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6 definitions found
 for strain
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Strain \Strain\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Strained; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Straining.] [OF. estraindre, estreindre, F. ['e]treindre,
     L. stringere to draw or bind tight; probably akin to Gr. ? a
     halter, ? that which is squeezwd out, a drop, or perhaps to
     E. strike. Cf. Strangle, Strike, Constrain, District,
     Strait, a. Stress, Strict, Stringent.]
     1. To draw with force; to extend with great effort; to
        stretch; as, to strain a rope; to strain the shrouds of a
        ship; to strain the cords of a musical instrument. "To
        strain his fetters with a stricter care." --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Mech.) To act upon, in any way, so as to cause change of
        form or volume, as forces on a beam to bend it.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To exert to the utmost; to ply vigorously.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He sweats,
              Strains his young nerves.             --Shak.
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              They strain their warbling throats
              To welcome in the spring.             --Dryden.
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     4. To stretch beyond its proper limit; to do violence to, in
        the matter of intent or meaning; as, to strain the law in
        order to convict an accused person.
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              There can be no other meaning in this expression,
              however some may pretend to strain it. --Swift.
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     5. To injure by drawing, stretching, or the exertion of
        force; as, the gale strained the timbers of the ship.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. To injure in the muscles or joints by causing to make too
        strong an effort; to harm by overexertion; to sprain; as,
        to strain a horse by overloading; to strain the wrist; to
        strain a muscle.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Prudes decayed about may track,
              Strain their necks with looking back. --Swift.
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     7. To squeeze; to press closely.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Evander with a close embrace
              Strained his departing friend.        --Dryden.
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     8. To make uneasy or unnatural; to produce with apparent
        effort; to force; to constrain.
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              He talks and plays with Fatima, but his mirth
              Is forced and strained.               --Denham.
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              The quality of mercy is not strained. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. To urge with importunity; to press; as, to strain a
        petition or invitation.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Note, if your lady strain his entertainment. --Shak.
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     10. To press, or cause to pass, through a strainer, as
         through a screen, a cloth, or some porous substance; to
         purify, or separate from extraneous or solid matter, by
         filtration; to filter; as, to strain milk through cloth.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     To strain a point, to make a special effort; especially, to
        do a degree of violence to some principle or to one's own
        feelings.
  
     To strain courtesy, to go beyond what courtesy requires; to
        insist somewhat too much upon the precedence of others; --
        often used ironically. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Strain \Strain\, n. [See Strene.]
     1. Race; stock; generation; descent; family.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He is of a noble strain.              --Shak.
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              With animals and plants a cross between different
              varieties, or between individuals of the same
              variety but of another strain, gives vigor and
              fertility to the offspring.           --Darwin.
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     2. Hereditary character, quality, or disposition.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Intemperance and lust breed diseases, which,
              propogated, spoil the strain of nation. --Tillotson.
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     3. Rank; a sort. "The common strain." --Dryden.
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     4. (Hort.) A cultural subvariety that is only slightly
        differentiated.
        [Webster 1913 Suppl.]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Strain \Strain\, n.
     1. The act of straining, or the state of being strained.
        Specifically: 
        [1913 Webster]
        (a) A violent effort; an excessive and hurtful exertion or
            tension, as of the muscles; as, he lifted the weight
            with a strain; the strain upon a ship's rigging in a
            gale; also, the hurt or injury resulting; a sprain.
            [1913 Webster]
  
                  Whether any poet of our country since
                  Shakespeare has exerted a greater variety of
                  powers with less strain and less ostentation.
                                                    --Landor.
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                  Credit is gained by custom, and seldom recovers
                  a strain.                         --Sir W.
                                                    Temple.
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        (b) (Mech. Physics) A change of form or dimensions of a
            solid or liquid mass, produced by a stress. --Rankine.
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     2. (Mus.) A portion of music divided off by a double bar; a
        complete musical period or sentence; a movement, or any
        rounded subdivision of a movement.
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              Their heavenly harps a lower strain began. --Dryden.
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     3. Any sustained note or movement; a song; a distinct portion
        of an ode or other poem; also, the pervading note, or
        burden, of a song, poem, oration, book, etc.; theme;
        motive; manner; style; also, a course of action or
        conduct; as, he spoke in a noble strain; there was a
        strain of woe in his story; a strain of trickery appears
        in his career. "A strain of gallantry." --Sir W. Scott.
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              Such take too high a strain at first. --Bacon.
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              The genius and strain of the book of Proverbs.
                                                    --Tillotson.
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              It [Pilgrim's Progress] seems a novelty, and yet
              contains
              Nothing but sound and honest gospel strains.
                                                    --Bunyan.
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     4. Turn; tendency; inborn disposition. Cf. 1st Strain.
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              Because heretics have a strain of madness, he
              applied her with some corporal chastisements.
                                                    --Hayward.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Strain \Strain\ (str[=a]n), v. i.
     1. To make violent efforts. "Straining with too weak a wing."
        --Pope.
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              To build his fortune I will strain a little. --Shak.
