dict.org

The DICT Development Group


Search for:
Search type:
Database:

Database copyright information
Server information
Wiki: Resources, links, and other information


4 definitions found
 for information
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Information \In`for*ma"tion\, n. [F., fr. L. informatio
     representation, conception. See Inform, v. t.]
     1. The act of informing, or communicating knowledge or
        intelligence.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The active informations of the intellect. --South.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Any fact or set of facts, knowledge, news, or advice,
        whether communicated by others or obtained by personal
        study and investigation; any datum that reduces
        uncertainty about the state of any part of the world;
        intelligence; knowledge derived from reading, observation,
        or instruction.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]
  
              Larger opportunities of information.  --Rogers.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He should get some information in the subject he
              intends to handle.                    --Swift.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Law) A proceeding in the nature of a prosecution for some
        offense against the government, instituted and prosecuted,
        really or nominally, by some authorized public officer on
        behalf of the government. It differs from an indictment in
        criminal cases chiefly in not being based on the finding
        of a grand jury. See Indictment.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Information Theory) A measure of the number of possible
        choices of messages contained in a symbol, signal,
        transmitted message, or other information-bearing object;
        it is usually quantified as the negative logarithm of the
        number of allowed symbols that could be contained in the
        message; for logarithms to the base 2, the measure
        corresponds to the unit of information, the hartley, which
        is log210, or 3.323 bits; called also information
        content. The smallest unit of information that can be
        contained or transmitted is the bit, corresponding to a
        yes-or-no decision.
        [PJC]
  
     5. (Computers) Useful facts, as contrasted with raw data; as,
        among all this data, there must be some interesting
        information.
        [PJC]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  information
      n 1: a message received and understood [syn: information,
           info]
      2: knowledge acquired through study or experience or instruction
      3: formal accusation of a crime
      4: a collection of facts from which conclusions may be drawn;
         "statistical data" [syn: data, information]
      5: (communication theory) a numerical measure of the uncertainty
         of an outcome; "the signal contained thousands of bits of
         information" [syn: information, selective information,
         entropy]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  213 Moby Thesaurus words for "information":
     ALGOL, COBOL, ESP, FORTRAN, accusal, accusation, accusing,
     acquaintance, advice, allegation, allegement, alphabetic data,
     alphanumeric code, angular data, answer, arraignment, assembler,
     bail, bill of particulars, binary digit, binary scale,
     binary system, bit, blame, brass tacks, bringing of charges,
     bringing to book, broadcast journalism, bug, byte, catechization,
     charge, coaching, command pulses, commands, commerce,
     communication, communion, compiler, complaint, computer code,
     computer language, computer program, congress, connection, contact,
     control signals, controlled quantity, conversation, converse,
     corpus, correcting signals, correspondence, count, data, datum,
     dealing, dealings, delation, denouncement, denunciation, didactics,
     direction, dirt, dope, edification, education, enlightenment,
     error, error signals, essential facts, essentials, exchange,
     experience, expertise, facts, factual base, familiarity,
     feedback pulses, feedback signals, film data, gen, guidance,
     hexadecimal system, illumination, impeachment, implication,
     imputation, indictment, info, innuendo, input data, input quantity,
     insinuation, instruction, instructions, intelligence, interaction,
     interchange, intercommunication, intercommunion, intercourse,
     interplay, intimacy, journalism, ken, know-how, knowing, knowledge,
     lawsuit, laying of charges, linguistic intercourse, lore, low-down,
     machine language, message, multiple messages, news, news agency,
     news medium, news service, newsiness, newsletter, newsmagazine,
     newspaper, newsworthiness, noise, numeric data, octal system,
     oscillograph data, output data, output quantity, pedagogics,
     pedagogy, plaint, play, polar data, poop, practical knowledge,
     presentment, press association, private knowledge,
     private teaching, privity, programmed instruction, prosecution,
     punch-card data, radio, random data, ratio cognoscendi,
     rectangular data, reeducation, reference quantity, reply, report,
     reportage, reproach, response, ruly English, schooling, science,
     self-instruction, self-knowledge, self-teaching, signals,
     single messages, social intercourse, speaking, speech,
     speech circuit, speech situation, spoon-feeding, suit, talking,
     taxing, teaching, technic, technics, technique, telegraph agency,
     telepathy, television, the data, the details, the dope, the facts,
     the fourth estate, the information, the particulars, the picture,
     the press, the scoop, the score, the specifics, the whole story,
     tidings, touch, traffic, truck, true bill, tuition, tutelage,
     tutorage, tutoring, tutorship, two-way communication,
     unorganized data, unspoken accusation, veiled accusation,
     visible-speech data, wire service, wisdom, word
  
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  information
  
      The result of applying data processing to data,
     giving it context and meaning.  Information can then be
     further processed to yeild knowledge.
  
     People or computers can find patterns in data to perceive
     information, and information can be used to enhance
     knowledge.  Since knowledge is prerequisite to wisdom, we
     always want more data and information.  But, as modern
     societies verge on information overload, we especially need
     better ways to find patterns.
  
     1234567.89 is data.
  
     "Your bank balance has jumped 8087% to $1234567.89" is
     information.
  
     "Nobody owes me that much money" is knowledge.
  
     "I'd better talk to the bank before I spend it, because of
     what has happened to other people" is wisdom.
  
     (2007-09-10)
  

Questions or comments about this site? Contact webmaster@dict.org