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3 definitions found
 for linux
From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  Linux
      n 1: an open-source version of the UNIX operating system

From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

  Linux
   /lee'nuhks/, /li?nuks/, not, /li:?nuhks/, n.
  
      The free Unix workalike created by Linus Torvalds and friends starting
      about 1991. The pronunciation /li'nuhks/ is preferred because the name
      ?Linus? has an /ee/ sound in Swedish (Linus's family is part of Finland's
      6% ethnic-Swedish minority) and Linus considers English short /i/ to be
      closer to /ee/ than English long /i:/. This may be the most remarkable
      hacker project in history ? an entire clone of Unix for 386, 486 and
      Pentium micros, distributed for free with sources over the net (ports to
      Alpha and Sparc and many other machines are also in use).
  
      Linux is what GNU aimed to be, and it relies on the GNU toolset. But the
      Free Software Foundation didn't produce the kernel to go with that toolset
      until 1999, which was too late. Other, similar efforts like FreeBSD and
      NetBSD have been technically successful but never caught fire the way Linux
      has; as this is written in 2003, Linux has effectively swallowed all
      proprietary Unixes except Solaris and is seriously challenging Microsoft.
      It has already captured 41% of the Internet-server market and over 25% of
      general business servers.
  
      An earlier version of this entry opined ?The secret of Linux's success
      seems to be that Linus worked much harder early on to keep the development
      process open and recruit other hackers, creating a snowball effect.? Truer
      than we knew. See bazaar.
  
      (Some people object that the name ?Linux? should be used to refer only to
      the kernel, not the entire operating system. This claim is a proxy for an
      underlying territorial dispute; people who insist on the term GNU/Linux
      want the FSF to get most of the credit for Linux because RMS and friends
      wrote many of its user-level tools. Neither this theory nor the term GNU/
      Linux has gained more than minority acceptance).
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  Linux
  
      ("Linus Unix") /li'nuks/ (but see below)
     An implementation of the Unix kernel originally written
     from scratch with no proprietary code.
  
     The kernel runs on Intel and Alpha hardware in the general
     release, with SPARC, PowerPC, MIPS, ARM, Amiga,
     Atari, and SGI in active development.  The SPARC, PowerPC,
     ARM, PowerMAC - OSF, and 68k ports all support shells,
     X and networking.  The Intel and SPARC versions have
     reliable symmetric multiprocessing.
  
     Work on the kernel is coordinated by Linus Torvalds, who holds
     the copyright on a large part of it.  The rest of the
     copyright is held by a large number of other contributors (or
     their employers).  Regardless of the copyright ownerships, the
     kernel as a whole is available under the GNU General Public
     License.  The GNU project supports Linux as its kernel until
     the research Hurd kernel is completed.
  
     This kernel would be no use without application programs.
     The GNU project has provided large numbers of quality tools,
     and together with other public domain software it is a rich
     Unix environment.  A compilation of the Linux kernel and these
     tools is known as a Linux distribution.  Compatibility modules
     and/or emulators exist for dozens of other computing
     environments.
  
     The kernel version numbers are significant: the odd numbered
     series (e.g. 1.3.xx) is the development (or beta) kernel which
     evolves very quickly.  Stable (or release) kernels have even
     major version numbers (e.g. 1.2.xx).
  
     There is a lot of commercial support for and use of Linux,
     both by hardware companies such as Digital, IBM, and
     Apple and numerous smaller network and integration
     specialists.  There are many commercially supported
     distributions which are generally entirely under the GPL.  At
     least one distribution vendor guarantees Posix compliance.
     Linux is particularly popular for Internet Service
     Providers, and there are ports to both parallel
     supercomputers and embedded microcontrollers.  Debian is
     one popular open source distribution.
  
     The pronunciation of "Linux" has been a matter of much debate.
     Many, including Torvalds, insist on the short I pronunciation
     /li'nuks/ because "Linus" has an /ee/ sound in Swedish
     (Linus's family is part of Finland's 6% ethnic-Swedish
     minority) and Linus considers English short /i/ to be closer
     to /ee/ than English long /i:/ dipthong.  This is consistent
     with the short I in words like "linen".  This doesn't stop
     others demanding a long I /li:'nuks/ following the english
     pronunciation of "Linus" and "minus".  Others say /li'niks/
     following Minix, which Torvalds was working on before Linux.
  
     More on pronunciation (/pub/misc/linux-pronunciation).
  
     http://linuxhq.com/)">LinuxHQ (http://linuxhq.com/).  slashdot
     http://slashdot.org/)">(http://slashdot.org/).  http://freshmeat.net/)">freshmeat (http://freshmeat.net/).
     http://fokus.gmd.de/linux/)">Woven Goods (http://fokus.gmd.de/linux/).  Linux
     http://ssc.com/lg)">Gazette (http://ssc.com/lg).
  
     ftp://ftp.funet.fi/pub/Linux)">funet Linux Archive (ftp://ftp.funet.fi/pub/Linux), US
     ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/)">mirror (ftp://sunsite.unc.edu/pub/Linux/), UK Mirror
     ftp://sunsite.doc.ic.ac.uk/packages/Linux/)">(ftp://sunsite.doc.ic.ac.uk/packages/Linux/).
  
     (2000-06-09)
  

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