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10 definitions found
 for root
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Root \Root\, v. i. [AS. wr[=o]tan; akin to wr[=o]t a snout,
     trunk, D. wroeten to root, G. r["u]ssel snout, trunk,
     proboscis, Icel. r[=o]ta to root, and perhaps to L. rodere to
     gnaw (E. rodent) or to E. root, n.]
     1. To turn up the earth with the snout, as swine.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Hence, to seek for favor or advancement by low arts or
        groveling servility; to fawn servilely.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Root \Root\, v. t.
     To turn up or to dig out with the snout; as, the swine roots
     the earth.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Root \Root\, n. [Icel. r[=o]t (for vr[=o]t); akin to E. wort,
     and perhaps to root to turn up the earth. See Wort.]
     1. (Bot.)
        (a) The underground portion of a plant, whether a true
            root or a tuber, a bulb or rootstock, as in the
            potato, the onion, or the sweet flag.
        (b) The descending, and commonly branching, axis of a
            plant, increasing in length by growth at its extremity
            only, not divided into joints, leafless and without
            buds, and having for its offices to fix the plant in
            the earth, to supply it with moisture and soluble
            matters, and sometimes to serve as a reservoir of
            nutriment for future growth. A true root, however, may
            never reach the ground, but may be attached to a wall,
            etc., as in the ivy, or may hang loosely in the air,
            as in some epiphytic orchids.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     2. An edible or esculent root, especially of such plants as
        produce a single root, as the beet, carrot, etc.; as, the
        root crop.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. That which resembles a root in position or function, esp.
        as a source of nourishment or support; that from which
        anything proceeds as if by growth or development; as, the
        root of a tooth, a nail, a cancer, and the like.
        Specifically:
        (a) An ancestor or progenitor; and hence, an early race; a
            stem.
            [1913 Webster]
  
                  They were the roots out of which sprang two
                  distinct people.                  --Locke.
            [1913 Webster]
        (b) A primitive form of speech; one of the earliest terms
            employed in language; a word from which other words
            are formed; a radix, or radical.
        (c) The cause or occasion by which anything is brought
            about; the source. "She herself . . . is root of
            bounty." --Chaucer.
            [1913 Webster]
  
                  The love of money is a root of all kinds of
                  evil.                             --1 Tim. vi.
                                                    10 (rev. Ver.)
            [1913 Webster]
        (d) (Math.) That factor of a quantity which when
            multiplied into itself will produce that quantity;
            thus, 3 is a root of 9, because 3 multiplied into
            itself produces 9; 3 is the cube root of 27.
        (e) (Mus.) The fundamental tone of any chord; the tone
            from whose harmonics, or overtones, a chord is
            composed. --Busby.
            [1913 Webster]
        (f) The lowest place, position, or part. "Deep to the
            roots of hell." --Milton. "The roots of the
            mountains." --Southey.
            [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Astrol.) The time which to reckon in making calculations.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              When a root is of a birth yknowe [known]. --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Aerial roots. (Bot.)
        (a) Small roots emitted from the stem of a plant in the
            open air, which, attaching themselves to the bark of
            trees, etc., serve to support the plant.
        (b) Large roots growing from the stem, etc., which descend
            and establish themselves in the soil. See Illust. of
            Mangrove.
  
     Multiple primary root (Bot.), a name given to the numerous
        roots emitted from the radicle in many plants, as the
        squash.
  
     Primary root (Bot.), the central, first-formed, main root,
        from which the rootlets are given off.
  
     Root and branch, every part; wholly; completely; as, to
        destroy an error root and branch.
  
     Root-and-branch men, radical reformers; -- a designation
        applied to the English Independents (1641). See Citation
        under Radical, n., 2.
  
     Root barnacle (Zool.), one of the Rhizocephala.
  
     Root hair (Bot.), one of the slender, hairlike fibers found
        on the surface of fresh roots. They are prolongations of
        the superficial cells of the root into minute tubes.
        --Gray.
  
     Root leaf (Bot.), a radical leaf. See Radical, a., 3
        (b) .
  
     Root louse (Zool.), any plant louse, or aphid, which lives
        on the roots of plants, as the Phylloxera of the
        grapevine. See Phylloxera.
  
     Root of an equation (Alg.), that value which, substituted
        for the unknown quantity in an equation, satisfies the
        equation.
  
     Root of a nail
        (Anat.), the part of a nail which is covered by the skin.
                
  
     Root of a tooth (Anat.), the part of a tooth contained in
        the socket and consisting of one or more fangs.
  
     Secondary roots (Bot.), roots emitted from any part of the
        plant above the radicle.
  