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     2. To percolate; to be filtered; as, water straining through
        a sandy soil.
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From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  strain
      n 1: (physics) deformation of a physical body under the action
           of applied forces
      2: difficulty that causes worry or emotional tension; "she
         endured the stresses and strains of life"; "he presided over
         the economy during the period of the greatest stress and
         danger"- R.J.Samuelson [syn: stress, strain]
      3: a succession of notes forming a distinctive sequence; "she
         was humming an air from Beethoven" [syn: tune, melody,
         air, strain, melodic line, line, melodic phrase]
      4: (psychology) nervousness resulting from mental stress; "his
         responsibilities were a constant strain"; "the mental strain
         of staying alert hour after hour was too much for him" [syn:
         strain, mental strain, nervous strain]
      5: a special variety of domesticated animals within a species;
         "he experimented on a particular breed of white rats"; "he
         created a new strain of sheep" [syn: breed, strain,
         stock]
      6: (biology) a group of organisms within a species that differ
         in trivial ways from similar groups; "a new strain of
         microorganisms" [syn: form, variant, strain, var.]
      7: injury to a muscle (often caused by overuse); results in
         swelling and pain
      8: the general meaning or substance of an utterance; "although I
         disagreed with him I could follow the tenor of his argument"
         [syn: tenor, strain]
      9: an effortful attempt to attain a goal [syn: striving,
         nisus, pains, strain]
      10: an intense or violent exertion [syn: strain, straining]
      11: the act of singing; "with a shout and a song they marched up
          to the gates" [syn: song, strain]
      v 1: to exert much effort or energy; "straining our ears to
           hear" [syn: strive, reach, strain]
      2: test the limits of; "You are trying my patience!" [syn:
         try, strain, stress]
      3: use to the utmost; exert vigorously or to full capacity; "He
         really extended himself when he climbed Kilimanjaro"; "Don't
         strain your mind too much" [syn: strain, extend]
      4: separate by passing through a sieve or other straining device
         to separate out coarser elements; "sift the flour" [syn:
         sift, sieve, strain]
      5: cause to be tense and uneasy or nervous or anxious; "he got a
         phone call from his lawyer that tensed him up" [syn: tense,
         strain, tense up] [ant: loosen up, make relaxed,
         relax, unlax, unstrain, unwind]
      6: become stretched or tense or taut; "the bodybuilder's neck
         muscles tensed;" "the rope strained when the weight was
         attached" [syn: strain, tense]
      7: remove by passing through a filter; "filter out the
         impurities" [syn: filter, filtrate, strain, separate
         out, filter out]
      8: rub through a strainer or process in an electric blender;
         "puree the vegetables for the baby" [syn: puree, strain]
      9: alter the shape of (something) by stress; "His body was
         deformed by leprosy" [syn: deform, distort, strain]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  671 Moby Thesaurus words for "strain":
     Spenserian stanza, abrade, affectation, affiliation, agitation,
     aim, air, all-overs, anacrusis, ancestry, angst, animal kingdom,
     animus, antistrophe, anxiety, anxiety hysteria, anxiety neurosis,
     anxious bench, anxious concern, anxious seat, anxiousness,
     apparentation, apprehension, apprehensiveness, aptitude, aria,
     back down, balance, balk, bark, bass passage, be determined, belie,
     bent, bias, bid for, birth, bleed, blemish, blench, bloat,
     bloating, blood, bloodline, bloody, boggle, bolt, book, bourdon,
     bracket, brain fag, branch, brand, break, breaking point, breed,
     bridge, brood, burden, burn, cadence, camouflage,
     cankerworm of care, canto, cantus, care, cast, caste, category,
     chafe, character, check, chill, chilliness, chip, chorus, clan,
     clarify, class, claw, clear, coda, coldness, color,
     command of language, common ancestry, community, complexion,
     concern, concernment, consanguinity, constitution, contend for,
     continue, coolness, couplet, crack, crane, craze, culture, cut,
     damage, debate, debilitation, debility, decrassify, deliberate,
     demand, deme, demur, denomination, depurate, derivation, descant,
     descendants, descent, description, designation, determination,
     development, diathesis, direct line, disaffinity, discharge,
     disguise, disposition, disquiet, disquietude, distaff side,
     distension, distich, distill, distort, distress, disturbance,
     division, draft, drag, drag out, drain, draw, draw off, draw out,
     dread, dress up, drift, drive, eccentricity, edulcorate, effort,
     effuse, elongate, elongation, elute, embellish, embroider, emit,
     endeavor, enervation, enfeeblement, enmity, envoi, epode,
     essentialize, estate, ethnic group, evidence, exaggeration, exceed,
     excrete, exertion, exfiltrate, exposition, expression of ideas,
     extend, extension, extract, extraction, extravasate,
