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3 definitions found
 for small arms
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Gun \Gun\ (g[u^]n), n. [OE. gonne, gunne; of uncertain origin;
     cf. Ir., Gael., & LL. gunna, W. gum; possibly (like cannon)
     fr. L. canna reed, tube; or abbreviated fr. OF. mangonnel, E.
     mangonel, a machine for hurling stones.]
     1. A weapon which throws or propels a missile to a distance;
        any firearm or instrument for throwing projectiles,
        consisting of a tube or barrel closed at one end, in which
        the projectile is placed, with an explosive charge (such
        as guncotton or gunpowder) behind, which is ignited by
        various means. Pistols, rifles, carbines, muskets, and
        fowling pieces are smaller guns, for hand use, and are
        called small arms. Larger guns are called cannon,
        ordnance, fieldpieces, carronades, howitzers, etc.
        See these terms in the Vocabulary.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              As swift as a pellet out of a gunne
              When fire is in the powder runne.     --Chaucer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The word gun was in use in England for an engine to
              cast a thing from a man long before there was any
              gunpowder found out.                  --Selden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Mil.) A piece of heavy ordnance; in a restricted sense, a
        cannon.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. pl. (Naut.) Violent blasts of wind.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: Guns are classified, according to their construction or
           manner of loading as rifled or smoothbore,
           breech-loading or muzzle-loading, cast or
           built-up guns; or according to their use, as field,
           mountain, prairie, seacoast, and siege guns.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Armstrong gun, a wrought iron breech-loading cannon named
        after its English inventor, Sir William Armstrong.
  
     Big gun or Great gun, a piece of heavy ordnance; hence
        (Fig.), a person superior in any way; as, bring in the big
        guns to tackle the problem.
  
     Gun barrel, the barrel or tube of a gun.
  
     Gun carriage, the carriage on which a gun is mounted or
        moved.
  
     Gun cotton (Chem.), a general name for a series of
        explosive nitric ethers of cellulose, obtained by steeping
        cotton in nitric and sulphuric acids. Although there are
        formed substances containing nitric acid radicals, yet the
        results exactly resemble ordinary cotton in appearance. It
        burns without ash, with explosion if confined, but quietly
        and harmlessly if free and open, and in small quantity.
        Specifically, the lower nitrates of cellulose which are
        insoluble in ether and alcohol in distinction from the
        highest (pyroxylin) which is soluble. See Pyroxylin, and
        cf. Xyloidin. The gun cottons are used for blasting and
        somewhat in gunnery: for making celluloid when compounded
        with camphor; and the soluble variety (pyroxylin) for
        making collodion. See Celluloid, and Collodion. Gun
        cotton is frequenty but improperly called
        nitrocellulose. It is not a nitro compound, but an ester
        of nitric acid.
  
     Gun deck. See under Deck.
  
     Gun fire, the time at which the morning or the evening gun
        is fired.
  
     Gun metal, a bronze, ordinarily composed of nine parts of
        copper and one of tin, used for cannon, etc. The name is
        also given to certain strong mixtures of cast iron.
  
     Gun port (Naut.), an opening in a ship through which a
        cannon's muzzle is run out for firing.
  
     Gun tackle (Naut.), the blocks and pulleys affixed to the
        side of a ship, by which a gun carriage is run to and from
        the gun port.
  
     Gun tackle purchase (Naut.), a tackle composed of two
        single blocks and a fall. --Totten.
  
     Krupp gun, a wrought steel breech-loading cannon, named
        after its German inventor, Herr Krupp.
  
     Machine gun, a breech-loading gun or a group of such guns,
        mounted on a carriage or other holder, and having a
        reservoir containing cartridges which are loaded into the
        gun or guns and fired in rapid succession. In earlier
        models, such as the Gatling gun, the cartridges were
        loaded by machinery operated by turning a crank. In modern
        versions the loading of cartidges is accomplished by
        levers operated by the recoil of the explosion driving the
        bullet, or by the pressure of gas within the barrel.
        Several hundred shots can be fired in a minute by such
        weapons, with accurate aim. The Gatling gun, Gardner
        gun, Hotchkiss gun, and Nordenfelt gun, named for
        their inventors, and the French mitrailleuse, are
        machine guns.
  
