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11 definitions found
 for state
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  State \State\ (st[=a]t), n. [OE. stat, OF. estat, F. ['e]tat,
     fr. L. status a standing, position, fr. stare, statum, to
     stand. See Stand, and cf. Estate, Status.]
     1. The circumstances or condition of a being or thing at any
        given time.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              State is a term nearly synonymous with "mode," but
              of a meaning more extensive, and is not exclusively
              limited to the mutable and contingent. --Sir W.
                                                    Hamilton.
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              Declare the past and present state of things.
                                                    --Dryden.
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              Keep the state of the question in your eye. --Boyle.
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     2. Rank; condition; quality; as, the state of honor.
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              Thy honor, state, and seat is due to me. --Shak.
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     3. Condition of prosperity or grandeur; wealthy or prosperous
        circumstances; social importance.
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              She instructed him how he should keep state, and yet
              with a modest sense of his misfortunes. --Bacon.
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              Can this imperious lord forget to reign,
              Quit all his state, descend, and serve again?
                                                    --Pope.
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     4. Appearance of grandeur or dignity; pomp.
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              Where least of state there most of love is shown.
                                                    --Dryden.
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     5. A chair with a canopy above it, often standing on a dais;
        a seat of dignity; also, the canopy itself. [Obs.]
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              His high throne, . . . under state
              Of richest texture spread.            --Milton.
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              When he went to court, he used to kick away the
              state, and sit down by his prince cheek by jowl.
                                                    --Swift.
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     6. Estate; possession. [Obs.] --Daniel.
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              Your state, my lord, again is yours.  --Massinger.
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     7. A person of high rank. [Obs.] --Latimer.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. Any body of men united by profession, or constituting a
        community of a particular character; as, the civil and
        ecclesiastical states, or the lords spiritual and temporal
        and the commons, in Great Britain. Cf. Estate, n., 6.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. The principal persons in a government.
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              The bold design
              Pleased highly those infernal states. --Milton.
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     10. The bodies that constitute the legislature of a country;
         as, the States-general of Holland.
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     11. A form of government which is not monarchial, as a
         republic. [Obs.]
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               Well monarchies may own religion's name,
               But states are atheists in their very fame.
                                                    --Dryden.
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     12. A political body, or body politic; the whole body of
         people who are united under one government, whatever may
         be the form of the government; a nation.
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               Municipal law is a rule of conduct prescribed by
               the supreme power in a state.        --Blackstone.
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               The Puritans in the reign of Mary, driven from
               their homes, sought an asylum in Geneva, where they
               found a state without a king, and a church without
               a bishop.                            --R. Choate.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     13. In the United States, one of the commonwealths, or bodies
         politic, the people of which make up the body of the
         nation, and which, under the national constitution, stand
         in certain specified relations with the national
         government, and are invested, as commonwealths, with full
         power in their several spheres over all matters not
         expressly inhibited.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: The term State, in its technical sense, is used in
           distinction from the federal system, i. e., the
           government of the United States.
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     14. Highest and stationary condition, as that of maturity
         between growth and decline, or as that of crisis between
         the increase and the abating of a disease; height; acme.
         [Obs.]
         [1913 Webster]
  
     Note: When state is joined with another word, or used
           adjectively, it denotes public, or what belongs to the
           community or body politic, or to the government; also,
           what belongs to the States severally in the American
           Union; as, state affairs; state policy; State laws of
           Iowa.
           [1913 Webster]
  
     Nascent state. (Chem.) See under Nascent.
  
     Secretary of state. See Secretary, n., 3.
  
     State bargea royal barge, or a barge belonging to a
        government.
  
     State bed, an elaborately carved or decorated bed.
  
     State carriage, a highly decorated carriage for officials
        going in state, or taking part in public processions.
  
     State paper, an official paper relating to the interests or
        government of a state. --Jay.
  
     State prison, a public prison or penitentiary; -- called
        also State's prison.
  
     State prisoner, one in confinement, or under arrest, for a
        political offense.
  
     State rights, or States' rights, the rights of the
        several independent States, as distinguished from the
        rights of the Federal government. It has been a question
        as to what rights have been vested in the general
        government. [U.S.]
  
     State's evidence. See Probator, 2, and under Evidence.
        
  
     State sword, a sword used on state occasions, being borne
        before a sovereign by an attendant of high rank.
  
     State trial, a trial of a person for a political offense.
        
  
     States of the Church. See under Ecclesiastical.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     Syn: State, Situation, Condition.
  
