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1 definition found
 for myo-inositol
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  inositol \i*no"si*tol\ ([i^]*n[o^]s"[i^]*t[o^]l), n. [Gr. 'i`s,
     'ino`s, strength, muscle.] (Physiol. Chem.)
     A white crystalline substance ({C6H12O6) with a sweet taste,
     widely distributed in certain animal tissues and fluids,
     particularly in the muscles of the heart and lungs, and also
     in some plants, as in unripe pease, beans, potato sprouts,
     etc. Although isomeric with dextrose, it has no carbonyl
     (aldehyde or ketone) group, and is therefore not a
     carbohydrate, but a derivative of cyclohexane. Called also
     inosite, cyclohexitol, cyclohexanehexol,
     hexahydroxycyclohexane and phaseomannite. There are nine
     possible steroisomers, not all of which are found naturally.
     The predominate natural form is
     cis-1,2,3,5-trans-4,6-cyclohexanehexol, also called
     myo-inositol. The naturally occurring phytic acid in plants
     is the hexaphosphate of inositol, from which inositol may be
     manufactured; phytin is the calcium-magnesium salt of phytic
     acid. It is also a component of phosphatidylinositol. --MI11
     [1913 Webster +PJC]

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