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4 definitions found
 for straining
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Strain \Strain\, v. t. [imp. & p. p. Strained; p. pr. & vb. n.
     Straining.] [OF. estraindre, estreindre, F. ['e]treindre,
     L. stringere to draw or bind tight; probably akin to Gr. ? a
     halter, ? that which is squeezwd out, a drop, or perhaps to
     E. strike. Cf. Strangle, Strike, Constrain, District,
     Strait, a. Stress, Strict, Stringent.]
     1. To draw with force; to extend with great effort; to
        stretch; as, to strain a rope; to strain the shrouds of a
        ship; to strain the cords of a musical instrument. "To
        strain his fetters with a stricter care." --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     2. (Mech.) To act upon, in any way, so as to cause change of
        form or volume, as forces on a beam to bend it.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     3. To exert to the utmost; to ply vigorously.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He sweats,
              Strains his young nerves.             --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              They strain their warbling throats
              To welcome in the spring.             --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     4. To stretch beyond its proper limit; to do violence to, in
        the matter of intent or meaning; as, to strain the law in
        order to convict an accused person.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              There can be no other meaning in this expression,
              however some may pretend to strain it. --Swift.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     5. To injure by drawing, stretching, or the exertion of
        force; as, the gale strained the timbers of the ship.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     6. To injure in the muscles or joints by causing to make too
        strong an effort; to harm by overexertion; to sprain; as,
        to strain a horse by overloading; to strain the wrist; to
        strain a muscle.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Prudes decayed about may track,
              Strain their necks with looking back. --Swift.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     7. To squeeze; to press closely.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Evander with a close embrace
              Strained his departing friend.        --Dryden.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     8. To make uneasy or unnatural; to produce with apparent
        effort; to force; to constrain.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              He talks and plays with Fatima, but his mirth
              Is forced and strained.               --Denham.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              The quality of mercy is not strained. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     9. To urge with importunity; to press; as, to strain a
        petition or invitation.
        [1913 Webster]
  
              Note, if your lady strain his entertainment. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]
  
     10. To press, or cause to pass, through a strainer, as
         through a screen, a cloth, or some porous substance; to
         purify, or separate from extraneous or solid matter, by
         filtration; to filter; as, to strain milk through cloth.
         [1913 Webster]
  
     To strain a point, to make a special effort; especially, to
        do a degree of violence to some principle or to one's own
        feelings.
  
     To strain courtesy, to go beyond what courtesy requires; to
        insist somewhat too much upon the precedence of others; --
        often used ironically. --Shak.
        [1913 Webster]

From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Straining \Strain"ing\,
     a. & n. from Strain.
     [1913 Webster]
  
     Straining piece (Arch.), a short piece of timber in a
        truss, used to maintain the ends of struts or rafters, and
        keep them from slipping. See Illust. of Queen-post.
        [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

  straining
      adj 1: taxing to the utmost; testing powers of endurance; "his
             final, straining burst of speed"; "a strenuous task";
             "your willingness after these six arduous days to remain
             here"- F.D.Roosevelt [syn: arduous, straining,
             strenuous]
      n 1: an intense or violent exertion [syn: strain, straining]
      2: the act of distorting something so it seems to mean something
         it was not intended to mean [syn: distortion,
         overrefinement, straining, torture, twisting]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  135 Moby Thesaurus words for "straining":
     bloat, bloating, bolting, breaking point, cautious, clarification,
     colature, coloring, confabulation, corruption, demurring,
     destructive distillation, diffident, distension, distillation,
     distortion, draining, drudging, edulcoration, effusion, elution,
     elutriation, equivocation, essentialization, exaggeration,
     excretion, exfiltration, exhausting, extraction, extravasation,
     extreme tension, exudation, false coloring, false swearing,
     falsification, falsifying, faltering, fatiguesome, fatiguing,
     filtering, filtration, grinding, grubbing, grueling, hardworking,
     haul, heave, hesitant, hesitating, inflation, jibbing, killing,
     laboring, leaching, lixiviation, miscoloring, misconstruction,
     misdirection, misinterpretation, misrepresentation, misstatement,
     misuse, ooze, oozing, overdistension, overdrawing, overexertion,
     overexpansion, overextension, overstrain, overstraining,
     overstress, overstretching, overtaxing, pegging, percolating,
     percolation, perjury, perversion, plodding, plugging,
     prevarication, pull, punishing, purification, rack, refinement,
     riddling, screening, scrupling, seep, seepage, separation,
     shilly-shallying, sieving, sifting, slanting, slaving, slogging,
     snapping point, spiritualization, sticking, stickling, strain,
     stress, stress and strain, stressful, stressfulness, stretch,
     stretching, striving, struggling, sublimation, sweating, swelling,
     taxing, tension, tentative, timid, tiresome, tiring, toiling,
     toilsome, torturing, transudation, trying, tug, weariful, wearing,
     wearisome, wearying, weep, weeping, winnowing, working
  
  

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