     Usage: State is the generic term, and denotes in general the
            mode in which a thing stands or exists. The situation
            of a thing is its state in reference to external
            objects and influences; its condition is its internal
            state, or what it is in itself considered. Our
            situation is good or bad as outward things bear
            favorably or unfavorably upon us; our condition is
            good or bad according to the state we are actually in
            as respects our persons, families, property, and other
            things which comprise our sources of enjoyment.
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                  I do not, brother,
                  Infer as if I thought my sister's state
                  Secure without all doubt or controversy.
                                                    --Milton.
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                  We hoped to enjoy with ease what, in our
                  situation, might be called the luxuries of life.
                                                    --Cook.
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                  And, O, what man's condition can be worse
                  Than his whom plenty starves and blessings
                  curse?                            --Cowley.
            [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  State \State\ (st[=a]t), a.
     1. Stately. [Obs.] --Spenser.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. Belonging to the state, or body politic; public.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  State \State\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Stated; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Stating.]
     1. To set; to settle; to establish. [R.]
        [1913 Webster]
  
              I myself, though meanest stated,
              And in court now almost hated.        --Wither.
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              Who calls the council, states the certain day.
                                                    --Pope.
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     2. To express the particulars of; to set down in detail or in
        gross; to represent fully in words; to narrate; to recite;
        as, to state the facts of a case, one's opinion, etc.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     To state it. To assume state or dignity. [Obs.] "Rarely
        dressed up, and taught to state it." --Beau. & Fl.
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From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  State \State\, n.
     A statement; also, a document containing a statement. [R.]
     --Sir W. Scott.
     [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Argillaceous \Ar`gil*la"ceous\, a. [L. argillaceus, fr.
     argilla.]
     Of the nature of clay; consisting of, or containing, argil or
     clay; clayey.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Argillaceous sandstone (Geol.), a sandstone containing much
        clay.
  
     Argillaceous iron ore, the clay ironstone.
  
     Argillaceous schist or state. See Argillite.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  state
      n 1: the territory occupied by one of the constituent
           administrative districts of a nation; "his state is in the
           deep south" [syn: state, province]
      2: the way something is with respect to its main attributes;
         "the current state of knowledge"; "his state of health"; "in
         a weak financial state"
      3: the group of people comprising the government of a sovereign
         state; "the state has lowered its income tax"
      4: a politically organized body of people under a single
         government; "the state has elected a new president"; "African
         nations"; "students who had come to the nation's capitol";
         "the country's largest manufacturer"; "an industrialized
         land" [syn: state, nation, country, land,
         commonwealth, res publica, body politic]
      5: (chemistry) the three traditional states of matter are solids
         (fixed shape and volume) and liquids (fixed volume and shaped
         by the container) and gases (filling the container); "the
         solid state of water is called ice" [syn: state of matter,
         state]
      6: a state of depression or agitation; "he was in such a state
         you just couldn't reason with him"
      7: the territory occupied by a nation; "he returned to the land
         of his birth"; "he visited several European countries" [syn:
         country, state, land]
      8: the federal department in the United States that sets and
         maintains foreign policies; "the Department of State was
         created in 1789" [syn: Department of State, United States
         Department of State, State Department, State, DoS]
      v 1: express in words; "He said that he wanted to marry her";
           "tell me what is bothering you"; "state your opinion";
           "state your name" [syn: state, say, tell]
      2: put before; "I submit to you that the accused is guilty"
         [syn: submit, state, put forward, posit]
      3: indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.; "Can you express
         this distance in kilometers?" [syn: express, state]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  311 Moby Thesaurus words for "state":
     Babylonian splendor, Everyman, John Doe, Kreis, Public, affirm,
     air, allege, ally, announce, annunciate, archbishopric,
     archdiocese, archduchy, archdukedom, argue, arrondissement,
     articulate, assert, assever, asseverate, assign, attitude, aver,
     avouch, avow, bailiwick, bishopric, body politic, borough,
     brilliance, bring out, buffer state, canton, capacity,
     captive nation, ceremonial, character, chieftaincy, chieftainry,
     chime in, circumstance, circumstances, citizenry, city, city-state,
     civic, civil, claim, colony, come out with, common, common man,
     commonweal, commonwealth, communal, commune, community,
     community at large, conceive, condition, conditions, confess,
     confirm, congressional district, constablewick, constitution,
     contend, cosmopolitan, couch, couch in terms, count, country,
     county, declare, declare roundly, delineate, deliver, denominate,
     departement, describe, designate, determine, dignified, diocese,
     district, domain, dominion, duchy, dukedom, earldom, elaborateness,
     electoral district, electorate, elegance, elucidate,
     embody in words, empery, empire, enunciate, estate, everybody,
     everyman, everyone, everywoman, explain, expound, express,
     express the belief, federal, fix, folk, folks, footing, form,
     formal, formality, formularize, formulate, frame, free city,
     general, general public, gentry, give, give expression to,
     give notice, give words to, glory, gorgeousness, government,
     governmental, grand duchy, grandeur, grandiosity, grandness,
     hamlet, have, heraldry, hold, hundred, imperial, imposingness,
     impressiveness, indicate, insist, international, interpret,
     issue a manifesto, issue a statement, kingdom, land, lavishness,
     lay down, luxuriousness, luxury, magistracy, magnificence,
     maintain, majestic, majesty, make a statement,
     make an announcement, mandant, mandate, mandated territory,
     mandatee, mandatory, manifesto, mark, men, mention, metropolis,
     metropolitan area, mode, name, narrate, nation, national,
     nationality, nobility, nuncupate, oblast, official, okrug,
     paragraph, parish, people, people in general, persons, phase,
     phrase, pick out, pin down, plushness, point out, polis, polity,
     pomp, populace, population, poshness, position, possession,
     posture, power, precinct, predicate, present, pride, principality,
     principate, proclaim, profess, pronounce, protectorate, protest,
     proudness, province, public, publish a manifesto,
     puppet government, puppet regime, put, put in words, put it, quote,
     realm, recite, regal, region, rehearse, relate, report, republic,
     resplendence, rhetorize, riding, ritziness, royal, satellite, say,
     select, seneschalty, set, set down, set forth, set out, settlement,
     shape, sheriffalty, sheriffwick, shire, shrievalty, signify,
     situation, social, societal, society, soke, solemn, solemnity,
     sovereign nation, speak, speak out, speak up, specialize, specify,
     splendidness, splendiferousness, splendor, stage, stake, stand,
     stand for, stand on, state of affairs, state of being, stateliness,
     stately, stature, status, stipulate, structure, style, submit,
     sultanate, sumptuousness, superpower, supranational, swear, tell,
     territory, testify, throw out, toparchia, toparchy, town, township,
     utter, vent, ventilate, village, voice, vow, wapentake, ward,
     warrant, word, world, you and me
  