     extreme tension, exudate, exude, eyestrain, faintness, falsify,
     falter, family, fashion, fatigue, fear, feather, feeling for words,
     female line, fight shy of, figure, filiation, filter, filtrate,
     flinch, folderol, folk, force, foreboding, forebodingness, form,
     form of speech, fracture, fray, frazzle, fret, frost, fudge, gag,
     gall, garble, gash, genre, gens, genus, gild, give off, gloss,
     gloss over, goneness, grace of expression, grade, grain,
     grandiloquence, group, grouping, hang back, hang off, harass, harm,
     harmonic close, haul, have qualms, head, heading, heart strain,
     heave, hem and haw, heptastich, heritage, hesitate, hexastich,
     hint, hold off, house, hover, hum and haw, humor, hurt, iciness,
     idiosyncrasy, ilk, impair, impression, incise, inclination,
     incompatibility, incompatibleness, indication, individualism,
     inflate, inflation, inhospitality, inimicality, injure, injury,
     inquietude, interlude, intermezzo, introductory phrase, irk,
     jadedness, jib, kidney, kin, kind, label, labor, lacerate, languor,
     lassitude, lay, leach, leaning, lengthen, lengthen out,
     lengthening, let out, level, line, line of descent, lineage,
     literary style, lixiviate, lot, lug, maim, make, make an effort,
     make bones about, make mincemeat of, makeup, malaise, male line,
     manner, manner of speaking, mannerism, mark, mask, matriclan, maul,
     measure, melodia, melodic line, melody, mental fatigue, mental set,
     mental strain, mettle, mind, mind-set, miscite, miscolor,
     misconstrue, misdirect, misgiving, misinterpret, misquote,
     misrender, misreport, misrepresent, misstate, misuse, mode,
     mode of expression, moil, mold, monostich, mood, movement, music,
     musical phrase, musical sentence, mutilate, nation, nationality,
     nature, nervous strain, nervous tension, nervousness, note, number,
     obligation, octastich, octave, octet, ooze, order, ornament,
     ottava rima, overanxiety, overburden, overcarrying, overdevelop,
     overdistend, overdistension, overdoing, overdraw, overdrawing,
     overemphasis, overexercise, overexert, overexertion, overexpand,
     overexpansion, overexpenditure, overextend, overextension,
     overimportance, overreaching, overreaction, overstate, overstrain,
     overstraining, overstress, overstretch, overstretching, overtax,
     overtaxing, overtiredness, overuse, overwork, pain, parentage,
     part, passage, patriclan, pause, peculiarity, pedigree, pentastich,
     people, percolate, period, personal conflict, personal style,
     persuasion, perturbation, pervert, phrase, phratry, phylum, pierce,
     pigeonhole, pins and needles, plant kingdom, ponder, position,
     predicament, predilection, predisposition, preference, press,
     pressure, proclivity, produce, production, prolong, prolongate,
     prolongation, propensity, protract, protraction, pucker, pull,
     pull back, pull for, puncture, purify, push, quail, quality,
     quatrain, race, rack, rank, rating, recoil, rectify, reek, refine,
     refrain, rend, resolution, resolve, response, retreat, rhetoric,
     rhyme royal, rip, ritornello, roots, rubric, run, rupture, savage,
     scald, scorch, scotch, scrape, scratch, screen, scruple, scuff,
     section, seed, seek, seep, sense of language, separate, sept,
     septet, sestet, set, sew, sextet, shape, shilly-shally, shrink,
     shy, shy at, side, sieve, sift, sign, skin, slant, slash,
     sleepiness, slit, snapping point, society, solicitude, solo,
     solo part, song, soprano part, sort, sound, soupcon, spear side,
     species, speech community, spin out, spindle side, spirit,
     spiritualize, sprain, stab, stamp, stance fatigue, stanza,
     statement, station, status, stave, stem, stew, stick, stick at,
     stickle, stirps, stock, stop to consider, straddle the fence,
     strain at, strain every nerve, strain for, straining, strains,
     stratum, streak, stress, stress and strain, stressfulness, stretch,
     stretch out, stretching, string out, stringing out, stripe, strive,
     strive for, striving, strophe, struggle, struggle for, study,
     stumble, style, stylistic analysis, stylistics, subdivision,
     subgroup, sublimate, sublime, suborder, succession, suggestion,
     supererogation, surpass, suspense, suspicion, sweat, sweat blood,
     swell, swelling, sword side, syllable, tailpiece, tauten, tautness,
     tax, taxing, tear, temper, temperament, tendency, tenor, tense,
     tenseness, tension, tercet, terza rima, tetrastich,
     the grand style, the like of, the likes of, the plain style,
     the sublime, theme, think twice about, thread, tighten, tiredness,
     titivate, title, toil, tone, torture, totem, trace, trait,
     transpire, transude, traumatize, treble, tribe, trick, trick out,
     triplet, tristich, trouble, try, try for, try hard, tug, tune,
     turn, turn of mind, tutti, tutti passage, twist, type,
     unamiability, uncordiality, understate, uneasiness, unfriendliness,
     ungeniality, unquietness, unsociability, upset, variation, variety,
     varnish, vein, verse, vestige, vexation, warp, waver, way,
     weakness, wearifulness, weariness, weep, whitewash, wince, winnow,
     withdraw, work, worry, wound, wrench, yield, zeal
  
  

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