     To blow great guns (Naut.), to blow a gale. See Gun, n.,
        3.
        [1913 Webster +PJC]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Small \Small\ (sm[add]l), a. [Compar. Smaller
     (sm[add]l"[~e]r); superl. Smallest.] [OE. small, AS. smael;
     akin to D. smal narrow, OS. & OHG. smal small, G. schmal
     narrow, Dan. & Sw. smal, Goth. smals small, Icel. smali small
     cattle, sheep, or goats; cf. Gr. mh^lon a sheep or goat.]
     1. Having little size, compared with other things of the same
        kind; little in quantity or degree; diminutive; not large
        or extended in dimension; not great; not much;
        inconsiderable; as, a small man; a small river.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              To compare
              Great things with small.              --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Being of slight consequence; feeble in influence or
        importance; unimportant; trivial; insignificant; as, a
        small fault; a small business.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. Envincing little worth or ability; not large-minded; --
        sometimes, in reproach, paltry; mean.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              A true delineation of the smallest man is capable of
              interesting the greatest man.         --Carlyle.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. Not prolonged in duration; not extended in time; short;
        as, after a small space. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. Weak; slender; fine; gentle; soft; not loud. "A still,
        small voice." --1 Kings xix. 12.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Great and small,of all ranks or degrees; -- used especially
        of persons. "His quests, great and small." --Chaucer.
  
     Small arms, muskets, rifles, pistols, etc., in distinction
        from cannon.
  
     Small beer. See under Beer.
  
     Small coal.
        (a) Little coals of wood formerly used to light fires.
            --Gay.
        (b) Coal about the size of a hazelnut, separated from the
            coarser parts by screening.
  
     Small craft (Naut.), a vessel, or vessels in general, of a
        small size.
  
     Small fruits. See under Fruit.
  
     Small hand, a certain size of paper. See under Paper.
  
     Small hours. See under Hour.
  
     Small letter. (Print.), a lower-case letter. See
        Lower-case, and Capital letter, under Capital, a.
  
     Small piece, a Scotch coin worth about 21/4d. sterling, or
        about 41/2cents.
  
     Small register. See the Note under 1st Register, 7.
  
     Small stuff (Naut.), spun yarn, marline, and the smallest
        kinds of rope. --R. H. Dana, Jr.
  
     Small talk, light or trifling conversation; chitchat.
  
     Small wares (Com.), various small textile articles, as
        tapes, braid, tringe, and the like. --M`Culloch.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Arms \Arms\, n. pl. [OE. armes, F. arme, pl. armes, fr. L. arma,
     pl., arms, orig. fittings, akin to armus shoulder, and E.
     arm. See Arm, n.]
     1. Instruments or weapons of offense or defense.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He lays down his arms, but not his wiles. --Milton.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Three horses and three goodly suits of arms.
                                                    --Tennyson.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. The deeds or exploits of war; military service or science.
        "Arms and the man I sing." --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. (Law) Anything which a man takes in his hand in anger, to
        strike or assault another with; an aggressive weapon.
        --Cowell. Blackstone.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. (Her.) The ensigns armorial of a family, consisting of
        figures and colors borne in shields, banners, etc., as
        marks of dignity and distinction, and descending from
        father to son.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. (Falconry) The legs of a hawk from the thigh to the foot.
        --Halliwell.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Bred to arms, educated to the profession of a soldier.
  
     In arms, armed for war; in a state of hostility.
  
     Small arms, portable firearms known as muskets, rifles,
        carbines, pistols, etc.
  
     A stand of arms, a complete set for one soldier, as a
        musket, bayonet, cartridge box and belt; frequently, the
        musket and bayonet alone.
  
     To arms! a summons to war or battle.
  
     Under arms, armed and equipped and in readiness for battle,
        or for a military parade.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Arm's end,
  
     Arm's length,
  
     Arm's reach. See under Arm.
        [1913 Webster]

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