  

From The Jargon File (version 4.4.7, 29 Dec 2003) :

  state
   n.
  
          1. Condition, situation. "What's the state of your latest hack?"
          "It's winning away." "The system tried to read and write the disk
          simultaneously and got into a totally wedged state." The standard
          question "What's your state?" means "What are you doing?" or "What
          are you about to do?" Typical answers are "about to gronk out", or
          "hungry". Another standard question is "What's the state of the
          world?", meaning "What's new?" or "What's going on?". The more terse
          and humorous way of asking these questions would be "State-p?".
          Another way of phrasing the first question under sense 1 would be
          "state-p latest hack?".
  
          2. Information being maintained in non-permanent memory (electronic
          or human).
  

From The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing (20 July 2014) :

  state
  
      How something is; its
     configuration, attributes, condition, or information content.
     The state of a system is usually temporary (i.e. it changes
     with time) and volatile (i.e. it will be lost or reset to some
     initial state if the system is switched off).
  
     A state may be considered to be a point in some space of all
     possible states.  A simple example is a light, which is either
     on or off.  A complex example is the electrical activation in
     a human brain while solving a problem.
  
     In computing and related fields, states, as in the light
     example, are often modelled as being discrete (rather than
     continuous) and the transition from one state to another is
     considered to be instantaneous.  Another (related) property of
     a system is the number of possible states it may exhibit.
     This may be finite or infinite.  A common model for a system
     with a finite number of discrete state is a finite state
     machine.
  
     [{Jargon File]
  
