear, close, close about, close at hand,
     close by, close-knit, close-textured, close-woven, coarse,
     cohesive, cold, cold of heart, coldblooded, coldhearted, compact,
     compacted, complex, complicated, compressed, concentrated,
     concrete, condensed, conditioning, conflicting, congested,
     conscienceless, conscientious, conscientiously, consolidated,
     consonant, consonantal, continuant, contrary, cool, coriaceous,
     corneous, counter, counteractive, crabbed, crammed, crammed full,
     cramp, cramping, critical, crowded, cruel, dark, deep, deeply,
     definite, delicate, demanding, dense, dental, despotic,
     determinedly, detrimental, devastating, devoted, devotedly,
     dictatorial, difficile, difficult, diligent, diligently,
     disastrous, dispassionate, dissimilated, distinct, distressing,
     distressingly, dog-eat-dog, dogged, doggedly, dorsal, doughty,
     dour, down-to-earth, dull, durable, dure, dynamically, eager,
     eagerly, earnestly, effortful, effortfully, enduring, energetic,
     energetically, enigmatic, exacting, excruciating, exhausting,
     factual, fast by, fatiguing, fervent, fibrous, firm, flat,
     flinthearted, flintlike, flinty, forceful, forcefully, forcible,
     forcibly, forcy, formidable, front, full-blooded, full-strength,
     fundamentalist, garbled, genuine, glide, glossal, glottal, gluey,
     gnawing, granitelike, granitic, grave, grievous, grim, grinding,
     griping, gristly, gutsy, guttural, gutty, habit-forming,
     habituating, hairy, hale, hammer and tongs, hard as nails, hard by,
     hard of heart, hard to understand, hard up, hard-bitten,
     hard-boiled, hard-core, hard-earned, hard-fought, hard-nosed,
     hard-set, hardened, hardheaded, hardhearted, hardworking, hardy,
     harmful, harrowing, harsh, harshly, heart and soul, heartily,
     heartless, hearty, heavy, hefty, hereabout, hereabouts, hidebound,
     high, horny, hostile, hurtful, hurting, husky, ill, immovable,
     immutable, impassible, impecunious, impenetrable, impenitent,
     impermeable, impervious, implacable, impliable, impoverished,
     impregnable, in opposition, in spitting distance, in the red,
     inclement, incomprehensible, incontestable, incontrovertible,
     indefatigable, indefatigably, indigent, indisputable, indurate,
     indurated, industrious, industriously, inelastic, ineluctable,
     inescapable, inexorable, inflexible, inhuman, inimical,
     inscrutable, insensate, insensitive, insolent, insoluble,
     intemperate, intense, intensely, intent, intently, intonated,
     intractable, intransigent, intricate, inured, involved, irksome,
     iron, iron-hard, ironbound, ironclad, ironhanded, ironlike,
     irreconcilable, jam-packed, jammed, jawbreaking, jumbled, keen,
     knotted, knotty, labial, labiodental, labiovelar, labored,
     laborious, laboriously, lapideous, lasting, lateral, lax,
     leatherlike, leathery, light, lingual, liquid, lithoid, lithoidal,
     lost to shame, low, lusty, magisterial, manfully, marble,
     marblelike, massive, matter-of-fact, mean, merciless, methodical,
     mid, mightily, mighty, miserable, monophthongal, most, much,
     muscle-bound, muted, narrow, nasal, nasalized, near, near at hand,
     nearabout, nearabouts, nearby, nervy, never idle, nigh, nigh about,
     no picnic, nonporous, not easy, not far, obdurate, obfuscated,
     obscure, obscured, obstinate, occlusive, onerous, only a step,
     open, operose, operosely, opposed, opposing, opposite, oppressive,
     orthodox, osseous, overtechnical, oxytone, pachydermatous, packed,
     painful, painfully, palatal, palatalized, paroxysmal, penetrating,
     penniless, perplexed, perplexing, perseveringly, persistent,
     persistently, petrified, pharyngeal, pharyngealized, phonemic,
     phonetic, phonic, physiologically addictive, piercing, pitch,
     pitched, pitiless, plain, poignant, poor, positive, posttonic,
     potent, poverty-stricken, powerful, practical, practically,
     pragmatic, procrustean, profound, proof against,
     psychologically addictive, puissant, pungent, purist, puristic,
     puritan, puritanic, puzzling, racking, real, realistic,
     red-blooded, relentless, relentlessly, remorseless, resistant,
     resistive, retroflex, rigid, rigorist, rigoristic, rigorous,
     robust, robustious, rock-ribbed, rockbound, rocklike, rocky, ropy,
     rough, rounded, rugged, ruthless, savage, scabrous, scrambled,
     searching, seared, sedulous, sedulously, semivowel, serious,
     serried, set, set with thorns, severe, severely, shameless, sharp,
     shooting, sinewy, sinister, slavish, sleepless, sober, soft, solid,
     solidified, sonant, sound, sour, spasmatic, spasmic, spasmodic,
     spiny, spiritedly, spirituous, stabbing, stable, stalwart, stark,
     steadfastly, steady, steeled against, steellike, steely, steep,
     stern, sticky, stiff, stinging, stonelike, stony, stonyhearted,
     stopped, stout, straight, straightforward, straightlaced,
     straining, straitlaced, strapping, strenuous, strenuously,
     stressed, stressful, strict, stringent, stringy, strong,
     strong as brandy, strong as strong, strong-willed, stubborn,
     studiously, sturdy, substantial, surd, sure-enough, syllabic,
     systematic, tangled, tart, tenacious, tense, terrible,
     the hard way, thereabout, thereabouts, thick, thick-growing,
     thick-skinned, thickset, thorny, throaty, ticklish, tireless,
     tiring, toilsome, toilsomely, tonal, tonic, tooth and nail,
     tormenting, torturous, tough, tough as leather, tricky,
     troublesome, troublous, trying, twangy, tyrannical, unabject,
     unaccented, unaffected, unalterable, unavoidable, unbending,
     unblushing, unchangeable, uncompassionate, uncompassioned,
     uncompromising, uncontrite, undeniable, unemotional, unfalteringly,
     unfavorable, unfeeling, unflagging, unforgiving, unfriendly,
     ungentle, ungiving, unidealistic, unkind, unmelted, unmerciful,
     unmoved, unnatural, unpitiful, unpitying, unpleasant,
     unquestionable, unrelenting, unremitting, unremorseful,
     unrepentant, unrepenting, unresponsive, unrounded, unsentimental,
     unsleeping, unsoftened, unsolvable, unsparing, unstressed,
     unsympathetic, unsympathizing, untiring, untiringly, untouched,
     untoward, unvarnished, unwearied, unyielding, uphill, urgently,
     vehement, velar, verifiable, vigorous, vigorously, vinous,
     violently, viscid, viscose, viscous, vocalic, vocoid, voiced,
     voiceless, vowel, vowellike, weak, wearing, wearisome, wearying,
     well-built, well-constructed, well-defined, well-founded,
     well-grounded, well-made, well-nigh, wicked, wide, winy, wiry,
     with a kick, with a will, with effort, within call, within earshot,
     within hearing, within reach, without mercy, wretched, zealous,
     zealously
  
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org