     To strike root, To take root, to send forth roots; to
        become fixed in the earth, etc., by a root; hence, in
        general, to become planted, fixed, or established; to
        increase and spread; as, an opinion takes root. "The
        bended twigs take root." --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Root \Root\ (r[=oo]t), v. i. [imp. & p. p. Rooted; p. pr. &
     vb. n. Rooting.]
     1. To fix the root; to enter the earth, as roots; to take
        root and begin to grow.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              In deep grounds the weeds root deeper. --Mortimer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To be firmly fixed; to be established.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              If any irregularity chanced to intervene and to
              cause misappehensions, he gave them not leave to
              root and fasten by concealment.       --Bp. Fell.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Root \Root\, v. i. [Cf. Rout to roar.]
     To shout for, or otherwise noisly applaud or encourage, a
     contestant, as in sports; hence, to wish earnestly for the
     success of some one or the happening of some event, with the
     superstitious notion that this action may have efficacy; --
     usually with for; as, the crowd rooted for the home team.
     [Slang or Cant, U. S.]
     [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Root \Root\, v. t.
     1. To plant and fix deeply in the earth, or as in the earth;
        to implant firmly; hence, to make deep or radical; to
        establish; -- used chiefly in the participle; as, rooted
        trees or forests; rooted dislike.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. To tear up by the root; to eradicate; to extirpate; --
        with up, out, or away. "I will go root away the noisome
        weeds." --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The Lord rooted them out of their land . . . and
              cast them into another land.          --Deut. xxix.
                                                    28.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  root
      n 1: (botany) the usually underground organ that lacks buds or
           leaves or nodes; absorbs water and mineral salts; usually
           it anchors the plant to the ground
      2: the place where something begins, where it springs into
         being; "the Italian beginning of the Renaissance"; "Jupiter
         was the origin of the radiation"; "Pittsburgh is the source
         of the Ohio River"; "communism's Russian root" [syn:
         beginning, origin, root, rootage, source]
      3: (linguistics) the form of a word after all affixes are
         removed; "thematic vowels are part of the stem" [syn: root,
         root word, base, stem, theme, radical]
      4: a number that, when multiplied by itself some number of
         times, equals a given number
      5: the set of values that give a true statement when substituted
         into an equation [syn: solution, root]
      6: someone from whom you are descended (but usually more remote
         than a grandparent) [syn: ancestor, ascendant,
         ascendent, antecedent, root] [ant: descendant,
         descendent]
      7: a simple form inferred as the common basis from which related
         words in several languages can be derived by linguistic
         processes [syn: etymon, root]
      8: the part of a tooth that is embedded in the jaw and serves as
         support [syn: root, tooth root]
      v 1: take root and begin to grow; "this plant roots quickly"
      2: come into existence, originate; "The problem roots in her
         depression"
      3: plant by the roots
      4: dig with the snout; "the pig was rooting for truffles" [syn:
         rout, root, rootle]
      5: become settled or established and stable in one's residence
         or life style; "He finally settled down" [syn: settle,
         root, take root, steady down, settle down]
      6: cause to take roots

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  260 Moby Thesaurus words for "root":
     IC analysis, accidence, acclaim, affix, affixation, allomorph,
     ancestors, anchor, antecedents, applaud, base, basis,
     beat the bushes, bed, bed on, bedrock, beginning, birthplace,
     boost, bottom, bottom on, bound morpheme, bring to light, bud,
     build on, bulb, bulbil, burgeon, burrow, burst forth, catch, cause,
     cheer, cheer on, clap, clap the hands, cognate, commencement,
     completely, conception, confirm, conjugation, core, corm, cradle,
     cutting, declension, deep-dye, define, delve, derivation,
     derivative, descent, destroy, develop, difference of form, dig,
     dig out, dig up, discover, doublet, drive on, egg on, eliminate,
     embed, enclitic, encore, encourage, engraft, engrave, entirely,
     entrench, eponym, eradicate, essentiality, establish, etch, etymon,
     explore, exterminate, extirpate, family, family tree, fatherland,
     ferret, find, fix, flourish, footing, forage, forebears,
     forefathers, formative, found, found on, foundation, fount,
     fountain, fountainhead, free form, frisk, gemmate, genealogy,
     genesis, germinate, give a hand, go through, goad on, grass roots,
     ground, ground on, groundwork, grow, grow rank, hail, hasten on,
     head, hear it for, heart, heritage, hie on, hound on, house, hunt,
     hurry on, imbed, immediate constituent analysis, impact, implant,
     impress, imprint, inception, infix, infixation, inflection,
     infrastructure, ingrain, inscribe, jam, leaf, leaf out, leave,
     lineage, lodge, look around, look round, look through, luxuriate,
     marrow, morph, morpheme, morphemic analysis, morphemics,
     morphology, morphophonemics, motherland, nose, nose around, origin,
     original, origination, origins, overgrow, overrun, pack, paradigm,
     pedigree, pith, plant, poke, poke around, predecessors, prefix,
     prefixation, primitive, print, proclitic, provenance, provenience,
     pry, pullulate, put forth, put forth leaves, put out buds, quick,
     quintessence, radical, radically, radicle, radix, ransack,
     research, rhizome, riot, rise, rock bottom, root and branch,
     root for, root on, root out, root up, roots, rootstock, rummage,
     search, search through, seat, set, set in, set on, settle, shoot,
     shoot up, smell around, soul, source, speed on, spread, sprout,
     sprout up, spur on, stamp, stem, stereotype, stick, stick fast,
     stock, strike root, stuff, substance, substratum, suffix,
     suffixation, support, take root, tap, taproot, theme, thrive,
     totally, tuber, tubercle, turn up, uncover, undergird, underlie,
     underpinning, unearth, uproot, upspear, upsprout, urge on, utterly,
     vegetate, wedge, well, wellhead, whip on, wholly, word-formation
  
  

From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

  root
   n.
  
      1. [Unix] The superuser account (with user name ?root?) that ignores
      permission bits, user number 0 on a Unix system. The term avatar is also
      used.
  
      2. The top node of the system directory structure; historically the home
      directory of the root user, but probably named after the root of an
      (inverted) tree.
  
      3. By extension, the privileged system-maintenance login on any OS. See {
      root mode, go root, see also wheel.
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (18 March 2015) :

  root
  
     1.  The Unix superuser account (with
     user name "root" and user ID 0) that overrides file
     permissions.  The term avatar is also used.  By extension,
     the privileged system-maintenance login on any operating
     system.
  
     See root mode, go root, wheel.
  
     [{Jargon File]
  
     (1994-10-27)
  
     2.  root directory.
  
     (1996-11-21)
  
     3.  root node.
  
     (1998-11-14)
  

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