     (1996-10-13)
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  STATE, condition of persons. This word has various acceptations. If we 
  inquire into its origin, it will be found to come from the Latin status, 
  which is derived from the verb stare, sto, whence has been made statio, 
  which signifies the place where a person is located, stat, to fulfill the 
  obligations which are imposed upon him. 
       2. State is that quality which belongs to a person in society, and 
  which secures to, and imposes upon him different rights and duties in 
  consequence of the difference of that quality. 
       3. Although all men come from the hands of nature upon an equality, yet 
  there are among them marked differences. It is from nature that come the 
  distinctions of the sexes, fathers and children, of age and youth, &c. 
       4. The civil or municipal laws of each people, have added to these 
  natural qualities, distinctions which are purely civil and arbitrary, 
  founded on the manners of the people, or in the will of the legislature. 
  Such are the differences, which these laws have established between citizens 
  and aliens, between magistrates and subjects, and between freemen and 
  slaves; and those which exist in some countries between nobles and 
  plebeians, which differences are either unknown or contrary to natural law. 
       5. Although these latter distinctions are more particularly subject to 
  the civil or municipal law, because to it they owe their origin, it 
  nevertheless extends its authority over the natural qualities, not to 
  destroy or to weaken them, but to confirm them and to render them more 
  inviolable by positive rules and by certain maxims. This union of the civil 
  or municipal and natural law, form among men a third species of differences 
  which may be called mixed, because they participate of both, and derive 
  their principles from nature and the perfection of the law; for example, 
  infancy or the privileges which belong to it, have their foundation in 
  natural law; but the age and the term of these prerogatives are determined 
  by the civil or municipal law. 
       6. Three sorts of different qualities which form the state or condition 
  of men may then be distinguished: those which are purely natural, those 
  purely civil, and those which are composed of the natural and civil or 
  municipal law. Vide 3 Bl. Com. 396; 1 Toull. n. 170, 171; Civil State. 
  
  

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  STATE, government. This word is used in various senses. In its most enlarged 
  sense, it signifies a self-sufficient body of persons united together in one 
  community for the defence of their rights, and to do right and justice to 
  foreigners. In this sense, the state means the whole people united into one 
  body politic; (q.v.) and the state, and the people of the state, are 
  equivalent expressions. 1 Pet. Cond. Rep. 37 to 39; 3 Dall. 93; 2 Dall. 425; 
  2 Wilson's Lect. 120; Dane's Appx. Sec. 50, p. 63 1 Story, Const. Sec. 361. 
  In a more limited sense, the word `state' expresses merely the positive or 
  actual organization of the legislative, or judicial powers; thus the actual 
  government of the state is designated by the name of the state; hence the 
  expression, the state has passed such a law, or prohibited such an act. 
  State also means the section of territory occupied by a state, as the state 
  of Pennsylvania. 
       2. By the word state is also meant, more particularly, one of the 
  commonwealths which form the United States of America. The constitution of 
  the United States makes the following provisions in relation to the states. 
       3. Art. 1, s. 9, Sec. 5. No tax or duty shall be laid on articles 
  exported from any state. No preference shall be given by any regulation of 
  commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another, nor 
  shall vessels bound to or from one state be obliged to enter, clear, or pay 
  duties in another. 
       4.-Sec. 6. No money shall be drawn from the treasury but in consequence 
  of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of the 
  receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time 
  to time. 
       5.-Sec. 7. No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States, 
  and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them shall, 
  without the consent of congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, 
  or title of any kind whatever, from, any king, prince, or foreign state. 
       6.-Art. 1, s. 10, Sec. 1. No state shall enter into any treaty, 
  alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin 
  money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a tender 
  in payments of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex-post-facto, or law 
  impairing the obligation of contracts; or grant any title of nobility. 
       7.-Sec. 2. No state shall, without the consent of congress, lay any 
  imposts or duties on imports or exports, except what may be absolutely 
  necessary for executing its inspection laws; and the net produce of all 
  duties and imposts laid by any state on imports or exports shall be for the 
  use of the treasury of the United States, and all such laws shall be subject 
  to the revision and control of congress. No state, shall, without the 
  consent of congress, lay any duty on tonnage, keep troops or ships of war in 
  time of peace, enter into any agreement or compact with another state, or 
  with a foreign power, or engage in war, unless actually invaded, or in such 
  imminent danger as will not admit of delay. 
       8. The district of Columbia and the territorial districts of the United 
  States, are not states within the meaning of the constitution and of the 
  judiciary act, so as to enable a citizen thereof to sue a citizen of one of 
  the states in the federal courts. 2 Cranch, 445; 1 Wheat. 91. 
       9. The several states composing the United States are sovereign and 
  independent, in all things not surrendered to the national government by the 
  constitution, and are considered, on general principles, by each other as 
  foreign states, yet their mutual relations are rather those of domestic 
  independence, than of foreign alienation. 7 Cranch, 481; 3 Wheat. 324; 1 
  Greenl. Ev. Sec. 489, 504. Vide, generally, Mr. Madison's report in the 
  legislature of Virginia, January, 1800; 1 Story's Com. on Const. Sec. 208; 1 
  Kent, Com. 189, note b; Grotius, B. 1, c. 1, s. 14; Id. B. 3, c. 3, s. 2; 
  Burlamaqui, vol. 2, pt. 1, c. 4, s. 9; Vattel, B. 1, c. 1; 1 Toull. n. 202, 
  note 1 Nation; Cicer. de Repub. 1. 1, s. 25. 
  
  

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